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ที่ค่ายรถพยายามจะเข็นออกมาเพื่อตอบสนองมาตราการลดมลภาวะของหลายประเทศ แต่ก็ต้องดูกันในระยะยาว ว่าจะใช่คำตอบของอนาคตหรือไม่Audi
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A5 Coupé ให้ก่อนตัดสินใจข้อดี Audi A5 Coupé1.Audi A5 - ดีไซน์เรียบหรูดูทันสมัย Audi A5
ซีอีโอ Audi (อาวดี้) ออกมาให้ความเห็นว่ารถยนต์ไฟฟ้าจะมีแบตเตอรี่ขนาดเล็กลงในอนาคต เมื่อเทคโนโลยีการชาร์จไฟและจุดชาร์จไฟมีพัฒนาการก้าวหน้ามากขึ้นจากการแข่งขันด้านพละกำลังทั้งแรงม้าและแรงบิดของรถเครื่องยนต์สันดาปในอดีต
ไม่ว่า Audi TT จะออกมากี่รุ่นก็ยังคงโดดเด่นเป็นเอกลักษณ์ดีไซน์ล้ำแบบ Audi สไตล์ Super Car ที่เอาใจคนรักความเร็ว
Audi A8 นี้ก่อนตัดสินใจเป็นเจ้าของข้อดี Audi A81.ห้องโดยสารนั่งสบายภายในของ Audi A8 มีความกว้างขวาง
Audi (อาวดี้) ประเทศไทยนำ Audi TT Coupé (อาวดี้ ทีที คูเป้) และ Audi TT Roadster (อาวดี้ ทีที
เมื่อเอ่ยถึงรถซีดานระดับพรีเมียมแล้ว และชื่อ Audi (อาวดี้) จะติดมาด้วยแน่นอน และหนึ่งในรถรุ่นที่หลายคนสนใจก็ต้องมี
audi a8 dynamic light-audi a8 dynamic light-Volkswagen Advanced Dynamic Cornering Light Commercial
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audi a8 dynamic light-2019 Audi A8: Flagship Floats on Active Suspension | LMT Cars
audi a8 dynamic light-Przyciemnianie Tylnych Lamp Folią w Audi A5. #Dimming the #rear #lamps with #dark #shadow #foil
audi a8 dynamic light-2016 Audi future lab - OLED Lighting
Golf GTi MK7 Facelift tail lights, dynamic indicator lights . We all know Audi A8 brought it first though.
New taillight animation on the @Audi #A8 using OLED dynamic lights. SVP #AudiSummit @carandbike
**UPDATE** Two months ago I sold my A6 as it was getting too old (almost 12 years) and expensive to maintain. I got disappointed with Audi this year (2018) because it began to resemble VW even more and VW started releasing models that were in some ways superior to Audi for the same money (better entertainment in cheaper models). What got me finally was the fact that VW used the same engineering principles in Audis - same dieselgate hacks, same oil thirsty under-engineered engines. It’s in the small details, like the leather on the seats that is attached in such a way it makes squeaky noise because it rubs against the frame; cheaper less tough metal making the whole body less rolling resistant; the FWD architecture, and many more things. So I started looking more in the direction of BMW and Mercedes-Benz. BMW didn’t really catch me as their cars below $60k seem to use cheap materials and the buying/servicing experience really didn’t impress me. Then I remembered the sensation I had driving the C-class w205. And so long story short I bought E-class coupe and am much happier with it. It’s RWD that I love, not as powerful as my Audi was (different engine) but so many things that annoyed me in Audi or just weren’t there are perfect in my new E-class. And I’m not talking about things that are different simply because of difference in generations - I had newer A6 generations in my possession temporarily (weeks) and the differences in MB and Audi are fundamental that span across several generations; too many to list here, but you’ll know once you drive each for several days. **ORIGINAL ANSWER BELOW** I had Golf VI 1.4TSI that aqua planed into a dividing barrier at 95 km/h because I rotated tyres and put worn ones on the back axle. I ended up with a barely noticeable bruise on my shoulder because my jacket got caught under the seat belt. The car was totalled. So for several months I hired many cars to transport myself and my family. Anong the cars I hired were: w212 e200 facelifted E-Class, brand new w205 c180, brand new X3 (in 2014), CLA, A-class. I was more inpressed with C-Class handling and almost feeling like a royalty. X3 impressed me with its dynamic (even though it was just a 2.0d XDrive) and the way it changed lanes (thanks to dynamic steering) at 110 km/h. I felt like someone else's driver or a taxi driver in E-Class and got a sore back after driving it for longer than 2 hours. It also felt quite unstable at speeds above 110 km/h; I remember being overtaken by a previous generation A6 once in light rain that must have been going 150 km/h - that's when I first started really paying attention to Audi. I did plan initially to buy a used A6 being somewhat of a VAG fan. But then I digressed to looking for 3 and 5 series and even trying to find a Quattroporte in good condition and almost buying one. Also looked into various Jaguars. Most important characteristics to me were - powerful engine and a real wheel drive. I then ran out of patience and time - I got tired of paying for rentals and not having a car whenever I wanted. I also used Uber a bit, and Uber black was just launched in Russia, which meant you could order a car with a crazy discount and you usually got an S-Class, 7-Series or an A8. In the back seat S-Class provided crazy comfort, 7-Series was very dynamic, but A8... it was like riding on a cloud, and the interior, even though seemingly poorer compared to S-Class, was so pleasant to the eye - 10 minutes in an A8 made you feel special and you forgot about the outside world. Back to buying the car - I couldn't come to a single conclusion and find something I'd like and I clearly remember going to an underground station upset about having to use public transport during traffic hours... I took out my phone, opened the used car directory and pressed "A6". Next day I was in a used car shop looking at a black 2006 A6 3.2 Quattro with ABT bodykit. First it was the exterior - it looked... different; subtle, but daring, almost like Jason Statham in a tailored suit. Then I sat on the driver's seat and the Audi universe wrapped around me like a cocoon. I fell in love with the smell of the leather... Fast forward three days - I was signing the papers and getting the keys. The next day I took it for a spin on a nice curvy road - one of my favourite local B-roads, because I bought the car without even a proper test-drive, that's how impressed I was. First 3 corners at 90 km/h and I had to stop to take a breath - that's how blown away I was. Sure, it feels a bit heavier than W205 but nothing compares to the way Quattro pulls you into a corner as you start pressing the accelerator when you approach the apex of the turn. I didn't expect anything from this car - I bought it because I needed a car and it was a very good deal from a financial point of view - great condition, one owner, nice bodykit, powerful engine and all wheel drive - good value for money. And then the car starts doing that in the corners and pulls away like a fighter jet. First time I pressed the accelerator all the way was like 3 months after the purchase. And there is nothing quite so special as pulling away from a brand new tuned and flashy m235i in a black 10 year old business sedan. I still don't use any air fresheners - each time I get into this car and smell the leather - it makes me feel special. I also feel superior to aby other luxury car on the road, because of how low key and how superior Audi is. I can also say with full confidence that A6 of this generation is more comfortable than w212 E-Class as I've driven both extensively. Even the E-200 AMG, though handling and gripping quite well is less comfortable. I'm not even mentioning 5-Series f10 as that's like riding on rocks. I also get an interesting feeling of excitement when I see other people driving Audi, especially if we are on a tight road, or at a red light standing next to a Merc or BMW. There is this weird non-verbal sense of unity - we know who has the better car, but others understand it only when they see our tail lights, if we are feeling frisky. And this is all they get - because the comfort, the confidence, the presence - all ours.
Volkwagen Phaeton and Bentley, Source: Reditt You do not need to be an auto-insider to know that all that you see at first glance is just part of the whole picture. First of all many luxury cars are simply regular cars in better packaging. Take for example offerings from Volkswagen. Many platforms are shared, and there are glaring examples where there even is overlap between lower end models having more equipment than high brand value equivalents. The Volkswagen Phaeton, though very expensive and really more than a true luxury car was built on the same platform as a Bentley in it’s first generation,. Bentley also is a Volkwagen owned Brand. The Audi A8 also used that same platform. But the Phaeton actually was hand built and the Audi A8 was not. The Phaeton was in some ways more special than either of it’s stablemates. Back in the mid-2000’s this was done and really you could see the resemblance. The same was true for Volkwagen Toureg and the Porsche Cayenne. Today, they have gotten better at disguising this, as the platforms are already intended for this purpose of sharing, as opposed to before where new models had to adapt to the platform or architecture as variants were made. Sharing platform and architecture is just the beginnings of many things about luxury cars that are really not so well hidden much of the time. MQB Platform shared with VW and Audi. Source: Autoevolution. Engines are now very software dependent. So the same engine can be used, but it’s overall performance can be tuned out for lower level brand names. Of course there are a few mechanical items which also go missing, yet overall the software is the main component. Again, the Volkswagen Group comes to mind and especially their 2.0 Liter Turbo Engine. In an Audi it will produce more horse power than in a Volkswagen or Skoda. In fact even in the Volkswagen branded cars, the same power plant can yield 20% more power in an Arteon than a Passat. So it should come as no surprise that there are ways out there to increase power on a conventional Passat after purchase. Incredibly, one may find more features in a Mid Range car than with a Luxury Car that does not have all the option packages checked out. This includes safety equipment a lot of times, but the kind which runs on Aritfical intelligence and is computer dependent as opposed to design dependent. Luxury Cars which do not share platforms tend to have better crash designs and even without technologies like Lane Assist and Intelligent Cruise Control, they can still be better in accidents. Better steel may also be used in a Luxury Car along with gradation of steel densities to create optimal crash safety. Crash Safety, Landrover Discovery 2017, Euro NCAP. The place where there simply is no comparing is inside the car. Luxury Cars use better materials and better sound deadening. It is not the 1980s when Cadillac tried to re-badge a Chevrolet Cavalier as a Cadillac Cimmeron, though the car still sold fairly well. Today even entry level luxury cars, may employ hydraulic shocks and better vibration control. There is no denying most of the time, the ride is better and quieter. Handling may or may not be better, as a sporty mid range cars can easily better a Luxury Car with no sporting intentions. For most people, the driving experience of even an entry level luxury car will be better than a fully loaded mid range product. The reasons are found through out the car, but I notice the quality of the seat designs matter a lot, even if less room is available in the smaller luxury car. 2020 Range Rover Evoque Interior, with Ambient Lighting in Cloud color Combination. Entry Level Luxury Cars and SUVs may be the best balance of cost and sophisticated design for a person who does not require a large vehicle. In all reality most people do not use their brand new car for hauling large and potentially damaging items for the car. This equation changes if there are children involved, and then price differential makes buying a full size SUV from a Luxury Car Maker something to think about. The price difference between a Landrover Discovery Sport and a full size Discovery can be 20-30k in real world optioning. On the other hand they could go and get a Honda Passport for nearly the same price as smaller Discovery Sport. They are not comparable feature wise or in driving dynamics, but the Honda is still a very good product. The logic is the same for a BMW or Mercedes and they may be even more costly. Each person has their own reasons for buying the car they do. It is important to realize that there never have been more affordable entry level luxury choices as there are today, so if the needs and utility add up, the choice to for being in a prestige brand is not as big a jump as it was a generation ago. 2020 Landrover, Ranger Rover, Evoque.
Top Gear's top 10: luxury cars We put our sensible hats on to bring you the 10 best luxury cars out there 1.Jaguar XJ Jaguar’s futuristic range-topping saloon remains a striking car, even three years after launch. For 2014 it was tweaked, with subtly honed suspension settings, better sat nav, a standard eight-speed auto with stop-start plus big improvements in diesel efficiency. Now it’s been facelifted again, with revised engines and interior tech, full-LED headlights and more distinctive ‘J-blade’ daytime running lights. The XJR is still around, with its 550bhp supercharged 5.0-litre V8 and Merc-AMG-like attitude. But now there’s a R-Sport model for those who want the looks but not the fuel bills. There’s a new top-of-the-line Autobiography trim too, for those who like to spend no less than six figures. 9.Porsche Panamera The all-new, second-generation Porsche Panamera. Yep, really. All of its parts are new, even if it does just look like a facelift. Albeit a very successful one: the Panamera has finally grown into its skin, and wears its 911 styling cues better than ever. You may disagree, but we think it looks pretty darn good. 8.Bentley Bentayga £133,100 – £196,590 It’s what happens with the might of the VW Group megazords together to combine all its tech and toys in one ultimate SUV. The Bentley Bentayga is the Crewe marque’s first SUV, and if you we’re being cynical, you’d immediately point out that underneath, this car shares some of its roots with the likes of the Porsche Cayenne, the Audi Q7, the Lamborghini Urus, and indeed the VW Touareg. But being a Bentley, it has to be faster than the Porsche, more luxurious than the Audi, more refined than the VW and better off-road than the Lambo. Excess all areas. And you know what? Bentley has succeeded. We can debate the morality of two-tonne-plus SUVs versus their popularity forever, but there’s no doubt that the Bentayga is a tour de force. It’s been around since, so there have been several models of Bentayga so far. The original was the standard W12, powered by a 6.0-litre bi-turbo engine good for 605bhp. That’s now been superseded by the Bentayga Speed, which uses a redeveloped version of the same engine to achieve 626bhp. Too profligate? If you were quick ,you could have got hold of the first and only diesel Bentley ever made: the Bentayga diesel, which used Audi’s 430bhp electro-turbo V8 derv. A magnificently rangey and torque-rich experience, the tide-turn against diesel saw the model killed off in Europe, effectively replaced by a V6 petrol a plug-in hybrid model instead, bolstering the Bentayga’s eco ranks. Sort of. There’s also a V8 petrol model, which is probably the sweet spot of the range, as it is with most Bentleys, truth be told. All Bentaygas are of course four-wheel drive, all weigh north of two tonnes, and all of them seat five people. Apart from the ones optioned like a private jet to seat four instead. Prices? From £130,000, if you avoid the options. As if you would… 7.Rolls-Royce Wraith £251,240 – £288,410 The Wraith is billed as “the most powerful and dynamic Rolls-Royce in history”. The first bit is easily dealt with: a turbocharged 6.6-litre V12 sends 624bhp to the rear wheels, ten per cent more power than you’ll find even in the new Phantom and Cullinan. As for the most dynamic? Well, you’d argue that’s not difficult, given Rolls has long mastered the art of hefty, comfy cars that are designed to soothe not scintillate. But the Wraith is based upon the Ghost limo, so it’s hardly got a sporting chassis at its core, though its rear axle has been widened and its wheelbase shortened. “The car’s suspension has also been tuned to minimise body roll and discreetly amplify feedback when cornering,” says Rolls, “while steering weight is heavier at high speeds and lighter at low speeds adding to the spirited drive.” Achieving those high speeds ought to be a doddle; with two turbos, the Wraith has a ginormous 590lb ft of torque available from 1,500rpm, enough to shift its 2.4 tonnes to 60mph in 4.4secs. Quicker than hot hatches with not dissimilar power-to-weight ratios, and quite startling to experience in something with lambs’ wool floor mats. Indeed, it may be the most sporting Rolls ever, but it’s still dripping in luxury. There are four finely proportioned seats, sumptuous materials across most surfaces and head- and leg-room aplenty, even in the rear. Don’t worry, the front seats electrically whirr forward to allow anyone climbing into the back some extra grace. Its £250,000 starting price really is just the start, too. Few Rolls-Royces leave the Goodwood factory without first having been made fully bespoke to their buyer’s needs; colour-matched inside and out, fibre-optic star headlining fitted, the full works. Half the fun of having a Rolls-Royce isn’t driving it (or being driven in it), but the buying process itself. The Wraith is now one of the oldest Rolls-Royces on sale, having arrived in 2013. The Ghost it’s spun from landed in 2010, and its drop-top sibling – the Dawn – started production in 2015. While the new-generation Phantom is sold only as a saloon, the Wraith is the car of choice if you want your Rolls-Royce to take the form of a two-door coupe. 6.BMW 7 Series Well, it used to be the ultimate BMW. A 7 Series was the undisputed flagship. But is that the case any more? Especially now that the X7 exists – a luxury limo in the (ghastly) shape of a seven-seat SUV. There’s the new 8 Series too, which will spawn a four-door saloon version – with an M badge. Certainly, there are other BMWs vying for the title of boss of the family. Meanwhile, BMW’s been listening to what its customers wanted from the 7 to beat the likes of the Mercedes S-Class (traditionally the class-defining leader in the limo set) and the Audi A8. And, what they came up with was a triple-threat approach. “Make it more imposing, make it look more different to a 3 and 5 Series, and give us more novelty features,” said the customers. Well, we can probably tick off tasks 1 & 2. The new 7 Series is a mildly terrifying looking object, thanks mostly to slimmer laser headlights framing a grille that’s 40 per cent bigger than the last version. No kidding. The whole bonnet is 50mm higher to squeeze in the mega grille, all in the name of giving the car more road presence. Lower down, the bumper now has cleaner, slipperier aero, diverting draughts into the front wheelarches and back out again by newly vertical ‘air breather’ vents, which reduce drag. Boy is it bluff to look at. A BMW caricature. In a hall of mirrors. Round the back, the LED lights are now more angular and their lighting elements animate and ‘scroll’ across the car. Apparently the boss of BMW Korea hugged the designers when they demonstrated this, so grateful was he that this gimmick – sorry, novelty – had been built in. Oh, and there’s a full-width light bar at the back, like every other German car these days. Are you not convinced? Are you wretching over your screen? Well frankly, unless you’re in China, BMW doesn’t give a monkey’s. In China, the 7 Series has a 40 per cent market share, and the big grilles and XXL chrome is bang-on for Asian tastes. BMW says it’s also had bags of positive feedback about how the car looks from American and European customers. They seem to be quite difficult to track down, though… Inside, the 7 has been gifted a new centre console layout with flush glossy buttons from the 8 Series, and the new digital dials from right across the BMW range. The highlight is the bodyshell. BMW made use of techniques and production methods devised for the i3 and i8 to trim 40kg from the 7’s chassis, which incorporates bits of carbon fibre (some as long as a normal-sized bloke is tall) for added stiffness, strength and lightness. All told, the new 7 is some 130kg lighter than the old car. A net 200 if you factor in all the added kit, which weighs 70kg by itself. Powertrain wise, the biggest improvements come in the 740Le plug-in hybrid, which can now go up to 36 miles on a charge, thanks to a 40 per cent increase in battery capacity. There’s also an entirely new, and utterly glorious V8, in the 750i, which is great news for American customers but of little note in Britain, where it’ll incur more tax than a cross-channel ferry. The M760Li V12 lives on, albeit dropping below 600bhp because of pesky new particulate filters strangling the power a touch. We doubt you’ll notice. 5.Audi A8 £70,785 – £104,590 A big, important barge of a thing relatively few will buy, and a technical achievement few have the resources or engineering might to match or surpass. It’s the new Audi A8 – the cleverest Audi of all. And so it should be, because if you really want to see what a manufacturer is truly capable of engineering, you look at its flagship. And the A8 is and always had been Audi’s, which is why the new one gets a load of tech’ we haven’t seen before, but almost certainly will on future A6s and A4s. Tech’ like ‘Traffic Jam Pilot’, which delivers “conditional level three autonomy” by taking complete control of the steering, brakes and accelerator on motorways and dual-carriageways. Or the new infotainment system, which pairs Audi’s ‘Virtual Cockpit’ instrument cluster with two touchscreens for a largely button-free centre-console. Much of said tech’ can only exist for the 48-volt, water-cooled electrical system that technically makes the A8 an ‘MHEV’, or ‘mild-hybrid electric vehicle’. This all takes some explaining, so more later. More too on the interior, which because the new A8 is bigger than the car it replaces – longer by 32mm and taller by 13 in either short- or long-wheelbase (which adds another 13cm of rear legroom) – is suitably spacious. The car’s heavier too; for all the aluminium, CFRP and magnesium Audi promises it’s used in the more rigid ‘Space Frame’ chassis, it’s almost 100kg up on the old car and lardier than either of its main competitors, the (relatively) featherweight carbon-cored BMW 7 Series and Mercedes S-Class. So in the short-term anyway, it’s not massively quick. For starters Brits get a 3.0-litre V6 in either petrol or diesel. An ‘e-tron’ plug-in hybrid (with wireless charging) will follow along with a W12 and 4.0-litre diesel V8. And the one you want is… 4.Bentley Continental GT There’s a key point in Bentley’s timeline that we can call BC: Before Continental. So vital was the first Conti GT – not only for sales, but setting a template and tone for the whole brand – that you could easily argue that were it not for the two-door coupe Bentley might very well not be with us today. The most successful luxury car of modern times? Quite probably. And now it’s into its second generation. It must sell well, and it must still be the focal point for the whole brand, to embody what a Bentley is while the Bentayga SUV makes the big bucks elsewhere in the range. It’s a handsome thing, the new Conti GT, at least in profile, where the front wheels have been shifted forward to improve the weight distribution and drop the engine lower and further back in the chassis. In fact 55 per cent of the weight still sits on those front wheels, but there’s less of it than before – the body alone is 80kg lighter, helping the new Conti GT weigh ‘only’ 2,244kg. But Bentley has made no secret of the fact that a heavy kerb weight actually helps deliver the road-crushing stability and momentum that characterises the way its cars drive. They’re knowingly hefty things. Powerful 48v electrics from the Bentayga are used – among other things – to manage the suspension, with actuators on front and rear anti-roll bars combating body roll. The set 40:60 power split is now fully variable and actually sends 100 per cent of torque to the rear wheels as often as possible to the benefit of fuel efficiency and emissions. There are two engines to choose from. Cheapest is the V8, a 4.0-litre twin turbo offering up 550bhp, a 4.0sec 0-62mph time and 198mph top speed. Another eleven grand upgrades you to the big-boy 6.0-litre W12 engine. Basically two V6s on a common crank, it’s carried over from the old Conti albeit modified enough for Bentley to declare it the ‘most advanced 12-cylinder engine in the world’. It features cylinder shut off under light loads, while also producing 626bhp and a thumping 664lb ft of torque from a mere 1,350rpm, maintaining that through to 4,500rpm. Performance is better: 0-62mph takes 3.7sec and its top speed is 207mph. Both versions powering all four wheels through an eight-speed gearbox and, should be feel like behaving uncouthly, via a launch control system. Standard specification includes full Matrix LED lights, a 12.3in central touchscreen, wifi, head-up display, night vision, a 650w stereo and 21in wheels. Pricing starts at around £150,000, putting this in direct competition with the likes of the Aston Martin DB11, Mercedes S63 Coupe and Ferrari Portofino. But you won’t be spending that. You’ll be spending much more, getting the stitching to match your shoes, the wood to match the office in your third home, and so on. This is a car made for the bespoke treatment. 3.Rolls-Royce Phantom Since the first Phantom appeared in 1925, Rolls-Royce Motor Cars has had its ups and downs. When the outgoing Phantom appeared at the stroke of midnight on January 1st 2003, the company even called it ‘the last great automotive adventure’. Maybe that should have been penultimate, because we’ve just driven the new car, and as internal combustion most likely won’t be around in another 14 years’ time, this really could be The One. Rolls-Royce reckons the Phantom is the barometer by which everyone else in the world of expensive luxury goods measures themselves, so the bar isn’t just raised here, it’s bejewelled and platinum-plated. You know when someone claims to be ‘the Rolls-Royce of watches/furniture/granite-kitchen-worktops’? Well, this is the Rolls-Royce of Rolls-Royces. Rolls says the Phantom’s new spaceframe structure is 30 per cent more rigid than the previous model, a figure that rises significantly in key areas such as suspension and gearbox. This new structure, coincidentally, offers sufficient flexibility to underpin the next wave of Rolls product, its SUV included. The chassis gets an all-new suspension setup, with a double wishbone configuration on the front, a five-link axle at the rear, adaptive dampers, and active anti-roll bars. It’s also the latest car to benefit from four-wheel steering, whose three degrees of counter-steer help shrink the car’s heft at higher speeds, as well as improving low-speed agility. The Phant’s air springs feature bigger chambers than on any previous Rolls, and the tyres are specially developed Continentals whose structure incorporates 2kg of sound absorbent material. There’s 6mm-thick, dual-layer double glazing windows all-round. The body-in-white features the largest-ever cast aluminium joints to enhance sound insulation, and overall the Phantom carries more than 130kg of sound-deadening material. There’s double skin alloy within the floor and on the front bulkhead, into which a foam and felt layer is squeezed. There’s more insulating material in the headliner, doors, and boot cavity. All of this contributes to the car’s 2,560kg kerbweight (2,610kg if you go for the long ’un, which adds 220mm to the wheelbase), but that’s surely an irelevance. As well as monitoring body and wheel acceleration and steering inputs, a stereo camera mounted in the windscreen reads the road ahead to effectively erase surface unpleasantness before it’s allowed to upset the occupants’ Dom Perignon. The new Phantom also features so many assistance systems that the heart of its electronic architecture is the single largest component produced by the BMW Group. 2.Range Rover £81,785 – £177,485 Arguably the definitive big, luxury SUV. Frequently imitated, but rarely bettered or even equalled, the Range Rover has been around since the early Seventies. And even though that means it’s only a couple years shy of its fiftieth birthday, the Rangie is still only in its fourth generation. Admittedly the fact the first-gen (later known as the ‘Classic’) lasted for more than two decades skews that figure a bit. But still… The current car was launched in 2012. It debuted a new aluminium monocoque that cost the company a billion quid or so to develop. So even though it’s bigger than the car it replaced, it’s lighter by in some cases almost half a tonne. That means it’s faster, tangibly better to drive and more efficient. And with the 2018 facelift comes even more efficiency, thanks to the introduction of the P400e plug-in hybrid, which pairs a 296bhp, four-cylinder petrol engine with a 114bhp electric motor for 64g/km of CO2, a claimed 101mpg and 31 miles of all-electric range. The P400e replaces the SDV6 Hybrid (a conventional, non-plug-in hybrid with the 3.0-litre V6 diesel and a small electric motor) in the line-up, but V6s and V8s in petrol and diesel (with up to 557bhp for the flagship, 5.0-litre supercharged V8 petrol) remain available. All are linked to an eight-speed automatic gearbox and all-wheel drive with the deeply clever ‘Terrain Response’ technology that gives the Rangie its peerless off-road ability. Nowadays the Rangie doesn’t just compete with other big SUVs, but conventional luxury saloons like the Mercedes S-Class, BMW 7 Series and Audi A8. It has to rival those cars – traditionally their makers’ technological flagships – on every level. Which is why the new car offers higher levels of luxury and cleverer tech than we’ve yet seen from JLR. For the facelift it’s added the dual-touchscreen infotainment setup as debuted in the Range Rover Velar, ‘Pixel’ headlamps with 144 LEDs and four laser diodes each for more than 500m of visibility and much besides. We’re promised a new seat design - adjustable up to 24 (!) ways - makes the Rangie “more comfortable than ever” in the front, and that the ‘Executive Class Seating’ option for rear-seat passengers gives “the impression of a luxurious wraparound lounge-like interior”. Exterior changes include a new grille and bumper, with larger vent blades. At the side the lower accents and vents have been reworked, while at the rear the updated bumper features integrated tailpipes across all derivatives. Long- and short-wheelbase options are available, with prices starting at £79,595 for the former and £112,900 for the latter, and rising to £177,030 for V8-engined examples of Rangies fettled by JLR’s Special Vehicle Operations division. 1.Mercedes-Benz S-Class Without a doubt the benchmark big luxury saloon, the one Audi, BMW, Lexus, Cadillac and even Jaguar and Maserati must define themselves by and be measured against. This car defines the sector and is the one all others must topple. The latest A8 and 7 Series are both much newer than the S and thus have some exceptionally clever tech on-board, but while both are excellent cars in their own right, neither is quite as special as the big Merc. A facelift in 2017 – this generation’s last before it’s replaced by an entirely new S-Class – gave many new things. Chief among them new engines, Merc’s latest-generation in-line six-cylinder diesels and petrols, plus a plug-in hybrid and the S63 AMG’s V8 bi-turbo petrol. The rare-groove S65 is no more, but you can still get a V12-engined S-Class in the form of the super-luxe, super-rare and super-expensive £180,000 Mercedes-Maybach S650. This update also gave the S-Class an array of semi-autonomous driving technology like Active Speed Limit Assist, Active Lane Change Assist and Remote Parking Assist, most of which debuted in the E-Class. But to make sure the S-Class kept its crown as the techiest Merc, it got a few of its own too. The main one is a kind of active cruise control that, as well as sensing and maintaining gaps to other cars, knows to slow you for roundabouts, corners and tolls using GPS. Of course that particular system has been rolled out to other Mercs now, but it’s reasonable to expect much cleverness from the new S-Class, which could be revealed as soon as this year. Because this particular era of S-Class is so near the end of its life, Mercedes has massively cut back on the number of trim levels/equipment combinations if offers. Now there’s just one trim for the non-AMGs – ‘Grand Edition’ – and only the cheapest S350d is available with the short-wheelbase.
Aluminium Aluminium provides both strength and lightweight properties. The drawback is their cost and that additional cost contributes to the overall cost of the vehicle but high end vehicle buyers are usually willing to pay the increased overall cost if their preference is performance and above average driving dynamics. Pure aluminium weighs around one third the weight of steel but pure aluminium is not always used for chassis components. In many instances an aluminium alloy is used allowing different parts of the frame to be stiffer than others depending on the percentage of the mixture of the materials. The aluminium chassis provides the best of both worlds when it relates to chassis design and manufacturing. A chassis, being the frame of the vehicle has to be rigid or strong to absorb and retain movements and vibrations from the engine, suspension and axles. It should also be as light as possible to improve the vehicle's performance and fuel efficiency. The design of a chassis can also affect factors such as the center of gravity, better weight distribution and other performance attributes. The design and dimensions of the chassis determines the wheelbase of the vehicle and possibly the track (the distance between the center of the left and right wheel) for increased stability. All of the above factors that the chassis contributes to indicates that the chassis forms an integral part of a vehicle's platform. These factors and benefits can be incorporated when using a lightweight chassis. The 2010 Jaguar XJ has most of its monocoque chassis and body panels made out of aluminium and an aluminium space frame has been used in all generations of the Audi A8. The current Rolls Royce Phantom also uses an aluminium space frame. Mild Steel Mild steel is used for the outer panels where complex shape is required for styling and other large area panels such as floor sections, wheel arches inner sections etc. Basically, it is used in places where corrosion and weight are not a problem.
Audi matrix Led headlight system: They provide high-precision illumination, have individually controllable light-emitting diodes and a crystalline sheen: the innovative Matrix LED headlights for the new and improved Audi A8 provide a special driving experience at night – and set new standards in safety. The new Audi A8 will feature the new Audi Matrix LED technology when it makes its trade fair debut at the International Motor Show 2013 in Frankfurt. In high-beam mode too, it ensures bright, homogeneous illumination of the road. The system dims light that would shine directly onto oncoming and preceding vehicles, but continues to cast its full light on the zones between and beside them. This works because the LED high beams are split into numerous individual light-emitting diodes. “The Matrix LED headlights are a perfect example of our lighting strategy. They are three-dimensional, dynamic and interactive”, explains Stephan Berlitz, Head of Development for Lighting Functions and Innovations at Audi. The 50 high-beam LEDs in both headlights are arranged in a matrix and adapt fully electronically to the surroundings in milliseconds. They are activated and deactivated or dimmed individually by a control unit. The new Matrix LED technology is activated from a speed of 30 km/h outside built-up areas and from 60 km/h in towns and cities. This happens only if the light switch in the new Audi A8 is set to “automatic” and the high-beam headlights are on. A camera in the vehicle ensures that other vehicles are detected. But the Matrix LED headlights can do even more: with new functions, they provide greater safety. These include the marker lights that work together with the optional night vision assistant. As soon as a pedestrian is detected in a critical range in front of the vehicle, individual LEDs flash briefly three times in succession to alert that person, who is then clearly visible to the driver. In addition, the Audi Matrix LED headlights also function as a cornering light. Using predictive route data supplied by the MMI navigation plus, the focus of the beam is shifted towards the bend even before the driver turns the steering wheel. The automotive lighting technology in the new Audi A8 is rounded off by another premiere. For the first time, an LED headlight features a turn signal with a dynamic display. This technology is already integrated into the rear lights of the Audi R8. The illuminated LEDs on the new Audi A8 now flash in blocks inside the headlight too, in the direction in which the driver intends to turn. The turn signal is therefore more intuitive and is recognised more quickly.