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audi e tron v mercedes eqc

บทความที่เกี่ยวข้อง audi e tron v mercedes eqc

ฟังเหตุผล ทำไมรถล้ำ ๆ อย่าง 2022 Mercedes-Benz EQS ยังใช้กระจกมองข้างแบบดั้งเดิม

2022 Mercedes-Benz EQSเพิ่งเผยโฉมสด ๆ ร้อน ๆ 2022 Mercedes-Benz EQS (2022 เมอร์เซเดส-เบนซ์ อีคิวเอส)

2021 Lexus UX300e เปิดตัวใหม่จะได้ส่วนแบ่งตลาดรถไฟฟ้าหรูจาก Audi e-tron ได้หรือไม่

Premiumสำหรับ 2021 Lexus UX300e ที่เพิ่งเปิดตัวนี้จะมีความสามารถเพียงพอที่จะได้ส่วนแบ่งตลาดรถไฟฟ้าสุดหรูจาก Audi

Review 2020 Audi e-tron Sportback รถไฟฟ้าเสียบปลั๊ก 5.299 ล้านบาท ครบทั้งแรงทั้งหรูแบบไร้คู่แข่ง

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback 55 quattro S line (อาวดี้ อี-ตรอน สปอร์ตแบ็ค) รถยนต์ไฟฟ้าทรงเอสยูวีคูเป้จากค่ายสี่ห่วง

2021 Audi RS Q3 Sportback ยืนยันมาไทย 19 ก.พ. นี้ คาดราคา 5 ล้านกว่าบาท สู้กับ Mercedes-AMG เต็ม ๆ

2021 Audi RS Q3 Sportback (อาวดี้ อาร์เอส คิว3 สปอร์ตแบค) เอสยูวีท้ายลาดพื้นฐานจาก Audi Q3 จะมาขายไทยวันที่

Audi Thailand ปรับกลยุทธ์ฝ่า COVID-19 เน้นเพิ่มสินค้า-ทำราคาสู้-ปรับบริการรับลูกค้า

Audi Thailand (อาวดี้ ประเทศไทย) ปรับแผนงานฝ่าวิกฤต COVID-19 เน้น 3 นโบายหลัก เพิ่มความหลากหลายของสินค้า

Review: 2019-2020 Audi e-tron เอสยูวีพรีเมียมพลังงานไฟฟ้า

Audi (อาวดี้) ค่ายรถยนต์หรูจากยุโรป ส่งรถเอสยูวีอเนกประสงค์หรูพลังงานไฟฟ้าอย่าง 2019-2020 Audi e-tron

GolF ก็ว่า... อ่านเกมอินโดนีเซียหวังดูดเงินลงทุนรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าจากไทย แต่เราอยู่เฉย ๆ ก็ได้นะ

) ที่ต่างก็มียอดขายไปแบบไม่เป็นน้ำเป็นเนื้อด้วยราคาจำหน่ายที่แพงไปนิดในกลุ่มรถยนต์หรูหรากันบ้าง แม้ Mercedes-Benz

ยอดขายรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าในนอร์เวย์ พ่งสูงเกือบ 90% เอาชนะเครื่องยนต์ดีเซลและเบนซินที่แรกในโลก

3จากการรายงานของ Norwegian Road Federation (OFV-กรมการขนส่งนอร์เวย์) ในปี 2020 รถที่ขายดีที่สุดคือ Audi

ชมงาน BIMS 2021 ดู GWM มาแรง MG Extender หน้าใหม่ หรือ Audi e-tron GT และอื่น ๆ เรารวมไว้ให้คุณแล้วที่นี่

วางจำหน่ายในราคา 3.99 ล้านบาทนอกจากนี้ Audi (อาวดี้) นำรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าสปอร์ตรุ่นใหม่ Audi e-tron GT (อาวดี้

เปิดตัว 2021 Audi RS e-tron GT ราคา 6.39 ล้านบาท สเปคนำเข้าฝาแฝด Taycan

2021 Audi e-tron GT (อาวดี้ อี-ตรอน จีที) รถยนต์ไฟฟ้ารุ่นล่าสุดจากเยอรมนี ที่เปิดตัวในเยอรมนีเมื่อเดือนก่อน

ดูเพิ่มเติม

แบงค์บอกต่อ CX-5 ลดเหลือ 1,160,000 บาทกับ Audi อัดดอกเบี้ย 0% ก่อนงาน Motor Expo 2020

Mazda และ Audi นำรถมาลดราคา และขนแคมเปญงาน Motor Expo 2020 เพื่อให้ลูกค้าได้ออกมาจับจองกันก่อน พร้อมแล้ววันนี้Mazda

อาวดี้เตรียมเปิดตัว 2021 Audi e-tron GT พร้อมสู้ Porsche Taycan ได้หรือไม่?

Audi e-tron GT Concept ในงาน Los Angeles Auto Show หลังจากที่มีการเปิดตัว Audi e-tron Quattro และ รถอเนกประสงค์

ไม่แพ้นาน Mercedes-Benz แซงขึ้นแท่นผู้นำตลาดรถหรูในไทยไตรมาสแรกได้สำเร็จ

หลังจากพลาดท่าเสียทีหลุดจากตำแหน่งผู้นำตลาดรถยนต์หรูหราในประเทศไทยเป็นครั้งแรกในรอบ 19 ปี Mercedes-Benz

2021 Audi e-tron GT เตรียมบุกไทยปีนี้ พร้อมตระกูล RS อีกหลายรุ่น

ซึ่งรวมไปถึงรถยนต์สปอร์ตไฟฟ้า Audi e-tron GT (อาวดี้ อี-ตรอน จีที) ที่จะเปิดตัวในตลาดโลกในสัปดาห์หน้า

Audi เปิดตัวเอสยูวีโหด 2021 Audi RS Q3 Sportback เคาะ 4.75 ล้านบาท ถูกกว่า Mercedes-AMG GLC

Audi (อาวดี้) ประเทศไทย เปิดตัวรถรุ่นใหม่รวดเดียว 3 รุ่น นำทัพด้วย 2021 Audi RS Q3 Sportback (อาวดี้

ชมคันจริง 2020 Audi e-Tron Sportback ขายไทยในราคา 5.299 ล้านบาท มีดีแค่หลังคาลาดลงรึเปล่า?

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback (อาวดี้ อี-ตรอน สปอร์ตแบ็ค) เปิดตัวขายในไทยแล้วด้วยราคา 5,299,000 บาท เป็นรถเอสยูวีพลังไฟฟ้าล้วน

Mercedes-Benz เตรียมยกทัพสินค้าใหม่บุกไทยแต่ต้นปี นำโดย E-Class, GLA 35 และ Maybach

Mercedes-Benz E-Class ใหม่ ราคา 3.19-3.77 ล้านบาทMercedes-Benz (เมอร์เซเดส-เบนซ์) เล็งทำตลาดรถยนต์ออนไลน์เต็มรูปแบบ

ชมคุณสมบัติเด่น 2022 Audi Q4 e-tron รถเอสยูวีไฟฟ้าขนาดเล็กแฝงความดุดัน

2022 Audi Q4 e-tron2022 Audi Q4 e-tron และ Q4 e-tron Sportback (2022 อาวดี้ คิว4 อี-ทรอน) เผยโฉมอย่างเป็นทางการ

Audi e-Tron รุ่นย่อย Premium ใหม่ ราคาถูกลง 10% ตัดออพชั่นอะไรบ้าง?

Audi e-Tron รถครอสโอเวอร์พลังไฟฟ้าล้วน ซึ่งทำยอดขายไม่ดีนักในสหรัฐอเมริกา จึงได้ออกกลยุทธ์ใหม่ เปิดตัวรุ่นล่างสุดที่มีราคาเอื้อมถึงง่ายขึ้น

เป็นไปได้? ผู้บริหาร Audi ชี้รถพลังไฟฟ้าจะมีแบตเตอรี่เล็กลงในอนาคต

ซีอีโอ Audi (อาวดี้) ออกมาให้ความเห็นว่ารถยนต์ไฟฟ้าจะมีแบตเตอรี่ขนาดเล็กลงในอนาคต เมื่อเทคโนโลยีการชาร์จไฟและจุดชาร์จไฟมีพัฒนาการก้าวหน้ามากขึ้นจากการแข่งขันด้านพละกำลังทั้งแรงม้าและแรงบิดของรถเครื่องยนต์สันดาปในอดีต

จับตา 10 รถใหม่เตรียมเปิดตัวปี 2021 รุกตลาดโลก หลายรุ่นเข้ามาขายเมืองไทยด้วย

2021 Honda HR-V (ฮอนด้า เอชอาร์-วี) เจนเนอเรชั่นใหม่เดิมทีมีกำหนดเปิดตัวในประเทศญี่ปุ่นในเดือนมีนาคม

2022 Mercedes-Benz C-Class เวอร์ชั่นไฟฟ้า 100% มาเมื่อไหร่ เราควรรอนานขนาดไหน?

2022 Mercedes-Benz C-Class2022 Mercedes-Benz C-Class (2022 เมอร์เซเดส-เบนซ์ ซี-คลาส) รุ่นใหม่เผยโฉมเมื่อปลายเดือนกุมภาพันธ์ที่ผ่านมา

Audi เปิดตัวรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าสปอร์ตรุ่นใหม่ 2022 Audi e-tron GT และ Audi RS e-tron GT เริ่ม 3,621,000 บาท

Coupe คือ 2022 Audi e-tron GT (อาวดี้ อีทรอน จีที) เริ่ม 3,621,000 บาท และ Audi RS e-tron GT (อาวดี้

เปิดตัว 2020 Audi e-tron Sportback ค่าตัว 5.299 ล้านบาท จำกัดโควต้า 15 คันในไทย

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback 55 quattro S line (อาวดี้ อี-ทรอน สปอร์ตแบ็ก) เปิดตัวอย่างเป็นทางการในไทย

เผยโฉม 2022 BMW iX รถเอสยูวีไฟฟ้าที่ดีที่สุดเวลานี้? เบียด Audi e-tron

BMW Operating System เจนเนอเรชั่นใหม่ซึ่งข่าวระบุว่าผลิตด้วยวัสดุคริสตัล BMW iX Audi

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback จ่อลุยเมืองไทยสัปดาห์หน้า คาดราคาทะลุ 5.3 ล้านบาท

บริษัท ไมซ์สเตอร์ เทคนิค จำกัด ผู้จำหน่ายรถยนต์ Audi ในประเทศไทยเตรียมเปิดตัว 2020 Audi e-tron Sportback

Audi เดินหน้าเข้าสู่ยุครถยนต์ไฟฟ้าเต็มตัวภายใน 2035 หลัง Audi e-tron ขายได้ 9,227 คัน ขึ้นอันดับ 1 ใน Norway

2035ซึ่งจะมีการแจ้งแผนออกมาในอีกไม่กี่เดือน พร้อมสถานะของโรงงานที่จะต้องเปลี่ยนไปผลิตแบบไฟ้าแบบเต็มตัวยอดขาย e-Tron

GolF ก็ว่า... ไม่มีเรื่องของไก่และไข่ในวงการยานยนต์พลังงานไฟฟ้า

ไล่กันไปก็นำทีมโดย MG ZS EV (เอ็มจี แซดเอส อีวี) Nissan LEAF (นิสสัน ลีฟ) Porsche Taycan (ปอร์เช่ ไทคัน) Audi

ควักเพิ่ม 2 แสน! ทำไมถึงควรเลือก 2020 Audi e-tron Sportback มากกว่า e-tron สแตนดาร์ด

2020 Audi e-tron Sportback (อาวดี้ อี-ทรอน สปอร์ตแบ็ก) รุ่นใหม่เปิดตัวลุยตลาดบ้านเราแล้วด้วยราคา 5.299

1st Impression 2021 Mercedes-Benz E300 e AMG Dynamic เพิ่มของเล่นท้าชน 5-Series และ A6

สมรภูมิรถยนต์นั่งหรูหราระดับกลางเริ่มทวีความรุนแรงมากขึ้น เมื่ออดีตเจ้าตลาดขาใหญ่อย่าง Mercedes-Benz

รีวิว Q&A audi e tron v mercedes eqc

What are some modern electric cars?

Volkswagen ID.4 160 km/h (100 mph)[1] 5[2] 402 km (250 mi) (EPA, North America) 501 km (311 mi) (Europe)[3] 2020 - Present Volkswagen ID.3 160 km/h (99 mph)[4] 5[5] 45 kWh: up to 330 km (205 mi) 58 kWh: up to 420 km (260 mi) 77 kWh: up to 550 km (340 mi) (WLTP) 2019 - Present Aiways Aiways U5 160 km/h (99 mph)[6] 10 s[6] 5[6] DC fast charging time (30% ~ 80%): 27min AC standard charging time (0% ~ 100%): 10.5h[6] 400 km (249 mi) (WLTP)[7] ? Audi Audi e-tron 55(2018) 200 km/h (124 mph) 5.7 s 5 8.5 hours, DC Charging 150 KW 80% in 30 min 328 km (204 mi) (EPA), 433 km (269 mi) (WLTP) 2019 Audi Audi e-tron 50 190 km/h (118 mph) 6.8 s 5 6 hours, DC Charging 120 KW 80% in 30 min 329 km (204 mi) (WLTP) ? BMW i3 150 km/h (93 mph) 8 s 4 4h - 6h with the 240 V charging unit or 30 – 40 minutes at public DC charging stations (when charging from 0 to 80%) 246 km (153 mi)[8] MY 2019 (120 A·h) (EPA) 183 km (114 mi)[9] MY 2017/18 (94 A·h) (EPA) 130 km (81 mi)[9]MY 2014/17 (60 A·h) (EPA) Released in Europe in 2013 and in 2014 in the U.S. A gasoline-powered range extender option is available to increased range to 240 km (150 mi) (EPA rating).[10] Starting with the model year 2017, released in July 2016, two battery options are available, 94 A·h and 60 A·h.[9] For the 2019 model year, a larger 120 A·h battery became the only option, and the Range Extender was discontinued in some markets.[8] BYD BYD e6 160 km/h (100 mph) 8 seconds 5 Fast charging within 15 minutes to 80%, and 40 minutes to 100% 400 km (250 mi) Market Release 2009, Cumulative sales in China totaled 34,862 units through December 2016. Chevrolet Bolt EV 150 km/h (93 mph) (speed limited) 6.5 s 5 383 km (238 mi) Production started in October 2016, deliveries started in late 2016[11] Citroën C-Zero 130 km/h (81 mph) 15.9 s 4 7 hours when charged from household; 30 minutes when charging from a quick charger system[12] 150 km (93 mi) Rebranded Mitsubishi i-MiEV; since 2010 Available in Europe Ford Ford Focus Electric 135 km/h (84 mph) 5 5.5 hours for the 2017 model using a SAE J1772-2009 charging station powered from a standard 240 volt socket 2017 model's EPA certified range is 185 km (115 mi) 2011–2018 Honda Clarity Electric 7.7 s 143 km (89 mi) For lease only, in some US states from 2017 to 2020. Hyundai Ioniq Electric MY20 165 km/h (103 mph)[13] 9.9 s[13] 4 Domestic socket (220 V / 12 A): 16 h Type 2 charger (3.6 kW): 11.5 h Type 2 charger (22 kW): 6 h CCS type 2 charger (50 kW): 57 min CCS type 2 charger (100 kW): 54 min[13] 311 km (193 mi) (WLTP)[13] 270 km (170 mi) (EPA)[14] Production commenced in late 2016, with sales commencing in 2017 Hyundai Kona Electric 167 km/h (104 mph)[15] 6.4 s[16] 5 470 km (292 mi) (WLTP) Presented on Geneva Motor Show 2018, sales starting summer 2018[17] Jaguar Land Rover Jaguar I-Pace 200 km/h (124 mph), electronically limited 4.8 s 5 350 km (215 miles) (EPA) 2018 Kandi K23 112 km/h (70 mph) 4 7.5 hours on Level 2 (240 v @ 32 amp) 302 km (188 miles) 2018 Kandi K27 100 km/h (62 mph) 4 7 hours on Level 2 (240 v @ 16 amp) 161 km (100 miles) 2018 Kia Soul EV 145 km/h (90 mph) 11.2 5 4–5 hours (208 V - 6.6 kW: 4h 50min, 240 V - 6.6 kW: 4h 10min.) Type 3: 33 minutes for up to 80%. Type 1: Up to 24 hours (2016,2017) 93 mi (150 km) (2018) 111 mi (179 km) (2020) 243 mi (391 km) (EPA) 2014 Kia e-Niro 39.2 kWh 155 km/h (96 mph)[18] 9.8 s[18] 5 289 km (180 mi) (WLTP)[19] 385 km (239 mi) (EPA)[20] ? Kia e-Niro 64 kWh 167 km/h (104 mph)[18] 7.8 s[18] 5 455 km (283 mi) (WLTP)[21] ? Kyburz Race 140 km/h 4 s 2 0-100% in under 4 hours 220 km (137 mi) 2016 Lightning Lightning GT 200 km/h (124 mph) 5 s 2 under an hour 240 km (149 mi) Production expected to begin in 2020 Mahindra e2o plus 82 km/h (51 mph) 4 5 – 8 hours (Home socket: 220 V, 16 A), 1.5 hours (Fast Charge: Commercial 3-phase AC, up to 12 kW) 110–140 km (68–87 mi) November 2016[22] Mahindra e-Verito 85 km/h (53 mph) 5 6 – 8 hours (Home Socket: 220 V, 16 A), 2.01 hours (Fast Charging: with 15 kW charger) 110–180 km (68–112 mi) January 2017[23] Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive 160 km/h (99 mph) 7.9 s 5 9 hours when charging from 220/240 V outlet; 2.4 hours from 400 V 200 km (124 mi) 2015 Mercedes-Benz EQC 180 km/h (112 mph) 4.9 s 5 12 hours 354 km (220 mi) 2019 MG Motor ZS EV 140 km/h (87 mph) 8.2 s 5 7.45 hours 263 km (163 mi)(WLTP) 2018 Micro Mobility Systems Microlino 90 km/h (56 mph) 2 [24] 1 hours w/ Type 2 connector, 4 hours w/ domestic power [24] 120–215 km (75–134 mi) (depending on battery) [24] Late 2018 (initially only in Germany and Switzerland) Mitsubishi i-MiEV 130 km/h (81 mph) 4 7 to 14 hours when charged from household, depending on the type of power; 30 minutes when charging from a quick charger system (80% charged)[25] 170 km (106 mi) Released in Japan in July 2009 for fleet customers. Available in Japan, Hong Kong, Australia, Europe, the U.S., Canada and some Latin American countries. As of June 2016, and accounting for all variants of the i-MiEV, including the rebadged Peugeot iOn and Citroën C-Zero sold in Europe, about 37,600 units have been sold worldwide since 2009.[26] Motores Limpios Zacua 85 km/h 2 8 hours 160 km (99 mi) 2017 in Mexico MW Motors Luka EV 148 km/h (92 mph) 9.3 s 2 9 hours standard domestic socket. 2 hours with 3 phase rapid charger 300 km (186 mi)(unverified) July 2016 NIO ES8 200 km/h (124 mph) 4.4 s 7 0.8h (0%-80% SOC)DC Charge 7.5-8h (0-80% SOC)AC Charge 355 km (221 mi) (NEDC) Released in China in 2017 NIO ES6 200 km/h (124 mph) 4.7s 5 Intelligent e-AWD system consists of a 160kW PM motor and a 240kW induction motor, a duo of efficiency and performance. 410–510 km (255–315 mi) Released in China in 2019 NIO EC6 5.6s (320kW) 4.7s (400kW) 5 320kW model with PM motor front and rear. 400kW model with PM front and induction motor in rear. 615 km with optional 100kW battery pack To release in China in 2020 Nissan Leaf 150 km/h (93 mph) 5 Up to 20 hours when charged from 110/120 V outlet; 8 hours when charging from 220/240 V outlet; 30 minutes for 440 V "quick charge" (to 80% of battery capacity) 252 km (157 mi) with 40 kWh battery [27] 200 km (120 mi) (NEDC) Released in the U.S. and Japan in December 2010, is available in 46 countries. The Leaf is the top selling electric car in history, with global sales of more than 250,000 units through December 2016.[28] 2016 LEAFs have an optional 40 kWh battery. ECOmove QBeak 90 km/h (56 mph) 4 8 hours 250 km (155 mi) Available in Denmark for now.[29] Peugeot i0n 130 km/h (81 mph) 15.9 s 4 7 hours when charged from household; 30 minutes when charging from a quick charger system[12] 150 km (93 mi) Rebranded Mitsubishi i-MiEV; since 2010 Available in Europe. Peugeot Peugeot e208 Polestar 2 4.7 s 5 470 km (292 mi) (WLTP), 275 mi (443 km) (EPA) 2020 (Belgium, Canada, China, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, US) Rayttle E28 80 km/h (50 mph) 2 130 km (81 mi) Chinese clone of the Renault Twizy. Sales began in China in September 2014.[30] Renault / Renault Samsung Fluence Z.E. / SM3 Z.E. 135 km/h (84 mph), electronically limited 5 22 kWh battery: 6 to 8 hours on a 220 V 10 A or 16 A domestic socket; 30 minutes on a 400 V 32 A fast charging station; or battery swap in 5 minutes (Better place) 213 km (132 mi) (36 kWh battery)[31] 135 km (84 mi) + 15 km limp home mode (22 kWh battery) Released in France in 2010, Israel in Jan 2012, UK in Jan 2012, Turkey in May 2012, South Korea in 2013. Renault Zoe 135 km/h (84 mph), electronically limited 13.5 s 11.4 s (R110) 5 Six to nine hours with 3.7 kW, 30 minutes with 43 kW (80%) 400 km (250 mi) 41 kWh battery 210 km (130 mi) 22 kWh battery Released in France in December 2012. Global cumulative sales totaled to nearly 130,000 units by the end of 2018.[32][33] Renault Twizy 80 km/h (50 mph) (Urban 80 version) 2 3.5 hours 100 km (62 mi) From March 2012. Available in Europe. As of June 2016, global sales totaled 17,873 units, mostly in Europe.[34] SEAT Mii Electric 130 km/h (81 mph) 12.3 s 4 0-80% 1 Hour 260 km (162 mi) (WLTP) Available in Europe since 2019 Skoda CITIGOe IV 130 km/h (81 mph) 12.3 s 4 0-80% 1 Hour 260 km (162 mi) (WLTP) Available in Europe since 2019 Smart Smart electric drive 125 km/h (78 mph) 11.5 s 2 145 km (90 mi) Available in Europe, the United States and Canada. Global sales totaled about 12,250 units through December 2014. The second generation, launched in 2009, sold over 2,300 units through 2012,[35] and almost 10,000 units of the third generation, launched in 2013, have been sold through December 2014.[36][37] Sono Motors Sion 140 km/h (87 mph)[38] 9 s (approximately)[38] 5[38] Eight hours with 3.7 kW, 30 minutes with 50 kW (80%)[38][39] 250 km (160 mi) (this is real world range according to the company[40]) 35 kWh battery[38] To be released in Germany in mid-2019. Prototype for test-drives in Europe. Preorder: EUR 16.000,- + EUR 4.000,- (battery)[38] Stevens ZeCar 90 km/h (56 mph)[41] 5[42] 6–8 hours[43] 80 km (50 mi) March 2008 Tata Motors Tata Nexon 120 km/h (75 mph) 9.9 s 5 8 hours 300 km (186 mi)(IDC) 2019 Tesla Model S Long Range 250 km/h (160 mph)[44] 3.8 s[45] 5 + 2[Note 1] 8 hours with home charging; 50% in ~20 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger[46] 610 km (379 mi) (WLTP)[45] 629 km (391 mi) (EPA)[47] First released in the U.S. in June 2012.[28] Tesla Model S Performance 261 km/h (162 mph)[44] 2.5 s[45] 5 + 2[Note 1] 8 hours with home charging; 50% in ~20 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger[46] 593 km (368 mi) (WLTP)[45] 560 km (348 mi) (EPA)[47] First released in the U.S. in June 2012.[28] Tesla Model X Long Range 250 km/h (160 mph)[48] 4.6 s[49] 5-7[49] 8 hours with home charging; 50% in ~20 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger[46] 507 km (315 mi) (WLTP)[49] 565 km (351 mi) (EPA)[50] First released in the U.S. in September 2015.[51] Tesla Model X Performance 250 km/h (160 mph)[48] 2.8 s[49] 5-7[49] 8 hours with home charging; 50% in ~20 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger[46] 487 km (303 mi) (WLTP)[49] 491 km (305 mi) (EPA)[50] First released in the U.S. in September 2015.[51] Tesla Model 3 Long Range 233 km/h (145 mph)[52] 4.6 s[53] 5[53] 7.3h for 100%, ~14% per hour with home charger, 50% in ~30 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger 560 km (348 mi) (WLTP)[53] 518 km (322 mi) (EPA)[54] 2017 Tesla Model 3 Performance 261 km/h (162 mph)[52] 3.4 s[53] 5[53] 7.3h for 100%, ~14% per hour with home charger, 50% in ~30 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger 530 km (329 mi) (WLTP)[53] 481 km (299 mi) (EPA)[54] 2017 Tesla Model 3 Standard Range Plus 225 km/h (140 mph)[52] 5.6 s[53] 5[53] 7.3h for 100%, ~14% per hour with home charger, 50% in ~30 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger 409 km (254 mi) (WLTP)[53] 400 km (250 mi) (EPA)[54] 2017 Tesla Model Y Long Range 217 km/h (135 mph)[55] 5.1 s[55] 5-7[55] 7.3h for 100%, ~14% per hour with home charger, 50% in ~30 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger 505 km (314 mi) (WLTP)[55] 509 km (316 mi) (EPA)[56] Released in the US on March 13, 2020 Tesla Model Y Performance 241 km/h (150 mph)[55] 3.7 s[55] 5-7[55] 7.3h for 100%, ~14% per hour with home charger, 50% in ~30 minutes from a Tesla Supercharger 480 km (298 mi) (WLTP)[55] 507 km (315 mi) (EPA)[56] Released in the US on March 13, 2020 Venturi Fétish 200 km/h (124 mph) 4 s 2 3 hours with external charge booster, 8 hours with onboard charging system 340 km (211 mi) 2006 to present Volkswagen e-Golf MY2020 150 km/h (93 mph)[57] 9.6 s[57] 5 SE and SEL Premium in under 6 hours at a 240 V charging station. Optional (standard on SEL Premium) DC Fast Charging to 80% in 1 hour at a DC fast charging station. 232 km (144 mi) (WLTP)[57] Released in Europe in March 2014. Updated model with new battery management system released in Europe in July 2017. Volkswagen e-up! MY2019 130 km/h (81 mph)[58] 11.9 s[58] 4 Charge time AC 2.3 KW 100% SOC: 16:12 Charge time DC 40 KW 80% SOC: 01:00[58] 256 km (159 mi) (WLTP)[58] Updated in 2019 Xpeng G3 400 170 km/h (110 mph)[59] 8.5 s[59] 5[59] DC Charging Time (30% to 80%): 38min AC Charging Time (30% to 80%): 4.3h[59] 401 km (249 mi) (NEDC)[59] ? Xpeng G3 520 170 km/h (110 mph)[59] 8.6 s[59] 5[59] DC Charging Time (30% to 80%): 30min AC Charging Time (30% to 80%): 5.5h[59] 520 km (323 mi) (NEDC)[59] ? Xpeng P7 High Performance 170 km/h (110 mph)[60] 4.3 s[60] 5[60] DC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 31min AC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 6.5h Three-phase Electric Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 4.2h[60] 552 km (343 mi) (NEDC)[60] ? Xpeng P7 Long Range 170 km/h (110 mph)[60] 6.7 s[60] 5[60] DC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 28 min AC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 5.7h Three-phase Electric Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 3.6h[60] 568 km (353 mi) (NEDC)[60] ? Xpeng P7 Super Long Range Standard 170 km/h (110 mph)[60] 6.7 s[60] 5[60] DC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 31min AC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 6.5h Three-phase Electric Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 4.2h[60] 706 km (439 mi) (NEDC)[60] ? Xpeng P7 Super Long Range Smart/Premium 170 km/h (110 mph)[60] 6.7 s[60] 5[60] DC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 31min AC Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 6.5h Three-phase Electric Charging Time (30% to 80% charge): 4.2h[60] 656 km (408 mi) (NEDC)[60]

What are the new cars or SUVs coming in 2021 that are worth waiting?

Future cars: The best upcoming cars worth waiting for Cars aren’t just a mode of transportation anymore — they’re becoming large smart devices with wheels. I’m not just referring to EVs. Gasoline-powered vehicles and hybrids are smarter than ever with various driver-assist systems, personal assistants, advanced powertrain technology, and loads of safety features. In the past, future cars were a simple evolution of the model before, but that has completely changed. The competitive nature of the automotive industry coupled with the latest technological advancements will pave the way for future cars that we could have only dreamed of a decade ago. One good example is the Hyundai Prophecy concept, a stunning, self-driving electric car with Blade Runner-like technology. It comes from a company no one thought much about just a few years ago. It’s not alone; we’ve compiled a list of the 20 best future cars that will arrive by 2022. 2021 Rivian R1T and R1S Available in: 2021 Base price: $69,000 (R1T), 72,500 (R1S) Why it’s worth the wait: Because it accelerates like a sports car, can off-road like Land Rover’s Range Rover, and has a quad-motor system (don’t forget about its tank turning ability). The main difference between Rivian‘s R1T and R1S is the body. The basic platform (including the lithium-ion battery pack and the four motors) is the same: the different power outputs, the 125-mph top speed, and the supercar-like acceleration. There are three variants of each model. The most basic one has a 105-kilowatt-hour battery pack that delivers up to 230 miles of range, 402 horsepower, and a zero-to-60-mph time of 4.9 seconds. Next up is a model with a 135-kWh battery, a 300-mile range, a whopping 754 hp, and a three-second sprint to 60. Finally, the 180-kWh model can drive for up to 400 miles between charges, makes 700 hp, and reaches 60 mph in 3.2 seconds. The R1T has a 1,764-pound payload capacity and an 11,000-pound towing capacity if you're more into hauling. 2022 Ferrari Purosangue Available in: 2021 Base price: $350,000 (est.) Why it’s worth the wait: This is Ferrari’s first SUV, what else is there to say? For many years, Ferrari promised it would never do what almost every automaker has done: Make an SUV. That’s why the Italian firm prefers the term FUV, which stands for Ferrari Utility Vehicle. Regardless, the Purosangue is going to be good-looking, loud, high-tech, and, of course, exceptionally quick. We don’t expect to find a V12 under the hood, but a hybrid system made up of a twin-turbocharged V8 and one or more electric motors is likely. Early estimates peg its output at over 700 horsepower but under the SF90’s 986-horse rating. All-wheel drive and an adjustable suspension should guarantee at least a smidge of off-road prowess. Visually, the Purosangue will likely borrow a handful of styling cues from the GTC4Lusso hatchback (pictured above). 2021 Audi E-Tron GT Available in: 2021 Base price: $90,000 (est.) Why it’s worth the wait: It’s Audi’s Tesla-fighter. If you squint, you might see some of the Porsche Taycan‘s DNA while looking at the Audi E-Tron GT concept. That’s hardly a surprise: The two electric sedans are built on the same bones. We haven’t seen the production version of Audi’s sleek four-door yet, but the concept is a real head-turner. Its dual-motor powertrain gives it 590 horsepower and allows it to reach 60 mph in 3.5 seconds while keeping your foot down will get it to 124 mph in 12 seconds. Audi claims a 249-mile driving range on the European testing cycle. We’ll have a better idea of what the specifications sheet will look like when the production model makes its debut in late 2020. 2022 Polestar 3 Available in: 2021 Base price: $70,000 (est.) Why it’s worth the wait: The 3 will take Volvo-owned Polestar into the SUV segment. Polestar’s 1, a plug-in hybrid coupe, and 2, an electric fastback, are both in production. The firm is now looking ahead to its tallest vehicle yet, the aptly-named 3. Official specifications about this SUV are few and far between but we expect dual-motor all-wheel-drive, about 300 miles of range, and an updated version of the Android-powered infotainment system that made its debut in the 2. From a design standpoint, Polestar told Digital Trends the 3 will draw inspiration from the Precept concept (shown above) unveiled in 2020. Anyone can get an exclusive idea of these cars by watching this video. 2021 Cadillac CT5-V Blackwing and CT4-V Blackwing Available in: 2021 Base price: $65,000 (CT4) (est.), $85,000 (CT5) (est.) Why it’s worth the wait: They’re Cadillac’s next super-sedans. Cadillac still gives a shift. The sedan that will replace the CTS-V will continue to offer a six-speed manual transmission. Those who don’t need or want three pedals will be able to order a 10-speed automatic. Either way, we expect the CT5-V Blackwing will receive Cadillac’s 6.2-liter V8 supercharged to 650 hp. The smaller CT4-V Blackwing (shown above) will replace the excellent ATS-V. It will receive an evolution of its predecessor’s twin-turbocharged, 3.6-liter V6 rated at over 465 hp. Transmission options will include a 10-speed automatic and a six-speed stick. To be clear, neither of these high-performance family-haulers will receive the seemingly short-lived Blackwing V8 inaugurated by the CT6-V. This orphan of an engine might not be used again. 2021 Volkswagen ID.4 Available in: 2021 (or late 2020) Base price: $36,000 (est.) Why it’s worth the wait: It’s the first purpose-designed electric car Volkswagen will sell in the U.S. The Tiguan-sized ID.4 is an electric crossover that will join Volkswagen’s battery-only ID sub-brand. Although not a ton of information has been released about it, we know a rear-wheel drive, single-motor version will be available at launch and an all-wheel-drive, dual-motor model will join the range a little later. The ID.4 will be built on Volkswagen’s modular MEB platform, which also underpins the Europe-only ID.3 and the ID. Buggy we drove in California in 2019. It will later be joined in showrooms by an electric van inspired by the rear-engined Bus. 2022 Tesla Roadster Available in: 2021 (or 2022) Base price: $200,000 Why it’s worth the wait: This will be Tesla’s most powerful and fastest car. No, we’re not talking about t he original Roadster that Elon Musk launched into space; we’re looking forward to the second-generation model, which will arrive as an electric supercar. The next Roadster will use an extra-large, 200-kWh battery pack that will give it incredible performance. Tesla claims a 1.9-second zero-to-60-mph time (or, if you’re brave, zero-to-100 in 4.3 seconds), an 8.8-second quarter-mile time, and a top speed of over 250 mph. We expect the all-wheel-drive Roadster will pack three electric motors (one upfront and two in the rear) but a two-motor configuration is also possible. The four-seater EV will also offer a generous, 620-mile driving range and a removable glass roof. Tesla is already taking reservations so enthusiasts can make a $5,000 initial deposit and a $45,000 payment within 10 days. The Founders Series Roadster requires a much higher $245,000 payment within 10 days. 2021 Volkswagen Golf GTI Available in: 2021 Base price: $29,000 (est.) Why it’s worth the wait: Because it’s a hot hatch icon that’s practical, fun to drive, and affordable. The upcoming eighth-generation GTI has more power than its predecessor. This probably answers your first question. It’s still powered by a turbocharged, 2.0-liter four-cylinder engine but its output now checks in at 241 hp and 273 lb-ft. of torque compared to 228 and 258, respectively, for the outgoing model. Volkswagen makes a six-speed manual transmission standard but a seven-speed dual-clutch automatic is offered at an extra cost. On the tech front, a 10-inch touchscreen for the infotainment system and a 10.2-inch digital instrument cluster help give the interior a modern and premium look. Expect slightly more space for people and gear thanks to the eighth-gen Golf’s larger dimensions. The GTI will go on sale in Europe before it reaches North America. 2021 BMW i4 Available in: 2021 Base price: $50,000 (est.) Why it’s worth the wait: This is BMW’s answer to the Tesla Model 3. The i4 will be BMW’s third i-badged car when it enters production in Munich, Germany, in 2021. Its 80-kWh lithium-ion battery pack will power a 530-hp powertrain that will unlock a 3.5-second sprint from zero to 60 mph. The range will check in at about 270 miles. We haven’t seen the production version yet, but the concept (shown above) introduced in 2020 gives us an accurate idea of what the model will look like when it lands in showrooms. 2021 Ford Mustang Mach-E Available in: Late 2020 Base price: $43,895 Why it’s worth the wait: It’s Ford’s first purpose-designed EV. The sporty-looking Mustang Mach-E is an electric crossover, not a sports car, but it’s quick nonetheless. It will be offered in five variants ranging from the entry-level Select to the flagship GT. The range champion will be the rear-wheel-drive California Route 1, which will be capable of driving for about 300 miles between charges. Don’t let the name fool you; the Mach-E shares nothing with the two-door Mustang. It’s electric, and it’s packed with cutting-edge tech features like a portrait-oriented touchscreen on the center stack. 2021 BMW M3 and M4 Available in: 2020 Base price: $40,000 (est.) Why it’s worth the wait: It’s the latest in a long line of driver-friendly BMW models. Rear-wheel drive and manual transmission? Yes, please! Don’t worry if that’s not for you; an automatic transmission will also be available. All-wheel drive will join the list of options for the first time, too. Purists will undoubtedly shun this version but it will be a little bit quicker than the rear-wheel-drive variant. The next-generation M3 (and its two-door counterpart, the M4) will share their twin-turbocharged, 3.0-liter straight-six with the X3 M. It makes 473 hp and 442 lb-ft. of torque in its most basic state of tune, and 503 hp in Competition trim. Time will tell if BMW keeps these figures for its lower models or if it builds on them. 2021 Mercedes EQC Available in: 2021 Base price: $67,900 Why it’s worth the wait: It’s the most convincing electric car from Mercedes-Benz to date. Mercedes-Benz delayed the North American launch of its electric EQC crossover by a year, so we’ll have to wait and see what the three-pointed star’s answer to Tesla is really like. Fortunately, for us, we have plenty of information about this dual-motor, all-wheel-drive electric car. The powertrain generates 402 hp and 561 lb-ft. of torque, which launches the EQC to 60 mph in 4.8 seconds. An 80-kWh battery pack powers the motors. Its range should check-in at approximately 220 miles, though we won’t know for sure until it lands on our shores. The EQC will offer a long list of driver-assistance features and dual 10.25-inch touchscreens — one for the digital instrument cluster, and the second for the infotainment system. Pricing starts at $67,900 before incentives. 2022 GMC Hummer Available in: Late 2021 Base price: $70,000 (est.) Why it’s worth the wait: It’s GMC’s entry into the electric truck segment. Like many electric trucks, the GMC Hummer will have a lot of big numbers to brag about. How do three motors and 1,000 horsepower sound? Or, a three-second sprint to 60 mph? GMC will offer one-, two-, and three-motor variants of the born-again Hummer. Its large, 200-kWh battery pack will unlock up to 400 miles of driving range, though smaller batteries will be available. Production will take place in Detroit, in the same factory that once built Chevrolet’s Volt and Impala models, and the pickup will reach showrooms at about the same time as some of its rivals, including the Rivian R1T and the electric Ford F-150. 2022 Jeep Wagoneer and Grand Wagoneer Available in: Late 2021 Base price: $40,000 (est.), $50,000 (est.) Why it’s worth the wait: Because they will be Jeep’s biggest and most luxurious models. The Grand Cherokee is big, but it’s not big enough. Considering Jeep is an off-roader specialist in a world dominated by high-riding models, it’s a little odd to notice it doesn’t have a full-size, three-row SUV to compete with the Ford Expedition and the Chevrolet Tahoe, among others. That will change in the early 2020s. Jeep confirmed it’s bringing back the Wagoneer and the Grand Wagoneer nameplates on a pair of SUVs that will share their body-on-frame construction with the surprisingly docile Ram 1500 pickup. They’ll get an independent rear suspension, up to three rows of seats, and a wide panoply of powertrains including hybrid and diesel options. The luxurious Grand Wagoneer will chase the Cadillac Escalade and the Lincoln Navigator into the six-digit territory. 2022 Tesla Cybertruck Available in: Late 2021 (or 2022) Base price: $39,900 Why it’s worth the wait: It’s the first electric truck from the company that started the EV craze. Before we dive into the specs and pricing, remember that this futuristic-looking truck has an outer exterior shell (or exoskeleton) made of what Tesla calls ultra-hard 30X cold-rolled stainless steel. It also has what the company calls armor glass, glass and polymer layered composite that is made to be stronger than regular glass, though this didn’t work as advertised in 2019. And, the cargo box is configured to hold (and charge) an electric ATV. The Cybertruck will come in three flavors. The base, rear-wheel-drive single-motor version ($39,900) will have a driving range of up to 250 miles, a 7,500-pound towing capacity, and a 6.5-second zero-to-60-mph time. The mid-range, all-wheel-drive model ($49,900) will have a 300-mile range, a 10,000-pound towing capacity, and a 4.5-second zero-to-60 time. Finally, the flagship model ($69,900) will drive for about 500 miles between charges, tow 14,000 pounds, and reach 60 in 2.9 seconds. An autopilot and an air suspension will be standard on every variant. 2021 Ford Bronco and Bronco Sport Available in: Late 2020 (or early 2021) Base price: $32,000 (Bronco, est.), $28,000 (Bronco Sport, est.) Why it’s worth the wait: The legendary Bronco nameplate returns to compete against the Jeep Wrangler. The Bronco is back, and it has the emblematic Jeep Wrangler in its crosshairs. This rugged, body-on-frame off-roader will be available with two or four doors and both versions will come with a removable top. Adventurers will also be able to remove the doors and fold down the windshield. Ford has done its best to keep the design under wraps until the model’s official unveiling but a variety of leaked images revealed it ahead of time. Sources close to the Blue oval suggest the entry-level engine will be an evolution of the turbocharged, 2.3-liter four-cylinder that equips the Ranger. V6 engines from the F-150 might appear on the list of options. Rumors claim a 10-speed automatic transmission will be standard, and a seven-speed manual with a granny gear will be optional. Aimed right at Jeep’s Compass, the smaller Bronco Sport won’t be as rugged but it should still be capable when the going gets tough. It will be built on a unibody platform shared with the new Escape, and it will receive three- and four-cylinder engines depending on the trim level. Hybrid power will be available sooner or later, too. Both variants of the Bronco — which won’t share anything other than a name — will make their debut in 2020. 2022 Ford F-150 Electric Available in: 2022 (or late 2021) Base price: $60,000 (est.) Why it’s worth the wait: It’s the electric version of America’s most popular truck. Unlike the other electric trucks on the list, there is currently little information on the F-150 Electric (prototype pictured above). Besides its ability to tow a train, which isn’t as impressive as it might sound, we don’t know much about it. It’s safe to say this pickup will offer quick acceleration (zero-to-60-mph in about four seconds), a driving range in the vicinity of 300 miles, and multiple motor configurations with different power outputs. Regardless of specifications, the electric F-150 will have plenty of competition when it goes on sale. It will be interesting to see if Ford’s hot-selling trucks can continue outselling their rivals in the EV world. 2020 Audi RS6 Avant Available in: 2020 Base price: $109,000 Why it’s worth the wait: It’s a fast, gorgeous super-wagon — and a rare thing in America. Audi is finally bringing the high-performance RS 6 Avant to the United States. It was worth the wait because it packs a twin-turbocharged, 4.0-liter V8 that sends 591 hp and 590 lb-ft. of torque to the four wheels via Audi’s time-tested Quattro system. These figures correspond to a 3.5-second sprint to 60 mph, though that’s likely a conservative number and a 190-mph top speed. It’s high-tech, too, thanks in part to a 48-volt mild-hybrid system that keeps fuel economy in check and a long list of driver-assistance features. Inside, there’s a 12.3-inch digital instrument cluster and a pair of large, high-resolution color touchscreens for the infotainment system. This is arguably the hottest-looking Audi available in 2020, though the RS 7 Sportback isn’t far behind. 2021 Porsche Taycan Cross Turismo Available in: 2021 (or late 2020) Base price: $109,000 (est.) Why it’s worth the wait: It’s the most practical version of the Porsche Taycan and it’s a wagon. Somehow, a second wagon landed on this list. It’s not your average family hauler; this wagon is electric and, best of all, it’s a Porsche. Positioned as a more spacious evolution of the Taycan, the Cross Turismo will get a more rugged design and a few additional inches of ground clearance to allow for light off-roading. We expect it will be identical to its sedan counterpart under the sheet metal, so it will post impressive performance numbers. 2021 Mercedes-Benz S-Class Available in: 2021 Base price: $99,000 (est.) Why it’s worth the wait: Except for models from brands like Rolls-Royce and Bentley, the Mercedes S-Class has been the benchmark of large luxury sedans for decades. It’s a little easier to forget the high price when you purchase such a highly advanced piece of technology. Until recently, it would have been weird to say that a vehicle is a technological masterpiece. However, with all the incredible innovations and improvements within the auto industry, we’ll certainly be seeing and experiencing first-hand the aftereffects in our vehicles. We’re confident that brand new features like driver assistance will astound anyone without prior experience with similar systems. One of the many exceptional upgrades to the vehicle’s interior is a vertical touchscreen on the dashboard. If you love screens, you’ll love this new feature. With this vehicle, you’ll get four additional screens in separate areas throughout the car, offering an entirely new dynamic experience between driver and car. Thanks to a 3D Digital Instrument Cluster, drivers can connect with their car environments in seemingly impossible ways. The S500 model offers a hefty 429 hp 3.0-liter motor. With the EQ boost mild-hybrid system, you could increase your horsepower to 450hp. Those seeking exceptional performance and comfort will receive a 500hp motor and plug-in hybrid feature with the S580 model. Both models provide rear-wheel steering to help you out during difficult parking situations. The S-Class features a hydro-pneumatic suspension system (much like the one installed in the GLC) for optimal comfort and a bump-free ride. We believe the S-Class is in a stable place to triumph over all competitors within the luxury hybrid market. We’ll see how it plays out over time, but it will be fun to watch what happens in the market. Customers looking for a luxury EV should check out the EQS, set to release in the early 2020s.

What is the future of electric cars in India?

With rapid urbanization, rising income, government support and policies has helped the country to become the world’s 4th largest automobile market in 2017.[1] The country also has one of the largest road networks in the world, covering more than 5.5 million kms. Due to improved connectivity between cities, towns and villages more than 64% of all the goods are transported via roads and around 90% of the country’s passenger traffic uses road network for travelling.[2] Growth in sales of automobiles contributed to the increase in the demand of oil consumption and rise in the greenhouse gases. In 2018, India is the 3rd largest importer of crude oil and around 80% of its oil needs are fulfilled through imports[3]. After China and the US, India is also the 3rd largest emitter of Greenhouse gases in the world[4]. Even the report on AQI (Air Quality Index) for the top 10 countries with the worst air pollution index shows the unhealthy air pollution level which is really alarming[5]. Under the Paris Agreement, India has pledged a 33-35% reduction in the “emissions intensity” of its economy by 2030, compared to 2005 levels. To achieve this target, India has started working in reducing its dependence on fossil fuels. Out of various initiatives, Government of India launched National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020 in the year 2013. This initiative was launched with an aim to achieve national fuel security, providing affordable and environmentally friendly transportation and creation of employment opportunities by developing competitive & world class manufacturing facility for electric vehicles.[6] Inline with its objective, Government of India is pushing for a complete conversion of three-wheelers, scooters and motorcycles with engine capabilities of less than 150cc to electric by 2023 and 2025[7] . But there are certain challenges that are associated with the mass adoption of electric vehicles in India. Challenges: 1) One of the significant factors for the slow growth of EVs is their higher price which is around 2-2.5 times more than the similar conventional vehicles.[8] 2) The range per charge for electric vehicle is also a major concern. Higher range will need higher battery capacity and it will lead to increase in the price of electric vehicles and thus, making it unaffordable by the majority of people. 3) There is a need to develop robust charging infrastructure which is essential for the faster adoption of electric vehicles. This will also help in addressing the range-related anxiety among the people. 4) Refuelling the tank of conventional vehicles (internal combustion engine) will hardly take 5-6 minutes. Whereas, in case of EVs even the fast charging options on luxury cars like the Mercedes-Benz EQC and Audi e-tron need a minimum of 30-40 minutes for charging the batteries.[9] 5) This also require our cities, residential complex, shopping malls etc. to be designed in such a way that provide better parking facilities and sufficient open spaces with charging infrastructure to accommodate large fleet of vehicles.[10] 6) The important component of electric vehicle is its battery and currently all electric vehicles use lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). These batteries are expensive and don’t support long distance travel. 7) The critical element that are present in these batteries are lithium & cobalt. Major problem with these metals is that they are available in only few countries. 60% of the world’s total reserves of cobalt is in Congo and 65% of lithium reserves is with Bolivia and Chile. 8) China the largest producer of electric vehicles has captured more than 60% of the global battery market share. To maintain its supremacy and to become a global hub of manufacturing EVs and batteries, it has purchased the mines in Congo, Chile, Bolivia and Australia.[11] 9) In 2016, the Indian government announced that the country would skip the BS-V norms altogether and adopt BS-VI norms by 2020. Expert estimated that industry would have to spend more than Rs 60,000 crore to comply with BS-VI norms. This makes more investment in electric vehicles a challenge.[12] 10) Switching to EVs will also need skilled manpower to tackle the problems associated with it. So, the country has to reskill the large number of mechanics to make them aware of the technicalities of the vehicles. 11) Electric vehicles will also eliminate the need of various auto components like engine valves, pistons, fuel injection systems, cooling systems, exhaust pipe etc. that are used in internal combustion engine vehicles. As a result, the survival of various auto ancillary manufacturing unit could become unviable and thus it will put around 1.5 million jobs at risk.[13] Implementation of EVs need long term approach and proper planning because any haphazard and forceful decision, will have an adverse effect on automotive industries. Meanwhile, the nation should invest more in R&D to become a leader in next generation battery technology that will reduce our dependence on other countries. Image Source: https://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/EV_report.pdf Footnotes [1] Automobile Industry in India [2] Road Network in India: National Highways, Projects, Govt Initiatives [3] India's oil import bill to jump by 25% in FY18 [4] The Carbon Brief Profile: India [5] World's Air Pollution: Real-time Air Quality Index [6] Implementation of National Electric Mobility Mission Plan [7] India's electric vehicle journey so far: A story of nudges and trudges [8] http://www.siam.in/uploads/filemanager/114SIAMWhitePaperonElectricVehicles.pdf [9] Opinion: India’s Electric Vehicle Challenge [10] https://www.pwc.in/assets/pdfs/publications/2018/use-of-electric-vehicles-to-transform-mass-transportation-in-india.pdf [11] Dream or nightmare: Why India should postpone its electric vehicle plans for ten years [12] Why the government is betting big on EVs, and why the gambit has automobile industry worried - ET EnergyWorld [13] Why the government is betting big on EVs, and why the gambit has automobile industry worried - ET EnergyWorld

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