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audi e tron switzerland

บทความที่เกี่ยวข้อง audi e tron switzerland

Audi เดินหน้าเข้าสู่ยุครถยนต์ไฟฟ้าเต็มตัวภายใน 2035 หลัง Audi e-tron ขายได้ 9,227 คัน ขึ้นอันดับ 1 ใน Norway

2035ซึ่งจะมีการแจ้งแผนออกมาในอีกไม่กี่เดือน พร้อมสถานะของโรงงานที่จะต้องเปลี่ยนไปผลิตแบบไฟ้าแบบเต็มตัวยอดขาย e-Tron

ชมคันจริง 2020 Audi e-Tron Sportback ขายไทยในราคา 5.299 ล้านบาท มีดีแค่หลังคาลาดลงรึเปล่า?

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback (อาวดี้ อี-ตรอน สปอร์ตแบ็ค) เปิดตัวขายในไทยแล้วด้วยราคา 5,299,000 บาท เป็นรถเอสยูวีพลังไฟฟ้าล้วน

อาวดี้เตรียมเปิดตัว 2021 Audi e-tron GT พร้อมสู้ Porsche Taycan ได้หรือไม่?

Audi e-tron GT Concept ในงาน Los Angeles Auto Show หลังจากที่มีการเปิดตัว Audi e-tron Quattro และ รถอเนกประสงค์

แบงค์บอกต่อ CX-5 ลดเหลือ 1,160,000 บาทกับ Audi อัดดอกเบี้ย 0% ก่อนงาน Motor Expo 2020

Mazda และ Audi นำรถมาลดราคา และขนแคมเปญงาน Motor Expo 2020 เพื่อให้ลูกค้าได้ออกมาจับจองกันก่อน พร้อมแล้ววันนี้Mazda

Review: 2019-2020 Audi e-tron เอสยูวีพรีเมียมพลังงานไฟฟ้า

Audi (อาวดี้) ค่ายรถยนต์หรูจากยุโรป ส่งรถเอสยูวีอเนกประสงค์หรูพลังงานไฟฟ้าอย่าง 2019-2020 Audi e-tron

รวมราคารถยนต์ไฟฟ้าในไทย ทุกรุ่นในปี 2021 ต้อนรับการมาของ ORA Good Cat

270 นิวตันเมตร ระยะทางการวิ่ง 217 กม. 2021 Lexus UX300eLexus UX 300 e

Review 2020 Audi e-tron Sportback รถไฟฟ้าเสียบปลั๊ก 5.299 ล้านบาท ครบทั้งแรงทั้งหรูแบบไร้คู่แข่ง

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback 55 quattro S line (อาวดี้ อี-ตรอน สปอร์ตแบ็ค) รถยนต์ไฟฟ้าทรงเอสยูวีคูเป้จากค่ายสี่ห่วง

นอร์เวย์ผงาดชาติแรกยอดขายรถพลังไฟฟ้าแซงรถเครื่องยนต์สันดาป – แล้วเมืองไทยล่ะ?

จะพบว่ารถพลังไฟฟ้ามีสัดส่วนยอดขายเพียง 1% เท่านั้นสมาคมยานยนต์แห่งนอร์เวย์ (OFV) ระบุว่ารถพลังไฟฟ้าที่มียอดขายสูงที่สุดในปี 2020 คือ Audi

ฟังเหตุผล ทำไมรถล้ำ ๆ อย่าง 2022 Mercedes-Benz EQS ยังใช้กระจกมองข้างแบบดั้งเดิม

ผลการศึกษาพบว่าการดูภาพหน้าจอที่แสดงผลด้านหลังหรือด้านข้างตัวรถจะทำให้ผู้ขับขี่ส่วนใหญ่เวียนศีรษะ”กระจกมองข้างดิจิทัลใน Audi

สำรวจความนิยมแบรนด์รถยนต์ในแต่ละประเทศ ใครยืนหนึ่ง? อันดับสองค่ายใดมาชมกัน

ขณะที่ Chevrolet (เชฟโรเลต) เป็นแบรนด์ยอดนิยมในอียิปต์ ส่วน Toyota ครองส่วนแบ่งตลาดเกือบ 100% ในเยเมนAudi

ดูเพิ่มเติม

"ซิลิโคน" จะเป็นทางเลือกใหม่ในการผลิตแบตเตอรี่รถยนต์ไฟฟ้าให้ อึด ทน นาน กว่าเดิม

ไม่มีส่วนประกอบที่เป็นอันตรายต่อธรรมชาติ เช่น ของเหลว กรด หรือตะกั่ว จึงปลอดภัยต่อมนุษย์และสิ่งแวดล้อมAudi

2021 Audi e-tron GT เตรียมบุกไทยปีนี้ พร้อมตระกูล RS อีกหลายรุ่น

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รวมรถ EV เปิดตัวใหม่ในงานมอเตอร์โชว์ 2021 ราคาเริ่มตั้งแต่ 3 แสนกว่าจนถึงหลายล้าน

เพิ่มความเป็นไฟฟ้าที่ดูแลง่าย จึงทำยอดจองเยอะมาก ต้องต่อคิวรอนานเป็นปี ด้วยราคาขายเพียง 2.29 ล้านบาทAudi

ชมคุณสมบัติเด่น 2022 Audi Q4 e-tron รถเอสยูวีไฟฟ้าขนาดเล็กแฝงความดุดัน

2022 Audi Q4 e-tron2022 Audi Q4 e-tron และ Q4 e-tron Sportback (2022 อาวดี้ คิว4 อี-ทรอน) เผยโฉมอย่างเป็นทางการ

เปิดตัว 2020 Audi e-tron Sportback ค่าตัว 5.299 ล้านบาท จำกัดโควต้า 15 คันในไทย

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback 55 quattro S line (อาวดี้ อี-ทรอน สปอร์ตแบ็ก) เปิดตัวอย่างเป็นทางการในไทย

2021 Audi RS Q3 Sportback ยืนยันมาไทย 19 ก.พ. นี้ คาดราคา 5 ล้านกว่าบาท สู้กับ Mercedes-AMG เต็ม ๆ

2021 Audi RS Q3 Sportback (อาวดี้ อาร์เอส คิว3 สปอร์ตแบค) เอสยูวีท้ายลาดพื้นฐานจาก Audi Q3 จะมาขายไทยวันที่

ควักเพิ่ม 2 แสน! ทำไมถึงควรเลือก 2020 Audi e-tron Sportback มากกว่า e-tron สแตนดาร์ด

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback (อาวดี้ อี-ทรอน สปอร์ตแบ็ก) รุ่นใหม่เปิดตัวลุยตลาดบ้านเราแล้วด้วยราคา 5.299

พาชม 2020 Audi TT RS สีส้ม Pulse Orange 400 แรงม้า เจ้าของค่าตัว 5.299 ล้านบาท

All-New 2020 Audi TT RS (2020 อาวดี้ ทีที อาร์เอส) เปิดตัวในประเทศไทยด้วยฝึมือของอาวดี้ ไทยแลนด์ และทำราคาแบบหยุดโลกที่

ชมงาน BIMS 2021 ดู GWM มาแรง MG Extender หน้าใหม่ หรือ Audi e-tron GT และอื่น ๆ เรารวมไว้ให้คุณแล้วที่นี่

ๆ ร้อน ๆ ก็คือ Audi Q5 (อาวดี้ คิว5) ที่มาพร้อมชุดแต่งเอสไลน์ ทั้งภายในและภายนอก รวมไปถึงช่วงล่างที่ได้รับการปรับแต่งใหม่

Audi เปิดตัวรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าสปอร์ตรุ่นใหม่ 2022 Audi e-tron GT และ Audi RS e-tron GT เริ่ม 3,621,000 บาท

Coupe คือ 2022 Audi e-tron GT (อาวดี้ อีทรอน จีที) เริ่ม 3,621,000 บาท และ Audi RS e-tron GT (อาวดี้

'รถไฟฟ้าทุกคันในปัจจุบันดูเหมือนกันไปหมด' นายใหญ่ BMW ย้ำต้องสร้างความแตกต่างเมื่อเวลามาถึง

แม้ว่าคู่แข่งมากหน้าหลายตาจะเดินหน้าเปิดตัวรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าบนแพลตฟอร์มของตัวเองกันอย่างต่อเนื่อง ไม่ว่าจะเป็น Audi

เปิดตัว 2021 Audi RS e-tron GT ราคา 6.39 ล้านบาท สเปคนำเข้าฝาแฝด Taycan

2021 Audi e-tron GT (อาวดี้ อี-ตรอน จีที) รถยนต์ไฟฟ้ารุ่นล่าสุดจากเยอรมนี ที่เปิดตัวในเยอรมนีเมื่อเดือนก่อน

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Premiumสำหรับ 2021 Lexus UX300e ที่เพิ่งเปิดตัวนี้จะมีความสามารถเพียงพอที่จะได้ส่วนแบ่งตลาดรถไฟฟ้าสุดหรูจาก Audi

เผยโฉม 2022 BMW iX รถเอสยูวีไฟฟ้าที่ดีที่สุดเวลานี้? เบียด Audi e-tron

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ยอดขายรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าในนอร์เวย์ พ่งสูงเกือบ 90% เอาชนะเครื่องยนต์ดีเซลและเบนซินที่แรกในโลก

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ซีอีโอ Audi (อาวดี้) ออกมาให้ความเห็นว่ารถยนต์ไฟฟ้าจะมีแบตเตอรี่ขนาดเล็กลงในอนาคต เมื่อเทคโนโลยีการชาร์จไฟและจุดชาร์จไฟมีพัฒนาการก้าวหน้ามากขึ้นจากการแข่งขันด้านพละกำลังทั้งแรงม้าและแรงบิดของรถเครื่องยนต์สันดาปในอดีต

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บริษัท ไมซ์สเตอร์ เทคนิค จำกัด ผู้จำหน่ายรถยนต์ Audi ในประเทศไทยเตรียมเปิดตัว 2020 Audi e-tron Sportback

รีวิว Q&A audi e tron switzerland

What are some modern electric cars?

Volkswagen ID.4 160 km/h (100 mph)[1] 5[2] 402 km (250 mi) (EPA, North America) 501 km (311 mi) (Europe)[3] 2020 - Present Volkswagen ID.3 160 km/h (99 mph)[4] 5[5] 45 kWh: up to 330 km (205 mi) 58 kWh: up to 420 km (260 mi) 77 kWh: up to 550 km (340 mi) (WLTP) 2019 - Present Aiways Aiways U5 160 km/h (99 mph)[6] 10 s[6] 5[6] DC fast charging time (30% ~ 80%): 27min AC standard charging time (0% ~ 100%): 10.5h[6] 400 km (249 mi) (WLTP)[7] ? Audi Audi e-tron 55(2018) 200 km/h (124 mph) 5.7 s 5 8.5 hours, DC Charging 150 KW 80% in 30 min 328 km (204 mi) (EPA), 433 km (269 mi) (WLTP) 2019 Audi Audi e-tron 50 190 km/h (118 mph) 6.8 s 5 6 hours, DC Charging 120 KW 80% in 30 min 329 km (204 mi) (WLTP) ? BMW i3 150 km/h (93 mph) 8 s 4 4h - 6h with the 240 V charging unit or 30 – 40 minutes at public DC charging stations (when charging from 0 to 80%) 246 km (153 mi)[8] MY 2019 (120 A·h) (EPA) 183 km (114 mi)[9] MY 2017/18 (94 A·h) (EPA) 130 km (81 mi)[9]MY 2014/17 (60 A·h) (EPA) Released in Europe in 2013 and in 2014 in the U.S. A gasoline-powered range extender option is available to increased range to 240 km (150 mi) (EPA rating).[10] Starting with the model year 2017, released in July 2016, two battery options are available, 94 A·h and 60 A·h.[9] For the 2019 model year, a larger 120 A·h battery became the only option, and the Range Extender was discontinued in some markets.[8] BYD BYD e6 160 km/h (100 mph) 8 seconds 5 Fast charging within 15 minutes to 80%, and 40 minutes to 100% 400 km (250 mi) Market Release 2009, Cumulative sales in China totaled 34,862 units through December 2016. Chevrolet Bolt EV 150 km/h (93 mph) (speed limited) 6.5 s 5 383 km (238 mi) Production started in October 2016, deliveries started in late 2016[11] Citroën C-Zero 130 km/h (81 mph) 15.9 s 4 7 hours when charged from household; 30 minutes when charging from a quick charger system[12] 150 km (93 mi) Rebranded Mitsubishi i-MiEV; since 2010 Available in Europe Ford Ford Focus Electric 135 km/h (84 mph) 5 5.5 hours for the 2017 model using a SAE J1772-2009 charging station powered from a standard 240 volt socket 2017 model's EPA certified range is 185 km (115 mi) 2011–2018 Honda Clarity Electric 7.7 s 143 km (89 mi) For lease only, in some US states from 2017 to 2020. Hyundai Ioniq Electric MY20 165 km/h (103 mph)[13] 9.9 s[13] 4 Domestic socket (220 V / 12 A): 16 h Type 2 charger (3.6 kW): 11.5 h Type 2 charger (22 kW): 6 h CCS type 2 charger (50 kW): 57 min CCS type 2 charger (100 kW): 54 min[13] 311 km (193 mi) (WLTP)[13] 270 km (170 mi) (EPA)[14] Production commenced in late 2016, with sales commencing in 2017 Hyundai Kona Electric 167 km/h (104 mph)[15] 6.4 s[16] 5 470 km (292 mi) (WLTP) Presented on Geneva Motor Show 2018, sales starting summer 2018[17] Jaguar Land Rover Jaguar I-Pace 200 km/h (124 mph), electronically limited 4.8 s 5 350 km (215 miles) (EPA) 2018 Kandi K23 112 km/h (70 mph) 4 7.5 hours on Level 2 (240 v @ 32 amp) 302 km (188 miles) 2018 Kandi K27 100 km/h (62 mph) 4 7 hours on Level 2 (240 v @ 16 amp) 161 km (100 miles) 2018 Kia Soul EV 145 km/h (90 mph) 11.2 5 4–5 hours (208 V - 6.6 kW: 4h 50min, 240 V - 6.6 kW: 4h 10min.) Type 3: 33 minutes for up to 80%. Type 1: Up to 24 hours (2016,2017) 93 mi (150 km) (2018) 111 mi (179 km) (2020) 243 mi (391 km) (EPA) 2014 Kia e-Niro 39.2 kWh 155 km/h (96 mph)[18] 9.8 s[18] 5 289 km (180 mi) (WLTP)[19] 385 km (239 mi) (EPA)[20] ? Kia e-Niro 64 kWh 167 km/h (104 mph)[18] 7.8 s[18] 5 455 km (283 mi) (WLTP)[21] ? Kyburz Race 140 km/h 4 s 2 0-100% in under 4 hours 220 km (137 mi) 2016 Lightning Lightning GT 200 km/h (124 mph) 5 s 2 under an hour 240 km (149 mi) Production expected to begin in 2020 Mahindra e2o plus 82 km/h (51 mph) 4 5 – 8 hours (Home socket: 220 V, 16 A), 1.5 hours (Fast Charge: Commercial 3-phase AC, up to 12 kW) 110–140 km (68–87 mi) November 2016[22] Mahindra e-Verito 85 km/h (53 mph) 5 6 – 8 hours (Home Socket: 220 V, 16 A), 2.01 hours (Fast Charging: with 15 kW charger) 110–180 km (68–112 mi) January 2017[23] Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive 160 km/h (99 mph) 7.9 s 5 9 hours when charging from 220/240 V outlet; 2.4 hours from 400 V 200 km (124 mi) 2015 Mercedes-Benz EQC 180 km/h (112 mph) 4.9 s 5 12 hours 354 km (220 mi) 2019 MG Motor ZS EV 140 km/h (87 mph) 8.2 s 5 7.45 hours 263 km (163 mi)(WLTP) 2018 Micro Mobility Systems Microlino 90 km/h (56 mph) 2 [24] 1 hours w/ Type 2 connector, 4 hours w/ domestic power [24] 120–215 km (75–134 mi) (depending on battery) [24] Late 2018 (initially only in Germany and Switzerland) Mitsubishi i-MiEV 130 km/h (81 mph) 4 7 to 14 hours when charged from household, depending on the type of power; 30 minutes when charging from a quick charger system (80% charged)[25] 170 km (106 mi) Released in Japan in July 2009 for fleet customers. Available in Japan, Hong Kong, Australia, Europe, the U.S., Canada and some Latin American countries. As of June 2016, and accounting for all variants of the i-MiEV, including the rebadged Peugeot iOn and Citroën C-Zero sold in Europe, about 37,600 units have been sold worldwide since 2009.[26] Motores Limpios Zacua 85 km/h 2 8 hours 160 km (99 mi) 2017 in Mexico MW Motors Luka EV 148 km/h (92 mph) 9.3 s 2 9 hours standard domestic socket. 2 hours with 3 phase rapid charger 300 km (186 mi)(unverified) July 2016 NIO ES8 200 km/h (124 mph) 4.4 s 7 0.8h (0%-80% SOC)DC Charge 7.5-8h (0-80% SOC)AC Charge 355 km (221 mi) (NEDC) Released in China in 2017 NIO ES6 200 km/h (124 mph) 4.7s 5 Intelligent e-AWD system consists of a 160kW PM motor and a 240kW induction motor, a duo of efficiency and performance. 410–510 km (255–315 mi) Released in China in 2019 NIO EC6 5.6s (320kW) 4.7s (400kW) 5 320kW model with PM motor front and rear. 400kW model with PM front and induction motor in rear. 615 km with optional 100kW battery pack To release in China in 2020 Nissan Leaf 150 km/h (93 mph) 5 Up to 20 hours when charged from 110/120 V outlet; 8 hours when charging from 220/240 V outlet; 30 minutes for 440 V "quick charge" (to 80% of battery capacity) 252 km (157 mi) with 40 kWh battery [27] 200 km (120 mi) (NEDC) Released in the U.S. and Japan in December 2010, is available in 46 countries. The Leaf is the top selling electric car in history, with global sales of more than 250,000 units through December 2016.[28] 2016 LEAFs have an optional 40 kWh battery. ECOmove QBeak 90 km/h (56 mph) 4 8 hours 250 km (155 mi) Available in Denmark for now.[29] Peugeot i0n 130 km/h (81 mph) 15.9 s 4 7 hours when charged from household; 30 minutes when charging from a quick charger system[12] 150 km (93 mi) Rebranded Mitsubishi i-MiEV; since 2010 Available in Europe. Peugeot Peugeot e208 Polestar 2 4.7 s 5 470 km (292 mi) (WLTP), 275 mi (443 km) (EPA) 2020 (Belgium, Canada, China, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, US) Rayttle E28 80 km/h (50 mph) 2 130 km (81 mi) Chinese clone of the Renault Twizy. Sales began in China in September 2014.[30] Renault / Renault Samsung Fluence Z.E. / SM3 Z.E. 135 km/h (84 mph), electronically limited 5 22 kWh battery: 6 to 8 hours on a 220 V 10 A or 16 A domestic socket; 30 minutes on a 400 V 32 A fast charging station; or battery swap in 5 minutes (Better place) 213 km (132 mi) (36 kWh battery)[31] 135 km (84 mi) + 15 km limp home mode (22 kWh battery) Released in France in 2010, Israel in Jan 2012, UK in Jan 2012, Turkey in May 2012, South Korea in 2013. Renault Zoe 135 km/h (84 mph), electronically limited 13.5 s 11.4 s (R110) 5 Six to nine hours with 3.7 kW, 30 minutes with 43 kW (80%) 400 km (250 mi) 41 kWh battery 210 km (130 mi) 22 kWh battery Released in France in December 2012. Global cumulative sales totaled to nearly 130,000 units by the end of 2018.[32][33] Renault Twizy 80 km/h (50 mph) (Urban 80 version) 2 3.5 hours 100 km (62 mi) From March 2012. Available in Europe. As of June 2016, global sales totaled 17,873 units, mostly in Europe.[34] SEAT Mii Electric 130 km/h (81 mph) 12.3 s 4 0-80% 1 Hour 260 km (162 mi) (WLTP) Available in Europe since 2019 Skoda CITIGOe IV 130 km/h (81 mph) 12.3 s 4 0-80% 1 Hour 260 km (162 mi) (WLTP) Available in Europe since 2019 Smart Smart electric drive 125 km/h (78 mph) 11.5 s 2 145 km (90 mi) Available in Europe, the United States and Canada. Global sales totaled about 12,250 units through December 2014. The second generation, launched in 2009, sold over 2,300 units through 2012,[35] and almost 10,000 units of the third generation, launched in 2013, have been sold through December 2014.[36][37] Sono Motors Sion 140 km/h (87 mph)[38] 9 s (approximately)[38] 5[38] Eight hours with 3.7 kW, 30 minutes with 50 kW (80%)[38][39] 250 km (160 mi) (this is real world range according to the company[40]) 35 kWh battery[38] To be released in Germany in mid-2019. Prototype for test-drives in Europe. Preorder: EUR 16.000,- + EUR 4.000,- (battery)[38] Stevens ZeCar 90 km/h (56 mph)[41] 5[42] 6–8 hours[43] 80 km (50 mi) March 2008 Tata Motors Tata Nexon 120 km/h (75 mph) 9.9 s 5 8 hours 300 km (186 mi)(IDC) 2019 Tesla Model S Long Range 250 km/h (160 mph)[44] 3.8 s[45] 5 + 2[Note 1] 8 hours with home charging; 50% in ~20 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger[46] 610 km (379 mi) (WLTP)[45] 629 km (391 mi) (EPA)[47] First released in the U.S. in June 2012.[28] Tesla Model S Performance 261 km/h (162 mph)[44] 2.5 s[45] 5 + 2[Note 1] 8 hours with home charging; 50% in ~20 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger[46] 593 km (368 mi) (WLTP)[45] 560 km (348 mi) (EPA)[47] First released in the U.S. in June 2012.[28] Tesla Model X Long Range 250 km/h (160 mph)[48] 4.6 s[49] 5-7[49] 8 hours with home charging; 50% in ~20 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger[46] 507 km (315 mi) (WLTP)[49] 565 km (351 mi) (EPA)[50] First released in the U.S. in September 2015.[51] Tesla Model X Performance 250 km/h (160 mph)[48] 2.8 s[49] 5-7[49] 8 hours with home charging; 50% in ~20 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger[46] 487 km (303 mi) (WLTP)[49] 491 km (305 mi) (EPA)[50] First released in the U.S. in September 2015.[51] Tesla Model 3 Long Range 233 km/h (145 mph)[52] 4.6 s[53] 5[53] 7.3h for 100%, ~14% per hour with home charger, 50% in ~30 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger 560 km (348 mi) (WLTP)[53] 518 km (322 mi) (EPA)[54] 2017 Tesla Model 3 Performance 261 km/h (162 mph)[52] 3.4 s[53] 5[53] 7.3h for 100%, ~14% per hour with home charger, 50% in ~30 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger 530 km (329 mi) (WLTP)[53] 481 km (299 mi) (EPA)[54] 2017 Tesla Model 3 Standard Range Plus 225 km/h (140 mph)[52] 5.6 s[53] 5[53] 7.3h for 100%, ~14% per hour with home charger, 50% in ~30 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger 409 km (254 mi) (WLTP)[53] 400 km (250 mi) (EPA)[54] 2017 Tesla Model Y Long Range 217 km/h (135 mph)[55] 5.1 s[55] 5-7[55] 7.3h for 100%, ~14% per hour with home charger, 50% in ~30 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger 505 km (314 mi) (WLTP)[55] 509 km (316 mi) (EPA)[56] Released in the US on March 13, 2020 Tesla Model Y Performance 241 km/h (150 mph)[55] 3.7 s[55] 5-7[55] 7.3h for 100%, ~14% per hour with home charger, 50% in ~30 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger 480 km (298 mi) (WLTP)[55] 507 km (315 mi) (EPA)[56] Released in the US on March 13, 2020 Venturi Fétish 200 km/h (124 mph) 4 s 2 3 hours with external charge booster, 8 hours with onboard charging system 340 km (211 mi) 2006 to present Volkswagen e-Golf MY2020 150 km/h (93 mph)[57] 9.6 s[57] 5 SE and SEL Premium in under 6 hours at a 240 V charging station. Optional (standard on SEL Premium) DC Fast Charging to 80% in 1 hour at a DC fast charging station. 232 km (144 mi) (WLTP)[57] Released in Europe in March 2014. Updated model with new battery management system released in Europe in July 2017. Volkswagen e-up! MY2019 130 km/h (81 mph)[58] 11.9 s[58] 4 Charge time AC 2.3 KW 100% SOC: 16:12 Charge time DC 40 KW 80% SOC: 01:00[58] 256 km (159 mi) (WLTP)[58] Updated in 2019 Xpeng G3 400 170 km/h (110 mph)[59] 8.5 s[59] 5[59] DC Charging Time (30% to 80%): 38min AC Charging Time (30% to 80%): 4.3h[59] 401 km (249 mi) (NEDC)[59] ? Xpeng G3 520 170 km/h (110 mph)[59] 8.6 s[59] 5[59] DC Charging Time (30% to 80%): 30min AC Charging Time (30% to 80%): 5.5h[59] 520 km (323 mi) (NEDC)[59] ? Xpeng P7 High Performance 170 km/h (110 mph)[60] 4.3 s[60] 5[60] DC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 31min AC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 6.5h Three-phase Electric Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 4.2h[60] 552 km (343 mi) (NEDC)[60] ? Xpeng P7 Long Range 170 km/h (110 mph)[60] 6.7 s[60] 5[60] DC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 28 min AC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 5.7h Three-phase Electric Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 3.6h[60] 568 km (353 mi) (NEDC)[60] ? Xpeng P7 Super Long Range Standard 170 km/h (110 mph)[60] 6.7 s[60] 5[60] DC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 31min AC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 6.5h Three-phase Electric Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 4.2h[60] 706 km (439 mi) (NEDC)[60] ? Xpeng P7 Super Long Range Smart/Premium 170 km/h (110 mph)[60] 6.7 s[60] 5[60] DC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 31min AC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 6.5h Three-phase Electric Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 4.2h[60] 656 km (408 mi) (NEDC)[60]

Why did you buy an electric car? Was it worth it?

Well, I guess I didn’t really buy an electric vehicle; I bought a Tesla. By which I mean I didn’t really look at other BEV’s on the market, good though some of them undoubtedly are, because, so far, no other manufacturer offers anything that provides everything that my Tesla Model 3 offers. Yes, you can argue that the Porsche Taycan is faster than a Model S, that the Renault Zoe is cheaper and more nimble around town or that the Audi e-Tron is better built or the i-Pace more stylish. However, no other manufacturer offers a comprehensive fast-charging network that is as easy to use; few other models offer OTA software updates; no others have such a large infotainment screen - large enough to comfortably watch Netflix, for example; no others offer such advanced driver-assist features and, so far, most of the competition has been unable to match Tesla on range. But, to get back to the point. Was it worth it? Abso-fricking-lutely! I plug in my car every evening and get up the next day with a ‘full tank’ having spent considerably less money than a fill-up at a filling station. Aside from switching to winter tyres (compulsory here in Switzerland), there is practically nothing to pay in maintenance - no oil changes or tuning, for example - even brake pads wear less because most of the time I use regenerative braking. I smile inwardly as I pass garages and filling stations and, perhaps, feel a little pang of sympathy for the poor people who are invisibly bound to such foul-smelling places by their choice of vehicle. But most of all, I love the quietness and the smooth, on-demand, acceleration. There are no ‘flat spots’ in the torque curve where you have to wait while the car builds power and no pause for changing gears. You floor the accelerator and just go in a ‘whoosh’ of constant acceleration - until you realise you’ve just gone past the speed limit and need to ease back!

Are there any applications for many (deca-, kilo-, etc.) farad capacitors?

There are great answers so far. Here is material copied from Wikipedia: Consumer electronics[edit ] In applications with fluctuating loads, such as laptop computers, PDA's , GPS , portable media players , hand-held devices , and photovoltaic systems , supercapacitors can stabilize the power supply. Supercapacitors deliver power for photographic flashes in digital cameras and for LED life flashlights that can be charged in, e.g., 90 seconds. As of 2013, portable speakers powered by supercapacitors were offered to the market. Tools[edit ] A cordless electric screwdriver with supercapacitors for energy storage has about half the run time of a comparable battery model, but can be fully charged in 90 seconds. It retains 85% of its charge after three months left idle. Grid power buffer[edit ] A group of EVs and HEVs during their charging process draw very high current for a short duration of time which creates power pulsation on the grid. Power pulsation not only reduces the efficiency of the grid and cause voltage drop in the common coupling bus, but it can cause considerable frequency fluctuation in the entire system. To overcome this problem, supercapacitors can be implemented as an interface between the charging station and the grid to buffer the grid from the high pulse power drawn from the charging station. Low-power equipment power buffer[edit ] Supercapacitors provide backup or emergency shutdown power to low-power equipment such as RAM , SRAM , micro-controllers and PC Cards . They are the sole power source for low energy applications such as automated meter reading (AMR) equipment or for event notification in industrial electronics. Supercapacitors buffer power to and from rechargeable batteries , mitigating the effects of short power interruptions and high current peaks. Batteries kick in only during extended interruptions, e.g., if the mains power or a fuel cell fails, which lengthens battery life. Uninterruptible power supplies (UPS), where supercapacitors have replaced much larger banks of electrolytic capacitors. This combination reduces the cost per cycle, saves on replacement and maintenance costs, enables the battery to be downsized and extends battery life. A disadvantage is the need for a special circuit to reconcile the differing behaviors. Rotor with wind turbine pitch system Supercapacitors provide backup power for actuators in wind turbine pitch systems, so that blade pitch can be adjusted even if the main supply fails. [127] Voltage stabilizer[edit ] Supercapacitors can stabilize voltage for powerlines . Wind and photovoltaic systems exhibit fluctuating supply evoked by gusting or clouds that supercapacitors can buffer within milliseconds. This helps stabilize grid voltage and frequency, balance supply and demand of power and manage real or reactive power. Energy harvesting[edit ] Supercapacitors are suitable temporary energy storage devices for energy harvesting systems. In energy harvesting systems the energy is collected from the ambient or renewable sources, e.g. mechanical movement, light or electromagnetic fields , and converted to electrical energy in an energy storage device. For example, it was demonstrated that energy collected from RF (radio frequency ) fields (using an RF antenna as an appropriate rectifier circuit) can be stored to a printed supercapacitor. The harvested energy was then used to power an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC ) circuit for over 10 hours. [131] Incorporation into batteries[edit ] The UltraBattery is a hybrid rechargeable lead-acid battery and a supercapacitor invented by Australia's national science organisation CSIRO . Its cell construction contains a standard lead-acid battery positive electrode, standard sulphuric acid electrolyte and a specially prepared negative carbon-based electrode that store electrical energy with double-layer capacitance . The presence of the supercapacitor electrode alters the chemistry of the battery and affords it significant protection from sulfation in high rate partial state if charge use, which is the typical failure mode of valve regulated lead-acid cells used this way. The resulting cell performs with characteristics beyond either a lead-acid cell or a supercapacitor, with charge and discharge rates, cycle life, efficiency and performance all enhanced. UltraBattery has been installed in kW and MW scale applications in Australia, Japan and the U.S.A. in frequency regulation, solar smoothing and shifting, wind smoothing and other applications. ] Street lights[edit ] Street light combining a solar cell power source with LED lamps and supercapacitors for energy storage Sado City, in Japan's Niigata Prefecture, has street lights that combine a stand-alone power source with solar cells and LEDs. Supercapacitors store the solar energy and supply 2 LED lamps, providing 15 W power consumption overnight. The supercapacitors can last more than 10 years and offer stable performance under various weather conditions, including temperatures from +40 to below -20 °C. Medical Supercapacitors are used in defibrillators where they can deliver 500 joules to shock the heart back into sinus rhythm . [134] Transport[edit ] Aviation[edit ] In 2005, aerospace systems and controls company Diehl Luftfahrt Elektronik GmbH chose supercapacitors to power emergency actuators for doors and evacuation slides used in airliners , including the Airbus 380 . Military[edit ] Supercapacitors' low internal resistance supports applications that require short-term high currents. Among the earliest uses were motor startup (cold engine starts, particularly with diesels) for large engines in tanks and submarines. Supercapacitors buffer the battery, handling short current peaks, reducing cycling and extending battery life. Further military applications that require high specific power are phased array radar antennae, laser power supplies, military radio communications, avionics displays and instrumentation, backup power for airbag deployment and GPS-guided missiles and projectiles. Automotive[edit ] Toyota's Yaris Hybrid-R concept car uses a supercapacitor to provide bursts of power. PSA Peugeot Citroën has started using supercapacitors as part of its stop-start fuel-saving system, which permits faster initial acceleration. Mazda's i-ELOOP system stores energy in a supercapacitor during deceleration and uses it to power on-board electrical systems while the engine is stopped by the stop-start system. Bus/tram[edit ] Maxwell Technologies , an American supercapacitor-maker, claimed that more than 20,000 hybrid buses use the devices to increase acceleration, particularly in China. Guangzhou, In 2014 China began using trams powered with supercapacitors that are recharged in 30 seconds by a device positioned between the rails, storing power to run the tram for up to 4 km — more than enough to reach the next stop, where the cycle can be repeated. Energy recovery[edit ] A primary challenge of all transport is reducing energy consumption and reducing CO 2 emissions. Recovery of braking energy (recuperation or regeneration ) helps with both. This requires components that can quickly store and release energy over long times with a high cycle rate. Supercapacitors fulfill these requirements and are therefore used in a lot of applications in all kinds of transportation. Railway[edit ] Main article: Railway electrification system Green Cargo operates TRAXX locomotives from Bombardier Transportation Supercapacitors can be used to supplement batteries in starter systems in diesel railroad locomotives with diesel-electric transmission . The capacitors capture the braking energy of a full stop and deliver the peak current for starting the diesel engine and acceleration of the train and ensures the stabilization of catenary voltage. Depending on the driving mode up to 30% energy saving is possible by recovery of braking energy. Low maintenance and environmentally friendly materials encouraged the choice of supercapacitors. [140] Cranes, forklifts and tractors[edit ] Main articles: Crane (machine) and Forklift truck Container yard with rubber tyre gantry crane Mobile hybrid diesel-electric rubber tyred gantry cranes move and stack containers within a terminal. Lifting the boxes requires large amounts of energy. Some of the energy could be recaptured while lowering the load resulting in improved efficiency. A triple hybrid forklift truck uses fuel cells and batteries as primary energy storage and supercapacitors to buffer power peaks by storing braking energy. They provide the fork lift with peak power over 30 kW. The triple-hybrid system offers over 50% energy savings compared with diesel or fuel-cell systems. Supercapacitor-powered terminal tractors transport containers to warehouses. They provide an economical, quiet and pollution-free alternative to diesel terminal tractors. Light-rails and trams[edit ] Main articles: Light rail and Tram Supercapacitors make it possible not only to reduce energy but to replace overhead lines in historical city areas, so preserving the city's architectural heritage. This approach may allow many new LRV city lines to replace overhead wires that are too expensive to fully route. Light rail vehicle in Mannheim In 2003 Mannheim adopted a prototype light-rail vehicle (LRV) using the MITRAC Energy Saver system from Bombardier Transportation to store mechanical braking energy with a roof-mounted supercapacitor unit. It contains several units each made of 192 capacitors with 2700 F /2.7 V interconnected in three parallel lines. This circuit results in a 518 V system with an energy content of 1.5 kWh. For acceleration when starting this "on-board-system" can provided the LRV with 600 kW and can drive the vehicle up to 1 km without catenary supply integrating the LRV into the urban environment by driving without catenary lines. Compared to conventional LRVs or Metro vehicles that return energy into the grid, onboard energy storage saves up to 30% and reduces peak grid demand by up to 50%. Supercapacitors are used to power the Paris T3 tram line on sections without catenary overhead wires and to recover energy during braking . In 2009 supercapacitors enabled LRV's to operate in the historical city area of Heidelberg without catenary overhead wires preserving the city's architectural heritage. The SC equipment cost an additional €270,000 per vehicle, which was expected to be recovered over the first 15 years of operation. The supercapacitors are charged at stop-over stations when the vehicle is at a scheduled stop. This approach may allow many LRV city lines to serve catenary overhead wires that are too expensive to fully route installation. In April 2011 German regional transport operator Rhein-Neckar, responsible for Heidelberg, ordered a further 11 units. In 2009, Alstom and RATP equipped a Citadis tram with an experimental energy recovery system called "STEEM". The system is fitted with 48 roof-mounted supercapacitors to store braking energy provides tramways with a high level of energy autonomy by enabling them to run without catenary power on parts of its route, recharging while traveling on powered stop-over stations. During the tests, which took place between the Porte d’Italie and Porte de Choisy stops on line T3 of the tramway network in Paris , the tramset used an average of approximately 16% less energy. A supercapacitor-equipped tram on the Rio de Janeiro Light Rail In 2012 tram operator Geneva Public Transport began tests of an LRV equipped with a prototype roof-mounted supercapacitor unit to recover braking energy. Siemens is delivering supercapacitor-enhanced light-rail transport systems that include mobile storage. Hong Kong's South Island metro line is to be equipped with two 2 MW energy storage units that are expected to reduce energy consumption by 10%. In August 2012 the CSR Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive corporation of China presented a prototype two-car light metro train equipped with a roof-mounted supercapacitor unit. The train can travel up 2 km without wires, recharging in 30 seconds at stations via a ground mounted pickup. The supplier claimed the trains could be used in 100 small and medium-sized Chinese cities. Seven trams (street cars) powered by supercapacitors were scheduled to go into operation in 2014 in Guangzhou , China. The supercapacitors are recharged in 30 seconds by a device positioned between the rails. That powers the tram for up to 4 kilometres (2.5 mi). As of 2017, Zhuzhou's supercapacitor vehicles are also used on the new Nanjing streetcar system, and are undergoing trials in Wuhan . In 2012, in Lyon (France), the SYTRAL (Lyon public transportation administration) started experiments of a "way side regeneration" system built by Adetel Group which has developed its own energy saver named ″NeoGreen″ for LRV, LRT and metros. In 2015, Alstom announced SRS, an energy storage system that charges supercapacitors on board a tram by means of ground-level conductor rails located at tram stops. This allows trams to operate without overhead lines for short distances. The system has been touted as an alternative to the company's ground-level power supply (APS) system, or can be used in conjunction with it, as in the case of the VLT network in Rio de Janeiro , Brazil, which opened in 2016. Buses[edit ] Main article: Hybrid electric bus Further information: Capa vehicle and Solar bus MAN Ultracapbus in Nuremberg, Germany The first hybrid bus with supercapacitors in Europe came in 2001 in Nuremberg , Germany. It was MAN's so-called "Ultracapbus", and was tested in real operation in 2001/2002. The test vehicle was equipped with a diesel-electric drive in combination with supercapacitors. The system was supplied with 8 Ultracap modules of 80 V, each containing 36 components. The system worked with 640 V and could be charged/discharged at 400 A. Its energy content was 0.4 kWh with a weight of 400 kg. The supercapacitors recaptured braking energy and delivered starting energy. Fuel consumption was reduced by 10 to 15% compared to conventional diesel vehicles. Other advantages included reduction of CO 2 emissions, quiet and emissions-free engine starts, lower vibration and reduced maintenance costs. Electric bus at EXPO 2010 in Shanghai (Capabus) recharging at the bus stop As of 2002 in Luzern , Switzerland an electric bus fleet called TOHYCO-Rider was tested. The supercapacitors could be recharged via an inductive contactless high-speed power charger after every transportation cycle, within 3 to 4 minutes. In early 2005 Shanghai tested a new form of electric bus called capabus that runs without powerlines (catenary free operation) using large onboard supercapacitors that partially recharge whenever the bus is at a stop (under so-called electric umbrellas), and fully charge in the terminus . In 2006, two commercial bus routes began to use the capabuses; one of them is route 11 in Shanghai. It was estimated that the supercapacitor bus was cheaper than a lithium-ion battery bus, and one of its buses had one-tenth the energy cost of a diesel bus with lifetime fuel savings of $200,000. A hybrid electric bus called tribrid was unveiled in 2008 by the University of Glamorgan , Wales , for use as student transport. It is powered by hydrogen fuel or solar cells , batteries and ultracapacitors. ] Motor racing[edit ] World champion Sebastian Vettel in Malaysia 2010 Toyota TS030 Hybrid at 2012 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race The FIA , a governing body for motor racing events, proposed in the Power-Train Regulation Framework for Formula 1 version 1.3 of 23 May 2007 that a new set of power train regulations be issued that includes a hybrid drive of up to 200 kW input and output power using "superbatteries" made with batteries and supercapacitors connected in parallel (KERS ). About 20% tank-to-wheel efficiency could be reached using the KERS system. The Toyota TS030 Hybrid LMP1 car, a racing car developed under Le Mans Prototype rules, uses a hybrid drivetrain with supercapacitors. In the 2012 24 Hours of Le Mans race a TS030 qualified with a fastest lap only 1.055 seconds slower (3:24.842 versus 3:23.787) than the fastest car, an Audi R18 e-tron quattro with flywheel energy storage. The supercapacitor and flywheel components, whose rapid charge-discharge capabilities help in both braking and acceleration, made the Audi and Toyota hybrids the fastest cars in the race. In the 2012 Le Mans race the two competing TS030s, one of which was in the lead for part of the race, both retired for reasons unrelated to the supercapacitors. The TS030 won three of the 8 races in the 2012 FIA World Endurance Championship season . In 2014 the Toyota TS040 Hybrid used a supercapacitor to add 480 horsepower from two electric motors. Hybrid electric vehicles[edit ] Main article: Hybrid electric vehicle See also: Hybrid vehicle drivetrain Mazda2 (since 2010) Supercapacitor/battery combinations in electric vehicles (EV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) are well investigated. A 20 to 60% fuel reduction has been claimed by recovering brake energy in EVs or HEVs. The ability of supercapacitors to charge much faster than batteries, their stable electrical properties, broader temperature range and longer lifetime are suitable, but weight, volume and especially cost mitigate those advantages. Supercapacitors lower specific energy makes them unsuitable for use as a stand-alone energy source for long distance driving. The fuel economy improvement between a capacitor and a battery solution is about 20% and is available only for shorter trips. For long distance driving the advantage decreases to 6%. Vehicles combining capacitors and batteries run only in experimental vehicles. As of 2013 all automotive manufacturers of EV or HEVs have developed prototypes that uses supercapacitors instead of batteries to store braking energy in order to improve driveline efficiency. The Mazda 6 is the only production car that uses supercapacitors to recover braking energy. Branded as i-eloop, the regenerative braking is claimed to reduce fuel consumption by about 10%. Russian Yo-cars Ё-mobile series was a concept and crossover hybrid vehicle working with a gasoline driven rotary vane type and an electric generator for driving the traction motors. A supercapacitor with relatively low capacitance recovers brake energy to power the electric motor when accelerating from a stop. Toyota's Yaris Hybrid-R concept car uses a supercapacitor to provide quick bursts of power. PSA Peugeot Citroën fit supercapacitors to some of its cars as part of its stop-start fuel-saving system, as this permits faster start-ups when the traffic lights turn green. Gondolas[edit ] Aerial lift in Zell am See , Austria In Zell am See , Austria , an aerial lift connects the city with Schmittenhöhe mountain. The gondolas sometimes run 24 hours per day, using electricity for lights, door opening and communication. The only available time for recharging batteries at the stations is during the brief intervals of guest loading and unloading, which is too short to recharge batteries. Supercapacitors offer a fast charge, higher number of cycles and longer life time than batteries. Emirates Air Line (cable car) , also known as the Thames cable car, is a 1-kilometre (0.62 mi) gondola line that crosses the Thames from the Greenwich Peninsula to the Royal Docks . The cabins are equipped with a modern infotainment system, which is powered by supercapacitors. Developments[edit ] As of 2013 commercially available lithium-ion supercapacitors offered the highest gravimetric specific energy to date, reaching 15 Wh/kg (54 kJ/kg). Research focuses on improving specific energy, reducing internal resistance, expanding temperature range, increasing lifetimes and reducing costs. Projects include tailored-pore-size electrodes, pseudocapacitive coating or doping materials and improved electrolytes.

How come all the major companies are from the U.S.?

The premise of the question is wrong, all the major companies are definitely not from US. US has the biggest economy in the world, so there most definitely are a lot of U.S. companies that are famous and incredibly successful. It has probably the largest amount of such companies in the world due to its size and entrepreneurship and it has clear lead in big tech companies, but there is lot of giants based outside of USA. We can take a look at the biggest companies in the world by revenue and we will find out that just two out of the first top 10 are from USA: Let’s now go through some of the most famous and profitable companies from the major world economies other than the USA in the order from the largest downwardly. China So China is the second largest economy in the world with some of the largest companies in the world, with the biggest being mostly partially state owned giants specialising in electricity, oil and gas and financial sector. But from the companies that are probably known to a lot of people around the world there is the technological giant Huawei. It designs, develops, and sells telecommunications equipment and consumer electronics. It is one of the global leaders in 5G technology and it had revenue of 136 billion dollars in 2020. Japan Largest Japanese companies is the automotive giant Toyota. It produces vehicles under the brands Toyota, Lexus, Hino, Ranz, and Daihatsu. It has revenue of 275 billions of dollars in 2020 and it is the biggest automotive company in the world by sales in 2020. Toyota Headquarters: Toyota corolla: Another well known Japanese companies include Honda (automotive), Mitsubishi (conglomerate), Nissan (automotive), Sony (conglomerate) or Panasonic (consumer electronics). Germany Germany is the largest economy in Europe and its largest company is the automotive concern Volkswagen AG, which competes with Toyota for the title of largest automotive company in the world and beside the Volkswagen brand it owns Audi, Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini, Porsche, Škoda and Seat. It had revenue of 254 billions dollars in 2020. Audi e-tron GT: Porsche Taycan: Another famous German companies include Daimler AG (automotive company commonly known as Mercedes Benz), BMW (automotive), Siemens (conglomerate) or Bosch (engineering conglomerate). United Kingdom: Largest UK company is the oil and gas giant BP, or British petroleum. It had revenue of 183 billion in 2020 and it is one of the world’s largest oil and gas companies. Another famous British companies are HSBC (banking), Tesco (retail), Vodafone (telecomm) or GlaxoSmithKline (pharmaceuticals). India Largest company of India is Reliance Industries with headquarters in Mumbai. Reliance owns businesses across India engaged in energy, petrochemicals, textiles, natural resources, retail, and telecommunications. It had revenue of 92 billions dollars in 2020. Reliance industries plant: Another very important Indian company is TATA Group that does business in automotive, airlines, chemicals, defence, electric utility and much more. TATA for example owns car brands Jaguar or Land Rover. France: Largest French companies are oil and gas giant Total S.A. with revenue of 200 billions dollars in 2019. But other big and famous French companies include insurance giant AXA, Peugeot (automotive), Renault (automotive) and then French speciality which is couple of luxury brands conglomerates like LVMH or Dior. Dior headquarters: Louis Vuitton store in Tokyo: Italy Largest Italian company is one of the seven largest oil and gas world players ENI with revenue of 70 billions dollars in 2019. Another Italian famous and successful companies include the finance corporation Generali which is third largest insurance company in the world, second biggest chocolate producer in the world Ferrero SpA and luxury automobiles legend Ferrari. Ferrari Portofino M: Most famous Ferrero brand: Canada: Largest Canadian company is investment company Brookfield Asset Management with revenue of 56 billions dollars in 2018 and other Canadian companies include Alimentation Couche-Tard retail corporation or Magna International, which is largest automobile parts manufacturer in North America. Magna International factory montage: Alimentation Couche-Tard store: South Korea: South Korea is a technological giant with the world famous trio of Samsung Electronics, which is a largest consumer electronics company in the world with revenue of 197 billions dollars in 2019, automotive giant Hyundai Motor and technological conglomerate LG Electronics. Samsung headquarters: LG headquarters: And there are of course many other famous and successful companies from other main world economies like Russia, Spain, Netherlands, Switzerland, Australia, Brazil or Switzerland!

What technologies can the European Union offer to the world now, economically, militarily, and other in other fields?

Well that would be quite a lot of technologies, since European Union is still the second largest economy on earth based on numbers from 2020. Its GDP was around 15,1 T in 2020 in comparison to 20,8 T in USA and 14,8 T in china. So China is gonna get larger pretty soon, probably this year. But nonetheless despite all its problems and constant crisis, economy of EU is still a giant one with lots of technologies to offer the world. So there is lot of companies in EU that are elite in their field, so we can just name a few companies from respective fields: In Aerospace, there is Airbus, which is largest airliner manufacturer in the world in constant competition with its only rival, American Boeing. Airbus employs 133,671 people, had revenue of 83 billion dollars in 2019 and apart from airliners it also manufactures defence and military aerospace products and helicopters. Then there is automotive, which is probably field, in which EU countries are most successful, especially Germany. Volkswagen, BMW, Mercedes, Porsche, Audi, those are all German car companies and then there are car manufacturers from other countries like Lamborghini, Ferrari, Maserati, Renault, Škoda, Volvo, Dacia, Peugeot, Fiat…… New Audi gt e-tron EV, which looks really bad ass IMO: Anothe European strong suit are industrial engineering and manufacturing companies like Siemens (Germany), Bosch (Germany), ABB (Sweden-Switzerland), Philips (Netherlands), KUKA (Germany-China) and others. Strongest companies in this field are usually from northern Europe, so Germany, Sweden, Netherlands etc. ABB robots operating in production line: Interesting one is semiconductor industry, which is really starting to be absolutely crucial in world supply chains. Even though there is lot of talk about Europe not being able to produce top-notch semiconductor chipsets needed for its industry (top companies in the field ale almost exclusively from Taiwan and South Korea), EU has one card up its sleeve. It is ASML, Dutch company that develops and produces photolithography systems that are later used for manufacturing of semiconductor chips. Currently it is the largest supplier of photolithography systems for primarily the semiconductor industry. So the machines that are needed in the factories that manufacturers semiconductor chips that are later exported to EU and the world are using machines made in EU. And those are some incredibly sophisticated and technology heavy machines. Lithography machine by ASML: Then there is a lot of European companies that are strong in renewable energy and green tech, which is an industry that EU is supporting really hard. So companies like Orsted (Denmark), Iberdrola (Spain), Vestas Wind Systems (Denmark), Siemens (Germany) are tech leaders in their fields, usually developing wind turbines, solar energy, thermal energy, biomass and so on. Orsted offshore wind turbines: There are two particular companies specialising in 5G technology, and those are Nokia (Finland) and Ericsson (Sweden). You probably remember those two as the companies that manufactured great phones and then were steamrolled by American and Asian smartphone companies. That is unfortunately true, but they rebounded and now are amongst the world leaders in 5G technology. Common knowledge is that Chinese Huawei is probably the world leader in the field, but Nokia and Ericsson are definitely among its most competitive rivals. Nokia Headquarters in Espoo, Finland: Another field in which Europe is still competing for world leadership is high-speed rail technology. Siemens mobility (Germany) or Alstom (France) are top manufacturers of high-speed trains, even though Japanese and increasingly even Chinese companies are giving them run for their money. Alstom train in UK: Then there is military-industrial sector that the question was asking about. Leonardo (Italy), Thales group (France), Dassault group (France), Safran (France), Rheinmetall (Germany), ThyssenKrupp (Germany) are all successful companies in the field, with France being clear EU leader exporting jets and other equipment all over the world. French Rafale jet by Dassault group: In pharmaceutical industry EU also pack some heavyweights, like Sanofi (France), Novo Nordisk (Denmark), Merck (Germany), Allergan (Ireland) or UCB (Belgium). UCB headquarters in Brussels, Belgium: And last but not least there is chemical industry, where German BASF is currently largest chemical producer in the world. The BASF Group comprises subsidiaries and joint ventures in more than 80 countries and operates six integrated production sites and 390 other production sites in Europe, Asia, Australia, the Americas and Africa. BASF plant in USA: So even though Europe definitely has troubles with lagging behind and lack of innovation in some of the cutting edge industries (AI, consumer electronics, big tech…..), it is also clearly still one of the world economic hotspots.

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