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do jaguar f pace have remote start

บทความที่เกี่ยวข้อง do jaguar f pace have remote start

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วิดีโอรถยนต์ที่เกี่ยวข้อง do jaguar f pace have remote start

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รีวิว Q&A do jaguar f pace have remote start

What is your opinion of the new Jaguar F‑PACE?

Having owned an F-Pace for 2 years, (after owning 2 further Jaguar’s previously), and having now got rid of it, I would say that conceptually it's great. But build quality and Jaguar customer support has slipped so far that it became impossible for me to continue to own it. As a driver’s SUV, it was a great drive - it genuinely felt like you were driving a sports saloon (it felt a lot like my XF). The balance was excellent, the centre of gravity surprisingly low, the feedback was great. The trouble was anything to do with the ECU, electronics and drivers aids. My first major issue was on holiday in Portugal. I got out to the car one morning, it automatically unlocked, I got in……… and all the screens stayed dark. Hit the start button, nothing happened. Then a screen came on but the engine wouldn't start. Then the screen stopped again. It would connect to the remote app, so battery wasn't an issue, but it wouldn’t move. It had to be flat bedded to the nearest Jaguar dealaership, and that was a struggle as they couldn't even get it to release the handbrake - even manually by taking the engine cover off. I won't even mention how Jaguar European Assist then managed to “lose” my car for 24 hours, before I just went to the local dealer myself to find that they had just reflashed the ECU. Over the next 6–12 months, I had an enormous variety of problems. Cameras stopped working, then started again at random. I got ECU management warnings all over the place. The start/stop system failed. To begin with, Jaguar were quite helpful. I was taking pictures of the various error messages, with tiome stamps, so that they could see something definitely was wrong. They replaced various cabling harnesses, at one point even replaced one of the ICE systems. But after a while they started to lose interest. I'd report a fault (with accompanying photgraphs) and they would just return the car saying that there was no evidence of a fault. This went on time and time again; I even managed to get a fault to replicate at one point with the prinicpile engineer at my dealership sta alongside me to witness it. But 2 days later, the same answer. After a while, I just gave up, and traded it in against an Audi - which is where I then found out that trade-ins against F-Paces are now considered extremely risky propositions as there’s so many really poor build examples out there. I tried all the trade in websites to get an alternative valuation and discovered that Audi were actually giving me over the odds. So, in summary, it looks good and drives great. Assuming you can get it to drive at all. And if something goes wrong, god help you.

What is your favorite car and why?

Right now it’s a toss up between my 2007 Mazda RX-8 and my 2017 Jaguar F-Pace. First, the RX-8 The RX-8 was stupidly fun to drive. The 1.3L Wankel engine allowed that thing to rev forever and while no gear pushed you back into the seat, the low profile of the car gave the impression you were traveling faster than you really were. The weight distribution and the rear wheel drive led to fun times around corners, and when my daughter and her friends were little they loved “sharp turns” in the car pretty much everywhere we drove (I had to announce each one, it was like a game). The big downside was that it was just too small to be practical, but that didn’t stop me from driving the hell out of it for seven years. Oh yeah, it was a pain to maintain due to it needing oil put in nearly every other fill up. Now, I’m a few years older, and a few years wiser (that’s what I tell myself), and I have the new Jaguar SUV. I have the R-Sport, with the diesel engine, as gas mileage is now important to me. It’s the smoothest ride I’ve had, and in spite of it being a SUV, it handles more like a sports car. It doesn’t wallow through turns, it carves them. While the diesel version won’t be making any land-speed records, with it set in Dynamic Mode and the dial turned from Drive to Sport, it’s aggressive enough off the line to satisfy the small child in me. I got the car in February and have already put over 5,000 miles on it (averaging ~1,300 miles per month) so the technology in the car is nice to have, most especially the adaptive cruise control. Frankly, I’m spoiled with it. Once I hit the interstate, I throw the cruise control on 85 mph and let it handle almost all my changes in speed until I hit my destination. It’ll even take you down to a complete stop w/o intervention (that took some serious getting used to). The biggest downside to it is the associated phone apps. The Remote app is okay at best, allowing you to lock/unlock, or start the vehicle from anywhere in the world, but it’s hugely dependent on the cell phone signal, and where I live the AT&T signal is spotty at best. The other two apps are horrible. The Navigation app’s concept is great, but the app believes that my car has been parked outside D’s Island Grill JA (in Tucson, AZ… nice place) and has been there since I first visited it immediately after buying the car. The other app is for things like audio books, smart radio, etc., but it has virtually no useful apps it interfaces with, and even then it’s spotty.

What has been done to reduce global warming? Have these brought any noticeable changes in the global climate change?

I opine that little is done in India and most part of the world to reduce Global Warming. In India. I can list out what has to be done. That can mend and defend the end of this world. The only solution to turn away the catastrophe is to adopt Negative Emission Technologies that can cut emissions. We must be able to remove billions of tons of CO2 . It requires a big study and exploitation.Current knowledge on negative emissions technologies is incomplete. The global warming potential of 6 major greenhouse gases. The measure takes into account the heat trapping abilities and the time the gas stays in the atmosphere. GASes that cause GLOBAL WARMING 1) CO2 , 2) CH4 , 3) N2O 4) HFC 5) PFC & 6) SF6 4. Hydrofluro carbons (HFCs) are manmade chemicals 5. Perfluro Carbons (PFCs), primarily released through aluminium production, refrigeration equipment and semi-conductor manufacture. They are largely immune to the process that breaks down most pollutants in the atmosphere 6. Sulphur Hexa fluride (SF6) is manmade chemical. We can slow the Global Warming and reduce the consequences that will occur. I give below some of my thoughts that can control the Global Warming. 1. Population .As the population grows, people need to remove more trees. They use the land to make farms. They use the wood from the trees to make buildings and other things, or they burn the trees as firewood. Sometimes, forests are lost because people want to make cities bigger. Deforestation may be caused due to increase of population. According to David Attenborough “Instead of controlling the environment for the benefit of population, maybe we should control the population to ensure the survival of our environment. Population growth is not the direct cause of global warming, burning fossil fuels is. CO2 emissions are reasonably well correlated to population. The average human exhales about 2.3 pounds of carbon dioxide on an average day. (The exact quantity depends on your activity level—a person engaged in vigorous exercise produces up to eight times as much CO2 as his sedentary brethren.).Think of the CO2 released by 1.3 billion population. Most climate scientists agree the main cause of the current global warming trend is human expansion. According to David Suzuki, If we want to address global warming, along with the other environmental problems associated with our continued rush to burn our precious fossil fuels as quickly as possible, we must learn to use our resources more wisely, kick our addiction, and quickly start turning to sources of energy that have fewer negative impacts. Pollution from human activities is changing the Earth's climate. We see the damage that a disrupted climate can do: on our coasts, our farms, forests, mountains, and cities. Those impacts will grow more severe unless we start reducing global warming pollution now. Impact on Economy. Population growth can safely be singled out as the most important cause of a number of ills of the Indian economy. If the population of the country increases, the rate of growth of per capita falls to keep pace with the rate of growth of national power. Increasing population increases the supply of manpower which ultimately results in high unemployment rate. There is already lack of housing, education and health care facilities in the country, which demand an additional expenditure in these sectors, .Steps to bring the population under control requires immediate attention as overpopulation results in inadequate fresh water for drinking, depletion of natural resources, increased levels of air pollution, water pollution, soil contamination and noise pollution, deforestation and loss of ecosystems' changes in atmospheric composition and consequent global warming, Irreversible loss of arable land and increases in desertification, mass species extinctions, etc. It may also result in low hygiene conditions and conflict over scarce resources and crowding, leading to increased levels of warfare and may lead to less personal freedom or more restrictive . Population growth is the gravest issue the world faces. It is worse than nuclear war. If we do not commit ourselves, the poser will be solved by famine, riots, revolt and war India has 380 million acres of cultivable land for 1300 million populations. Each person will get less than 30 cents for his one year food. In that 30 cents poultry, cattle and dog food must come. To fill his belly for one year a person requires 2 acres of land. If calculated on that basis, India can have a population of 180 million. India has 200 million excess populations Does India have a plan? Yes, China did it and grew.. China created over 120 million jobs – 12 million a year, one million a month – between 2002 and 2012. In contrast, India created 60 million jobs between 2005 and 2010. Worse, nearly four of 10 jobs created were in the low-skilled construction sector Government Efforts Government must encourage people to have one child helping the child to get government facilities. As Artificial intelligence and robots can do jobs better in future, getting a job may pose a problem. Global warming will bring rough going. Hence it is better not to have children. If they get children, children will suffer. We do not have walking space in cities. Most of the streets are parked by vehicles on either side and enough garbage and sewage in the streets. This is caused by population. We do not have stringent laws to curtail birth rate. Useless laws weaken the necessary laws. China is the most populous nation of the world. It realized the concern to plummet the population growth rate. So being an autocratic government, the decision making was easy. It made straight laws of not having more than two children per family. It’s going to be a huge infrastructure challenge. People in India are already perched on the rooftops of trains and hanging out of bus doors. Our buses now pack more than the population of some small countries. We must curb Population Growth. It must be the top most priority of India. If population is set right, all conflicts and problems will be set right. Not by other ways. 2. Emissions from waste disposal and sewage. Treatment of organic waste keeps environment clean. We must get fuel from MSW, sewage, human, Animal & agricultural waste. In cities we can get fuel from MSW, Sewage, human & slaughter house waste. MSW is treated with enzymes cellulase, hemicellulase, Xylase amylase, lipase & protease. Anaerobic digestion (AD) is conversion of organic material directly to biogas, a mixture of CH4 and CO2. It is decomposed by microbial consortium. AD of biomass requires less investment per unit production cost compared to other renewable energy sources, such as hydro, solar & wind energy. Biogas production from crop residues is economically feasible on a farm-scale level. On scrubbing bio-gas can be utilised as fuel. If left on nature, methane and CO2 cause Global Warming. How can we control Global warming from waste? 1. Convert all human and animal waste as Methane 2. CO2 produced during bio-gas should not reach atmosphere. Pass the Co2 through salt water or Ammonia solution. We get Ammonia or Sod. Bi carbonate Methane should not reach atmosphere. It must be burnt as cooking fuel or vehicle fuel to arrest Global Warming 3. Control Of GHG By Plasma Gasification Plasma gasification is thermal process using plasma which converts organic matter into syngas made up of H2 & CO. Plasma torch powered by an electric arc ionize gas and catalyse organic matter into syngas with slag remaining as a by-product. It is used commercially as a form of waste treatment for gasification of MSW, biomass, industrial waste, hazardous waste, and solid hydrocarbons, Advantages : Hazardous, medical and toxic waste can be handled. Less amount of waste and slag generation compared to incineration plant. No harmful emissions. Great technology to get rid of plastics waste. It mitigates land-filling area required. Syngas produced can be used for electricity generation or for heating applications. How can plasma Gasification control Global Warming? 1. Plasma gasification is benchmarked against conventional incineration, a commonly used thermal treatment method in waste processing. 2. The process yields significant impacts on climate change, human toxicity, PM formation, metal depletion and fossil depletion impact categories. 3. Plasma gasification can achieve the goals of Enhanced Landfill Mining environmentally. 4. Plasma gasification has the potential to “eat up” all this trash, leaving only energy and valuable materials (and producing no greenhouse gas emissions. Taiwan, Japan, England,US & Canada have the technology. Can India wake up? 5. Each ton gives us 600 litres of ethanol, 825 KWH of electricity and slag 6. India can utilise Plasma Gasification to recycle the waste of automobile, air-conditioners & refrigerators. Auto-shredding plants save foreign exchange & preserve natural resources like iron ore 4. Converting industrial smoke as ethanol How can smoke cause Global Warming? Manufacturing industries release large amount of CO, HC, organic compounds, and chemicals into the air thereby depleting the quality of air. Smoke causes Air Pollution, Release of chemicals and particulates into the atmosphere. Common gaseous pollutants include CO, SO2, CFCs and NOx produced by industry. Ozone and smog are created as NOx and HC react to sunlight. PM or fine dust is size PM10 to PM2.5. Air pollution produced by ships may alter clouds, affecting global temperatures. Remedy for Industrial Smoke. Industrial smoke can be converted as electricity and ethanol. Emission from chimneys can be compressed in cylinders and sent by blowers or vacuum suckers to gasifier. From gasifiers emission is treated by plasma pyrolysis, scrubbed and converted as ethanol in bioreactor by anaerobic microbes that can convert the gas into ethanol. Industrial combustion is formed by N2 80–90% , CO2 10–15% , CO 40–85 ppm, NOx7–25 ppm SO1–20 ppm. HC& furans are low. Emission gases from industries may be devoid of hydrogen. For preparation of ethanol, C, H2 & O2 are needed. We can add steam or MSW along with industrial smoke for H2 supply to produce ethanol. 5. Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel burning vehicles All the world's nations combined pumped nearly 38.2 billion tons of CO2 into the air from the burning of fossil fuels such as coal and oil, according to new international calculations on global emissions published in the journal Nature Climate Change. Dec 2, 2012 A typical passenger vehicle emits about 4.6 metric tons of CO2 per year. This assumes the average gasoline vehicle on the road today has a fuel economy of about 22.0 miles per gallon and drives around 11,500 miles per year. Every gallon of gasoline burned creates about 8,887 grams of CO2. The four main pollutant emissions from diesel engines CO, HC, PM and NOx How can we control CO2 to control Global Warming? It can be controlled by absorbing atmospheric green House Gases by the vehicles when they run. An exhaust can be devised to adsorb all pollutants. Atmospheric air can be scrubbed. Road dust can also be reduced drastically. 6. Electrical Vehicles with no grid charging I am not an engineer and I am not quite competent to talk on this area. Yet with my common sense and basic science knowledge, I feel we can. Because we know more when we do and interact. I even dream an electric tractor and bike with shaft driven. Vehicles must have lifting gas. That makes facile running. If I dream a dream alone, it will be a dream. If I dream a dream with a knowledgeable team and a theme it can be supreme and clearer like a running stream Battery electric vehicles use electricity stored in a battery pack to power an electric motor and turn the wheels. When depleted, the batteries are recharged using grid electricity. It is cheaper to run.. It is better for the environment with health benefits. Fossil fuels pollute environment and its reserve is limited India's dependence on imported fossil fuels rose to 38% in 2012. When we charge vehicles from fossil fuel produced electricity, environment is polluted. We can get electricity for vehicles from 4 sources 1. Rotating wheels 2. Wind energy 3. Piezoelectricity from tires and 4. Solar Energy Every rotating object is a potential electric generator. Generator attached to the wheels slows the car down, converting the vehicle's inertia into electricity and diverts the inertia energy, causing a decrease in inertia, resulting in lower speed, while converting inertia into electricity. Inertia is the resistance of any physical object to any change in its position and state of motion. Tendency of an object to resist changes in its state of motion varies with mass. It can be designed to get electricity from wheels avoiding installing stator and rotor medial to wheels. We must steer clear of interaction of generator and braking system and inertia. Apart from Rotating wheels, wind energy, Piezoelectricity from tires and Solar Energy can be made use of. Wind Energy HELIX-WIND TURBINE and VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE can be planned for wind energy. Shell-shaped wind turbine offers silent and efficient energy production In a jaguar concept car a thin coating of piezoelectric materials were fastened on outside of the body. When the car moves down a road, air moving past deforms the piezoelectric materials generating electricity to recharge the car battery. The design has the potential to develop into electric cars with unlimited range. Solar Energy. V3Solar's spinning solar cells generate 20 times more electricity than flat photovoltaic. The Spin Cell could be a game-changer in its market. V3 explains that if one places a 20x solar concentration on a flat, static solar panel then “the temperature quickly reaches 260 degree F, the solder melts within ten seconds, and the PV fails. With the same concentration on the Spin Cell, temp. never exceeds 95degree F.” One meter-diameter cones feature a layer of hundreds of triangular photovoltaic cells positioned at an angle of 56 degrees, encased in a “static hermetically-sealed outer lens concentrator. To my knowledge, nobody has used V3Solar's spinning solar cells in a car. How can we control Global Warming with Electric cars? Electric cars with no grid charging will not pollute environment and can run any distance. I must borrow the brain of intelligentsia to set right my ideas.. 7 .Electricity Production for India Electricity production generates the second largest share of greenhouse gas emissions. Approximately 68 % of our electricity comes from burning fossil fuels, mostly coal and natural gas.. Fossil fuels pollute environment and its reserve is limited. Nuclear energy possesses high effectiveness. Can it be the answer to energy crisis? Radiation leaking of Fukushima nuclear plant in Japan ruined thousands of acres land, damaged the water and harmed the creatures.. Imagine millions of nuclear power plants were built on earth; we are living in a heap of nuclear bombs. Nothing is 100% fail-proofs. Nuclear disasters like Chernobyl, had proven nuclear power to be too dangerous to use. Terrorists could attack and use the radiation to make an attack 100 times worse than 9/11. Can we change big Nuclear Power plants? YES. India can get electricity from 12 sources. 1. Nuclear Power, 2. Plasma Arc Gasification, 3. Solar Energy 4. Wind Energy 5. Biomass Energy 6. Fossil Fuels (Coal, Oil and Natural Gas) 7. Hydroelectric Energy. 8 Tidal Energy 9. Wave Energy 10. Geothermal Energy 11. Hydrogen Energy and 12. Piezoelectricity We can avoid Big Nuclear power plants and Fossil fuel I give below 9 ideas of producing electricity that do not pollute air or cause Global Warming. The projects can be taken up in India. 1. SMALLER MODULAR REACTORS This can be installed in every city in India. This will give trouble free service for 3 decades. It can be buried under the ground providing more security and protection from natural hazards. There will not be any long electrical wires and posts throughout the country in SMRs. Electricity Transmission loss when electricity conducted from nuclear plant to other sites is Distribution loss 22.77% and Transmission loss 22.77% and Total loss is 45.54%.. There will not be any power failure with SMRs. SMRs are a type of NUCLEAR FISSION REACTORS smaller and manufactured at a plant and brought to site to site of construction. It needs less space, It is efficient, and its nuclear materials safe; It can be installed easily. SMRs are useful in remote locations where there is a deficiency of trained workers and a higher cost of shipping. It is not necessary that we must have a coastal area like bigger units. Safety features include a natural cooling feature that can function in the absence of external power; which was precisely the problem in Japan when the 2011 tsunami hit. SMR has the advantage of having underground placement of the reactors and spent-fuel storage pools, which provides more security. Small nuclear reactors have been considered as solutions to many energy problems in these hard-to-reach places. One kilogram of uranium can produce as much energy as 1500 tons of coal. Currently, most of the SMR reactors use water as a coolant SMRs withstand earthquakes, tsunamis, fires, floods and acts of terrorism. India should not stretch its hand to other countries for Nuclear power. We must solve our problem. SMRs must be manufactured in India. It serves better than Conventional Nuclear Reactor. Modular Reactors are safe, small, and simple. SMR nuclear plants with capacity of 300 megawatts can supply electricity to run 50,000 homes. Smaller designs produce as little as 25 megawatts of power — same as five large wind turbines. Some factories in India can go for 25 megawatts power of their own. They do not need any help from the Government for electricity. 2. PLASMA GASIFICATION PLANTS. By plasma pyrolysis, from every ton we can get 825 Kilo watt hours of electricity. So total power of electricity is 55 million ton or (55,000 giga ton) X 825 = 45325000 giga watt hour of electricity every year. 5% of US electricity is met by this way. The waste from each city, town and villages can be utilized for Electricity production. India can meet 10% of electricity from Plasma Gasification Plants. By plasma gasification for every ton of MSW we get 825KWh of electricity apart from ethanol. 3.WIND ENERGY Wind turbines use wind energy to generate electricity. Negligible Greenhouse Gases: The sources of most of our power, coal and natural gas, produce large quantities of greenhouse gases. From Wind Power we could get 5735 Megawatt power. Total wind energy used in India is 8.6% 4.BIOMASS ENERGY. Biomass energy is produced from organic material and is commonly used throughout the world. Energy of biomass is extracted from MSD, kitchen waste, Sewage, Crops and Landfill gases. Biomass is a clean renewable energy resource derived from the waste of various human and natural activities. BIOGAS. Biogas is a combustible gas mixture produced by anaerobic digestion of organic matter.Biogas consists of methane 65-70%, CO2, 25-30%, Methane is the valuable component in biogas fuel. The calorific value of biogas is 6 kWh/m3 which corresponds to about half a litre of diesel. Mechanical energy that activates a generator produces electrical power. Heat engines used in for biogas energy conversion are gas turbines and combustion engines. 5. SOLAR ENERGY. Solar Power can be tapped and we can produce electricity from sun. The problem is we need 5 acres of land to produce 1 Megawatt. We have land problem. We can plan that all street lights are solar powered. All agricultural pumps must run with sun power. With about 300 clear, sunny days in a year, theoretically calculated solar energy incidence on India's land area is about 5000 trillion kilowatt-hours (kWh) per year ADVANTGE OF SOLAR ENERGY. Energy reaching the earth is incredible. By one calculation, 30 days of sun shine striking the earth have the energy equivalent of the total of all the planet’s fossil fuel, both used and unused 6. HYDROELECTRIC ENERGY. A dam can give us hydropower. The power of water can be used to turn generators to produce electricity. Aging of dams is the problem in getting hydropower from the dams. Our drinkable water supply that is dwindling may lead to winding up to consume the water that can provide power. It has high investment costs. Hydroelectricity generates electricity by harnessing the gravitational force of falling water. HYDRO POWER FROM WATER FALLS. Hydro power plant can be implemented in water falls to produce power to meet small demands. India has more than 400 Waterfalls. The principle behind this is similar to a hydro power plant. Plant produces power from falling water from the top. The produced power is stored in battery and used. The hydraulic energy produced by the natural waterfall is not yet utilized. Piezo-electric generator can be mounted at the base of waterfall where the water reaches at a high pressure that can produce electricity. Base part of waterfall acquires large amount of forced water fall and people gathering help in power generation from the vibrations created by piezo-electric generator. 7. TIDAL ENERGY SCOPE IN INDIA. Tidal power is a form of hydropower that converts energy obtained from tides into useful forms of power, mainly electricity. Tides are more predictable than wind energy and solar power. According to estimates of the Indian government, India has a potential of 8,000 MW of tidal energy. This includes about 7,000 MW in the Gulf of Cambay in Gujarat, 1,200 MW in the Gulf of Kutch and 100 MW in the Gangetic delta in the Sunderbans region of West Bengal. OFFSHORE TURBINE. Tidal turbines work much like submerged windmills, but driven by flowing water rather than air. They can be installed in the sea at places with high tidal current velocities, to take out copious quantities of energy from these huge volumes of flowing water. This is much cheaper to build. 8. WAVE POWER IN INDIA. There is tremendous energy in ocean waves. It is estimated that the total energy potential of waves off the coasts of the United States is 252 billion kilowatt-hours a year, the equivalent of about 6% of U.S. electricity generation in 2014. Though the government of Gujarat is constructing India’s biggest tidal barrage off the coast of the Arabian Sea, wave energy projects have been few and far between. There are no big wave energy plants in India except pilot plant at Vizinjham Fisheries Harbor near Trivandrum in Kerala. Sagar Shakthi is a 1 MW OTEC plant built off the Tuticorn coast which utilizes the temperature different wave energy device. 9. GEOTHERMAL ENERGY IN INDIA. . The biggest disadvantage with geothermal energy is that it can only be produced at selected sites throughout the world. India has reasonably good potential for geothermal; the potential geothermal provinces can produce 10,600 MW of power. The most promising of these is in Puga valley of Ladakh. The estimated potential for geothermal energy in India is about 10000 MW. There are seven geothermal provinces in India:1) the Himalayas,2) Sohana,3) West coast, 4)Cambay,5)Son-Narmada-Tapi (SONATA), 6)Godavari, and 7) Mahanadi Global Warming can be prevented by taking up the above 9 ways of Producing Electricity. We must give up producing Electricity from Big Nuclear Plants and Fossil Fuels (Coal, Oil and Natural Gas. 8 Global Warming from animals and agriculture Level of CO2 in the atmosphere is maintained by several processes including photosynthesis, respiration and combustion. Green plants remove CO2 from the atmosphere by photosynthesis IMPACT ON ANIMAL AGRICULTURE. Animal agriculture is the second largest contributor to human-made greenhouse gas emissions after fossil fuels. RESOURCES AND PRODUCTION. For 70 billion animals raised annually for human consumption, a third of the land, as well as nearly 16% of water, is devoted to livestock. A third of worldwide grain production is used to feed livestock. By 2050, consumption of meat 76% and dairy products 64% is expected to rise. That will increase the resource burden from the industry. Cattle on beef consumption create 1,984 pounds of CO2 annually. Replacing beef with plants reduce that figure 96%, bringing it down to just 73 pounds of CO2 CONSEQUENCES AND IMPACTS. Tackling Climate Change through Livestock, a widely-cited 2013 report by the UN FAO, estimates about 14.5 % of global GHG emissions, or 7.1 gigatons of CO2 equivalent, can be attributed to the livestock sector annually. This is equivalent to the emissions from all the fuel burned by all the world’s transport vehicles, including cars, trucks, trains, boats and airplanes. This is caused by Animal agriculture specifically: MITIGATION AND ACTION. Global GHG emissions from the livestock sector increased by 51% between 1961 and 2010, spurred by a 54 % increase in methane and nitrous oxide emissions from livestock manure. One gigaton of CO2 equivalent worth of animal-based foods is wasted globally every year. GLOBAL WARMING FROM LIVESTOCK & AGRICULTURE “80% of global warming comes from livestock and deforestation.” Greenhouse gas emissions are from fossil fuel, deforestation, and intensive livestock farming, use of synthetic fertilizers and industrial processes. It is also through natural processes like animal & plant respiration. Livestock farming is an important source of methane emissions. During the digestion of ruminants, they create large amounts of methane. Methane is formed as by product of fermentation in the rumen. Cows have the highest production rate of methane. On a global scale, ruminants are responsible for 1/5th of all the methane formed but in more rural environments they can be responsible for almost 50% of all methane formed. Globally, ruminants produce about 80 million metric tons of methane annually accounting for about 28% of global methane emissions from human related activities. The world's 1.5 billion cows and billions of other grazing animals emit dozens of polluting gases, including lots of methane. Cow expels up to 500 litres of methane a day. Methane is comparable to pollution produced by a car in a day. A cow emits on an average between 70 to 120 kg of CH4/ year. Therefore release of 100 kg methane per year for each cow is equivalent to about 2100 kg CO2 per year. The same amount of CO2 is generated by burning 1000 litres of petrol. Microbes create methane gas as a by-product. Cows on planet produce more methane than all other ruminants combined, REDUCE CH4, REDUCE GLOBAL WARMING With millions of ruminants in Britain, including 10 million cows, a strong push is underway to curb methane emissions there. In 2003, the government of New Zealand proposed a flatulence tax, which was not adopted because of public protest. So we know that ruminants produce enormous quantities of methane. “If we can reduce methane emissions, then we can rapidly reduce the effect on climate change." Scientists are looking for ways to decrease cow methane. They try different plants and chemical compounds, those products would be too costly and difficult to feed the cows economically. Now, what we can be done? ELIMINATE THE RUMINATES The only way is eliminate or reduce the ruminants. Then, what to do to meat, milk and eggs? Lab-grown meat can be the target to dislodge the animal from meat production. World of food is entering a new era to make meat without animals, Cultured meat. Lab-grown meat, in vitro meat and synthetic meat are the names for growing muscle cells in a nutrient serum. Using cellular agriculture we could grow artificial meat with characteristic combination of animals, Presentation of the first beef burger created from stem cells harvested from a living cow on august 5, 2013 in London. Scientists call “the biggest agricultural revolution since the domestication of livestock” ARTIFICIAL MEAT, A POSITIVE IMPACT Livestock farming takes up a huge amount of land and water per calorie of food compared to crops. According to the UN, in terms of greenhouse emissions, it is as bad as burning fossil fuels. Rising income in developing countries means that more people are eating meat than ever before, reducing the amount of land available for much-needed crops, and contributing to climate change. Growing meat artificially can only have a positive impact on animal welfare. Initially it can be expensive meat. In a few years of commercial production price will fall. MANUFACTURING MEAT IN VITRO Science behind growing meat without animals is fairly simple. Growing cells of cultured meat is not different from other ‘cell culture’ methods that biologists have used to study cells since the early 1900s. Process starts with a few ‘satellite’ cells obtained from a small sample of muscle taken from a live animal. These are stem cells that turn into different cells found in muscle. Just one cell could be used to grow an infinite amount of meat that is cooked and consumed as boneless processed meat. QUANTUM OF CO2 FROM RUMINANTS AND FARM LAND According to FAO of the UN, agriculture is responsible for 18% of the total release of greenhouse gases world- All ruminants on the world emit about two billion metric tons of CO2-equivalents per year NATURE DEVISED CARBON CAPTURE. The best method for carbon capture is what nature had devised natural balance Reforestation and Afforestation. Afforestation is planting trees where there were previously none. Reforestation is restoring areas where the trees have been cut down. Trees take up CO2 from the atmosphere as they grow. Planting more trees boosts CO2 absorption. As a method of removing CO2 from atmosphere, this is one of the most feasible options, ATMOSPHERIC CO2 SCRUBBED. During nights when plants respire CO2 is released. Funnel shaped air sucking device can be planned to suck CO2 in air in nights. It can be installed in forest and in areas where more trees are.CO2 can be dissolved in saline water and we can get http://Sod.bi carbonate. This can bring down atmospheric CO2 in that area. It can be planned in other areas too. LAB-GROWN MEAT IS INEVITABLE. . We must be able to produce meat, milk and eggs synthetically. This can help to avoid GHGs. that come only from ruminants. In 2013, two people tasted a burger made from cultured meat. It was their first introduction to lab-grown meat & researchers creating it. "Some intense taste" was noted Now, less than 5 years later, more than 7 companies are developing cultured meat to bring it to the market, Scientists do what happens naturally, but they do it outside of an animal. SYNTHETIC FISH MEAT Sustainable seafood’ grows in a lab instead of the ocean Sea is polluted by plastic and fine particles of plastic may enter fish meat. World's oceans are suffering from overfishing SYNTHETIC MILK It involves lab-grown milk, which does not come from cows and reduces carbon emission. Earlier in 2014, a synthetic dairy start-up called Muufri ( “Moo-free") was founded by 2 Indian bioengineers in California - Perumal Gandhi and Ryan Pandya. They work on perfecting artificial cow's milk made from a special variety of yeast that has been genetically engineered to produce milk protein. The process uses bioengineered yeast to produce real milk protein. This is done adding cow DNA to yeast cells, which are then combined in vats with fatty acids and water to produce milk. Its milk is just one of a string of synthetic or value-added dairy products being developed for the global market. bioengineered milk has a large market for milk alternatives. SYNTHETIC EGGS. A radical ‘artificial egg’ backed by Paypal billionaire Peter Thiel and Bill Gates went on sale in US supermarkets for the first time . Made from plants, it can replace eggs in everything without a chicken ever coming close to the production process. The eggs are called Beyond Eggs, in Whole Foods in California - and say it could soon be available in supermarkets worldwide. Artificial milk or hen-free egg whites can be created by yeast that has been genetically altered to produce the proteins found in milk or eggs, which are then extracted and blended in the right amounts. FUTURE MEAT,MILK AND EGGS FROM LABS. The environmental impact of reducing the world’s cattle herds, which are major emitters of methane, would be profound. Meat, eggs and milk could be produced in lab without killing or harming animals thanks to microbe cultures. The future of food as we know it may be forever changed, allowing even vegetarians and vegans to eat hamburgers and milkshakes again. Animals need not be forced to live in inhuman conditions “If US switched to Lab-Grown Meats beef, we would expect the greenhouse gas reduction to be like taking almost 23million cars off the road. One burger could save the amount of water used in 51 showers,” Cellular agriculture may represent the future of human food production. In five to 10 years, these products may hit our shelves at reasonable prices, and help humanity reduce its dependence on animal farming. US, Israel, china, Netherlands and European Countries have taken up artificial meat, milk and eggs. India is yet to enter. We must electrify into activity. 9 Deforestation Bhutan despite being a poor, tiny nation, it is the first and only country to officially be carbon negative. Kingdom of Bhutan is a remarkable country Deforestation is when forests are destroyed by cutting trees (logging) and not replanting them. Sometimes deforestation happens when people change lands into farms, ranches and cities. The most common cause for deforestation is obtaining wood and fuel.Deforestation is the permanent destruction of forests in order to make the land available for other uses. An estimated 18 million acres (7.3 million hectares) of forest are lost each year Deforestation can have a negative impact on the environment. The most dramatic impact is a loss of habitat for millions of species. 80% of Earth's land animals and plants live in forests, and many cannot survive the deforestation that destroys their homes. Deforestation also drives climate change According to satellite data, tropical forests are being destroyed at a rate of about 8 million hectares (31,000 square miles) a year ​Every day, about 81,000 hectares (200,000 acres) of rainforest are burned around the world.​ ​​​​​ In 2015, nearly 6,000 square kilometres of forests were lost in 2015 in the Brazilian Amazon alone, cut or burned to build ranches, croplands and roads. ​ Indonesia has the highest deforestation rate in the world, losing 15 million acres of forest between 2000 and 2012. ​ ​ More than 1 billion rural people depend on forests and over 90 % of people living in extreme poverty depend on forests for all or part of their livelihoods. ​When forests are cleared, they emit carbon dioxide. 11% of global greenhouse gas emissions caused by humans can be blamed on deforestation — equivalent to the emissions from all the cars and trucks on Earth. Deforestation and Global Warming. Deforestation can have a negative impact on the environment. The most dramatic impact is a loss of habitat for millions of species. 80% of Earth's land animals and plants live in forests, and many cannot survive the deforestation that destroys their homes. Deforestation also drives climate change. Deforestation is the main reason for global warming.The effects of deforestation are long lasting and devastating. Entire species of insects and animals have disappeared because of the destruction of their habitats. Deforestation can cause catastrophic flooding as well. And scientists see that deforestation has a significant effect on climate change, or global warming. 10. Plastic pollution Plastic pollution adversely affects wildlife habitat and humans. Plastic pollution afflicts land, waterways and oceans. As of 2018, about 380 million tonnes of plastic is produced worldwide each year. From the 1950s up to 2018, an estimated 6.3 billion tonnes of plastic has been produced worldwide, of which an estimated 9% has been recycled. 12% has been incinerated. 90% of seabirds are affected by plastic debris. If we could recycle entire plastic waste, there will not be any plastic Pollution. It is very much possible to recycle entire plastic. ILL EFFECTS OF PLASTIC BURNING Burning plastic leads to environmental pollution due to release of poisonous chemicals. Plastic affects human health. Toxic chemicals leach out of plastic & are found in blood and tissue of nearly all of us. Exposure to them is linked to cancers, birth defects, impaired immunity, endocrine disruption and other ailments. Can waste plastic be utilised valuably? Yes it can be WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF USING PLASTIC? The benefits of plastics are unmatched by any other material, says the Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI). It is light, easily shaped, strong, and inexpensive. Its ability to guard against contamination makes it useful in sterile medical environments such as hospitals. Plastic can be coloured, melted, shaped, squashed, rolled into sheets or made into fibres plastics. Plastic is hygienic and not poison to our bodies. Plastic is made as strong ropes fishing lines, glues & paints. ADVANTAGES OF PLASTICS Plastic is corrosion resistant & chemically inert. It has low thermal expansion of co-efficient & possesses good thermal & electrical insulating property. Plastic is very good water resistant & possess good adhesiveness. Plastic is strong, good and cheap to produce. Plastic packaging is durable, Plastic packaging is very thin. It uses fewer resources & takes up less space for transport. Plastics are transformed in many different ways. Plastic is used for food and non-food packaging. WASTE PLASTIC CAN BE UTILISED IN 5 WAYS 1. Waste plastic to manufacture ethanol & electricity. Waste plastic gives fuel and electricity to us 2. Waste Plastics to manufacture bricks &tiles. It saves mother earth, cement and sand 3. Developing composites from waste plastic and sawdust. It saves trees 4. Plastic Pollution in sea can be converted as fuel for ships. Gives fuel to ships& controls emission 5. Plastic can be utilised for roads. Saves bitumen & we get better roads REDUCING GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS BY RECYCLING PLASTICS Waste management generates greenhouse gas emissions both directly and indirectly. Direct emissions are generated during waste collection and transportation, during waste pre-treatment, in waste utilization processes, in landfill during decomposing and in waste combustion Indirect emissions are connected to waste management from other functions such as energy consumption in the production, transportation and use of materials, Material recycling can decrease both the direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions. Material recycling reduces the amount of waste disposed of at landfill sites and thereby the amount of greenhouse gas emissions released from landfills. It is possible to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by material recycling. Recycling produces high greenhouse gas saving potential.. Apart from above 10 ideas, 11. Crackers must be made with no chemicals and 12. Ship pollution must be controlled. Corporate like TATA, Mahindra, & TVS can help

Have you ever come into contact with a deranged lunatic who made you fear for your life?

Yes, I nearly died. This is a bizarre survival tale that includes jaguars, politics, cactus, assassination threats, near-death, and yes… a deranged lunatic. Oddly enough, even though I’m a dedicated liberal, this mad-man was a far-far-left liberal himself. It was the mid-2000’s, and I was actively engaged in all sorts of wildlife research for a variety of government agencies and civilian groups. One of my projects was with a great organization called the Sky Island Alliance, in Tucson, AZ. (Read about them here, if you’d like: What are “Sky Islands”, and do they exist? ) This particular project involved looking for signs and tracks of jaguars that were reportedly crossing over the border from Mexico and setting up shop in the mountains of southern Arizona, in order to have data to set up protected areas for this extinct-in-America Big Cat. One day, I received a call from a graduate student from a University in Colorado, who was looking for a research assistant for his project. The project consisted of living out in the wilderness and setting up camera-traps throughout the mountains, trying to get photos of the elusive cats, and learn more about their habits. Since I had a very good reputation among the environmental research community, I was recommended for the job by a professor at a local university. So I interviewed with the guy over lunch, we seemed to bond, and I got the job. I spent the next couple weeks putting in a lot of extra time at the Tucson Zoo, observing their two beautiful black jaguar sisters, Nikita & Simone, up close and personal. I would help with the feeding, collect scat and urine samples and do a lot of watching, reading and interacting. [1] Eventually, it was time to head out toward the Mexican border and set up in the cabin. No electricity or running water. Right in the middle of the smuggling route from Mexico. Surrounded by the wildest remote mountains around. I was looking forward to a great adventure and a chance to get some good science accomplished. Emil and I got started with our automatic cameras. The challenge was to make continuous hikes into the mountains, replacing batteries and exchanging film in the many dispersed camera traps. It was some treacherous hiking. We were getting along fine. On the second day, we got a surprise… Emil’s dad decided to come from Colorado and join in. He was a surly old guy from the Rocky Mountains. He probably wasn’t as old as he looked, because he was extremely “weathered”, leathery and wiry, with deep creases in his face; a constant suspicious squint. Grey stubble grew from almost right under his eyes, down to his chin. Not an ounce of fat on his stringy hard muscles. When you said something to him, he’d jerk his face left or right like a chicken, to look at you sideways, always seeming to be about to say an accusatory “Wha’ju say!?”, and perhaps bite your head off. He happened to look incredibly similar to this actor, Roberts Blossom. [2] He wasn’t very trusting and he took an immediate dislike to me for some reason. I think he wanted to be the assistant, and have me leave. There was some weird father/son dynamic going on between them, and I got the impression Emil had grown up with beatings being a normal part of life. Emil’s and my relationship suddenly subdued and the atmosphere changed. These were the days of the George W. Bush administration. Emil’s dad turned out to be an extreme far-left liberal. The most far-left I’d ever come into contact with. I was also a liberal… but a moderate. I wasn’t a fan of Bush, but I was pushing through it, waiting for the next election. On that second night, we sat down to dinner. Tin plates of beans and bacon, with some tin cups of coffee. Emil’s dad sat across from me at the small wooden table. I tried to talk to him, and it immediately turned to politics. I nodded my head at all he was saying about the damned republicans and “that asshole Bush”. He spat out a long list of complaints. It wasn’t long before he said something about killing him if he had the chance. Oddly… I was of the mind that we shouldn’t be thinking of killing our president, whoever it may be. I said something to that effect. Dad growled, “You mean you wouldn’t kill him?” He looked straight into my eyes, like a maniac. I half-laughed out a response of, “Look, I don’t like him, but I’m not going to say we should assassinate the President”. He glowered through me. His hands were in fists on the table, one of them holding a fork. I felt a pressure tank across from me, building up steam. His lips were pursed, breathing hard through his nose, staring at me. Suddenly he exploded up in a jerk, flipped his plate of beans toward me and about leaped on top of me, ranting about what the president was doing to destroy the country! He bent over and got in my face. I stood up quick and said, “Back the fuck off!” Emil finally got involved and said something. I was fuming. I looked at them both, then left the cabin to go chill out outside in the night air. This suddenly took a weird turn. Eventually we all went to bed, as we had to get up very early. In the morning, we had breakfast in silence, then all headed out in the pickup, toward the beginning of the trail. The whole way, he was insulting me in every way possible; from my knife being too big; “Only green-horns and pussies think they need a big knife,” to my hair, “Why don’t you get a haircut and look like a real man.” Beyond all belief, I kept my cool and waited for Emil to reign in his crazy old man. Emil wouldn’t look at me, and stayed silent. The old man hadn’t been with us on our last outing, and we had used a comfortable pace to make our rounds. But this time dad took the lead. It turned out that not only was he half jack-ass… he was also half mountain goat. He set off at a crazy unnecessary pace, clearly meaning to break me, or leave me behind. I was in average shape, but I had a trick knee from an old parachuting accident I’d had while I was an Army Paratrooper. So I needed to watch my step. As we sprinted up and down the mountains, eventually the worst happened and my knee blew out as I was racing down a steep slope of forest. I yelled out. They kept going. Eventually I stumbled down to the rocky dry river bed at the bottom, where they were waiting. I explained I had a bad knee from the Army. “How many jumps you got?” he scowled. I told him 26. He says, “My buddy has over a thousand and he never had no bad knees.” At this point, I was vulnerable, and I really needed to restrain myself for my own safety. He pointed up a steep rocky slope and said he was heading out. I told them I couldn’t make it. He derided me some more and told me to wait while they continued. I had no choice. I agreed. They left me with most of the heavy batteries and set off. “3 or 4 hours,” they said. I waited, surrounded by dry boulders. There was no shade in that valley. I had to get out of the sun. The nearest shade was 150′ straight up a cliff, where I saw a tree. I made the choice to climb after about 2 hours. I got up and started hobbling toward the cliff of rocks, dirt and some dry grass. Now came my biggest misfortune. All the extra batteries they piled into my backpack made it extremely heavy. That wasn’t the problem. The problem was that my pack was on top of my camel-back, which held all my water. It was fine when my pack was light, but all the batteries were pressing down on my water bladder, and at some point during my climb, the pressure popped the end off the drinking tube. I didn’t notice as all my water squirted out and left me empty, until 30 minutes later, I reached the top. I pulled out the tube for a well-deserved drink, and… nothing. “Damn it!” The tree wasn’t as full as I wished and only gave a smattering of shade. Better than nothing. It was about 118 degrees F. After a total of 5 hours had passed since they left, I was getting desperate. As I sat on that cliff side, I saw a barrel cactus not far away. I stumbled over. Ya hear that they have water in them. So, I gave it a shot. Luckily, I had my big knife with me and was able cut off the top. No puddle of water. Just an off-white mash of cactus innards. It was moist. It would have to do. I don’t recommend this method. It had a bitter tannin taste to it, as I scooped out a chunk and sucked on it. Horrible! Again… better than nothing, but not much better. 7 hours passed and I was dehydrated and starting to get hazy vision and a crazy headache. I considered starting a signal fire. But I worried about it getting out of control and consuming me. 8 hours. Finally, I saw them down in the valley of rocks. I yelled out. Again and again. At last they answered. “Come on down!” I heard. Clearly I had to go down. But I was only thinking of water. I scrambled down the cliff again, knowing that in just a few minutes, I could drink. At last… “Water” I croaked. “You don’t have any water?” he says. I wasn’t up for a discussion to explain, I just needed a fast drink. I shook my head. Again, I asked for water. “We don’t have any water.” What the hell? I see them both with canteens. Emil started to give me his canteen. The old bastard again yelled out, “I said we don’t have no water” and he shot a look at his son. Emil backed down silently. I couldn’t believe this! I reached out and tried to grab a canteen and the bastard got up and started walking away, saying, “There’s water at the truck.” I was dumbfounded. I started following them, listening to the water sloshing in their canteens just feet away. I was going a bit mad from the sound.. and from the entire situation. But I barely had the strength to be mad. I did my best at keeping up but fell further and further behind. I tried calling out. They stopped one time for me to catch up and as soon as I did, again they took off. At last, I could go no further. Five minutes later they came back, with the old bastard bitching at Emil. Emil gave me water. One drink, and then that evil bastard yelled out, “That’s enough! We need it!” Emil put away the water. They started to take off again.. my knee was throbbing and I could hardly walk. I set short range goals of just making it to the next boulder. One after another. My vision made everything wavy. And finally Emil grew a pair and defied his old man, and put an arm around me and helped me the rest of the way… another mile. He mumbled an, “I’m sorry” quietly. The truck was ahead of us. 100 yards more. I willed myself to keep going. Then… we were there. A 5 gallon jug of water that had been heating in the sun was brought down. It was hot enough to brew tea, but I drank. And drank. Near-boiling water. It was good. It was a quiet ride back. I packed up my gear and got in my car and drove off, back to civilization. All I keep thinking about was that water sloshing ahead of me, out of reach, and hearing him insist “We don’t got no water” while I was looking right at it. All this, because I didn’t agree that President Bush should be assassinated. It’s quite clear that he would have left me to die out there and concocted some story of me wandering off and getting lost, if it wasn’t for the intervention of his minimally-less corrupt son. Months later, Emil got indicted for illegally trapping our jaguar in a noose, causing stress in the poor cat, which eventually led to the death of the only jaguar in the United States at the time. Here’s the picture he took of the tortured, snared cat. [3] It was a whole big deal with scandal and blame spread all over. It became a Federal case. After being indicted, he lied to investigators and blamed his assistant for putting lure around the trap without his direction. This wasn’t true and eventually came out. This assistant was the person who took my place! In the end, he was banned from practicing any more research, anywhere. You may be interested in reading about the debacle here: emil mccain prosecuted over jaguar Conspicuously absent from the indictment, was one old, evil, bastard goat, that I damn well know had a hand in the unethical activities that led to the jaguar’s death, due to over-bearing parental pressure. And he certainly had a hand in convincing his son to lie about the circumstances afterwards. I have no doubt. It was, after all, the government against his son. The government that he wanted to take out with a bullet. I know that lunatic bastard helped kill our jaguar, and let his son take all of the fall. Not that his son didn’t deserve it as well. I’ve no proof. But I know it. He damn near killed me. Damn near. But not quite. IMAGE CITATIONS: [1] Reid Park Zoo, Tucson, AZ [2] Roberts Blossom, movie still from “Christine”, actor, 1924–2011 [3] Arizona Game & Fish / Arizona Daily Star

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