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pet mg volume 5

บทความที่เกี่ยวข้อง pet mg volume 5

รู้ข้อดีข้อเสีย MG V80 ก่อนเป็นเจ้าของ

MG V801.ภายใน MG V80 กว้างขวางจุดเด่น MG V80 ก็คือด้านความกว้างขวาง เนื่องจากตัวถังที่ค่อนข้างใหญ่ ถ้าเทียบกับคู่แข่งก็จะเห็นว่าความกว้างความยาวความสูงล้วนแต่มากกว่าแทบทุกจุด2

Owner Review : แค่เห็น MG 5ครั้งแรก ก็แทบไม่คิดแล้วว่าจะต้องหารุ่นอื่นมาเปรียบเทียบกัน

**บทความนี้เป็นประสบการณ์ส่วนตัวของเจ้าของรถ 2021 MG5 (MG Pilot) และมาจากเว็บไซต์ประเทศจีน ไม่ได้เป็นความเห็นของ

หลุดภาพ All-New 2021 MG 5 เจนเนอเรชั่นใหม่ สวยสปอร์ตด้วยเอกลักษณ์ดีไซน์ใหม่ล่าสุด

2021 MG 5 (2021 เอ็มจี 5) เจนเนอเรชั่นใหม่เตรียมเปิดตัวออกจำหน่ายในเร็ว ๆ นี้ หลังมีภาพหลุดจากกระทรวงอุตสาหกรรมของประเทศจีนออกมาให้แฟน

อ่านก่อนซื้อ! MG EXTENDER มีข้อดีกับข้อเสียอย่างไร

และต้องบอกเลยว่า MG กล้าหาญชาญชัยมากที่นำรถกระบะ MG EXTENDER (เอ็มจี เอกซ์เทนเดอร์) เข้ามาขายในประเทศไทย

รู้ข้อดีข้อด้อยก่อนซื้อ MG HS ตัวท็อป

MG HS (เอ็มจี เอชเอส) ถือเป็นรถอเนกประสงค์อีกรุ่นที่ได้รับความนิยมไม่แพ้ MG ZS ของค่ายเอ็มจีเลย ด้วยความโดดเด่นในด้านเทคโนโลยี

ไขข้อสงสัยข้อดีข้อเสียก่อนซื้อ MG HS

หลังจาก MG HS รถสไตล์รถครอบครัวจากแบรนด์จีนเปิดตัวก็ได้รับความสนใจล้นหลาม และก็กลายเป็น Compact SUV ที่มียอดขายดีในกลุ่มได้อย่างรวดเร็วด้วยชื่อ

ทำงี้ได้ไง MG HS โปรใหม่ไม่มีฝาท้ายไฟฟ้า มีแต่เครื่องฟอกอากาศแทน

ในงาน BIG Motor Sale 2020 ค่ายรถยนต์ MG ได้จัดโปรโมชั่นน่าสนใจให้กับรถ SUV ZS และ HS มาแล้ว ล่าสุด MG

Michelin ร่วมมือบริษัทฝรั่งเศส เพื่อผลิตยางจากขวดพลาสติกรีไซเคิลแห่งแรกของโลก

มีความสำเร็จในการทดสอบในระดับหนึ่ง ซึ่งส่วนของการทดสอบจะใช้เอนไซม์ที่สามารถทำการแตกสลายโพลีเมอร์ (polyethylene terephthalate - PET

2020 MG HS PHEV กับคำถามที่พบบ่อยของระบบปลั้กอินไฮบริด อ่านก่อนคิดจะซื้อ

ดีกว่ารถทั่วไปอย่างไรข้อดีหลัก ๆ คือ สมรรถนะที่แรงขึ้น จากการทำงานของมอเตอร์ไฟฟ้า ที่เสริมแรงให้กับเครื่องยนต์ MG

7 เรื่องควรรู้ก่อนซื้อ MG HS 2019

MG HS C ราคา 919,000 บาท, MG HS D ราคา 1.019 ล้านบาท และรุ่นตัวทํอป MG HS X ราคา 1.119 ล้านบาท2.MG HS

ดูเพิ่มเติม

5 สิ่งดี ๆ ในรถยนต์ไฟฟ้า 2021 MG ZS EV ที่อยากให้คุณได้ลองก่อนได้รุ่นผลิตไทย

2021 MG ZS EV (เอ็มจี แซดเอส อีวี) รถอเนกประสงค์พลังงานไฟฟ้าล้วนจาก MG (เอ็มจี) ที่ออกแบบเพื่อตอบโจทย์การใช้ชีวิตสไตล์คนเมือง

Owner Review : ถ้าเทียบกับ Sylphy และAltis ผมถูกใจ All New MG 5 2021มากกว่า

**บทความนี้เป็นประสบการณ์ส่วนตัวของเจ้าของรถ 2021 MG5 (MG Pilot) และมาจากเว็บไซต์ประเทศจีน ไม่ได้เป็นความเห็นของ

ฟันธง! 2021 Haval H6 ในไทยค่าตัวอาจถูกกว่า MG HS เห็นราคาแล้วต้องอึ้ง

2021 Haval H6 และ 2020 MG HS2021 Haval H6 (2021 ฮาวาล เอช6) จะเผยโฉมอย่างเป็นทางการในประเทศไทยในช่วงปลายเดือนมีนาคมนี้

MG ประกาศขึ้นแท่นผู้นำตลาดเอสยูวีในครึ่งปีแรกของปี 2563

MG (เอ็มจี) แบรนด์รถยนต์น้องใหม่ประเทศไทย ประกาศขึ้นแท่นผู้นำตลาดเอสยูวีในครึ่งแรกของปี 2563 ด้วยยอดจำหน่ายรวม

แบงค์บอกต่อ รวมแคมเปญรถดีน่าใช้ปี 2021 MG ZS, MG EP หรือจะ Honda ก็ยังมีนะ

แบงค์บอกต่อ เรามาดูโปรโมชั่นรถยนต์น่าสนใจหลายขนาดจากทางฝั่ง MG (เอ็มจี) ที่มีทั้ง 2021 MG ZS (เอ็มจี

รีวิว 2020 MG ZS สมาร์ทเอสยูวีที่กวาดยอดขายระดับผู้นำเซกเมนท์

บริษัท เอ็มจี เซลส์ (ประเทศไทย) จํากัด เปิดตัว 2020 เอ็มจี แซดเอส (2020 MG ZS) ออกทำตลาดประเทศไทยทั้งหมด

ส่อง 5 จุดเด่น MG HS ก่อนซื้อ

ค่ายรถยนต์ MG สัญชาติจีนเริ่มต้นบุกเบิกตลาดรถเอสยูวีมาได้สักระยะ ล่าสุดก็เปิดตัว Compact SUV รุ่นล่าสุดอย่าง

MG เปิดบริการรถไฟฟ้าเหมาจ่ายเดือนละ 250 บาท ทำไมเมืองไทยไม่มีแบบนี้บ้าง!!!

MG Motor (เอ็มจี มอเตอร์) แห่งสหราชอาณาจักร เปิดตัวบริการรูปแบบใหม่เพื่อเอาใจลูกค้าผู้ใช้รถยนต์ไฟฟ้าในสหราชอาณาจักร

2020 MG ZS ผ่าน 5 ดาวเต็มความปลอดภัย แต่ยังตามหลัง Toyota Corolla Cross

2020 MG ZS (เอ็มจี แซดเอส) รถเอสยูวีโฉมใหม่ได้รับรองมาตรฐานความปลอดภัยระดับ 5 ดาวจาก Asean NCAP แต่คะแนนการทดสอบยังด้อยกว่า

MG เผยคอนเซปท์สปอร์ตไฟฟ้าคันใหม่ MG Cyberster วิ่งไกล 800 กม.

MG (เอ็มจี) ลอนดอน ได้ทำการเปิดคอนเซปท์รถสปอร์ตคันใหม่ในนาม MG Cyberster แบบเปิดประทุน ก่อนที่จะมีรายละเอียดออกมาในงาน

เสียงวิจารณ์โลกโซเชียลไม่ระคาย ทำไม MG ทำยอดขายผงาดผู้นำ

ความสำเร็จของรถอเนกประสงค์ค่าย MG ทั้ง MG ZS (เอ็มจี แซดเอส) และ MG HS (เอ็มจี เอชเอส) แสดงให้เห็นว่าค่ายรถยนต์น้องใหม่สามารถโค่นแบรนด์ยักษ์อันเก่าแก่ลงได้หากเดินถูกทางยอดขายสะสมของรถอเนกประสงค์ขนาดซับคอมแพ็กต์อย่าง

รวม 5 จุดเด่น MG HS PHEV ที่ทำให้คุณต้องซื้อในราคา 1,359,000 บาท

2020 MG HS PHEV (เอ็มจี เอชเอส พีเอชอีวี) เปิดตัวอย่างเป็นทางการแล้ว เคาะราคาที่ 1,359,000 บาท โดยจะเป็นรถปลั้กอินไฮบริดรุ่นแรกของ

ไทยเอาบ้างไหม MG อังกฤษช่วยลูกค้าจ่ายค่ารถไฟฟ้า 3.3 หมื่นบาทกระตุ้นยอดขาย

ความพยายามในการเดินหน้าตลาดรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าในหลายประเทศยังดำเนินการไปอย่างเข้มข้น หนึ่งในนั้นคือเจ้าพ่อรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าอย่าง MG

Review: MG Extender กระบะยักษ์พันธุ์แกร่ง

MG Extender 2.0 Giant Cab D 6MT ราคา 619,000 บาท- MG Extender 2.0 Giant Cab GRAND D 6MT ราคา 659,000

2020 MG HS PHEV เทียบ MG HS 1.5X เจาะออพชั่นต่างกันทุกด้าน เพิ่มเงินแค่ 240,000 บาท

เอ็มจี เอชเอส ปลั๊กอินไฮบริด เปิดตัวในราคา 1,359,000 บาท2020 MG HS PHEV (เอ็มจี เอชเอส ปลั๊กอินไฮบริด

ไฟเขียว! MG เตรียมเปิดตัวรถสปอร์ตพลังไฟฟ้าปลายปีนี้ รอลุ้นราคาจำหน่าย

รถต้นแบบ MG E-Motionรถสปอร์ตพลังงานไฟฟ้ารุ่นแรกของ MG (เอ็มจี) ยุคใหม่เตรียมเปิดตัวครั้งแรกในโลกภายในช่วงปลายปีนี้

MG เตรียมเปิดตัวรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าใหม่ปลายปี 2021 ในทรงแฮทช์แบ็ค ลือคล้าย MG3

MG (เอ็มจี) ในปี 2021 วางแผนที่จะทำการเปิดตัวรถยนต์ไฟฟ้ารุ่นใหม่ปลายปีนี้ ในตัวถังแฮทช์แบ็ค 5 ประตู อาจคล้ายกับ

MG คว้ารางวัลแบรนด์รถยนต์คุ้มค่ายอดเยี่ยม – MG ZS EV รับรางวัลรถใหม่คุ้มค่าสูงสุด

MG (เอ็มจี) ได้รับรางวัลแบรนด์รถยนต์ที่ความคุ้มค่ายอดเยี่ยม (Best Value Brand 2020) จากการประกาศผลรางวัล

MG เล็งไทยเป็นฮับอาเซียน ผลิต MG ZS พวงมาลัยซ้าย ส่งออกอินโดนีเซีย-เวียดนาม-มาเลเซีย

MG (เอ็มจี) ประเทศไทย ขยับสายการผลิตเพิ่มการผลิต MG ZS (เอ็มจี แซดเอส) พวงมาลัยซ้าย เพื่อเริ่มการส่งออกไปยังตลาดเวียดนามภายในสิ้นปีนี้

แบงค์บอกต่อ ซินเจียยู่อี่ซินนี้ฮวดใช้ ซื้อรถแถมทองรับเทศกาลตรุษจีนกับ MG และ BMW

แต่ละบ้านคงออกจะมาทำการไหว้เจ้าและบรรพบุรุษ หลาย ๆ บ้านก็เป็นวันจ่าย และสำหรับบ้านไหนกำลังมองหารถยนต์สักคันจะใช้ เรามีโปรดี ๆ จาก MG

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Como baixar as apostilas do PET volume 5 da SEE MG via @YouTube

รีวิว Q&A pet mg volume 5

Is there any sort of bacteria that absorbs pollution? This can help in reducing pollution. Plants do help, but in cities, people cut more trees in spite of warnings and punishments. So this can help in a better way.

Hii PADI , yes your concern is true but we can say “pollution”. Let's say bacteria that can help clean the Environment. Bacteria are categorized by the way that they obtain oxygen. In wastewater treatment, there are three types of bacteria used to treat the waste that comes into the treatment plant: aerobic, anaerobic and facultative. Aerobic bacteria are used in most new treatment plants in an aerated environment. This means that there is dissolved oxygen available for the respiration of the bacteria. They use the free oxygen in the water to degrade the pollutants in the incoming wastewater into energy they can use for growth and reproduction. In most cases, the oxygen has to be added mechanically to the wastewater through the use of aerators in the aerated section of the treatment plant. With a normal influent load of pollutants, the dissolved oxygen content in the aerated section of most plants should be kept between 3 and 5 MG/L. Anaerobic bacteria are normally used in an anaerobic digester to reduce the volume of sludge to be disposed of and to produce methane gas. This process is completed in anaerobic conditions, without any dissolved oxygen in the water. The anaerobic bacteria normally get the oxygen needed for their respiration from their food source. This process is also called fermentation. As mentioned above, during the anaerobic digestion process, methane gas is produced by the anaerobic bacteria. This gas, if properly cleaned and collected, may be used as an alternative energy source. Another use of anaerobic bacteria is in the biological removal of phosphorus. During this process, a part of the aeration section of the treatment plant may be made into an anaerobic zone to facilitate the growth of phosphorus accumulating organisms, which in turn lowers the amount of phosphorus in the effluent. Lastly, facultative bacteria are able to change their mode of respiration from aerobic to anaerobic and back again. These bacteria are able to adapt to either condition, although they prefer the aerobic condition. These three types of bacteria are grouped only by their method of respiration. There are many species of bacteria in a wastewater treatment plant. In a recent study, over 300 species were identified in an aeration basin. However, they can all be classified as aerobic, anaerobic or facultative. Some 50 million tons of a plastic known as polyethylene terephalate, or PET, is produced every year. It is found in many types of disposable water bottles, as well as polyester clothing, frozen-dinner containers and blister packaging. Previously experts had found that a few select species of fungi which had the potential to break down PET but over a very long period of time. However, a team of scientists from Japan have discovered a type of bacteria which they have dubbed Ideonella sakaiensis 201-F6 that has the ability to almost completely destroy a film of PET in just six weeks. The bacterium produces two enzymes which, when used with water, can break down PET to its basic blocks. Shosuke Yoshida at the Department of Biosciences and Informatics, Keio University said: "PET is used extensively worldwide in plastic products, and its accumulation in the environment has become a global concern. "Because the ability to enzymatically degrade PET has been thought to be limited to a few fungal species, biodegradation is not yet a viable remediation or recycling strategy.” While PET makes for good packaging due to its lightweight yet strong nature, it has proven extremely difficult to biodegrade. If any query please comment or inbox. Sandeep Chatterjee

How do I check iron content in my drinking water using chemicals?

If you aware and having testing facilities then it is easy to test the iron content. Colorimetry Procedure :- Take 50 ml. Of water sample into a 100-ml. Nessler cylinder, add approximately 2 ml. Of dil. Hydrochloric acid ( 10 %), shake well, add 2- 3 drops of Dil KMNO4 ( 5 gpl) solution and shake well, now add 10 ml. Of 10% Ammonium Thiocyanate solution shake and make up to the mark up to 100 ml.using distilled water. Pink colour appears due to presence of iron can be compared with a control test using blank in another Nessler cylinder using distilled water in place of sample water, by adding standard iron solution ( 0.1 mg/ml ). Calculation :- Iron as fe (mg/l or ppm) = Volume of iron solution consumed × 0.1 × 1000 / Sample taken for the tes For example if water taken for test is 50 ml. And Standard solution of iron (0.1 mg /ml.) consumes 0.1 ml. So as pet formula - 0.1 × 0.1 × 1000/50 = 0.2 mg /l Or 0.2 ppm iron.

How is Enhanced dopamine in Prodromal schizophrenia (EDiPS) related?

EDiPS was developed to replicate arguably the most robust neurochemical finding in patients with schizophrenia, namely increased pre-synaptic DA levels in the DS. EDiPS achieves this by increasing DA synthesis capacity preferentially in the rat DS. The presence of Huth did not induce a baseline increase in DA levels within the DS. However, EDiPS animals show a significant increase in AMPH-induced DA release in the DS. Interestingly, control animals show the typical peak in DA release around 60 minutes post-injection, where DA levels in EDiPS animals continue to rise over the 2 hour collection period. This finding could be the result of a deficit of the DA transporter (DAT) at clearing synaptic DA, however, mRNA levels of DAT are normal in EDiPS animals in all regions. Whilst this does not discount the possibility of a change in DAT activity or function, it suggests that this is not the primary mechanism explaining this finding. Early studies have shown that AMPH stimulates the synthesis of DA, and selectively releases newly-synthesized DA. EDiPS animals have an increased capacity to synthesize DA within the DS. There is evidence that patients with schizophrenia show increased baseline levels of DA as well as an enhanced response to low doses of AMPH.1 ,34 ,35 EDiPS animals replicate this with increased DA release in response to a low AMPH dose. This alteration in subcortical DA is primarily evident in the DS. This animal model, therefore, replicates the core dopaminergic pathophysiology repeatedly observed in patients with schizophrenia. It would be intriguing to examine whether patients with schizophrenia also have altered DA release kinetics in response to AMPH, however, PET studies are rarely conducted over the longer time frames required for such a study. EDiPS animals also clearly recapitulate behavioral phenotypes of relevance to the “positive” symptoms of schizophrenia; increased AMPH-induced hyperlocomotion and deficits in PPI. Increased hyperlocomotion in rodents following AMPH is widely interpreted to indicate increased subcortical DA release. Similarly, deficits in PPI have long been considered an endophenotype of schizophrenia. Further work is necessary to identify whether EDiPS animals demonstrate any behaviors relevant to the negative symptoms or cognitive impairments are seen in patients. AMPH-mediated locomotion is thought to be under dopaminergic control largely within the NAc.37 ,38 However, there is also some evidence that D1-expressing medium spiny neurons in the DS are crucial for DA-mediated hyperactivity.39 ,40 EDiPS may therefore be useful in understanding the role of DS DA in locomotion. PPI is modulated by a range of brain regions including the NAc, PFC, ventral tegmental area (VTA), and substantia nigra pars reticulate (SNr). However the DS is also implicated in PPI. For instance, a lesion of the SNpc-DS projection results in impaired PPI.42 A very recent study has also demonstrated that infusion of the D1-like antagonist SCH23390 into the DS impairs PPI in rats. Although we found no difference in mRNA expression for D1 or D2 receptors in the NAc or the DS, these findings do not exclude the possibility that an alteration in D1 affinity, or the balance of D1 and D2 signaling in the DS, might contribute to the behavioral phenotypes seen here. Although our focus was to replicate the clinical findings in the DS in patients with schizophrenia, DA is also synthesized in the cell bodies found in the SNpc, where the EDiPS construct is injected. DA can be released locally in the midbrain to modulate DA neuron firing properties. Although unconfirmed, it is possible that we may also have altered somatodendritic DA signaling in the nigra. Interestingly, a number of in vivo imaging studies suggest that increased DA activity in the midbrain may be a component of schizophrenia pathophysiology.45 –47 This animal model may also, therefore, be ideally placed to understand the role of increased nigral dopaminergic function in schizophrenia phenotypes. The primary 5-HT metabolite, 5-HIAA, was decreased across all brain regions in EDiPS animals. There are also some indications of increased levels of 5-HT across all regions, but most robustly in the DS (Fig. S3 ). This pattern suggests either decreased 5-HT turnover (although MAO-A mRNA levels were unchanged, see Table S2 ) or increased 5-HT release across the brain. The dorsal raphe nuclei (DRN) represents the primary source of serotonergic innervation to many regions of the brain. There is evidence that stimulation of the D2 receptors on 5-HT neurons in the DRN by midbrain DA, via either direct projections or through volume transmission, increases tonic serotonergic activity. As we expect increased DA in the midbrain of EDiPS animals, this may suggest a mechanism by which serotonergic activity could be increased across the EDiPS brain. The relevance of this serotonergic finding in EDiPS animals to patients with schizophrenia remains to be established. The selective D2/3 receptor agonist quinpirole was used to examine whether the long-term increased capacity to synthesize DA in EDiPS animals had altered either pre-synaptic or post-synaptic DA receptor function. EDiPS animals displayed a normal locomotor response to both the putatively autoreceptor (0.05 mg/kg)52 and post-synaptic (0.5 mg/kg)53 D2 selective dose. This finding is corroborated by normal mRNA levels for both the D2Rshort and long isoforms in all brain regions (Table S2 ). This is also consistent with PET studies of D2 receptor binding in schizophrenia patients which indicate no robust changes in D2/3 receptors in schizophrenia patients.5 In order to examine the effects of EDiPS on other major neurotransmitters or metabolites in the brain, we employed in vivo pharmacy-1H-MRS. Baseline analytes were normal. Following AMPH however, EDiPS animals showed an increase in glutamine (Gln) and unchanged Glx, whereas control animals showed normal Gln, and a decrease in Glx (apparently driven by a decrease in Glu). Consistent with most of our other neurochemical studies, these findings were confined to the DS, suggesting a local effect mediated by EDiPS. However, the impact of AMPH on levels of Glu and Gln in the striatum is not immediately clear. To date, we are unaware of any studies in which MRS has been employed to study striatal Glu/Gln responses to an AMPH challenge. However, a consideration of other studies that have examined Glu and Gln levels in response to varying doses of AMPH or DA either by dialysis or by examining brain tissue at post mortem are informative. In keeping with the response we observe in control animals, studies indicate that when DA is infused directly into the striatum via reverse microdialysis, levels of Glu and Gln are reduced.54 Studies with moderate doses of AMPH are contradictory. One study has shown that a moderate dose of AMPH (2 mg/kg) also led to a reduction in Glu in the striatum.55 Another study appears to show the reverse pattern.56 One way that AMPH may diminish Glu release is through released DA stimulating inhibitory D2 receptors located on the terminals of glutamatergic afferents.57 ,58 In contrast, the effects of high-dose AMPH on Glu and Gln seem consistent. Brain homogenate data, which incorporates all cellular compartments, and therefore perhaps better reflects our 1H-MRS results, shows that Gln levels increase whilst Glu levels remain normal when a high (30 mg/kg) AMPH dose,59, or “binge” levels of methamphetamine are used.60 It is possible that at high doses AMPH induces endocytosis of the Glu transporter.61 ,62 In such a circumstance diminished Glu uptake may lead to increased levels of Glu in the synaptic cleft. Therefore EDiPS animals appear to express a glutamatergic response perhaps reflective of a high dose of AMPH (given their increased capacity to synthesize DA) whereas control animals may respond as expected to a lower AMPH dose. Although this mechanism is still far from clear, manipulation of the DA system in the DS of EDiPS animals has clearly had a downstream local effect on Glu/Gln signaling. Understanding the link between DA and Glu in the DS remains a critical question in the field of schizophrenia research.

What would happen if Hitler's “secret weapons” had actually been produced in mass numbers? What if the Me262 had enough fuel and less engine trouble? What if the V2s were launched in mass numbers?

Not a whole lot. The truth is that Germany was laboring heavily thanks to resource and labor shortages and new weapons were going to do nothing to alleviate that. In fact they would do quite the opposite, the economy would have to completely replace existing weapons and equipment in service and the logistic networks would need to be rebuild to suit the new weapons. It took months for tactics for the Panzerkampfwagen VI (the Tiger) to be developed to effectively utilized. This would have to be applied to all new weapon systems. These "secret weapons" were only becoming available towards the end of 1944. By this time the Germans didn't have the manpower to learn new tactics the hard way, nor did they have land left to abandon if things went wrong, fail at the front and the Soviets are in Berlin, and the Americans are in the Ruhr. They didn't have the time or the resources to learn how to use these new weapons effectively. Secondly German industry simply was not up to it by this point in the war. Her major industrial sites were bombed to smithereens, and only a few factories were underground out of harms way. German industry didn't have the ability to retool and manufacture vast volumes of new weapons to turn the tide of the war. Krupp works, Essen, one of Germany's most important industrial sites. Late war Furthermore Germany was running out of raw materials for her factories. Crucial alloying metals, nickel and molybdenum, there mines were lost or bombed by the end of 1944, the quality of German steel making and the products can be seen to go down hill with the loss of these materials. Thirdly Germany was suffering serious issues with manpower, both in quantity and quality. Huge numbers of Germans were killed and captured during 1944, in France and in the East these losses were irrecoverable. But the loss of huge numbers of Germans troops alone was not the only issue it was the loss of veteran troops, those who had experience in combat. Combat experience cant be trained it must be gained. By this point of the war the Germans were replacing large numbers of their troops with teenagers and old men, the medical requirements were lowered till they were nearly non existent, and even then those who didn't pass were funneled into the Volkstrum. You cannot depend on boys and old men to defend against a large, well equip, and veteran force, which was what the allied and Soviet armies were at this point. These three factors alone make the "secret weapons" program likely fruitless anyway before considering the weapons themselves. The Me 262 was a fantastic aircraft, but even with engine troubles and fuel supply issues ignored it still had its issues. Firstly as a fighter the factor that made it the most famous and its main trump card in combat was its speed. This was a blessing and a curse. It meant that it could strike swiftly and speed away from enemy fighters but at the same time the closing speed was huge, meaning that a pilot had only a few seconds in range to aim and fire at the target. This isn't an issue for a veteran pilot but as mentioned earlier, German was running out of veterans and well trained personal. In the hands of a green pilot I doubt the ability to accurately hit the enemy. Me 262 Furthermore the engine issues themselves were constant across all early jets. Flame outs on a quick trust change or high speed dives were normal. It wasn't until the 1950s when the jet engine matured into a reliable and truly revolutionary power plant where 5-10 years of practical experience is going to come from I am not quite sure. More over the engine life issues were caused due to the lack of appropriate alloy metals in the manufacture an issues that was mentioned above a serious issue across all German industry. Plus stating that fuel issues would be solved doesn't really cut it, fuel was an issue for Germany from day one. Fuel issues gone there isn't a heap of issues in fixing the Luftwaffe's state by simply using modern piston powered aircraft like the FW 190 D. The V-2 was a fantastic piece of technology but as a weapons system it was hugely flawed. It was a huge weapons that could be used once, for delivering a one ton warhead into a CEP of something like 17km. It took a convoy of 17 vehicles to launch which made even the mobile launched weapons vulnerable to air attack. V-2 Further more it was a huge waste of Germany's resources. 12,500kg of material that was desperately needed for weapons that would actually have an impact on the war effort, including a large amount of aluminium that was needed for the aviation industry. Because of its propellant combination of an ethanolic mixture and liquid oxygen it was dangerous to fuel (cryogenic fluids like liquid oxygen are quite explosive and hard to handle). Furthermore the ethanol that was used was produced using a chemical process that needed a vast volume of potatoes. A third of all of Germany's potato production in fact, at a time when the average German solider was living on poor rations at best. Thirdly the rocket was widely inaccurate with a CEP (circular error probable) of 17km due to the limited guidance technologies of the time. This meant that apart from terror attacks against a large target like London they weren't accurate enough to hit important strategic sites like factories and ports, in attacks that would have may have made a difference. Furthermore they had a limited effect on their targets. More people were killed in Mittlewerk producing them as slaves than were actually killed by the weapon itself. It is probably the only weapon ever to kill more in its manufacture than deployment. The Maus and the Landcruiser were laughably stupid proposals right from the outset. Their huge mass meant that there wasn't any roads or bridges that could hold them, it also meant that you would need enormous power plants to propel them, which then leads immediately to Germany's fuel shortages. Which mean that both the Maus and Landcruiser would have quickly ran out of fuel and resupply would be made impossible. Quickly encircled and bombed and shelled into submission. The Maus. One of Hitler's many mad pet projects Tactically they have no purpose. They are huge, and slow targets that will inevitably bring about airstrikes and artillery strikes to take them out. It is often forgotten that you don't need to go through a tanks armor to take it out. All you need to do is hit it with enough force to cause spalling and take out the crew. This is how the Soviet dealt with tanks like the Tiger and the Ferdinand, just using huge HE shells. Finally from the industrial perspective, HOW? The Germans fielded around 500 Tiger II's, they had a mass of 70 tonnes. The Maus 188 tonnes, and the Landcruiser 1,000 tonnes. Where is that vast volume of steel coming from. I am not joking you could quite possibly need a ship yard that was used to dealing with such huge masses and components. The Landcrusier. Where is the steel and fuel coming from again? Lastly the STG 44. This is the only one of the weapons you listed that I think could have a serious impact on the war. It was advantageous as it replaced a full caliber round which was much too powerful for most engagements, with a smaller intermediate round. STG 44. Fantastic weapon Being semi-automatic and fully-automatic it was favorable for the Germans who were fighting against an enemy who numbered far more than the Germans themselves, and its large magazine helped with that too. Coupled with the MG-42 as a GPMG in widespread service it would have given the Germans the greatest squad level firepower of the war. But while being a great weapon it introduced a new ammo type into the German logistic network which would have further strained an all ready strained supply network and the industry that feed it. Moreover the weapon was needed in the millions to have a serious effect on the war, this would require a large investment of industry that would need to be retooled and so forth. I doubt that that could have been done in time. Never the less more weapons could have been made available had the weapons been made more of a priority. Had it been in wide spread use it could have given the allies far more casualties than they would have liked but a new rifle no matter how advanced couldn't change Germany's fortunes by that late in the war. So in conclusion a serious rearmament program with new weapons at that late in the war would have been impossible the German war economy to perform due to resource and manufacturing deficiencies. Furthermore it is doubtful that any of those weapons could have had a meaningful impact on the war. Bradley Pugh

What should I do to sleep better?

“The population generally knows a lot about nutrition and exercise, but there are some things about sleep that still persist, whether they’re old wives tales or things people just aren’t sure about,” says Rebecca Robbins, PhD, lead author of the study and a postdoctoral research fellow in the Department of Population Health at NYU Langone Health. So how do you know what actually works? Here are 15 science-backed ways to start sleeping better, according to experts: 1. Establish a routine. Going to bed at around the same time every night isn't just a good idea for kids. If you’ve ever felt the effects of jet lag, then you know how just a few hours difference can throw off your brain and your body, even lowering the quality of the sleep you do get. “If sometimes your bedtime is at 10 p.m. and sometimes it’s 2 a.m., your body doesn’t know when it’s supposed to be asleep,” says Ilene Rosen, MD, program director for the University of Pennsylvania Sleep Fellowship and the former president of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM). “It will go into a lighter stage of sleep.” 2. Skip the nightcap. “What we see in the literature is that people often consume alcohol before bedtime,” Dr. Robbins says. Unfortunately, a nightly glass of wine (or two) to unwind isn’t doing you any favors in the sleep department. Not only do the latest dietary guidelines advise women to consume no more than seven drinks per week, but that evening cocktail can cause sleep fragmentation and disruption overnight. “It may help you fall it asleep, but it ruins the quality of your sleep,” explains Dr. Robbins. Instead, try sipping a caffeine-free herbal tea — like lavender or chamomile — to help you unwind. 3. Turn down the thermostat. Think “cave” when you’re setting up your bedroom for sleep, Dr. Rosen advises: “You want it to be very dark, cool, and quiet.” Lowering the temperature — at least below 70 — sends a special physiological signal to your brain that it's time for bed because your core body temperature drops when you’re snoozing, she explains. 4. Avoid screens. Watching The Office until you pass out can quickly become a go-to routine, but the laptop, tablet, phone, or TV you’re binging on is counteracting your body’s natural sleepiness by emitting blue light, a specific wavelength also found in sunlight. “If you walk outside on a bright, sunny day, you’re instantly awake,” Dr. Robbins says. “Blue light is one of the triggers to our circadian rhythm, our biological clock for becoming awake.” Likewise, the absence of light contributes to that heavy-eyelid feeling. So having a bright screen near your face right before bed? Not so great. Cut off the binge-watching at least 30 minutes beforehand to minimize the effects, the AASM advises. 5. Use your bed only for sleep. Hanging out in bed — whether you’re reading books or even just lying there wide awake — isn’t the best idea. “There’s a belief that if you stay in bed and toss and turn, you’ll at least get some sleep — that some is better than none,” Dr. Robbins says. “That is not ideal because our bed becomes a stressful place where you really want your bed to be a sanctuary.” Instead, get out of the bed after 15 minutes of trying to fall asleep, and do a boring activity in another room, like folding laundry. “This subconsciously tells the brain that it should be doing nothing else but sleep when the body is in the bed,” says Pradeep Bollu, M.D., a board-certified sleep specialist and neurologist with MU Health Care. 6. Don’t hit snooze. It’s tempting to hit that button and grab an extra 10 minutes in the morning, but it’s really not worth your while, the study in Sleep Health indicated. “The sleep you’ll get subsequent to hitting the snooze bar is very, very poor quality,” Dr. Robbins says. 7. Exercise (in the morning). Besides lowering your chronic disease risk, reducing feelings of anxiety, and promoting a healthy weight, working out also helps you feel more rested. “Aerobic exercises promote sleep and improve the sleep quality,” says Dr. Bollu. Adults should get at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity a week, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services advises, and everything from brisk walking to active yoga to yard work counts. Having said that, time your workout so you’re not getting stimulated late at night. “My general rule is to not exercise in the last couple hours before bedtime,” Dr. Bollu advises. 8. Nix naps. Many people think taking a short siesta will help them catch up on the sleep that they’re struggling to get at night — but most experts polled in the Sleep Health paper rated this strategy as the wrong way to go. If it takes you a really long time to fall asleep at night, you should give up on napping during the day, Dr. Rosen advises. Naps reduce the homeostatic sleep drive, which is the force that makes you feel tired at night. If you can’t hold out until bedtime, cap your nap to no longer than 30 minutes so you don’t enter deeper stages of sleep, Dr. Bollu says. 9. Watch your caffeine intake. One Starbucks Venti can contain your entire daily recommended amount of caffeine — 300-400 mg per day, according to the most recent dietary guidelines. While this stimulant affects everyone differently, generally steer clear of it at least six hours before bed, says Jaclyn London, MS, RD, CDN, Nutrition Director at the Good Housekeeping Institute. 10. Try a white noise machine. Listening to the latest Taylor Swift single isn’t exactly the best wind-down method. “Depending on how into the music you are, it may be hard to fall asleep and stay asleep,” Dr. Rosen says. “If you’re picking a noise to distract you, I would go with a white noise machine or one of the zen soundtracks.” The soothing sounds, lack of lyrics, and consistent volume will make it easier to zone out (and they’re less likely to wake you up if you leave them on). 11. Clean your room. Washing your bedding will cut down on potential allergens like dust mites and pet dander than can trigger congestion, sneezing, and obstructed breathing and in turn, poor sleep, Dr. Rosen says. Ditch the throw pillows and stick with just the ones that support your body, she adds. Less clutter also means fewer potential distractions, so keep your reading, electronics, and work in another room. 12. Give pets their own beds. Your dogs might be in for a rude awakening if they’re used to hopping under the covers with you. Not only do our animal friends leave behind allergens, but the fidgeting and noise can disrupt your sleep, especially during lighter stages. “The number one distractor is often pets,” Dr. Rosen says. “In those normal arousals that our brains are all having, having a pet right next you moving, doing whatever, might be just enough to wake you up.” 13. Don’t have a heavy dinner right before bed. Since a high-fat meal takes so much longer to digest and absorb than a lighter one, it can keep you awake, London explains. Not only is your metabolism chugging along, but lying down can also contribute to acid reflux. 14. Eat more cherries and kiwi. If hunger’s keeping you up, snack smartly by choosing cherry juice or a handful of dried cherries. “They can help boost melatonin production, which can help you fall asleep faster,” London says. Not a cherry fan? Try eating a couple of kiwis, which appears to promote and enhance sleep in some initial studies. “The combination of serotonin and antioxidants found in kiwi may help with sleep quality,” London explains. 15. Embrace what relaxes you. Whether it’s taking a warm bath or using a scented night cream, do whatever helps you unwind at night. “If you like aromatherapy and find lavender relaxes you, add it to your routine,” Dr. Rosen says. That said, don’t be afraid to try something new — and don't give up if it doesn’t work right away: “You’re developing a habit, so try to stick to it for many nights in a row as you can to see if it helps,” she recommends. Sweet dreams!

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