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audi a8 hybrid mpg

บทความที่เกี่ยวข้อง audi a8 hybrid mpg

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Audi เปิดตัวรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าสปอร์ตรุ่นใหม่ 2022 Audi e-tron GT และ Audi RS e-tron GT เริ่ม 3,621,000 บาท

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2020 Audi A4 Avant เครื่องยนต์ไมล์ดไฮบริด 249 แรงม้า เปิดตัวในไทยแล้ว ทำราคาสวย 3.399 ล้านบาท

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วิดีโอรถยนต์ที่เกี่ยวข้อง audi a8 hybrid mpg

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รีวิวโพสต์ audi a8 hybrid mpg

If you're not a 6-footer (and I'm not quite), you'll almost feel lost in the roomy back seat of the ’19 @Audi A8 L. Rear-seat adjusters are optional. With new mild-hybrid 335-hp 3.0-liter V6, it avg'd 17.45 mpg after a 225.8-mile test that was 69% city-type driving. @cgautomotive

2019 Audi A8 L 3.0t Quattro - $70,599.00 2019 Audi A8 L 55 quattro Black 3.0L V6 Hybrid Turbocharged DOHC 24V ULEV II 335hp quattro 8-Speed Automatic with Tiptronic Recent Arrival! 19/27 City/Highway MPG #1 since 1931! Shop with us and experience the NAP…

Audi Goes Green With A8 Hybrid: Early estimates place the upcoming Audi A8 hybrid at 37 mpg – far above the Mer... http://bit.ly/on15G0

Audi A8 hybrid confirmed for 2012 - Will achieve up to 37 mpg Luxury hybrids. That's certainly the trend of the last... http://ow.ly/1eo3MV

Look Out Lexus! 37 MPG Audi A8 Hybrid To Best Mileage Of LS 600h By 45% http://bit.ly/qzu40s

2012 Audi A8 Hybrid - Filed under: Hybrid, MPG, Audi, First DriveDiesel Versus Electrons Debate Continues When it... http://ow.ly/1ldFl1

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รีวิว Q&A audi a8 hybrid mpg

What are the benefits to owning a Mercedes-Benz S-Class? Is the cost for something other than having a status symbol?

To start with, since long, a car hasn't just been a mode of transportation but something more that defines ones passion, character, social status, sense of aesthetics and dignity. It is a mantle of so many things put together. It therefore doesn't come out as a surprise when a racer chose one car over another or a dignitary prefers a certain make and model to be driven around in. Therefore it is safe to say that any car isn't just a symbol of status although that aspect is a subset of a very large group of entities stated above. So you are partially correct in your assumption. The S class came out in 1972 and falls under the luxury limousine sedans sharing space with the Audi A8 and BMW 7 series, Jag XJ, Range Rover supercharged and the likes. It has been the most preferred luxury sedan in its class for quite sometime until the Range Rover took over. That might change again with the new S- Class launched in 2015. Now on to the benefits of owning the S -Class, I can say for sure, you won't get any tax rebates, in fact, the tax and insurance of this kind of a car is expected to be high-topped. So, it all boils down to style, quality, refinement, space, practicality, ride and comfort. Most things that pamper the driver/passengers and make a tedious trip, enjoyable. Since there are other options in this category as well, most consumers tend to compare the best for the money they put in. I would safely assume you wouldn't be too concerned about details on the engine specs and top speeds or acceleration when you are aiming for a luxury limousine, although they are kind of important. The S350 Bluetech would probably consume in the ballpark of 50 mpg while the hybrid version would give you a few extra miles for the same gallon of fuel. Thats awesome for a car of this size and specification - an obvious benefit. I would also assume you will be interested to know about the maintenance and cost of running such a vehicle. Surprisingly they aren't too over the top either and sits in almost the same paradigm as any other Mercedes would. That said, the S -Class does shine bright in some of the following aspects when compared against its rivals: 43.5 degrees seat declination if you get the exec seat package for a few extras. That's more than any other car in this segment. The Range Rover does close to 35 mpg, while the 4.2L V8 might give just over 14 mpg, the Audi A8 does 44 mpg and though the A8 is a bit quicker and comes with Quattro AWD the S class does 50 mpg which is awesome and is the most balanced and comfortable to ride and drive. The amazing suspension is the best in comfort. These are the Air-matic suspension with adaptive dampeners The interior is exceedingly quiet although that's also true for the BMW 7 series Infrared night vision system and hot-stone massage seats...yes, you heard me right :) The seats also come with active air flow which keeps the passengers cool and dry through the trip Electronic magic body control - scans the road ahead and adjusts body roll accordingly for incoming bumps and dips. The S class has the best display, twin LCD panels for COMMAND and instrument panel. Really massive and enticing. Top notch cruise control system - stops, starts and even steers the vehicle in high density traffic Ambient mood lighting with 300 LEDs. (Also present on the new BMW 7) Aromatherapy - air balance package with your own customization of air purifier/atomizer in the cabin with a range of aromas and fragrances The S-class even comes with its own data plan and can be your local hotspot. Automatic parking system for both parallel and perpendicular spaces. (Present in most cars today) Benz Intelligent drive - detect, avoid and prevent a collision using multi sensors in 360 degrees for obstacles and pedestrians Heated and cooled cup holders, rear refrigerator. Nothing new but worth mentioning. The S class comes as two variants for sizes -the normal wheel base and the extended or long L type. If you’re going to drive the car yourself, go for the standard model, if you’re going to engage a chauffeur, spend some extra on the long-wheelbase L model. Most consumers prefer the car chauffeur driven. The rear seats can be reclined and if you have the L model, you can push out the front passenger seat entirely to stretch your legs out on footrests, for a business class like experience. You might also be intersted in what all the S class comes equipped with and that list is almost endless. It is loaded with technology and gadgets, from the Burmister sound system to the navigation, reclining seats, chiller, your personal mobile tablet, mood lighting..the list is long....really ! There are tons of add-ons on offer for customization. We get all or most of the above in most cars in the luxury limousine segment so it all boils down to what type ticks all your check-boxes. Hope this helps

What are some environmentally friendly or fuel efficient luxury cars?

Electric is best, so Audi E-tron for example would be one of those. Teslas are not that luxurious by the way. Followong that you have hybrids, and all luxury car makers have those now. Since you said “OR" fuel efficient, the most fuel efficient non hybrids are diesels. For example a BMW 520d has a 4 cylinder 2 liter diesel engine which gets you 43.5 mpg. Even the 530d with a 3l 6 cylinder still gets just over 40 mpg. Audi is even better, the flagship A8 3.0 Tdi gets 49 mpg, has a bit less power though. But to get near 50 mpg from a large luxury sedan is pretty good. A Toyota Corolla does not even manage 40 mpg.

What are some disadvantages to owning a Tesla electric car?

The good, the bad, and the ugly. I’m a fairly recent proud owner of my Model S P100D, but I do a lot city traffic driving, as well as some 2.5k miles + return journeys. TLDR Model S: Expensive to buy, extremely cheap to own, under warranty, at least so far (~12 months). Amazing to drive, somewhat poor quality car in terms of luxury compared to other cars in its price range. Software is amazing, autopilot above any other car. Should you buy a Model S/P100D? Yes if you’re after a toy, otherwise buy a Model 3 instead, or a fleet of them. P100D is for adult children with more adrenaline rush than sense(yours truly). High spec Teslas simply aren’t worth the money, unless you’re a very very confident driver and you want to win every traffic light drag race. If you still want one but don’t care about performance, buy cheap, even if you want more, benefit won’t scale, and you’ll still have a car faster than 98% of all other cars, sports cars included. 4.2 seconds in a Model 3 AWD is on par with a Mercedes AMG Sedan, a Bentley GT pre 2019, etc. Futuristic: The most amazing realisation when you own a Tesla is that electric will become standard. For now, it’s very expensive, because scaling up and doing R&D costs money. There are problems for sure, the charging network, the service industry, the speed of charge, the cost, and so on. But it’s so incredibly obvious electric cars are so vastly ahead as a mass market product, there’s simply no question where the world will be in 30 - 40 years. It won’t be long before petrol cars will be a very old memory, and something generations to come will only learn about from stories. A word of caution: This review is written by a man child with more love of fast cars than sense, the very audience for the P models. A lot of it applies to all the Tesla range, but it’s a review coming from someone after easy to own sustainable performance, not an economically sane family sedan, where I honestly think the Tesla would come off a lot better. Collection day photo of my pride and joy. Good The way it drives It really doesn’t feel like anything else you’ve ever set foot in. The power delivery and the AWD system is insane in the best of ways. This car knows no weather, and does not care much for road conditions either, you can floor it all the way whenever you feel like it. It’s perfectly stable at all times, and it feels incredibly safe, plus you can accelerate out of harms way whenever you need to. Is it a true sports car? No, absolutely not. It’s a big heavy family sedan, with Porsche 918 Spyder vibes only up to 70mph, not much going for it beyond that. But if you’re in a busy city it’s a dream, you have on tap the launch power of a £1m+ exclusive hyper car for run costs of a Toyota Prius. This is the essence of what’s insane about it, any other brand you go to you would need to drop very serious cash, multiples of a Tesla price, to get anywhere near the same drive train quality. Here’s my friend trying the P100D for the first time. The speedometer reads in miles, so that’s a 0 - ~105kmh. It feels like you’re in the Space Mountain in Disneyland every single time. If you skid in a Tesla, you’ll be the first, that’s how insane the power delivery/traction system is. It’s not fun in the controlled drifts way, it’s fun in the “holy craaaap” way. You get used to it after 1 - 2 months, but 0 - 60 in 2.28s seconds or whatever makes all other cars obsolete in city driving, and unlike sports cars, it doesn’t cost you a small monthly fortune to be naughty in a Tesla all the time. Quite literally, nothing, not even a Bugatti, can hold a candle to you in city traffic. Seriously: List of fastest production cars by acceleration - Wikipedia . When the worlds most expensive Ferrari or insert name here creeps up in front of you at the traffic light, it’s amusing and entertaining. Nobody can ever overtake you from a standstill, and there’s no such thing as an yellow light anymore, which come in quite handy if you can use them responsibly. That kind of launch power in a petrol car is a major event, it means launch control, good grip, no wheel-spin, good weather, dry road, even road surface etc. In a Tesla it’s business as usual, all day every day, every time you floor it you’re flying, you don’t even think about it, it feels like you’re playing an unrealistic PC car game. Driving a Lambo like car through the city at that speed of flow is impossible, any car with anywhere near the performance to 60mph would be too low(close to the ground) and too compromised to compete, you’d have to cause very serious damage to the car to keep up with the Tesla. “Really? Tesla vs Lambo? Reality check please”. I’ll let you judge for yourself, courtesy of DragTimes, Model S P100D vs Aventador SV Launch Control. I’ve tried that competition in person, in my own SV. Without launch control, the SV has a very unimpressive throttle response, there’s almost 1.5 seconds of delay in between flooring it and it starting to move. The Tesla simply flies. Here’s a cuter sample, courtesy of a dear friend and his son. Run costs are near 0 It’s not cheap to buy, but after that life gets a whole lot easier, unlike other cars(especially performance ones), which generally require a continuous forking of cash for things every month. Without oil to replace, break pads and discs to worry about, anti-freeze and a lot of the petrol engine saga, there’s almost never a reason to open up your wallet again. Mine was a fairly expensive, 6 figure price tag, high spec P100D. Ever since? £300 on a tire + replacement because of a nail, nada on all else, and still drove 2000km with a nail in the tire before it was found. I live near a supercharger which helps tremendously. Tires will wear out because of the acceleration, but they already behave much much better than other cars I’ve owned, and 4 tires every 2 years is something I’m happy with. Servicing is run on a 0 profit model. Maybe the most amazing and understated feature of being a Tesla customer is the way they don’t try to rip you off in a service. Owning other brands, at even higher price ranges, has meant a very off putting routine of every 3 weeks visiting lets say Mercedes Service, for this reason or the other, all at a very very heavy premium. They always take forever, cost a fortune, and don’t care for you one bit, except for selling you stupidly expensive monthly care packages that don’t actually end up covering for anything.. If you call Mercedes, you go through 5 answering machines, and you have this back and forth test of patience with their absolutely idiotic phone system. It’s not possible to call your service technician directly, they never have a replacement car, and when they do it’s not even supplied by Mercedes, but a third party company, etc. If you want to get things done fast, they tell you to come at 8AM, you turn up and you’re casually told service technicians are not in until 11AM, things like that. The best or nothing as they say, so you truly get the nothing because it’s cheaper for them to make it happen. If Mercedes is the most incompetent car brand of all time at post sales, Tesla is the very best there ever was. If you call them from a known phone number in their system, by the time someone picks up the phone, they will know who you are and what care you’re on about. Mobile technicians are deployed, and there’s never a talk of cost estimates, because warranty means warranty in Tesla, and that’s pretty amazing. I had a door mirror replaced post a minor incident, no one ever talked about dollars. Government likes you buying EVs(at least in the UK) The purchase terms of an EV are very friendly, and the Tesla staff has been extremely useful in pointing out the correct channels. A £5k government contribution, no congestion charge(otherwise, £11.50 per day), no fuel no matter how you drive, and barely any consumables(no engine oil, no break pad/disc wear due to regenerative breaking etc). Business owners choosing to purchase EVs are allowed to do so pre-tax, unlike all other types of cars, with a significantly decreased tax burden for benefits in kind, which will go to an even lower 2% in 2020. Leases are very competitive, so the conversation starts at half the APR your average dealer would begin talking to you. With New Inventory, I have been offered an APR of <1%, which is a steal. There’s a lot of space There’s more trunk and frunk space than in almost any other car, and short of buying a semi-truck, you won’t get more load capacity buying from the competition. This is pretty cool if you have a family to carry around. I generally carry everything I need to carry, which my one laptop bag, in the frunk, so it doesn’t wobble around as I drive through the city like I’m auditioning for a role with McLaren’s F1 team. It’s really convenient, and you do feel the car has great light permeability, the sunroof is really fun, and the really big windscreen is pretty cool, there are barely any blind spots when driving, and it’s a great feeling of openness. The autopilot is incredible If you’ve never trusted your car to drive itself before, it takes some getting used to, but you’ll never go back. If you’re tired, drowsy, on your way back from work on a late night, it’s perfect. I am comparing it to one of my other cars, a Mercedes with Distronic technology, which will casually steer into adjacent lanes, not keep pace etc. Cruise control/distronic are highly useful on a motorway, urban use is a problem, though Mercedes explicitly warn you against using Distronic in the city. The Tesla is pretty spot on at all times, and I’ve done 2000 miles plus in a single journey on autopilot, taking over only for roadwork areas, where lane markings are confusing, and I’ve done it at 95mph/150kph, the car can be trusted. Hands off the steering allowed only up to 20 seconds, so for now it’s not fully autonomous, more of a “party trick”. If you ignore the car’s warnings to put your hands back on the steering, auto-steering will become unavailable for the rest of your current journey. If you drive at 150kph in autopilot and press the acceleration, auto-steering is also automatically disabled, so the car will penalise you for trying to be too naughty. Confusing lane markings, such as new lanes on old road, roadworks, etc, will nearly always confuse it, so watch out. Below is a video of me doing 150kph with the Tesla autopilot, intentionally driving at the max speed possible, on a completely empty road and perfect weather conditions. Great scenery too. Most of the interior is pawned from Mercedes The indicators and many elements of the steering column are borrowed from Daimler, because they are exactly the same as in my S class and I’m sure other Mercs. If you’re used to a Merc, you can jump straight into a Tesla, and your reflexes work instantly. The best part is that there’s no on/off in a Tesla, no button to press. You simply put it in drive mode and off you go. At the end you press the P button at the end of your mode switch and done, no off button. That’s quite fun. Bad The car feels really cheap In spite of its very generous price tag, the quality of everything you touch is on par with a car 1/4th of its price or less. Note, it’s a good looking car, and I don’t want to try and account for taste, but the interior looks like an entry level Ford or worse. Many people love the “minimalistic” approach, however they tend to be people who don’t have the experience of owning a Tesla or if they have a Tesla they’ve never owned another car of a similar price tag, so they cannot compare. Interior wise, it’s a 2.5 out 10 for the Tesla. It’s a little bit of an unfair comparison, as the price gap from a 75D to a P100D is mostly battery and tires, and they are not secretive about that in any way, but I still feel mass producing the interior could be done better, and in time I have no doubt it will. Over the years Tesla has always incrementally upgraded every detail about the car. This is about comparing a 6 figure priced car with other cars in a similar range. The consumption range is too dramatic. Being a wildfire traffic hopper can mean you have to charge every 2 days, up to 75%. It’s pretty incredible, but in Ludicrous+ the range calculator is another piece of decorative kit. The computer is simply pretty useless at adapting to individual driving habits, location, or recent consumption, instead of re-working your averages, it provides you with a false rolling instant value. E.g you’ve done 800Wh/mile until now, we’re still going to assume you are going to do 250Wh/mile until destination. That means in city traffic and power driving, you could get as little as 120 miles of range in total and Mr computer is largely useless at warning you in advance. The paintwork sucks, it’s really really crappy, and it gets dirty all the time, and it just looks cheap. It also costs £1000, which is insane, because it’s 100% not worth it. A paint job in a base spec Mercedes is another world apart quality wise. Same story for the rims and wheels, cheap stuff with cheap paint over it, sold in a very expensive wheel upgrade package. The car has out of the box LTE internet/connection, but it’s really poor, and as soon as you’re out of the home country, good luck. The number of times the GPS crapped out, or Spotify stopped working, too many to count, so it’s a completely unreliable connection. You can pay and add your own SIM card in the car, which improves life a lot. The steering wheel is way way too big and uncomfortable and nowhere nimble enough, that whole steering column could do with a massive upgrade. It makes it tiring for long drives, and manoeuvrability is terrible, the turning radius is only slightly smaller than the circumference of the Earth. The headlights are too powerful, to the point where other motorway users constantly flash you to warn you you’re on full beam, even when you’re really not. The car feels like its made of cardboard entirely, and the door feels like it weighs 500 grams, but not in a good way. No soft close, no nicety features, leather is very poor quality, no massage seats, no seat cooling, no proper seat settings(lumbar support etc). Cry me a river I know, but these are all common features in other cars of similar price. When you slam the door to close it, which you have to, it feels like you’re about to tear it in half. Other cars in this price range will always have soft close. The lights inside the car, both interior and the trunk/frunk are useless. I don’t know how they managed to cheap out on these, but it’s painfully annoying, dinner candles in the 15th century were much more powerful. There’s also no 12V socket in the trunk or frunk(seriously???). It’s completely missing on the nicety features you’d expect, like a decent set of air vents. Everything is cheap cheap cheap, and doesn’t really work at all in very hot weather, where you have to drive with the ol’ windows open technique. The cupholder system is a nightmare, and the storage space is pretty useless for a car of its acceleration. There’s nowhere to put stuff to prevent it from flying all over when you floor it, it’s very poorly thought through as a performance vehicle. If you don’t drive like you’re trying to beat Ayrton Senna theres plenty of space. The sound system is decent but could be better too, in spite of the Dolby Digital surround sound etc, it’s not on par even with the entry level sound systems in cars of similar price(S Class Coupe, Range Rover Autobiography, Aston Martins, Bentleys etc etc). The performance is inconsistent, after you floor it a few times and accelerate all the way to motorway speeds, the car will cut you back significantly to prevent battery overheating. This happens very very quickly. In a petrol car, I can be wild all day long on a track, in a Tesla I’d be out of juice in one lap. The front windscreen is great for visibility, not so great for direct sunlight. Fortunately not often a problem in the UK. You get massive sun glares or condensation from battery heat all the time. I don’t know how you make something this bad, a 20 year old Vauxhall(Opel) Astra does better.It’s physically very hard to see in front of you on a sunny day, and it’s a basic thing in any other car. Not in a Tesla. The windscreen wipers are extremely feeble, and consequentially when you drive at speed/wind, they look like they are about to fly off, and barely work. They are too thin and cheap, especially for the massive windscreen they have to deal with. The GPS is completely useless through a busy city, it has no knowledge of traffic whatsoever, constantly takes you down poor routes, and so on. It’s a decorative piece unless you’re driving long range. Top end Teslas are not as fun for petrolheads Having a Tesla is quite fun for the engineer inside you, and for the futuristic geek inside all of us, but the inner child is left with a bitter taste of disappointment. If you’re a real car fanatic/adrenaline junkie, you might want to skip buying a Tesla, for now, because it’s dtill a heavy sedan with a big turning radius, so not the thing you would take to the track. Kills at the drag strip though. The straight line speed is fun for the first month, but the truth is 6 figures on a car will never ever make any financial sense, unless you’re buying a big semi-truck and your name is DHL. It’s a straight up vanity purchase, no two ways about it, especially in the higher echelons of Tesla pricing, but it’s missing any kind of excitement whatsoever. Not really the biggest problem in the world, but if you buy a toy for the entertainment value and smiles per electrons, Tesla is probably not your top choice. It’s absolutely incredible for the city though, probably one of the best daily drivers out there, for any amount of money. The interior, the lack of sound, the poor interior lightning, and the various details remove the sense of occasion and excitement, no matter which model you buy. Other cars for the same money would either give you serene luxury you would enjoy every time(S Class, Audi A8, Porsche Panamera etc), or full on boy racer noise and performance, as well as great luxury(Mercedes C63S/E63S/S63 Coupe). It’s also dangerously close to the price of a barely used Lambo Huracan, McLaren 570S or a Ferrari 458, which are extremely fun cars to own. With a Lambo/McLaren/F Car, you know you spent the money at all times, and at all speeds, it just feels amazing and even going to the supermarket is an occasion, in a Tesla it’s too civilised, which makes buying a top end Tesla even more unjustifiable, since you don’t really need drag strip record times for the city. Longer journey? Double up the time Longer journeys take much longer, anything above 500 miles requires serious planning&math. If you’re a statistics nut like I am(life of the party I know), it’s pretty cool, and a bit scary. The consumption in a Tesla increases far more than in a petrol car depending on your driving. I’m comparing a P100D with the average performance petrol car, which is why the mpg figures are quite low versus the average car. Motorway cruising at 70mph, ideal weather conditions. Tesla: 200 - 240Wh/km Sports Car: 20mpg - 22mpg or 14L/100km. Motorway cruising at 100mph(Autobahn in Germany, ideal weather conditions. Tesla: 400 - 450Wh/km Sports Car: 16mpg - 17mpg or 17L/100km. If you’re doing that kind of long range you want to keep a good speed, but you simply can’t or you’ll miss your next charge. In a Tesla, you are constantly calculating and optimising. Do I drive faster because the battery charges faster in the initial phase, so it’s fine to end up at destination with less charge? Do I keep pace? Have I accounted for wind? Why am I doing 300Wh/km at the same speed as I was doing 250Wh/km earlier? Oh, 1% elevation, hmm. All part of the fun. Like in no other car, you get to feel first hand how changes in weather conditions, elevation/incline, road surface changes, affect “fuel economy”, because Tesla is kind enough to give you a live rolling chart. As a rule of thumb, you will lose 40 - 50% of the excess miles. E.g if your next supercharger is 200 miles away, I would charge for 300 miles, and hope to have 50 - 60 miles of range left at destination. Even at constant speed, the GPS estimates are way off. You will always arrive earlier than predicted, with less range left, even if you autopilot at constant speed all the way there. Realistically you will need to stop every 250 - 300 miles, and spend 40 min - 1 hour each time. Supercharger coverage is still a problem, for now It’s absolutely amazing that you can drive so far and for free, but it’s not something you can take for granted just yet. For one, the European coverage for Tesla is pretty scarce. You can get from A to B for most of it, but not efficiently. It looks good on a map but compared to petrol stations it’s nothing, for now. You incur a significant number miles added to your journey, just so you can pass through superchargers. On a 700 mile journey in a petrol car, you might do 1000+ in a Tesla, not even accounting for the charge time. If you’re in France/Italy, you will pay additionally for every charge, as you’ll go in and out of the same motorway to access the chargers. It can be as much as 2 -3 times the toll charges in a normal car, if you do this very often it could be meaningful. Superchargers are rarely located in places normal gas pumps are, and have no service industry around them yet. That means you may or may not get a toilet at your next stop, which in long range mode can be fun. If you’re lucky, you end up near a shopping centre. This is in Orange, France. The GPS on the car will tell you what facilities await at your next stop, so you can in theory pick and choose, but in practice this can add huge mileage to your journey. Most Superchargers in France have turned out to be “in the middle of nowhere”, in the courtyard of some hotel etc etc. It’s a little bit weird stopping for an hour at 2AM in complete darkness in the middle of a field. Value for money Looking at the competition, say S Class, spending £75k for a base model is a whole other world from dropping £140k on an S63 AMG, or a used Maybach, completely different planet. Looking at a Maybach vs an S560 is a visible, obvious, world apart difference, no one would wonder where the £££ went. In a Tesla, it’s the same car with slightly more range and acceleration. I know this falls more in the “cry me a river” segment of the market, but equally, you expect something for your hard earned dollar or GBP, which Tesla somewhat fails to deliver on. They are very upfront about it, more money = more power and more battery, but it’s a whole lot of money “just for that”. The option list is both surprisingly short and expensive. A little more software/equipment, some autopilot fancy gear that’s not legal yet, and a bit more battery, for “just” twice the price of the base spec. As a normal sensible consumer, this is somewhat extreme. It’s certainly the cheapest “city focused Lamborghini” you can buy, but beyond that the pricing structure really makes no sense in terms of value for money, and I would probably struggle to justify spending the same again. The sensible thing is to buy a mid range Tesla and save half the price-tag, and still get everything except the acceleration. Not being able to floor it in a Lambo through the city isn’t exactly the mass market problem solving Elon had in mind, but ironically it’s kind of all you get in the P100D. Conclusion: You’re paying for a power train, battery tech, and technology. You won’t get a fancy car, if that’s what you’re after don’t spend that kind of money on a Tesla just yet. Go half the price and get a Lexus hybrid instead. The car is really amazing in one way, a little boring in another. Overall the best piece of commuting/city gear you could ever have, though P100 models are ultimately an expensive toy. Love of Tesla: Having “talked it down” so much, I do feel the need to re-enforce the insane capability of this car is very addictive. Even if you’re fortunate enough to have driven crazy cars, yes it would get more feel, but you would not have more acceleration and torque, and the lack of sound is replaced by the consistent “holy sh******t” launch power at every single traffic light. Update(after 12 months of owning it): The honeymoon phase is now long over. The performance is still there, the run cost is still brilliant, but Tesla as a company is sometimes showing some fairly ugly colours. Tires lasted quite well, got a comfortable few mm of thread depth left. If you knew how I drive, in Ludicrous Plus constantly, that’s an insanely impressive thing, nearly 20k miles later. Loss in traction is noticeable, and I’m certainly way more careful in the wet than I was on fresh tires. At some point the £1k replacement cost will be unavoidable, in the next few months. Range is a big lie. 10 - 15% lost to software updates, restricting max charges further and further. I haven’t seen a number starting with 300 since the day I took delivery of the car. As detailed further above, do not trust the range of the car. Charging speed has decreased massively. It used to be you would drive to the supercharger with 10% - 15% and it would bump straight up to around 114kw - 117kw pretty much straight away, and stay there till the battery was nearly 80% when you could go home. No longer, the car now only goes to 85, then slowly to 95 and so on. It may be a software update to preserve battery life, however you have less range and longer charges. No yellow cornering on the screen which lots of other people report, but it’s definitely a pain in the a**, it randomly resets itself, as you drive, or as you follow the sat nav, for no apparent reason. Music cut offs etc for about 30 seconds while the screen reboots for no apparent reason. Suspension isn’t proving very reliable. 1 year in and squeaks and creaks from everyone single corner possible. Car went to service and got cleaned by Tesla engineers under warranty, all back to normal now, no squeaks and creaks. HEPA filter had to be replaced after 14 months, around £186 inclusive of VAT from Tesla. Not terrible and done same day, however it’s a consumable and not under warranty. Software updates coming constantly have actually made the car a lot worse. Now it barely ever reads speed limits properly. While the AP is fully trustworthy, it won’t change speed limits, so you have to pay attention a lot more or you might get a speeding ticket and those lovely points on your license. Completely new design delivered around 5 months ago, and I hate it with a passion. They’ve made it more Model 3 like, but it’s absolutely stupid, various things on the touch screen overlap, as if it wasn’t hard enough already to touch things accurately while driving. The Dolby Digital surround system constantly gets deactivated as an option for no reason whatsoever, which drives me crazy, and nothing I do seems to affect that at all, I have to remember to re-enable it every time I get in the car, which is not great for an audiophile such as myself, the sound system is pretty terrible anyway even if you go for the high end option, at least compared with proper in car audio systems. Would I buy one again? The answer is absolutely not, I got carried away by very low interest and tax benefits, and Ludicrous acceleration, but the honest to god answer is that I simply don’t enjoy driving it at all, it’s far too basic, too plastic and too crappy for the enormous price tag. I don’t dislike the car, but similarly I never look forward to drive it, and all I keep thinking is I could’ve bought x y z make and model instead. It’s coming from a place where I am fortunate that run cost isn’t my number one concern, but it’s been the only reason why I kept it, it’s very hard to say no to driving around for an extremely small cost, again when considering the performance. Like I said above, buying it is pricey, after you pay close to nothing beyond insurance. However, for the buy price of the car, I personally want a lot more. Value retention, Luxury, exclusivity, convenience, and a feeling of being able to drive it endlessly, like an S class, where after 15 hours of driving you don’t get that “sticky” feel of having been in a car for that long, you feel quite good. None of this come with a Tesla, and 99% of Tesla owners are extremely fanatic, but the reality is the majority of them don’t come from a high vantage point, and it’s by far the most expensive car they ever bought. Yes it may be better than a Honda Accord, but for many times the price tag isn’t that implied? The worst Tesla experience so far After a bump traffic so light that not even the paintwork on the car is damaged, the steering felt really funny, so naturally I pulled over into a side road, and phoned my beloved highly competent Tesla assistance. They quite literally told me to f off, there’s no other way to put it nicely. They said it’s not their problem, that it wouldn’t be possible to tow it to a Tesla depot(even if I offered to pay for this separately), and that the car is no longer safe to drive. Insult to injury and acid pour on it in the span of a 10 second conversation. I had the extreme luck this happened 2 miles from home, where it was manageable, had it been 3AM in the middle of nowhere, the messiah of all car companies would’ve had me stranded useless in the middle of nowhere, no their problem of course, the nearly 150k they billed me for the car just a few months earlier had long been forgotten from memory. Thanks to good friends, I made my way back home, and the next day after insurance told me they are happy to help/cover the costs, but the car should go to a Tesla garage since no one else can repair a Tesla, low and behold, it was entirely possible to pay and have the car towed. What in the actual f*ck? A very nice Joe shoes up 3 hours later with a tow truck, and while on the phone with his boss/colleague, he politely asks me to dictate my credit card details so he could further dictate them on the phone. I thought he was joking, but no, he was dead serious. I told him no way josay, take cash or no deal. One cash machine trip later, the saga ends, the car is loaded on the tow truck and off it goes. Or so I thought. The wonderful people at Tesla politely informed a new steering rack is required, post my 2mph barely any paintwork damage hit, for the great price of nearly £4000 inclusive of VAT. How wonderful, the steering rack mechanism can be completely destroyed by softly blowing air towards it, the build quality is insanely poor, more so than any other car I have ever owned, including a 20 year Vauxhall Astra I drove for a long time, with 200k miles on it and no problems. The truth? I’m seriously hoping this was a bad assistant on the other end of the phone, because this has felt like a slap in the face, which after the latest massive price drop adds a little bit of insult to injury. I’ve got a car worth a lot less than what I anticipated it would be worth, and a service quality that seems to fluctuate a lot based on who you get on the phone.

How good is the new Mercedes S-class? Have you driven one?

The Audi A8 dates to 2009 with a 2013 mid-life refresh. It’s a fabulous car that may be the sportiest of the bunch — such as 4,500 to 5,000-pound vehicles can be — and in many minds Audi has the most tastefully appointing cockpits among the high-end sedans. There’s even extended leather (standard, all trim lines) on the doors, dash, and center console. All-wheel-drive comes standard. Audi offers a V6 turbo, a V8 turbo, and a W12 (think of two siamesed V6s), all running on gasoline; were it not for parent Volkswagen’s diesel woes, it would offer a 36 mpg V6 turbodiesel as well. There is no hybrid currently. Being this old, the MMI cockpit controller seems a bit dated. The force-be-with-you Audi Virtual Cockpit (inset) is on or will be on the Audi TT, Q7, and A4 before it makes its way to the A7. The center stack LCD is just 8 inches diagonal where the competition has 10 or 12. A Wi-Fi hotspot was added for 2016. The A8 is lacking some of the newer technology of the competitors in collision mitigation and semi-autonomous driving. But wait for 2017 (possibly as a 2018 model), when Audi says it will offer self-driving capabilities on the A7 that go to the head of the class. If you buy an A8, you’re getting exclusivity: just 4,990 sold last year, less even than the slightly smaller A7 coupe. Audi sales in the US lag BMW and Mercedes-Benz by a significant margin, around 2:1, but worldwide the brands are neck and neck, each with about 2 million sales. Depending on how many options boxes you check, the A8 this year sells for $81,000 to $162,000. Source:- BMW 7 Series vs. Audi A8 vs. Mercedes-Benz S-Class: Which is the world’s best $100,000 car? | ExtremeTech

What is manual transmission fluid?

I love manual transmissions but... In its current form, in passenger cars, yes there is a chance it will go extinct before the gasoline powered car does, because of fuel economy requirements. Specifically, it's worth recalling that the CAFE standard for 2025 is 54.5 mpg, and I expect fuel efficiency standards to go up one more time after that while we still have gasoline powered cars. That corresponds to a window sticker EPA rating in the 40-50mpg range, when today's non-hybrid cars almost all have a sticker showing 30mpg or less. (graphic from Car and Driver showing the fuel efficiency standards vs. the CAFE ratings for cars today...you'll notice every single non-hybrid falls under the black line, including all the diesel cars, and if you plotted some bigger hybrid cars like the Lexus GS450h or Acura RLX hybrid, they would also be far below the line) Many of these data points are models equipped with the latest automatic transmissions. Automatic transmissions today are employing tricks like coasting in neutral, using a taller gear while slipping the transmission at low speed (google Porsche PDK "virtual gears"), and it's only a matter of time before electrical systems get a slight upgrade and we start getting cars that will turn off the engine while coasting rather than just idling, just as a Prius does. With smaller engines and forced induction, fuel economy might climb another 10-20%, which you can see is still inadequate for meeting that black line. So let's put the manual vs. automatic question aside for a minute and examine the question of how are manufacturers going to meet these targets? Let's look at some of the highly efficient cars on the market today to answer that question. The Mercedes-Benz CLA250 is perhaps the most highway-mpg optimized sedan out there today, with an incredibly low drag coefficient and small turbocharged motor paired to a very efficient 8 speed transmission. It is rated at 38mpg highway for the tougher EPA estimate, and as you can see in the chart, 40mpg CAFE. If our CLA250 example received a 10% boost in both city and highway fuel economy, it would still not meet the 2025 requirements. (see Appendix 1,2 for technical details why 10% is as much as we can expect) What this means is that nearly every car will have to be a mild hybrid or full hybrid by 2025. The problem with hybrid drivetrains and manual transmissions is that a manual transmission removes the low speed advantage of a hybrid (M/T cannot move under electric power alone in traffic), does not allow coasting with engine off, and is not nearly as effective at regenerative braking. This doesn't necessarily spell death for the manual transmission, but it makes it very difficult for higher power and heavier manual transmission equipped cars to exist. By the next round of fuel efficiency standards sometime around 2035, it is possible manual transmissions will be dead, because so few cars can be equipped with one that manufacturers may decide it's not worth it. My thoughts on the future of the manual transmission: Today, manual transmissions test worse than automatics for EPA fuel economy tests, largely because they have a silly shift schedule that keeps the car in each gear until 15, 25, 35, etc. mph, which are the default EPA thresholds. If shifted to higher gears more often, the gap can be closed a bit. The car manufacturer is allowed to specify their own shift schedule, which generally improves the numbers a lot. For example, high displacement V8 American muscle cars with manual transmission have rather high fuel economy ratings because they use very tall cruising gears to improve the highway number, and specified shift schedules to improve the city number (sometimes forcing skip shifts, like on the Mustang, which makes you go from 1st to 4th). The issue is that under EPA testing this is likely the best you can ever do, because the car has to be in gear. A good hypermiler does all these things with a manual transmission, and can achieve extraordinary fuel economy, but it takes a lot of work, and I suspect it would raise quite a few eyebrows at the EPA if the manufacturer specified that you should step on the clutch and turn the engine off during the highway portion of the test :) The survival of the manual transmission in higher powered cars and heavy cars depends on an increased regenerative braking capacity and low speed fuel savings. One way this can be done is with a very powerful electric motor which can provide braking torque far greater than the engine's. My personal crackpot idea is to use one motor spinning with the engine and one motor attached to the input shaft of the transmission. Instead of starting the car using the clutch, slightly releasing the clutch pedal will shunt electrical power from the motor attached to the engine to the motor on the input shaft, moving the car along with no clutch wear, and high fuel efficiency. Instead of using the synchronizers in the gearbox to synchronize gear shifts, the electric motor will slow down or speed up the shaft as necessary. This would save synchro wear. The reduced clutch and synchro wear is a huge advantage because those are extremely expensive items to replace, which today is tipping the maintenance cost equation in favor of automatic transmissions. I hope someone builds a car with this system, but I'm not holding my breath. Appendix: As far as aerodynamics go, the CLA250 has a 0.22 Cd, and the very low drag concept cars that still look like normal cars with normal sized tires and a normal sized length instead of a giant tail have only gotten to maybe 0.19. Mercedes Benz says they are targeting a 0.2 Cd across their fleet but this is likely the lowest you can ever get on a car. Let's remember that going from a steel frame to a full aluminum frame can only save a few hundred pounds, which is usually only 10% of a car's weight. For example the Audi A8 aluminum space frame concept saved 100kg on a rather large car, which is only 220lbs, on a car that weighs nearly 2 tons. The energy consumption due to road load and braking in the city test can thus only be decreased perhaps 10% due to weight savings, and that's a highly optimistic figure. Many cars already have start-stop systems today which increase the city rating by ~10%, which covers the majority of wasted fuel during city driving.

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