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audi e tron user manual

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รีวิว Q&A audi e tron user manual

What cars are made in Poland?

Those for example The body was handcrafted of aluminium with a tubular space frame chassis. The engine was an aluminium V8 5967 ccm developing 405 hp (302 kW) at 6000 rpm, and 542 Nm at 4400 rpm. It had a 6-speed manual gearbox. The brakes were Brembo 4-pistons. Performance specs indicate an acceleration of 0-100 km/h (62.14 mph) in less than 4 sec with a top speed of 250 km/h (155.34 mph) (regulated). Leopard 6 Litre Roadster is a classical sport-style luxury car designed by entrepreneur Zbysław Szwaj. The car is produced by a privately held Polish company Leopard Automobile Mielec Sp. z o.o. . Zbysław Szwaj is the company co-founder, designer, and also the designer of the Gepard car . Leopard 6 Litre Roadster - Wikipedia Leopard You may not have heard much about Polish car design – but it does exist! The 2000s have seen a veritable explosion of quality design in the quaint Central European country, and the automotive industry is no exception. Since Polish car designers are being recruited by foreign companies, this is a discreet trend, but remember the names below: you’ll be seeing a lot of their art on the road in the near future. Tadeusz Jelec Jaguar S-Type 2005, photo: promo materials Jaguar admirers are probably familiar with his style already ‒ Jelec is Design Manager at the well-known company. One of his most interesting designs is the body of the flashy F-type coupe which was unveiled in 2013. During his 27 years with Jaguar he created the shape of the 2004 S-type model and designed several interiors, among other projects. Jelec was born in Giżycko, northeastern Poland, and studied at the Royal College of Art in London. He also created designs for other brands including Mazda and Volvo. Tomasz Sycha Z4 concept car during a preview at the International Motor Show in Frankfurt, Germany, 2005. photo: AP Photo/Frank Augstein/FORUM This graduate of the Silesian University of Technology is most commonly associated with BMW’s uber-stylish Z4 coupe, which he designed. He also contributed to the company’s X3 and X5 models. After the Z4 took the market over by storm in 2006 he was asked to design more prototypes for BMW. Sycha, who has been working at Bavarian Motors for 20 years, also has ties to the Munich University of Applied Sciences, where he supervised studies in the field of transportation design. Adam Bazydło Members of the media crowd around a Ford GT, which goes into production in 2016, as it is displayed during the first press preview day of the North American International Auto Show in Detroit, 2015, photo: REUTERS/Mark Blinch A Pole who grew up in Canada and studied at the Detroit College for Creative Studies, Bazydło made a name for himself by working for Peugeot, where he designed the interiors of the 508, 208 and 2008 models. Rumour has it that Bazydło once discarded a rough draft in his dustbin, only to find out later that his boss had retrieved it. Bazydło’s superior was so happy with the find that he had the 508’s interior created on its basis. In 2013 the Pole began to work for Ford, where he has overseen the design of the new Ford GT’s interior. Zbigniew Maurer Alfa Romeo 156 GTA, photo: wikimedia Even though he studied architecture in Toronto, Maurer made a remarkable career designing cars rather than buildings. He is best-known for his work for the Italian company Alfa Romeo, which he joined in the mid-90s. He co-designed the firm’s classic 156 model, a mid-size car with rear door handles hidden in the window trim, and the stunningly beautiful sports car 8C Competizione. Maurer also teaches exterior car design at the Polytechnic University of Milan. Kamil Łabanowicz Audi E-tron quattro concept concept car, Frankfurt Auto Show, 2015. photo: AP Photo/Jens Meyer/FORUM In 2004 he revealed his take on the classic Polish car FSO Warszawa, drawing much attention. It wasn’t long before Łabanowicz got a position at Audi, where his first job was to co-design the eye-catching R8 TDI sports model. Recently Łabanowicz became head of the firm’s design studio. 2015 saw the unveiling of the Audi E-tron Quattro, a concept car designed by the young man. This electric SUV not only looks great but with a drag coefficient of 0.25, it is the most aerodynamic car ever made in its segment. Wojciech Sokołowski Spada Codatronca, photo: promo materials Originally from Gliwice, Sokołowski co-founded a Turin-based firm, Spadaconcept, with the noted designer Ercole Spada. The Pole co-designed the company’s first vehicle, the Spada Codatronca, a eccentric-looking supercar that premiered in 2008. Sokołowski currently manages a studio in Gliwice with his sister, Katarzyna. Called SOKKA, it has designed sports cars, a popular fire engine and a… Polish military tank named PL-01. Janusz Kaniewski Visualisation of the new Fiat Bravo designed by Janusz Kaniewski, photo: courtesy of Kaniewski Design Studio Janusz Kaniewski, who passed away in 2015, was a giant of Polish car design. The founder of the Kaniewski Design Studio co-designed the Citroen C4 Picasso, Lancia Delta, Alfa Romeo MiTo and the Giulietta as well as the Ferrari California and 458 Italia, among others. He is also the designer behind Fiat’s current logo. Cities inspired Kaniewski and he used these urban inspirations in all of his designs. Other than cars, he also designed petrol stations, cigarette boxes, ski boots and designer motorhomes. Aleksandra Gaca Renault Symbioz, photo: Chesnot/Getty Images Aleksandra Gaca is a very versatile designer, who mostly works with textiles. She works with brands, architects, manufacturers and institutions to create solutions, products and installations specially created for her clients’ needs. Her work appears in interiors, architecture, fashion and art. And now, in cars too. Renault approached Gaca to design the interior fabrics for their SYMBIOZ concept car – an extension of home on the road. The goal was to create an interior that felt and looked like a house. To achieve this, Gaca created a bespoke version of her 3D fabric ‘Bloko’. Tomasz Bachorski Volkswagen Touareg, photo: Volkswagen Newsroom Tomasz Bachorski has been in charge of the design team working on the dashboards of Volkswagen’s most popular cars for many years now. He has worked on the Polo, Golf, Passat and Touareg. In his own words: ...the cockpit must be an experience – new and desirable, but also familiar. Bachorski was also behind the reincarnation of the interiors of iconic VW Beetle. When it comes to design, he has said: You could say that good design is like a cool suit. It needs to fit well from the beginning, and even years later, you must still feel perfect in it. SpinCar ‘SpinCar’, designed by Bartosz Borowicz & Mateusz Przybysz, photo: domena spincar.pl press materials While the New Warsaw is what you call a retro design, the SpinCar is quite the opposite. Designed by Hubert Kuberacki of the Warsaw University of Technology in collaboration with Bartosz Borowicz and Mateusz Przybysz, it looks like a car from the future. And that is exactly what it is. The idea of this electric vehicle using a circular chassis garnered a lot of interest in the early 2010s but apparently not enough for SpinCar to go into production. It's a shame, because thanks to its unusual, round shape and wheel arrangement – they are set at a 90 degree angle – it can turn around in place, eliminating driving backwards (always a hassle) and taking up less space than a traditional car, even though it is spacious enough to fit the whole family. Add the fact that is electric and therefore quiet and fossil fuel-free, and it becomes apparent that SpinCaris the ultimate urban car design. Hopefully, we’ll see it in action one day! Zły / Bad Zły / Bad designed by Janusz Kaniewski. Photo: Courtesy of Janusz Kaniewski Design This project was the apple of Kaniewski’s eye. It summarises his attitude towards cars: not only a source of transportation, but the most arrogant object of desire and a means to show off. Moreover, he knows that cars are not eternal, that they’ll soon probably be superseded by more ecological and effective means of public transport. He said of himself: I was lucky to live in the only century in the 4,000 year-long history of city planning when people used cars to move around the city. To celebrate the end of this chapter he worked on a prototype supercar that would embody the all the beautiful ugliness of cars as a species. Zły / Bad will be the quintessence of all these daemons. The worse the car, the better it is: it has to be insanely fast, aggressive and arrogant, show the driver’s disrespect for his passengers, be noisy, with a stiff suspension, impractically wide tyres, interior cushioned with natural leather. No doors, no front window, heating, radio. It will evoke feelings of jealousy and envy. It will be inaccessible… Janusz Kaniewski died on 9th May, 2015, aged only 41. He designed for the most successful companies in the world: for Ferrari, Lancia, Alfa Romeo, Mazda, Citroen, Suzuki. He designed a logo for Fiat that is recognisable around the world. He founded an extremely successful design studio, gave stunning lectures, and wrote brilliant articles for DesignAlive magazine. Get to know a few of the best works by Janusz Kaniewski, a prematurely-deceased Polish design genius. Izera electric car, manufacturer: ElectroMobility Poland, photo: press materials, Izera - Polska marka aut elektrycznych | Milion powodów, by jechać dalej. Izera: The Polish Electric Car Inspired by Art & Nature On 28th July 2020, the Polish electric car brand Izera was introduced to the public. During the presentation of two elegant-looking prototypes, plans were announced for mass production in the near future. Culture.pl EN | Polish culture: literature, art, film, design, language, cuisine & more! | Culture.pl takes a look at Izera’s designs and features, as well as how the prototypes were inspired by Polish art and nature. Stars over mountains Izera electric car, manufacturer: ElectroMobility Poland, photo: press materials, Izera - Polska marka aut elektrycznych | Milion powodów, by jechać dalej. The Izera Mountains in the southwest fringes of Poland are a region of beauty and open nature (part of this range lies also in Czechia). The highest peak of this gentle range is Poland’s Wysoka Kopa reaching up to 1,126 metres above sea level, while the picturesque River Izera cuts through the region. It’s also home to the Izera Dark-Sky Park, a 7,500-hectare park created in 2009, the mission of which is to protect the night sky from artificial light and facilitate star observation. The park is located both in Poland and Czechia – in the upper part of the Izera valley and in the Jizerka valley. […] This area is sparsely populated and well shielded by mountain ridges from lights of towns and villages located in the Izera Mountains and in the vicinity. Moreover it is a very interesting and environmentally valuable region, thus it is worth to include nocturnal darkness preservation in existing nature conservation. Additionally both valleys are easily accessible for tourists. From http://izera-darksky.eu , the website of the Izera Dark-Sky Park Somewhat surprisingly, the Izera Mountains recently became the inspiration for the creators of a new brand of Polish electric cars . Named after the mountain range, the Izera brand was created by ElectroMobility Poland, a Polish company founded in 2016. A very distinctive character Izera electric car, manufacturer: ElectroMobility Poland, photo: press materials, Izera - Polska marka aut elektrycznych | Milion powodów, by jechać dalej. ElectroMobility Poland turned to the Izera Mountians for inspiration because of the beauty of that region’s natural wonders , but also simply because the range’s name (pronounced: eeh-ZHE-rah) has a pleasant ring to it. The company presented its electric car brand to the public on 28th July 2020 at a special event organised at an exhibition hall in Sokołów near Warsaw. The two Izera prototypes unveiled were a hatchback and an SUV. The vehicles are the result of four years of work and research. The prototypes were designed by an international team composed of Polish engineers as well as workers of Torino Design, an Italian automotive design studio founded by Roberto Piatti. The renowned Polish car designer Tadeusz Jelec , who was involved with Jaguar for 30 years, also worked on the vehicles. Both of the prototypes have elegant, pleasant shapes. Their bodies are largely devoid of sharp angles, which gives them a fluid look. The hatchback has a bit of a sporting vibe to it, whereas the SUV, although bigger, doesn’t seem at all heavy. Both vehicles have short overhangs and passenger compartments reaching close to the front axle – features that are characteristic of modern electric cars. Piatti, who was present at the unveiling, said that the cars’ lights, which are very similar in both models, reference the Izera Mountains. Indeed, when you give the lights a closer look you can see in them shapes that bring to mind gentle hill slopes. Also, the lights include intriguing-looking arrays of shining points which somewhat resemble stars in the night sky. This seems to be a nod to the aforementioned dark-sky park. Thanks to the characteristic and appealing lights, the Izera models have a unique look – there’s no risk of mistaking the prototypes for any other car. Furthermore, Izera’s vehicles are meant to be family-friendly , and this is another thing that links them to their namesake mountain range: With their mild hills and vast areas, the [Izera] mountains are perfect for family trips and have a very distinctive character. Just like our car does. Paweł Tomaszek from ElectroMobility Poland, from Izera - Polska marka aut elektrycznych | Milion powodów, by jechać dalej. Fit for family use Izera electric car, manufacturer: ElectroMobility Poland, photo: press materials, Izera - Polska marka aut elektrycznych | Milion powodów, by jechać dalej. Pleasingly for Polish culture fans, apart from drawing inspiration from Polish nature, Izera also references Polish art. We spent long hours designing the appearance of the prototype. Browsing through the works of contemporary Polish artists, we looked for inspirations and reference points to underline the Polish character of our brand . At the same time, it was extremely important to us that the shape of the car evokes positive emotions. After all, this is supposed to be a family car. Tadeusz Jelec, from Izera - Polska marka aut elektrycznych | Milion powodów, by jechać dalej. The Izera designers say they were inspired by the works of artists such as avant-garde pioneer Katarzyna Kobro , sculptor Magdalena Abakanowicz , and painter Magdalena Karpińska. Apparently, these artists’ works were referenced in the design of the interior (at the unveiling only the hatchback had a fully-furnished interior, the inside of the SUV wasn’t complete yet). Although there’s little information about how exactly the aforementioned artists influenced Izera’s design, it is known that Karpińska’s colour schemes impacted the choice of colours in the interior. The main colour in the interior is a warm ecru or light beige which gives the inside a cosy, family character. This tone is tastefully juxtaposed with blue and black elements. The interior is also rather spacious, which makes it fit for family needs. Another family-friendly aspect of the inside is that it’s equipped with special handles, making it easier for small kids to get into the car. An additional nice touch can be found in the front where there’s a special compartment for a woman’s purse. The modern character of the interior is highlighted by the digital dashboard, which handsomely merges with a digital touchscreen located in the centre of the front. Other state-of-the-art features inside include a wireless smartphone charger and programmable buttons on the steering wheel. The passengers in the rear will be able to use the fold-out tray tables and magnetic phone grips located in the backs of the front seats. Motorsport-like emotions Izera electric car, manufacturer: ElectroMobility Poland, photo: press materials, Izera - Polska marka aut elektrycznych | Milion powodów, by jechać dalej. When it comes to the cars’ technical details, these seem to be well in line with current developments in the field of electric cars. Once fully ready (after the prototype phase is through), the vehicles will be equipped with lithium-ion batteries that will let you drive up to 400 km on a single charge. The batteries will make use of fast-charge stations as well as home chargers. The top speed of the two Izera models will be distinctly family-friendly too; it won’t exceed 160 km per hour. But the acceleration, on the other hand, will let you experience some motorsport-like emotions ; the cars will reach 100 km per hour in less than 8 seconds! Also, some of the cars’ functions will be accessible via a dedicated smartphone app : Users will be able to download a dedicated app to their smartphone or another mobile device and remotely start air-conditioning when the car is charging. Additionally, it will have the option of selecting charging time and cycle to reduce the charging cost. From Izera - Polska marka aut elektrycznych | Milion powodów, by jechać dalej. It’s also worth mentioning that the Izera cars will be equipped with state-of-the-art driving assistance systems: FCW (forward collision warning system), BSW (blind spot detection system) and TSR (traffic-sign recognition system). All in all, it seems that Izera’s vehicles will guarantee high driving comfort . Affordable & eco-friendly Izera electric car, manufacturer: ElectroMobility Poland, photo: press materials, Izera - Polska marka aut elektrycznych | Milion powodów, by jechać dalej. At the unveiling of the prototypes, ElectroMobility Poland announced its plans to put the vehicles into mass production. This caused quite a bit of excitement amongst Polish car aficionados, as Poland hasn’t had a mass-produced domestic car since 2002 when the production of the venerable Polonez came to a halt. That old-school automobile was designed in the 1970s, and although it can sometimes still be seen in Polish streets, it belongs to a past era. Today ElectroMobility Poland is looking to build a car factory in the region of Silesia (the exact spot hasn’t been revealed), where the production of Izeras could start by 2023. The company wants to eventually manufacture 100,000 vehicles per year. Apart from the two models shown in Sokołów, there are plans for three other ones. Little is currently known about these additional models – apart from that they will all, of course, be electric and designed in a similar style to the first two. The prices of the new brand’s vehicles aren’t known yet, but they will supposedly be affordable enough for the average Polish family to purchase. Izera is also planning to export its cars to offer them to buyers outside of Poland. Those concerned with climate change may feel warmly toward the Izera brand. After all, if people switched from petrol cars to electric ones, there would be fewer car fumes contributing to the greenhouse effect: […] The amount of CO2 in the air is on a constant rise and this impacts the greenhouse effect – and consequently – climate change. CO2 is emitted by industrial plants, agriculture, the energy industry and also transportation. Scientists have found that the latter is accountable for about 14 percent of man-made CO2 emissions. Varsovia Car 1/11 Varsovia Concept Syrenka S201 AK Syrenka Syrena sport Wratislavia Polonez Izera Vosco Arrinera Hussarya Arrinera Hussarya GT

If you had your children in the car, would you drive a Tesla on autopilot?

I would not ride in or drive a Tesla using Auto Pilot. From test drives by Forbes and other publications. Here are comments by objective, professional test drivers with no ties to Tesla. Also you must read the Consumer Reports review of the system. No traffic engineer disputes that any system which has lane control, auto braking, hands off steering which includes some 15 manufacturers and numerous models will encourage or even induce certain drivers to fall asleep and/or become distracted. Search the net and you will find scathing reviews by some testers. Two clicks on the stalk switches on full auto-pilot, which adds steering control. Forbes, “Tesla's steering control is good, but you still may find yourself disengaging in a number of circumstances on the highway. Merging -- either onto a new highway, or when two lanes compress down to one -- is still not ready for prime time, and can sometimes (but not always) result in sudden movements that erode confidence in the system. I also find it disconcerting when a car in an adjacent lane starts drifting towards the line, and possibly into my lane. A human driver would drift the same direction to create more space, and if the other driver drifts further, evade, honk and/or brake. As you should when you are in complex territory, I have taken the wheel and not let the Tesla show what it will do. Even if it just drives on, it is not comfortable to be driving in very close proximity to the car in the next lane. “Disengaging autosteer does not disengage TACC -- you must tap the brake for that -- which can cause a surprise if you steer into a clear lane and find yourself suddenly speeding up. I find it counter-intuitive for a disengage action to cause acceleration. “I've also seen the car get very close to tree limbs encroaching on the lane, which won't hurt you but you don't want to hit at speed. It doesn't make you comfortable to see your vehicle get close to anything. “Tesla advises not to use Autopilot in construction zones, and indeed it is uncomfortable to use it even in the left lane when there is no shoulder.” (Drivers will no doubt forget this admonition which appears in the owners manual which nobody reads after the initial purchase - if at all) “Tesla has had problems with stationary objects. Serious problems, like running into a construction barrier wall which closed off a lane, after an SUV in front moved out of the way to suddenly reveal it. Unlike Autopilot, a full-self-driving car would have to handle such construction issues.” Note that in this situation a “cheap” Honda Civic would automatically brake - as would dozens of other cars with much cheaper and simpler driving assist characteristics) Even though no TACC handles these sorts of things, the Autopilot can sometimes lull people into thinking it might be better than it is on stopped objects that don't look like traditional vehicles. That's why we've seen Teslas in the past tragically hit the broadside of a left-turning truck (the older version, some time ago) as well as, fatally, the crash barrier in the gore of an off-ramp . (I drive past that very off-ramp frequently, sometimes with Autopilot on but watching carefully. As expected, the car now understands that off-ramp well since Tesla HQ is just 10 minutes away.) Those impacts were the driver's faults for not sufficiently monitoring the Autopilot or using it where they should not, but they reveal the things that need to be done to get to full self-driving. “Many people don't realize as well that Autopilot does not see things like traffic lights or stop signs. Those are up to the driver. That's not a steering function, but oddly with ordinary cruise control you would not expect it to see these things, and with Autopilot's other sophistications, you can get fooled into thinking it might. A full-self-drive car would need to be "many 9s" perfect at this -- and it's quite a leap to get to perfect in one year from not doing it at all. Autopilot shows a display of the other cars and road users it sees. (Actually, the car shows this at all times, and you can use it as part of your blind spot check, though you should not use just this.) The display shows a fairly intermittent perception system, which frequently winks out or jumps, and I have multiple times seen it have trouble identifying cyclists on my right. I am particularly bothered by how it performs on lane merges. When a human sees two lanes merging into one, and the road is clear, she will typically drift into the center of the two lanes, driving along the dashed line for a while until it vanishes and they are in the center. I've observed Autopilot stay between the lines and then suddenly shift to the middle when the vanishing line goes away. Humans in general will "ignore the lines" when the road is clear and it is safe to do so, in order to get a smoother ride. Highway merges are also problematic. Driving in the right lane on autopilot (as you must do to exit using "Navigate on Autopilot") can be problematic because the car will brake fairly hard to let in cars merging into your lane from the on-ramp. Very courteous, but jarring for people in the Tesla. It is also quite sudden when it decides to abort a lane change because it detects somebody coming up in the destination lane. Possibly a wise choice, but with their longer perception horizon, humans are much better at this. Humans, of course, also often assert our way into lane changes, expecting the oncoming car to slow -- which they generally do -- and only doing a sharp pull back when it is clear they are not slowing. While this strategy is understandable for safety reasons, good algorithms must find a way to both drive safely and provide a smooth ride.” Remember NEVER believe any representation made by Mr. Musk or Tesla regarding their cars - never. Yet another example - did you know that if you owned a 2017 Model S it failed to qualify as a Insurance Institute Highway Safety (IIHS) recommendation or award winner? From Cars.com. It took until 2019 for the Model 3 to match the Audi e tron EV SUV or the 2019 Hyundai Nexo Hydogen fuel cell/ electric for safety EXCLUSIVE of the auto pilot featuer. It took Tesla 2 years to among other things, improve its headlights which IHHS found problematic. For context- the requirements for “brightness and color” on cars made in the ’60s were far below what they are today. So, I purchased four new halogen headlights for my 1968 Cougar for 80$ plus tax free shipping. Armed only with a screwdriver it took me 25 minutes to install the new lights - each bulb replaced still works and two are 52 years old they are in storage just in case - delivery came within 48 hours of my on line order. I could have gone cheaper and paid 60$ for the same bulbs BUT the glass does not have the “Ford” logo so the new lights would not appear to be pure stock ie look exactly like the car did when purchased. Tesla took two years to “redesign” headlights which had been roundly criticized by the auto press and IHHS! Why so long? Not a priority and not enough cash when you can’t meet quotas for cars or the 50% of the car that Tesla actually makes. 45 -50% of every Tesla is outsourced. I wouldn’t ride in or drive the car in Auto pilot mode unless I was on a race track for the sole purpose of testing the system. Make no mistake, it is in a beta phase. Innocent pedestrians and drivers of other cars will get hurt or killed and for their attorneys the use of the Auto Pilot will/has been a compelling factor in litigation.

Is it true that removing and installing a different battery pack for a full electric car is a complicated process that will take a couple of days?

That depends on the car. Tesla explored this option in 2013. Soon after realizing that they had a hit on their hands, they implemented a program to install “battery swap centers” (Only in SoCal, of course) to ostensibly make travel easier between LA and the Bay area. Tesla shuts down battery swap program in favor of Superchargers, for now Tesla’s battery swap station near the Harris Ranch Supercharger station in Coalinga, CA seems to have been shut down, at least for now. What started out as a company vision to recharge Tesla vehicles in the same amount of time, if not quicker, as refueling a gas vehicle, turned into a pilot program that saw little to no … https://www.teslarati.com/tesla-shuts-down-battery-swap-program-for-superchargers/ However, the program, which only took and average of seven minutes, was very expensive, labor intensive, and Tesla worried that it would degrade the vehicle’s reliability. Also, swapping batteries isn’t a zero-sum game: you may get a newer battery in the process, or you might get an older one. Plus, some of the car’s systems would need to reboot (not user interface, but subsystems like regenerative braking). What Tesla found was that people just didn’t use the service. Plus, some batteries are harder to swap than others: Chevy Bolt Volkswagen ID4 Audi E Tron Tesla Model S Of the four batteries up above, two: the Tesla and the VW, do not have a “junction box” that sticks up above the rest of the battery. Their junction connections are integrated into the battery housing, allowing for a fully flat battery that can easily be disconnected from below. Therefore, the Bolt and the E Tron cannot easily be swapped: they require mechanic access to the interior so that the junction boxes can be disconnected manually - a procedure that requires much more time, specialty training, and a full battery discharge. Whether the ID4 can be “hot swapped”, I don’t know, but the Tesla can. So, the final answer to your question is that the Teslas can conceivably be “hot swapped”, providing they have the specialized machinery to do that, the VW ID battery could conceivably have that done, but I would need more info than is available online, and the Chevy and Audi/Porsche batteries would take some time to do. Finally, however, there is no indication that this procedure is needed or available.

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