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บทความที่เกี่ยวข้อง audi e tron solar roof

เปิดตัว 2021 Audi RS e-tron GT ราคา 6.39 ล้านบาท สเปคนำเข้าฝาแฝด Taycan

2021 Audi e-tron GT (อาวดี้ อี-ตรอน จีที) รถยนต์ไฟฟ้ารุ่นล่าสุดจากเยอรมนี ที่เปิดตัวในเยอรมนีเมื่อเดือนก่อน

รวมราคารถยนต์ไฟฟ้าในไทย ทุกรุ่นในปี 2021 ต้อนรับการมาของ ORA Good Cat

270 นิวตันเมตร ระยะทางการวิ่ง 217 กม. 2021 Lexus UX300eLexus UX 300 e

เปิดตัว 2020 Audi e-tron Sportback ค่าตัว 5.299 ล้านบาท จำกัดโควต้า 15 คันในไทย

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback 55 quattro S line (อาวดี้ อี-ทรอน สปอร์ตแบ็ก) เปิดตัวอย่างเป็นทางการในไทย

เป็นไปได้? ผู้บริหาร Audi ชี้รถพลังไฟฟ้าจะมีแบตเตอรี่เล็กลงในอนาคต

ซีอีโอ Audi (อาวดี้) ออกมาให้ความเห็นว่ารถยนต์ไฟฟ้าจะมีแบตเตอรี่ขนาดเล็กลงในอนาคต เมื่อเทคโนโลยีการชาร์จไฟและจุดชาร์จไฟมีพัฒนาการก้าวหน้ามากขึ้นจากการแข่งขันด้านพละกำลังทั้งแรงม้าและแรงบิดของรถเครื่องยนต์สันดาปในอดีต

แบงค์บอกต่อ CX-5 ลดเหลือ 1,160,000 บาทกับ Audi อัดดอกเบี้ย 0% ก่อนงาน Motor Expo 2020

Mazda และ Audi นำรถมาลดราคา และขนแคมเปญงาน Motor Expo 2020 เพื่อให้ลูกค้าได้ออกมาจับจองกันก่อน พร้อมแล้ววันนี้Mazda

จับตา 10 รถใหม่เตรียมเปิดตัวปี 2021 รุกตลาดโลก หลายรุ่นเข้ามาขายเมืองไทยด้วย

โดยเฉพาะสปอยเลอร์หลังในตัวแบบเชิดขึ้นที่บั้นท้าย เครื่องยนต์จะใช้เทคโนโลยีของ Subaru บล็อก 4 สูบนอน ขนาด 2.4 ลิตร ไม่มีระบบอัดอากาศAudi

ควักเพิ่ม 2 แสน! ทำไมถึงควรเลือก 2020 Audi e-tron Sportback มากกว่า e-tron สแตนดาร์ด

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback (อาวดี้ อี-ทรอน สปอร์ตแบ็ก) รุ่นใหม่เปิดตัวลุยตลาดบ้านเราแล้วด้วยราคา 5.299

รวมรถ EV เปิดตัวใหม่ในงานมอเตอร์โชว์ 2021 ราคาเริ่มตั้งแต่ 3 แสนกว่าจนถึงหลายล้าน

เพิ่มความเป็นไฟฟ้าที่ดูแลง่าย จึงทำยอดจองเยอะมาก ต้องต่อคิวรอนานเป็นปี ด้วยราคาขายเพียง 2.29 ล้านบาทAudi

สำรวจความนิยมแบรนด์รถยนต์ในแต่ละประเทศ ใครยืนหนึ่ง? อันดับสองค่ายใดมาชมกัน

ขณะที่ Chevrolet (เชฟโรเลต) เป็นแบรนด์ยอดนิยมในอียิปต์ ส่วน Toyota ครองส่วนแบ่งตลาดเกือบ 100% ในเยเมนAudi

'รถไฟฟ้าทุกคันในปัจจุบันดูเหมือนกันไปหมด' นายใหญ่ BMW ย้ำต้องสร้างความแตกต่างเมื่อเวลามาถึง

แม้ว่าคู่แข่งมากหน้าหลายตาจะเดินหน้าเปิดตัวรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าบนแพลตฟอร์มของตัวเองกันอย่างต่อเนื่อง ไม่ว่าจะเป็น Audi

ดูเพิ่มเติม

2021 Audi e-tron GT เตรียมบุกไทยปีนี้ พร้อมตระกูล RS อีกหลายรุ่น

ซึ่งรวมไปถึงรถยนต์สปอร์ตไฟฟ้า Audi e-tron GT (อาวดี้ อี-ตรอน จีที) ที่จะเปิดตัวในตลาดโลกในสัปดาห์หน้า

พาชม 2020 Audi TT RS สีส้ม Pulse Orange 400 แรงม้า เจ้าของค่าตัว 5.299 ล้านบาท

All-New 2020 Audi TT RS (2020 อาวดี้ ทีที อาร์เอส) เปิดตัวในประเทศไทยด้วยฝึมือของอาวดี้ ไทยแลนด์ และทำราคาแบบหยุดโลกที่

"ซิลิโคน" จะเป็นทางเลือกใหม่ในการผลิตแบตเตอรี่รถยนต์ไฟฟ้าให้ อึด ทน นาน กว่าเดิม

ไม่มีส่วนประกอบที่เป็นอันตรายต่อธรรมชาติ เช่น ของเหลว กรด หรือตะกั่ว จึงปลอดภัยต่อมนุษย์และสิ่งแวดล้อมAudi

Audi Thailand ปรับกลยุทธ์ฝ่า COVID-19 เน้นเพิ่มสินค้า-ทำราคาสู้-ปรับบริการรับลูกค้า

Audi Thailand (อาวดี้ ประเทศไทย) ปรับแผนงานฝ่าวิกฤต COVID-19 เน้น 3 นโบายหลัก เพิ่มความหลากหลายของสินค้า

ชมคันจริง 2020 Audi e-Tron Sportback ขายไทยในราคา 5.299 ล้านบาท มีดีแค่หลังคาลาดลงรึเปล่า?

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback (อาวดี้ อี-ตรอน สปอร์ตแบ็ค) เปิดตัวขายในไทยแล้วด้วยราคา 5,299,000 บาท เป็นรถเอสยูวีพลังไฟฟ้าล้วน

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback จ่อลุยเมืองไทยสัปดาห์หน้า คาดราคาทะลุ 5.3 ล้านบาท

บริษัท ไมซ์สเตอร์ เทคนิค จำกัด ผู้จำหน่ายรถยนต์ Audi ในประเทศไทยเตรียมเปิดตัว 2020 Audi e-tron Sportback

ชมคุณสมบัติเด่น 2022 Audi Q4 e-tron รถเอสยูวีไฟฟ้าขนาดเล็กแฝงความดุดัน

2022 Audi Q4 e-tron2022 Audi Q4 e-tron และ Q4 e-tron Sportback (2022 อาวดี้ คิว4 อี-ทรอน) เผยโฉมอย่างเป็นทางการ

Audi e-Tron รุ่นย่อย Premium ใหม่ ราคาถูกลง 10% ตัดออพชั่นอะไรบ้าง?

Audi e-Tron รถครอสโอเวอร์พลังไฟฟ้าล้วน ซึ่งทำยอดขายไม่ดีนักในสหรัฐอเมริกา จึงได้ออกกลยุทธ์ใหม่ เปิดตัวรุ่นล่างสุดที่มีราคาเอื้อมถึงง่ายขึ้น

2021 Lexus UX300e เปิดตัวใหม่จะได้ส่วนแบ่งตลาดรถไฟฟ้าหรูจาก Audi e-tron ได้หรือไม่

Premiumสำหรับ 2021 Lexus UX300e ที่เพิ่งเปิดตัวนี้จะมีความสามารถเพียงพอที่จะได้ส่วนแบ่งตลาดรถไฟฟ้าสุดหรูจาก Audi

นอร์เวย์ผงาดชาติแรกยอดขายรถพลังไฟฟ้าแซงรถเครื่องยนต์สันดาป – แล้วเมืองไทยล่ะ?

จะพบว่ารถพลังไฟฟ้ามีสัดส่วนยอดขายเพียง 1% เท่านั้นสมาคมยานยนต์แห่งนอร์เวย์ (OFV) ระบุว่ารถพลังไฟฟ้าที่มียอดขายสูงที่สุดในปี 2020 คือ Audi

2021 Audi RS Q3 Sportback ยืนยันมาไทย 19 ก.พ. นี้ คาดราคา 5 ล้านกว่าบาท สู้กับ Mercedes-AMG เต็ม ๆ

2021 Audi RS Q3 Sportback (อาวดี้ อาร์เอส คิว3 สปอร์ตแบค) เอสยูวีท้ายลาดพื้นฐานจาก Audi Q3 จะมาขายไทยวันที่

ยอดขายรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าในนอร์เวย์ พ่งสูงเกือบ 90% เอาชนะเครื่องยนต์ดีเซลและเบนซินที่แรกในโลก

3จากการรายงานของ Norwegian Road Federation (OFV-กรมการขนส่งนอร์เวย์) ในปี 2020 รถที่ขายดีที่สุดคือ Audi

Review: 2019-2020 Audi e-tron เอสยูวีพรีเมียมพลังงานไฟฟ้า

Audi (อาวดี้) ค่ายรถยนต์หรูจากยุโรป ส่งรถเอสยูวีอเนกประสงค์หรูพลังงานไฟฟ้าอย่าง 2019-2020 Audi e-tron

ฟังเหตุผล ทำไมรถล้ำ ๆ อย่าง 2022 Mercedes-Benz EQS ยังใช้กระจกมองข้างแบบดั้งเดิม

ผลการศึกษาพบว่าการดูภาพหน้าจอที่แสดงผลด้านหลังหรือด้านข้างตัวรถจะทำให้ผู้ขับขี่ส่วนใหญ่เวียนศีรษะ”กระจกมองข้างดิจิทัลใน Audi

Audi เดินหน้าเข้าสู่ยุครถยนต์ไฟฟ้าเต็มตัวภายใน 2035 หลัง Audi e-tron ขายได้ 9,227 คัน ขึ้นอันดับ 1 ใน Norway

2035ซึ่งจะมีการแจ้งแผนออกมาในอีกไม่กี่เดือน พร้อมสถานะของโรงงานที่จะต้องเปลี่ยนไปผลิตแบบไฟ้าแบบเต็มตัวยอดขาย e-Tron

Review 2020 Audi e-tron Sportback รถไฟฟ้าเสียบปลั๊ก 5.299 ล้านบาท ครบทั้งแรงทั้งหรูแบบไร้คู่แข่ง

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback 55 quattro S line (อาวดี้ อี-ตรอน สปอร์ตแบ็ค) รถยนต์ไฟฟ้าทรงเอสยูวีคูเป้จากค่ายสี่ห่วง

เผยโฉม 2022 BMW iX รถเอสยูวีไฟฟ้าที่ดีที่สุดเวลานี้? เบียด Audi e-tron

BMW Operating System เจนเนอเรชั่นใหม่ซึ่งข่าวระบุว่าผลิตด้วยวัสดุคริสตัล BMW iX Audi

ชมงาน BIMS 2021 ดู GWM มาแรง MG Extender หน้าใหม่ หรือ Audi e-tron GT และอื่น ๆ เรารวมไว้ให้คุณแล้วที่นี่

ๆ ร้อน ๆ ก็คือ Audi Q5 (อาวดี้ คิว5) ที่มาพร้อมชุดแต่งเอสไลน์ ทั้งภายในและภายนอก รวมไปถึงช่วงล่างที่ได้รับการปรับแต่งใหม่

อาวดี้เตรียมเปิดตัว 2021 Audi e-tron GT พร้อมสู้ Porsche Taycan ได้หรือไม่?

Audi e-tron GT Concept ในงาน Los Angeles Auto Show หลังจากที่มีการเปิดตัว Audi e-tron Quattro และ รถอเนกประสงค์

Audi เปิดตัวรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าสปอร์ตรุ่นใหม่ 2022 Audi e-tron GT และ Audi RS e-tron GT เริ่ม 3,621,000 บาท

Coupe คือ 2022 Audi e-tron GT (อาวดี้ อีทรอน จีที) เริ่ม 3,621,000 บาท และ Audi RS e-tron GT (อาวดี้

รุ่นรถที่เกี่ยวข้อง Audi E Tron

รุ่นรถของคู่แข่ง Audi E Tron

รีวิว Q&A audi e tron solar roof

Why does Tesla use so much more PR compared to other car companies?

I don’t know how much PR other car companies use, but Tesla uses some, for example, launching Elon Musk’s Roadster into outer space is one of the big PR events in recent memory. Tesla has product announcements that are streamed over the Internet. I remember the Model 3 Unveiling, the Solar Roof production, and the more recent unveiling of the Model Y. Tesla had “Autonomy Day”[1] to highlight its self-driving program. Tesla markets through its Twitter account and its company blog.[2] Elon Musk, and others at Tesla, give press interviews. On the other hand, Tesla doesn’t often participate in the auto expositions that other car companies make a big deal about. Audi has been engaging in PR about their e-tron although folks don’t seem to care. Footnotes [1] Tesla Autonomy Day [2] News | Tesla

Future electric cars: upcoming battery-powered cars that will be on the roads within the next 5 years, really?

Electric cars are already a mainstay on the roads, with a growing number of all-electric models being available to buy right now . The electric effect is now in full force, with established brands committing to offering a wider range of pure electric cars in the future, while those who depend heavily on diesel are seeing sales falter - with a deadline of 2035 in regions like the UK to halt sales in combustion cars. Prices are falling, models are diversifying and it's all going hand-in-hand with increased investment and roll-out of charging networks . But what electric cars are coming? Let's take a closer look at what you can expect to see hitting the roads in the next few years. JEEP Jeep Wrangler BEV Concept Jeep has teased an all-electric Wrangler. Thanks to a site looking forward to the future of Jeep , we now know that the brand is looking at an electric offroader. Not much is declared about the plans, but it does say more will be revealed at the Easter Jeep Safari. HYUNDAI Hyundai Ioniq 5 Hyundai has teased images of its forthcoming Ioniq 5. The Ioniq 5 is said to be based on the Hyundai 45 concept that was shown at the 2019 Frankfurt motorshow. It's expected to be a new E-GMP based battery electric vehicle and promised to get a world premiere in February 2021. KIA Kia future electric cars Kia has confirmed that there will be a new next-gen battery electric vehicle announced in early 2021. It will sit on the E-GMP platform, have a crossover-inspired design and over 500km of range. It will be the first launch under the new Kia branding and we suspect it will the car internally known as the Kia CV and closely related to the forthcoming Hyundai Ioniq 5. RENAULT Renault 5 Prototype When in doubt, roll in nostalgia. That seems to be the approach that Renault wants to take, showing off an prototype of an electric Renault 5. We've all got fond memories of this classic, and it would go head-to-head with the Mini Electric and the Honda e as a compact EV for urban dwellers. Please Renault, please, please, please reinvent the Renault 5. MOTOR1 Audi Q4 e-tron Audi unveiled two versions of the Q4 concept - the e-tron and the Sportback . It's very much following the lead of the original e-tron model, offering two styles of electric SUV in smaller sizes than the existing model. That will expand the range towards Q5 size. A range of 279 miles is claimed from an 82kWh battery for the Quattro models, a rear-wheel drive only model should hit 310 miles. We're expecting to see more of the Q4 e-tron later in 2020, with the Sportback due in 2021 - and already spotted in camouflage out testing. BMW BMW iX BMW has announced its flagship electric SUV, the BMW iX . This is the production model of the long-tease iNext, now appearing more like an electric X5 in terms of size. It promises a number of configurations, with 300 mile range, all-wheel drive and a 500ps model. There's a refreshed interior design too, so it feels like something of a continuation of the BMW i3. HYUNDAI Hyundai Kona Electric Hyundai has announced a refreshed version of the Kona Electric , due on the roads in 2021. While the underpinnings remain similar - it will still give impressive 300 mile range and come in two battery sizes - there's been a refresh to the interior and the exterior to make this car look a little more like an EV. No word on pricing, but we expect it to compeitive. GMC Hummer EV There's an electric Hummer coming that promises to be a capable as combustion version. Hummer is throwing in loads of tech and loads of power, wanting to rival the Tesla Cybertruck. There's 350 miles of range promised and a super-fast 350kW charging, while the motors will deliver 1000hp and a 0-60 time of 3 seconds. There's full visibility with cameras under the body, as well as the ability to drive diagonally, thanks to all-wheel steering. Production won't start until late 2021. DACIA Dacia Spring The Dacia Spring is now an official prodcution car. Aimed at the affordable end of the market, it has a range of 140 miles, rugged urban looks, and 44hp. It's designed as a mass market EV for city dwellers. There's no word on pricing, and we also don't know if it's coming to the UK. POLESTAR Polestar Precept The Polestar Precept was a concept design, but Polestar has announced that it's going to put it into production. It's going to be aimed at the premium end of the market, with grand coupe lines and the promise not just of zero tailpipe emissions - but of an environmentally conscious approach to all the materials used in the car. BMW BMW i4 The BMW i4 is due for launch in 2020 and will sit on the same fifth-gen eDrive system as the BMW i3X and the iX. The model is what might expect from a BMW Gran Coupe, but with massive teeth and the details of the eDrive system have already been confirmed. There will be an 80kWh battery that will charge at 150kW and give a range up to 370 miles. The motors will produce 530bhp, giving a 0-62mph time of 4 seconds and a top speed of 125mph. It looks and sounds exactly what you want your mid-range BMW saloon to produce. It will be on the roads in 2021 - but there's also been a tease of an M Performance model . VW VW ID.4 The VW ID.4 is official, the German company's second electric model, this time in compact SUV form. There will be several versions of the ID.4 with 310 miles on the top model, starting as a rear-wheel drive model and expanding to be all-wheel drive in the future. There's no price or exact date on the ID.4, but we can expect to see it in 2021. POCKET-LINT Porsche Macan Porsche has announced that the Macan is going to move to being pure electric - meaning that Porsche will have an electric SUV. It will join the luxury ranks of SUV EVs with a performance leaning, using the 800-volt system Porsche is using in the Taycan, and sitting on the PPE platform adapted from Audi. Not a lot else is being said at the moment, but the shifting of the Macan to electric shows real diversification of the Porsche portfolio. It is expected on the roads in 2022. FORD Ford has promised that there will be an electric F-150 on the roads in 2022. That's going to hit the US market in the big way. Ford hasn't said much about its plans, except that it doesn't want to compromise on the performance that the F-150 offers. SKODA Skoda Enyaq iV Skoda's first electric SUV is the Enyaq iV and it's going to be closely related to the VW ID.4, both sitting on the same platform. Three battery capacities and five power levels mean a range of options, although not all will come to all markets. Prices will start from £33.450 in the UK for the 242 miles range model. It will be on the road in 2021. NISSAN Nissan Ariya Nissan's latest electric car is the Ariya . It was originally unveiled as a concept in 2019, but has made its way to production practically unchanged. It's an SUV, sitting in the space between the Qashqai and the X-Trail. The Ariya will offer two battery sizes and a number of different motor configurations, as well as options for two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive. With prices starting from an estimated £40,000, it's expected on the roads in 2021. BMW BMW iX3 No longer a concept, the BWM iX3 is the electric version of the X3, meaning you can how get an emission-free BMW SUV. It's a major step, with BMW moving into the mainstream, offering 285 miles from an 80kWh battery. It will first be launching in China 2020, with global roll-out in 2021. VAUXHALL Vauxhall Mokka-e Vauxhall has announced the second-gen Mokka , launching an electric version from the off. It will have a 50kW battery and promises over 200 miles of range. There will be 100kWh charging and a refreshed design, showing the new face of Vauxhall. It's an exciting change, slotting right into the competitive crossover space and it's great to see another EV in this space. It will be available from late summer 2020, price to be confirmed. AUDI Audi Artemis Audi has setup a special working group, called Artemis , with the aim of creating a highly-efficient electric car. The new group has been designed to work autonomously with plenty of freedom, with a target date of 2024 for a new vehicle. It's being headed up by Alex Hitzinger, formerly working on the Apple car project, and previously with some of the biggest names in motorsports. We're expecting something that pops out of the Audi template here, so watch this space. SAIC MOTORS MG 5 MG has said that it's bringing an electric estate car to the UK as soon as it can open showrooms again. Currently there are no electric estates so this fills a small gap in the options available, likely to appeal to those needing accessible load space and dog walkers. It looks to be based on the Chinese Roewe Ei5, and we're expecting a 52.5kWh battery and range of 260 miles. BMW BMW i7 BMW has confirmed that the next-generation of BMW 7 Series will include an all-electric version. It's not going to be exclusively electric as there will be petrol, diesel and hybrid versions too - but there's talk of two versions, the i7 and the i7S. The latter is expect to have a 120kWh battery, 660hp and a range of 320 miles. BMW is serious about electric cars and there's a lot in the pipeline - the BMW i7 will take things to the luxury level. RENAULT Renault Twingo ZE Renault has made one of its cutest cars electric in the Twingo ZE . This compact urban car is designed to keep the price down, with a 22kWh battery - good for 250km (143 miles) - and a 60kW motor, that will whisk you from 0-30mph in 4 seconds, perfect for city driving. There's no word on the price, but we've already heard it's not coming to the UK. FIAT Fiat 500 The Fiat 500 has been relaunched as an electric model, getting a redesign over the 2007 model that's been really popular. Now there's a 42kWh battery and 87kW motor, claiming 0-62mph in 9 seconds, but 0-30 in 3.1 seconds. It supports charging up to 85kW and will give you 199 miles of range (WLTP). There's four seats, lots of options (including convertible) and it's available to order from £29,000. TESLA Tesla Cybertruck If you wanted a vision of the future, then Tesla may have delivered it. Unveiling the Cybertruck , this is Elon Musk's promised pickup truck, with dual cab and then a loading bay at the rear. The Cybertruck is eye-catching with its unusual angular design. On the practical front it will come in three different versions with 250+, 300+ or 500+ miles of range, with the top model, a tri-motor version promising a 0-60mph time of 2.9 seconds. Tesla doesn't do things by half. It's available for pre-order now, deliveries expected from 2021. VW GROUP VW ID. Space Vizzion VW had long said it was going to have a full family of ID electric cars and the Space Vizzion is what you get when you pull together an electric estate or station wagon. It's quite the looker we can't help thinking and while many are focusing on SUV or crossover models, the lower and longer effect that you get from a wagon could do wonders for the performance of this EV, not to mention the boot space. It's a concept for now, but we're expecting this electric Passat (did we say that?) to be available in 2021. VW is saying 300 miles of range which isn't quite the 600 miles you'll get from the diesel, but we don't have to drive that far to walk the dog, so we'll all cope. FISKER Fisker Ocean Fisker is trying to shake things up with a range of luxury electric cars. The Fisker Ocean got an official unveiling in January 2020 - although it's not due on the road until 2022. It will use recycled and vegan materials, have an 80kWh battery and a range of 250-300 miles. Fisker wants to compete with Tesla with a 0-60 time of less than 3 seconds, but the big unique feature is the option for a full-length solar roof to help charge the battery. POCKET-LINT Electric Range Rover There's a fully electric Range Rover in the works, going under the name of Road Rover, because it's going to be slightly more road-centric than some of the other Range Rovers. It's supposed to sit between the Velar and the Evoque in terms of size, so it sounds a lot like the Jaguar i-Pace. Not much is currently known about what it might offer or when it might appear. POCKET-LINT Seat El-Born Seat is joining the electric car movement with the El-Born , named after a region of Barcelona. The car sits on VW's MEB platform and is due to arrive in 2020, getting its first appearance at the Geneva International Motorshow in 2019. Seat is looking at a 420km range (260 miles), with a 0-62kpm time of 7.5 seconds. There will be 204PS from the 150kW motor and a 62kWh battery. CUPRA Cupra El-Born Cupra - now a separate brand from Seat - has its own version of the el-Born. It also has the same name, Cupra El-Born , which doesn't really aid its cause of being seen as a separate entity. It has sporty looks, a custom chassis control and claims of 310 miles from the 82kW battery. POCKET-LINT Byton M-Byte Byton originally showed off an SUV EV concept , with broad ambitions for a start-up in the EV segment. That has now matured into the Byton M-Byte, with production getting started and looking to get on the road in mid-2020 - in China at least. The price of €54,000 sounds fairly aggressive, but there's little telling what verison that's for. There are two- or all-wheel drive options, with the latter claiming a 270 mile range. Most of the conversation is about the huge 43-inch display curving across the interior, however. POCKET-LINT Lotus Evija The Lotus Type 130 or Evija as it is called, is an all-electric hypercar limited to just 130 models, but paving the way for future production cars from Lotus. It has been designed for maximum performance, with 2000PS and a 70kWh battery that aims to give 250 miles of range. However, the car will offer blistering acceleration, and while Lotus hasn't given final figures, it'll hit 186mph in under 9 seconds. This car will cost £2 million pounds and preorders are open, asking for a £250,000 deposit. POCKET-LINT Lightyear One The Lightyear One is a luxury saloon that adds solar panels to the roof and bonnet of the car, aiming to give the owner a boost from the sun all the time - even when driving. While much of the car is conventional for an EV, the additional solar panels will give a 12km range boost per hour (in good light). That might mean free charging while parked at the beach - although in winter you'll have to charge it more. However, the asking price for the limited run Lightyear One will be €119,000, so going solar comes at a price. POCKET-LINT Audi e-tron GT concept Unveiled at the LA Auto Show 2018, the Audi e-tron GT Concept showcases Audi's future electric sportscar. This is a four seater, powered by the same batteries as the existing e-tron models and sharing a lot with the Porsche Taycan. Audi has been quite open about the co-development of the e-tron GT and the Taycan, and we're expecting a lot of technical similarities. The performances stats currently suggest an 800V charging system, 0-62mph in 3.5 seconds and a range of 248 miles. There's a vegan interior on the Concept model, with Audi saying that it wants to push the eco message even further. The Audi e-tron GT Concept will be hitting the roads in 2020. POCKET-LINT Rivian RS1 Rivian wants to join the EV movement with this offroader of its own. It's designed to tackle the great outdoors, boasting a wading depth of 3ft and 0-60mph time of 3 seconds. Why you'd need to go so fast offroad, we'll never know. Rivian is a newcomer to the EV space, showing off its cars for the first time at the LA Auto Show in 2018 - there's also a truck/pickup version - and is available for pre-order for a $1000 deposit. We'd be tempted to wait until these are actually on the road before parting with any money. POCKET-LINT BMW i5 BMW unveiled the i Vision Dynamics concept coupe at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2017. It previews a mid-sized saloon car, in the BMW i range that's likely to be called i5 when it launches in 2021. It's bigger than the company's 3-Series saloon, but smaller than a 5-Series and designed to sit between the i3 and i8 in the electric BMW i range. The family-sized car will be capable of reaching 60mph in under 4 seconds, go on to a speed over 120mph and be able to last up to 372 miles on a single charge. Let's hope it arrives with the same futuristic design displayed on the concept version. POCKET-LINT Faraday Future FF91 A huge question mark hangs over the striking FF91. The company has been through ups and downs, but managed to showcase pre-production drivable models in 2020. The FF-91 has a huge 126-inch wheelbase, but that makes for a huge interior. The panoramic sunroof, rear and side windows use Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal Glass, which passengers can tap on to tint the windows and let less light in. Don't expect to get a conventional rear-view mirror inside, as Faraday Future has replaced it with a widescreen monitor instead. The 1,050bhp electric power unit will accelerate to 60mph in 2.39-seconds and will have a driving range between 378 and 435 miles. Faraday Future says the battery can be completely recharged in 1 hour. POCKET-LINT ID Buzz and Cargo Concept The ID Buzz is due to go on sale in 2022. It references VW's historic Microbus and will able to seat up to eight people, with an interior that can be constantly changed around. There's also a Cargo Concept, which may well get launched before any passenger model arrives, with the rising demand for clean first and last mile transport. Two electric motors will give the ID Buzz a total power output of 369bhp to propel it to 60mph in around 5-seconds. It will be limited to a top speed of 100mph, will have four-wheel drive and a 372 mile driving range. You will be able to recharge the battery to 80 per cent, which VW says will be enough for 298 miles of travel, in 30 minutes.

Are there any applications for many (deca-, kilo-, etc.) farad capacitors?

There are great answers so far. Here is material copied from Wikipedia: Consumer electronics[edit ] In applications with fluctuating loads, such as laptop computers, PDA's , GPS , portable media players , hand-held devices , and photovoltaic systems , supercapacitors can stabilize the power supply. Supercapacitors deliver power for photographic flashes in digital cameras and for LED life flashlights that can be charged in, e.g., 90 seconds. As of 2013, portable speakers powered by supercapacitors were offered to the market. Tools[edit ] A cordless electric screwdriver with supercapacitors for energy storage has about half the run time of a comparable battery model, but can be fully charged in 90 seconds. It retains 85% of its charge after three months left idle. Grid power buffer[edit ] A group of EVs and HEVs during their charging process draw very high current for a short duration of time which creates power pulsation on the grid. Power pulsation not only reduces the efficiency of the grid and cause voltage drop in the common coupling bus, but it can cause considerable frequency fluctuation in the entire system. To overcome this problem, supercapacitors can be implemented as an interface between the charging station and the grid to buffer the grid from the high pulse power drawn from the charging station. Low-power equipment power buffer[edit ] Supercapacitors provide backup or emergency shutdown power to low-power equipment such as RAM , SRAM , micro-controllers and PC Cards . They are the sole power source for low energy applications such as automated meter reading (AMR) equipment or for event notification in industrial electronics. Supercapacitors buffer power to and from rechargeable batteries , mitigating the effects of short power interruptions and high current peaks. Batteries kick in only during extended interruptions, e.g., if the mains power or a fuel cell fails, which lengthens battery life. Uninterruptible power supplies (UPS), where supercapacitors have replaced much larger banks of electrolytic capacitors. This combination reduces the cost per cycle, saves on replacement and maintenance costs, enables the battery to be downsized and extends battery life. A disadvantage is the need for a special circuit to reconcile the differing behaviors. Rotor with wind turbine pitch system Supercapacitors provide backup power for actuators in wind turbine pitch systems, so that blade pitch can be adjusted even if the main supply fails. [127] Voltage stabilizer[edit ] Supercapacitors can stabilize voltage for powerlines . Wind and photovoltaic systems exhibit fluctuating supply evoked by gusting or clouds that supercapacitors can buffer within milliseconds. This helps stabilize grid voltage and frequency, balance supply and demand of power and manage real or reactive power. Energy harvesting[edit ] Supercapacitors are suitable temporary energy storage devices for energy harvesting systems. In energy harvesting systems the energy is collected from the ambient or renewable sources, e.g. mechanical movement, light or electromagnetic fields , and converted to electrical energy in an energy storage device. For example, it was demonstrated that energy collected from RF (radio frequency ) fields (using an RF antenna as an appropriate rectifier circuit) can be stored to a printed supercapacitor. The harvested energy was then used to power an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC ) circuit for over 10 hours. [131] Incorporation into batteries[edit ] The UltraBattery is a hybrid rechargeable lead-acid battery and a supercapacitor invented by Australia's national science organisation CSIRO . Its cell construction contains a standard lead-acid battery positive electrode, standard sulphuric acid electrolyte and a specially prepared negative carbon-based electrode that store electrical energy with double-layer capacitance . The presence of the supercapacitor electrode alters the chemistry of the battery and affords it significant protection from sulfation in high rate partial state if charge use, which is the typical failure mode of valve regulated lead-acid cells used this way. The resulting cell performs with characteristics beyond either a lead-acid cell or a supercapacitor, with charge and discharge rates, cycle life, efficiency and performance all enhanced. UltraBattery has been installed in kW and MW scale applications in Australia, Japan and the U.S.A. in frequency regulation, solar smoothing and shifting, wind smoothing and other applications. ] Street lights[edit ] Street light combining a solar cell power source with LED lamps and supercapacitors for energy storage Sado City, in Japan's Niigata Prefecture, has street lights that combine a stand-alone power source with solar cells and LEDs. Supercapacitors store the solar energy and supply 2 LED lamps, providing 15 W power consumption overnight. The supercapacitors can last more than 10 years and offer stable performance under various weather conditions, including temperatures from +40 to below -20 °C. Medical Supercapacitors are used in defibrillators where they can deliver 500 joules to shock the heart back into sinus rhythm . [134] Transport[edit ] Aviation[edit ] In 2005, aerospace systems and controls company Diehl Luftfahrt Elektronik GmbH chose supercapacitors to power emergency actuators for doors and evacuation slides used in airliners , including the Airbus 380 . Military[edit ] Supercapacitors' low internal resistance supports applications that require short-term high currents. Among the earliest uses were motor startup (cold engine starts, particularly with diesels) for large engines in tanks and submarines. Supercapacitors buffer the battery, handling short current peaks, reducing cycling and extending battery life. Further military applications that require high specific power are phased array radar antennae, laser power supplies, military radio communications, avionics displays and instrumentation, backup power for airbag deployment and GPS-guided missiles and projectiles. Automotive[edit ] Toyota's Yaris Hybrid-R concept car uses a supercapacitor to provide bursts of power. PSA Peugeot Citroën has started using supercapacitors as part of its stop-start fuel-saving system, which permits faster initial acceleration. Mazda's i-ELOOP system stores energy in a supercapacitor during deceleration and uses it to power on-board electrical systems while the engine is stopped by the stop-start system. Bus/tram[edit ] Maxwell Technologies , an American supercapacitor-maker, claimed that more than 20,000 hybrid buses use the devices to increase acceleration, particularly in China. Guangzhou, In 2014 China began using trams powered with supercapacitors that are recharged in 30 seconds by a device positioned between the rails, storing power to run the tram for up to 4 km — more than enough to reach the next stop, where the cycle can be repeated. Energy recovery[edit ] A primary challenge of all transport is reducing energy consumption and reducing CO 2 emissions. Recovery of braking energy (recuperation or regeneration ) helps with both. This requires components that can quickly store and release energy over long times with a high cycle rate. Supercapacitors fulfill these requirements and are therefore used in a lot of applications in all kinds of transportation. Railway[edit ] Main article: Railway electrification system Green Cargo operates TRAXX locomotives from Bombardier Transportation Supercapacitors can be used to supplement batteries in starter systems in diesel railroad locomotives with diesel-electric transmission . The capacitors capture the braking energy of a full stop and deliver the peak current for starting the diesel engine and acceleration of the train and ensures the stabilization of catenary voltage. Depending on the driving mode up to 30% energy saving is possible by recovery of braking energy. Low maintenance and environmentally friendly materials encouraged the choice of supercapacitors. [140] Cranes, forklifts and tractors[edit ] Main articles: Crane (machine) and Forklift truck Container yard with rubber tyre gantry crane Mobile hybrid diesel-electric rubber tyred gantry cranes move and stack containers within a terminal. Lifting the boxes requires large amounts of energy. Some of the energy could be recaptured while lowering the load resulting in improved efficiency. A triple hybrid forklift truck uses fuel cells and batteries as primary energy storage and supercapacitors to buffer power peaks by storing braking energy. They provide the fork lift with peak power over 30 kW. The triple-hybrid system offers over 50% energy savings compared with diesel or fuel-cell systems. Supercapacitor-powered terminal tractors transport containers to warehouses. They provide an economical, quiet and pollution-free alternative to diesel terminal tractors. Light-rails and trams[edit ] Main articles: Light rail and Tram Supercapacitors make it possible not only to reduce energy but to replace overhead lines in historical city areas, so preserving the city's architectural heritage. This approach may allow many new LRV city lines to replace overhead wires that are too expensive to fully route. Light rail vehicle in Mannheim In 2003 Mannheim adopted a prototype light-rail vehicle (LRV) using the MITRAC Energy Saver system from Bombardier Transportation to store mechanical braking energy with a roof-mounted supercapacitor unit. It contains several units each made of 192 capacitors with 2700 F /2.7 V interconnected in three parallel lines. This circuit results in a 518 V system with an energy content of 1.5 kWh. For acceleration when starting this "on-board-system" can provided the LRV with 600 kW and can drive the vehicle up to 1 km without catenary supply integrating the LRV into the urban environment by driving without catenary lines. Compared to conventional LRVs or Metro vehicles that return energy into the grid, onboard energy storage saves up to 30% and reduces peak grid demand by up to 50%. Supercapacitors are used to power the Paris T3 tram line on sections without catenary overhead wires and to recover energy during braking . In 2009 supercapacitors enabled LRV's to operate in the historical city area of Heidelberg without catenary overhead wires preserving the city's architectural heritage. The SC equipment cost an additional €270,000 per vehicle, which was expected to be recovered over the first 15 years of operation. The supercapacitors are charged at stop-over stations when the vehicle is at a scheduled stop. This approach may allow many LRV city lines to serve catenary overhead wires that are too expensive to fully route installation. In April 2011 German regional transport operator Rhein-Neckar, responsible for Heidelberg, ordered a further 11 units. In 2009, Alstom and RATP equipped a Citadis tram with an experimental energy recovery system called "STEEM". The system is fitted with 48 roof-mounted supercapacitors to store braking energy provides tramways with a high level of energy autonomy by enabling them to run without catenary power on parts of its route, recharging while traveling on powered stop-over stations. During the tests, which took place between the Porte d’Italie and Porte de Choisy stops on line T3 of the tramway network in Paris , the tramset used an average of approximately 16% less energy. A supercapacitor-equipped tram on the Rio de Janeiro Light Rail In 2012 tram operator Geneva Public Transport began tests of an LRV equipped with a prototype roof-mounted supercapacitor unit to recover braking energy. Siemens is delivering supercapacitor-enhanced light-rail transport systems that include mobile storage. Hong Kong's South Island metro line is to be equipped with two 2 MW energy storage units that are expected to reduce energy consumption by 10%. In August 2012 the CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive corporation of China presented a prototype two-car light metro train equipped with a roof-mounted supercapacitor unit. The train can travel up 2 km without wires, recharging in 30 seconds at stations via a ground mounted pickup. The supplier claimed the trains could be used in 100 small and medium-sized Chinese cities. Seven trams (street cars) powered by supercapacitors were scheduled to go into operation in 2014 in Guangzhou , China. The supercapacitors are recharged in 30 seconds by a device positioned between the rails. That powers the tram for up to 4 kilometres (2.5 mi). As of 2017, Zhuzhou's supercapacitor vehicles are also used on the new Nanjing streetcar system, and are undergoing trials in Wuhan . In 2012, in Lyon (France), the SYTRAL (Lyon public transportation administration) started experiments of a "way side regeneration" system built by Adetel Group which has developed its own energy saver named ″NeoGreen″ for LRV, LRT and metros. In 2015, Alstom announced SRS, an energy storage system that charges supercapacitors on board a tram by means of ground-level conductor rails located at tram stops. This allows trams to operate without overhead lines for short distances. The system has been touted as an alternative to the company's ground-level power supply (APS) system, or can be used in conjunction with it, as in the case of the VLT network in Rio de Janeiro , Brazil, which opened in 2016. Buses[edit ] Main article: Hybrid electric bus Further information: Capa vehicle and Solar bus MAN Ultracapbus in Nuremberg, Germany The first hybrid bus with supercapacitors in Europe came in 2001 in Nuremberg , Germany. It was MAN's so-called "Ultracapbus", and was tested in real operation in 2001/2002. The test vehicle was equipped with a diesel-electric drive in combination with supercapacitors. The system was supplied with 8 Ultracap modules of 80 V, each containing 36 components. The system worked with 640 V and could be charged/discharged at 400 A. Its energy content was 0.4 kWh with a weight of 400 kg. The supercapacitors recaptured braking energy and delivered starting energy. Fuel consumption was reduced by 10 to 15% compared to conventional diesel vehicles. Other advantages included reduction of CO 2 emissions, quiet and emissions-free engine starts, lower vibration and reduced maintenance costs. Electric bus at EXPO 2010 in Shanghai (Capabus) recharging at the bus stop As of 2002 in Luzern , Switzerland an electric bus fleet called TOHYCO-Rider was tested. The supercapacitors could be recharged via an inductive contactless high-speed power charger after every transportation cycle, within 3 to 4 minutes. In early 2005 Shanghai tested a new form of electric bus called capabus that runs without powerlines (catenary free operation) using large onboard supercapacitors that partially recharge whenever the bus is at a stop (under so-called electric umbrellas), and fully charge in the terminus . In 2006, two commercial bus routes began to use the capabuses; one of them is route 11 in Shanghai. It was estimated that the supercapacitor bus was cheaper than a lithium-ion battery bus, and one of its buses had one-tenth the energy cost of a diesel bus with lifetime fuel savings of $200,000. A hybrid electric bus called tribrid was unveiled in 2008 by the University of Glamorgan , Wales , for use as student transport. It is powered by hydrogen fuel or solar cells , batteries and ultracapacitors. ] Motor racing[edit ] World champion Sebastian Vettel in Malaysia 2010 Toyota TS030 Hybrid at 2012 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race The FIA , a governing body for motor racing events, proposed in the Power-Train Regulation Framework for Formula 1 version 1.3 of 23 May 2007 that a new set of power train regulations be issued that includes a hybrid drive of up to 200 kW input and output power using "superbatteries" made with batteries and supercapacitors connected in parallel (KERS ). About 20% tank-to-wheel efficiency could be reached using the KERS system. The Toyota TS030 Hybrid LMP1 car, a racing car developed under Le Mans Prototype rules, uses a hybrid drivetrain with supercapacitors. In the 2012 24 Hours of Le Mans race a TS030 qualified with a fastest lap only 1.055 seconds slower (3:24.842 versus 3:23.787) than the fastest car, an Audi R18 e-tron quattro with flywheel energy storage. The supercapacitor and flywheel components, whose rapid charge-discharge capabilities help in both braking and acceleration, made the Audi and Toyota hybrids the fastest cars in the race. In the 2012 Le Mans race the two competing TS030s, one of which was in the lead for part of the race, both retired for reasons unrelated to the supercapacitors. The TS030 won three of the 8 races in the 2012 FIA World Endurance Championship season . In 2014 the Toyota TS040 Hybrid used a supercapacitor to add 480 horsepower from two electric motors. Hybrid electric vehicles[edit ] Main article: Hybrid electric vehicle See also: Hybrid vehicle drivetrain Mazda2 (since 2010) Supercapacitor/battery combinations in electric vehicles (EV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) are well investigated. A 20 to 60% fuel reduction has been claimed by recovering brake energy in EVs or HEVs. The ability of supercapacitors to charge much faster than batteries, their stable electrical properties, broader temperature range and longer lifetime are suitable, but weight, volume and especially cost mitigate those advantages. Supercapacitors lower specific energy makes them unsuitable for use as a stand-alone energy source for long distance driving. The fuel economy improvement between a capacitor and a battery solution is about 20% and is available only for shorter trips. For long distance driving the advantage decreases to 6%. Vehicles combining capacitors and batteries run only in experimental vehicles. As of 2013 all automotive manufacturers of EV or HEVs have developed prototypes that uses supercapacitors instead of batteries to store braking energy in order to improve driveline efficiency. The Mazda 6 is the only production car that uses supercapacitors to recover braking energy. Branded as i-eloop, the regenerative braking is claimed to reduce fuel consumption by about 10%. Russian Yo-cars Ё-mobile series was a concept and crossover hybrid vehicle working with a gasoline driven rotary vane type and an electric generator for driving the traction motors. A supercapacitor with relatively low capacitance recovers brake energy to power the electric motor when accelerating from a stop. Toyota's Yaris Hybrid-R concept car uses a supercapacitor to provide quick bursts of power. PSA Peugeot Citroën fit supercapacitors to some of its cars as part of its stop-start fuel-saving system, as this permits faster start-ups when the traffic lights turn green. Gondolas[edit ] Aerial lift in Zell am See , Austria In Zell am See , Austria , an aerial lift connects the city with Schmittenhöhe mountain. The gondolas sometimes run 24 hours per day, using electricity for lights, door opening and communication. The only available time for recharging batteries at the stations is during the brief intervals of guest loading and unloading, which is too short to recharge batteries. Supercapacitors offer a fast charge, higher number of cycles and longer life time than batteries. Emirates Air Line (cable car) , also known as the Thames cable car, is a 1-kilometre (0.62 mi) gondola line that crosses the Thames from the Greenwich Peninsula to the Royal Docks . The cabins are equipped with a modern infotainment system, which is powered by supercapacitors. Developments[edit ] As of 2013 commercially available lithium-ion supercapacitors offered the highest gravimetric specific energy to date, reaching 15 Wh/kg (54 kJ/kg). Research focuses on improving specific energy, reducing internal resistance, expanding temperature range, increasing lifetimes and reducing costs. Projects include tailored-pore-size electrodes, pseudocapacitive coating or doping materials and improved electrolytes.

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