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รถไฟฟ้าพรีเมียมได้หรือไม่ แต่ก่อนจะไปวิเคราะห์ AutoFun จะพาไปรู้จัก Audi e-tran GT ว่าดีไซน์ การออกแบบ
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ที่ค่ายรถพยายามจะเข็นออกมาเพื่อตอบสนองมาตราการลดมลภาวะของหลายประเทศ แต่ก็ต้องดูกันในระยะยาว ว่าจะใช่คำตอบของอนาคตหรือไม่Audi
ในราคาขายเพิ่มขึ้นจากเดิม 1 แสนบาทเป็น 3,399,000 บาท ไปดูว่ามีความเปลี่ยนแปลงอะไรเพิ่มขึ้นมาบ้าง2021 Audi
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audi a8 starts then dies-audi a8 starts then dies-ESH: Peter M from Boca Raton FL
audi a8 starts then dies-#056(3) замена масла в гидроусилителе Audi (A6,Q5,Q7), VW Touareg
audi a8 starts then dies-車が始動していませんか？車のイモビライザーを行う方法。キーでアラームをバイパス！
audi a8 starts then dies-Fuse box location and diagrams: Audi Q7 (4L; 2007-2015)
audi a8 starts then dies-Все слабые места "автомата" ZF 5HP19, который ставили на BMW E39, Audi A6 C5, Passat B5 и т.д.
audi a8 starts then dies-sunfire: Alternative fuels from air, water an renewable energy
audi a8 starts then dies-audi a8 starts then dies-DTC Audi P0201 Short Explanation
audi a8 starts then dies-Подробный обзор крепкого "автомата" 5HP24 для BMW, Audi и Range Rover
audi a8 starts then dies-audi a8 starts then dies-Большой гид по обновлённому двигателю 1.6 TDI (EA288) для VW, Skoda, Seat, Audi
audi a8 starts then dies-Global disorder and distrust - Trump as a symptom
Manufacturers rarely make new brands. What was seen in the last decade was a consolidation that was long overdue from the major OEM's. Many of the brands that went under the axe were individual car companies at their inception, and bought by or traded to the larger core companies overy the last century. The company we know now as General Motor Company recently dropped some brands. Saab, Pontiac, Oldsmobile, Opel, and Saturn all died unceremonious deaths or had a significant scope change to minimize losses. The issue was that they bought all of these brands over time on top of their already lucrative Chevrolet, Cadillac, Buick, and GMC. The additional brands simply canabalized their own profits by competing for the same market share. Rather than make 1 million cars with the same tooling, they make 1 million cars with tooling for 5 versions. This just dissolved profitability due to the 5X additional costs of development, manufacture, marketing, and infrastructure (sales service and parts network) for multiple brands for the same chunk of global sales. When they restructured due to bankruptcy, they were forced to finally develop a lean strategy and unload a mass of legacy that held them back. Ford luckily had the foresight to start shedding these overbearing structures of cost prior to the recession. They sold off Jaguar/Land Rover as a package deal, unloaded Aston Martin, shuttered Mercury, and began the turn down of Holden and restructured their relationship with Volvo. This move let them make sales rather than write offs, allowing them to weather the storm better than GM or Chrysler. Ford cut their internal competition and sold of brands that drained resources for minimal return that weren't part of their core competency. Saturn was really the outlier in invented brands, where GM attempted an experiment with Japanese management tequniques for efficiency and quality with a domestic factory. It worked well, and like all things that work well in the face of bureaucratic legacy, it was slowly enveloped and poisoned by the lowest common denominator. Imports like Honda, Toyota, and Nissan made luxury marks to define their offering at a different placement in the market. Acura, Lexus, and Infinity compete at a higher price point to a different audience, so their products don't canabalized sales from their core branded products. This is the same way that Chevy and Cadillac work together, or Ford and Lincoln. But Buick and Olds, or Mercury and Lincoln were just infighting for the same sale. Hyundai finally created the Genesis mark after years of consultants telling them that they needed to differentiate from the midline Hyundai and their more affordable tier Kia, to create a luxury identity. Toyota recently decided to shed their Scion brand because their lower Toyota offering competed directly with Scion. Scion also missed their mark for a hip millennial entry level car away from the boring suburban Toyota, because it cost more than it should and never connected with their audience. In theory it was a great idea, but it was not executed effectively. It's not the last well see of consolidation. Volkswagen auto group is likely to go through similar restructuring. They own Volkswagen, Audi (interestingly formed from 4 companies to initially become Auto Union thus the 4 circles in the nameplate), Seat, Skoda, Lamborghini, Bugatti, Bentley, and a host of other brands. Skoda, and Seat are likely to either get axed or become merged into the core volkswagen brand as they all hit the same market segment. Their diesel fiasco is the perfect catalyst for this change. Hopefully they stop playing with the Phaeton nonsense making $100k Volkswagens that cut into the Audi A8 market, and simply miss the mark.
I own Audi A8. Let me tell you how you can own one, I am going anon on this one. Becoming politician is one way but it's very risky. History reveals all methods: GamePlan Easier way is build relationship with your companies client. Blow Create competing company. Hire freshers and identify best ones. You don't need MBA for this one! Look most programmers will try to become best programmer. If you ask me, it's waste of time. They are born poor, they will die poor. You just need to learn only one art: Learn, how to identify best worker. Then you need to create a workforce and take high profile projects. Establish your credibility in market. Believe me, employers don't want to see you making more than him :( You can change it! History is have documented it really well that you just need one conspiracy to blow your target!
It’s an interesting question, and not wholly without merit. While it’s hard to generalize about an entire nation’s automotive output, certainly German engineering culture/habits create cars of a certain type. I’ve owned pretty much every German manufacturer over the past 30 years, and currently own Audi, Mercedes, Porsche (just sold a VW last week actually). I’ve owned numerous of all of them. I personally don’t care for BMW anymore, but that’s more personal taste in design, materials and cost. But I have nothing against them either. Cars, ALL cars, are a compromise between performance, cost, reliability, etc. There is no “the best car”, but almost infinite interpretations of what a car should/could be. They are after all, engineered consumer products like phones, sofabeds, and televisions. During my long history with German cars I’ve observed an ever increasing trend toward complexity, avant-garde mechanical designs, odd risk taking (BMW SMG anyone?), a lack of respect for cost of manufacture, and a total lack of respect of the cost to the consumer with most companies other than VW (and their various low end brands like VW, Skoda, Seat, etc). The obsession with mechanical brilliance, and trendy designs, leads to crazy product choices that have led to serious reliability issues over the years. Daimler Benz, while getting their asses kicked in the US by Lexus during the 90s (because of cost for comparable perceived quality), made disastrous design choices with the W140 series full size cars. The cars featured so many ridiculous features no one cared about, that it caused the entire model run to nearly destroy Mercedes reputation in many aspects, as well as suffer financial loss. BMW made odd materials decisions with their cylinder heads over the years, causing catastrophic engine failures. They were in fact a company known for their engines (at least so their marketing department tried to remind everyone). I gave up on BMW after a while. The first iDrive was so awful, that BMW actually started to allow people to return their cars for a refund. Audi sometimes tries too hard. I’ve had several of them, and they always had something that should have been basic, but was a disaster because of unnecessary complexity. A8 brakes that needed replacement every 6 months. Suspension components that failed every 12. Auto rotating AC vents that destroyed themselves and cost $7k to replace. My R8 was a piece of junk of epic proportions as well. AC failed, clutches melted, electronics died, door panels fit poorly, upholstery frayed. Pathetic for a car that cost $185K VW has had its share of problems as well, but for other reasons. They build cheap, volume cars, and therefore, they sacrifice complexity for cost reduction, but sometimes, they go too cheap, which causes lots of problems. I’ve owned numerous VWs, and they consume parts like crazy. Suspension parts, engine parts, etc, fail fairly consistently. After all that, and to the great Frank Kemper’s point, usually, if you follow the maintenance procedures, the cars may last indefinitely if you’re lucky. I did in fact have a Mercedes S class (diesel) that went for 223K miles mostly reliably, although the body did rust heavily. In my semi humble view, the German manufacturers aren’t always the best at integrating their ideas into a cohesive product. There’s always one bizarre subsystem or component that is out of kilter. And complexity is the killer of reliability, which the luxury German companies tend to be obsessed with more often than not. Of course, none of this has ever stopped me from buying their stuff…….
Strange question. Many thousands of the working poor are destroyed by a single illness. We are required by law to see all comers to the ED and if they are critically ill will be admitted to ICU at free care which is only partially reimbursed by the government . About 10 % of the health care from non profit HMOs must be given to the poor. USA. So do stupid idiotic people doing drugs alcohol guns gangs and bullshit in life end up with free critical care that we all must pay for? Yes it happens. But it is not the majority of the poor who become critically ill, If a “dirt ball” with no money shows up to an Audi Dealership and demands an Audi A8 should this happen? NO Should a “dirt ball” who has consistently made bad life choices and now demands that Audi A8, should we all give it to him? Should we be forced to pay taxes to give it to him? Well this is philosophy : Are all humans considered a Gods Children and deserving of some care and rights? Do we ever know that this man made wrong choices if we were put into his life history or was this just the life he was brought up with that has ended up being a “dirt-ball”. ( I am using this slang because most of us know what I mean by this . ). A person who has lead a pathetic life usually by poor decisions and some of it by bad circumstances. So who in life has never made bad choices ??? Enough to deny them an Audi A8 ? When needed? How do I know who is deserving and who is not to get this free Audi A8? What if I say that Doctors should never be put in this position to be the ones to choose who deserves the car and those who do not? The reason we should not do this is that we took an oath or a creed to never deliberately kill or let die our patients. Our job is to save them. If the Gestapo officer wants to choose which way this unfortunate will go…that is cruel politics and war, but it is not health care. Should Doctors ever work for the Gestapo Regime? Well they did a trial and found guilty a Nazi Doctor for crimes against humanity. So Doctors are held to better standards than Gestapo officers . I say doctors must never be Gestapo officers. In society Doctors are to try to help all who need help and this cost should be calculated into that nation’s loss of tax money for the purpose of maintaining a moral and civil society . Our general taxes will go to these ‘dirt-balls” because one day through no fault of our own we may become such a ‘dirt-ball’ and need help . Love God and Love Your Neighbor as you would love yourself . This presumes that there is a moral purpose in life and we are to participate in how this morality works in a society . Doctors should never be executioners . Failing to provide needed care is the same as passive murder when we could have done so. This is a philosophical decision and a personal decision . When the system starts to force doctors to choose life or death based on some criteria that is immoral or un godly then that doctor must choose whether or not to still be a doctor in that system .
I was going to comment on Michael Barnard's answer, but I think offering an answer that rebuts his points is probably better. So here we go. First, I appreciate Mike's love for the Model S, but his answer - like a lot of popular praise for Tesla's product line - is very selective in the way that comparisons are made. Second, let's talk about how much people actually spend when they buy a new Model S. CNBC reported that the average transaction price for a new Model S was $93k, and this was reported before the debut of the "D", which likely increased that figure (see Tesla cars are worth more used than new , the transaction price stat is buried in the middle of the article). Let's just say for sake of argument that we're talking about a $100k luxury vehicle. Three, let's also assume that a person is open to a wide range of vehicles when they have $100k to spend (which is true in my experience). Now, let's go thru Mike's list: 1. Passenger capacity - Someone with $100k to spend and passenger capacity on the brain doesn't buy a sedan - they buy an Escalade, a Yukon Denali, Navigator, etc. Sedan buyers aren't usually interested in people hauling, so I'm not sure that the two rumble seats in the Model S are a huge "get." I'd say that's a minor feature, in fact, and I'd love to see the take rate on this option (i'd guess it's miniscule). Anyone who knows, please comment. 2. A P85D+ is a monster in the acceleration department. It's easily the quickest sedan available. Of course, it's also $125k. If I'm concerned about acceleration, I have lots of options at $125k, all of which are better racing vehicles. A Z06 Vette, for example, costs about $90k, leaving me enough money to buy a truck and a trailer to haul it from race to race. Or lots of money for brakes and tires. But yes, if I need a sedan and want incredible performance, the P85D+ is the winner. This is the best argument for buying a Tesla Model S in my opinion...provided you've got $125k lying around. 3. A low center of gravity does not always make for a great handling car. Most people talk about "lateral g" and feel when assessing a vehicle's handling ability. But the real metric used to determine a car's handling ability is to compare it's lap time to similarly powerful vehicles. The world standard race course is called "Nurburgring", and unfortunately the Model S can't complete a lap at this track without overheating. If the vehicle was capable of doing a lap at full speed, we'd have a lap time, and then we could compare it to other sedans. But right now we don't have the key data point we need to really evaluate the car's handling using the world standard. Considering the 4600lbs curb weight of the Model S, I'd say handling isn't really a strength of the vehicle. Not to mention, you can't actually race it without going into limp mode. 4, 5, and 6 are all correct, and all sort of the same point: The Model S doesn't burn hydrocarbons (at least directly) for fuel. That's a pretty huge benefit. 7. If a person with $100k to spend is worried about cargo capacity, they don't buy a sedan. But yes, if someone buys a Model S, they can jam a little more crap in it. I'd say this is a nice benefit, but not a game changer for people buying this type of vehicle. 8. Safety is universally excellent at the $100k price point. The Tesla's rating is great, but it's not a substantial difference. You probably won't die in a car that costs $100k unless you're really unlucky or really driving hard. I doubt that luxury car buyers choose the Model S because it's slightly better in some test than some other car...they're all very safe. 9. Price is where Mike's answer starts to collapse. I can purchase a diesel A8 - which is more luxurious and has nearly 900 miles of driving range - for $10k less than the average Model S transaction price. I can also buy a dozen sporty sedans with more luxury features for tens of thousands of dollars less than the typical Model S. The Model S isn't "cheap" per se, and it certainly doesn't have to be. It offers a lot of great technology, and frankly I'd be worried if it was actually less costly than a similarly sized (and similarly equipped) sedan. But since the Model S isn't really luxurious (see below), it's not fair to compare it straight across to an S-Class, A8 Sedan, etc. 10. Mike's statements on range are very misleading. First, the maximum range of a Model S with an 85kWh battery pack is 265 miles according to the EPA, and Tesla doesn't recommend charging your battery pack more than 80%. So the "real world" max range of a Model S is actually closer to 200 miles, and if it's a particularly hot or cold day, or if you're driving it hard, that number falls to 150 miles. Second, a diesel A8 has nearly 900 miles of range (max). Most gas-powered vehicles have a maximum range of 400 miles. Frankly, this is a HUGE difference, and it goes a long way towards explaining why consumers are still buying A8s, S-Class M-B, BMW 7-series, etc. every day. The Model S can't go more than 200 miles without a charge, at least if you follow Tesla's battery recommendations...and that's if everything goes perfectly. Finally, some other factors Mike forgot: 11. Luxury features. The Model S isn't nearly as luxurious as similarly priced cars from Audi, M-B, or BMW. I'd argue that the Model S isn't even as luxurious as a Platinum F-150. But don't take my word for it - from Car & Driver's 2015 Tesla Model S P85D - First Drive Review : Luxurious isn’t how we’d describe the Model S’s interior. Austere and simple is more like it. Aside from the massive touch screen in the middle of the instrument panel, and the attractive gauge display, there’s not much wretched excess here The Model S is a luxury car compared to a Toyota Corolla - or even a Toyota Avalon - but it's not a freaking S-class. Sit inside both if you don't believe me. The difference is stark. 12. Reliability/durability. There are some big concerns about Tesla's ability to build reliable and durable vehicles. From problematic drive units to dead battery packs to all sorts of little issues with units tested by Edmunds.com (see 2013 Tesla Model S Long-Term Wrap-Up ) and Consumer Reports (Consumer Reports' Tesla Model S Has More than Its Share of Problems) , reliability is a big question mark. Say what you will about the gas-guzzling S-Class, or BMW 7-Series, or Audi A8, but they have a much better record for reliability than the Model S...and the Lexus LS puts them all to shame. 13. Resale value. Currently, demand for the Model S is strong enough to support very high resale value for the Model S. The car is clearly winning the resale value comparison as of today. However, please note that electric car resale value is a moving target. The Leaf was enjoying high resale value, for example, but the recent drop in gas prices - combined with slowing demand for the vehicle - has caused resale values for the Leaf (and the Volt) to plummet: Resale Prices Tumble on Electric Cars Could this happen to the Model S? I guess we'll wait and see. But resale values for Lexus, Mercedes-Benz, BMW, and Audi are pretty consistent year in and year out. I'd hesitate to say that about the Model S. 14. Convenience. Here's the comparison that makes or breaks the Model S. If you own your own home, can afford to have a charger installed in your garage, don't have a commute that strains your battery pack, and have a gasoline vehicle you can use for long trips, the Model S is incredibly convenient. If you can't add a charger to your garage, or you don't have a garage, or regularly bump up against the practical driving range of a Model S, or don't have a "spare" gas-powered car lying around (as many Model S owners do)...the car isn't nearly as attractive as something like the diesel A8 sedan I mentioned before. Before all you Musk-rats attack me, please understand my point: The Tesla Model S is a great car, but it is not "clearly" better than gas cars. It might be better for you, but it's not better for everyone. Not everyone can afford the damn thing, and even people who can might choose another vehicle (and often do). The question asked is vague, but I don't think the person asking was wondering if electric cars were better than gasoline cars if you have $100k to spend and don't mind dealing with limited driving range. If you look at the bigger picture, the answer to the question is: Who knows. It all depends on how battery technology evolves in terms of increasing energy density and decreasing costs. It could be 5 years, could be 10 years, and could be never.