เตรียมจะปรากฎตัวสู่สายตาสาธารณชนครั้งแรกที่งานบางกอก มอเตอร์โชว์ ครั้งที่ 42เชื่อว่าคอรถยนต์หลายคนกำลังเฝ้ารอคอยการเผยโฉมตัวจริงของ
MG HS (เอ็มจี เอชเอส) ถือเป็นรถอเนกประสงค์อีกรุ่นที่ได้รับความนิยมไม่แพ้ MG ZS ของค่ายเอ็มจีเลย ด้วยความโดดเด่นในด้านเทคโนโลยี
MG (เอ็มจี) ลอนดอน ได้ทำการเปิดคอนเซปท์รถสปอร์ตคันใหม่ในนาม MG Cyberster แบบเปิดประทุน ก่อนที่จะมีรายละเอียดออกมาในงาน
รถไฟฟ้าในปัจจุบัน ส่วนมากจะมีอยู่ 2 ชนิด ถ้าหากไม่ใช่รถยนต์ทั่วไปสำหรับการเดินทางบนถนนดำ เช่น MG EP (
และต้องบอกเลยว่า MG กล้าหาญชาญชัยมากที่นำรถกระบะ MG EXTENDER (เอ็มจี เอกซ์เทนเดอร์) เข้ามาขายในประเทศไทย
ดีกว่ารถทั่วไปอย่างไรข้อดีหลัก ๆ คือ สมรรถนะที่แรงขึ้น จากการทำงานของมอเตอร์ไฟฟ้า ที่เสริมแรงให้กับเครื่องยนต์ MG
MG HS C ราคา 919,000 บาท, MG HS D ราคา 1.019 ล้านบาท และรุ่นตัวทํอป MG HS X ราคา 1.119 ล้านบาท2.MG HS
หลังจาก MG HS รถสไตล์รถครอบครัวจากแบรนด์จีนเปิดตัวก็ได้รับความสนใจล้นหลาม และก็กลายเป็น Compact SUV ที่มียอดขายดีในกลุ่มได้อย่างรวดเร็วด้วยชื่อ
2021 MG ZS EV (เอ็มจี แซดเอส อีวี) รถอเนกประสงค์พลังงานไฟฟ้าล้วนจาก MG (เอ็มจี) ที่ออกแบบเพื่อตอบโจทย์การใช้ชีวิตสไตล์คนเมือง
MG (เอ็มจี) แบรนด์รถยนต์น้องใหม่ประเทศไทย ประกาศขึ้นแท่นผู้นำตลาดเอสยูวีในครึ่งแรกของปี 2563 ด้วยยอดจำหน่ายรวม
MG V801.ภายใน MG V80 กว้างขวางจุดเด่น MG V80 ก็คือด้านความกว้างขวาง เนื่องจากตัวถังที่ค่อนข้างใหญ่ ถ้าเทียบกับคู่แข่งก็จะเห็นว่าความกว้างความยาวความสูงล้วนแต่มากกว่าแทบทุกจุด2
เรียกได้ว่าอาจถูกใจทาสแมวหลายคนทีเดียวORA Good Cat ได้เปิดตัวให้ไทยได้ยลโฉมตัวจริงในงานมอเตอร์โชว์ครั้งที่ 42
MG (เอ็มจี) ได้รับรางวัลแบรนด์รถยนต์ที่ความคุ้มค่ายอดเยี่ยม (Best Value Brand 2020) จากการประกาศผลรางวัล
ในงาน BIG Motor Sale 2020 ค่ายรถยนต์ MG ได้จัดโปรโมชั่นน่าสนใจให้กับรถ SUV ZS และ HS มาแล้ว ล่าสุด MG
ของยอดขายทั้งหมดในปีที่ผ่านมาเลยทีเดียวตัวเลขดังกล่าวถือเป็นการเติบโตอย่างก้าวกระโดดจากปี 2019 ซึ่งยอดขายรถพลังงานไฟฟ้าในชาติสแกนดิเนเวียนแห่งนี้มีสัดส่วนเพียง 42%
2021 MG 5 (2021 เอ็มจี 5) เจนเนอเรชั่นใหม่เตรียมเปิดตัวออกจำหน่ายในเร็ว ๆ นี้ หลังมีภาพหลุดจากกระทรวงอุตสาหกรรมของประเทศจีนออกมาให้แฟน
2020 MG HS PHEV (เอ็มจี เอชเอส พีเอชอีวี) เปิดตัวอย่างเป็นทางการแล้ว เคาะราคาที่ 1,359,000 บาท โดยจะเป็นรถปลั้กอินไฮบริดรุ่นแรกของ
MG (เอ็มจี) ในปี 2021 วางแผนที่จะทำการเปิดตัวรถยนต์ไฟฟ้ารุ่นใหม่ปลายปีนี้ ในตัวถังแฮทช์แบ็ค 5 ประตู อาจคล้ายกับ
แบงค์บอกต่อ เรามาดูโปรโมชั่นรถยนต์น่าสนใจหลายขนาดจากทางฝั่ง MG (เอ็มจี) ที่มีทั้ง 2021 MG ZS (เอ็มจี
2021 MG Extender2021 MG Extender (2021 เอ็มจี เอกซ์เทนเดอร์) รถกระบะโฉมใหม่ได้รับการประกาศราคาจำหน่ายอย่างเป็นทางการแล้ว
**บทความนี้เป็นประสบการณ์ส่วนตัวของเจ้าของรถ 2021 MG5 (MG Pilot) และมาจากเว็บไซต์ประเทศจีน ไม่ได้เป็นความเห็นของ
2020 MG ZS (เอ็มจี แซดเอส) รถเอสยูวีโฉมใหม่ได้รับรองมาตรฐานความปลอดภัยระดับ 5 ดาวจาก Asean NCAP แต่คะแนนการทดสอบยังด้อยกว่า
ความสำเร็จของรถอเนกประสงค์ค่าย MG ทั้ง MG ZS (เอ็มจี แซดเอส) และ MG HS (เอ็มจี เอชเอส) แสดงให้เห็นว่าค่ายรถยนต์น้องใหม่สามารถโค่นแบรนด์ยักษ์อันเก่าแก่ลงได้หากเดินถูกทางยอดขายสะสมของรถอเนกประสงค์ขนาดซับคอมแพ็กต์อย่าง
MG Motor (เอ็มจี มอเตอร์) แห่งสหราชอาณาจักร เปิดตัวบริการรูปแบบใหม่เพื่อเอาใจลูกค้าผู้ใช้รถยนต์ไฟฟ้าในสหราชอาณาจักร
**บทความนี้เป็นประสบการณ์ส่วนตัวของเจ้าของรถ 2021 MG5 (MG Pilot) และมาจากเว็บไซต์ประเทศจีน ไม่ได้เป็นความเห็นของ
พล.อ.ประยุทธ์ จันทร์โอชา นายกรัฐมนตรี มาเป็นประธานเปิดก่อนจะเก็ยค่าโดยสารในเดือน พฤศติกายน 2564 ค่าโดยสาร 12-42
ค่ายรถยนต์ MG สัญชาติจีนเริ่มต้นบุกเบิกตลาดรถเอสยูวีมาได้สักระยะ ล่าสุดก็เปิดตัว Compact SUV รุ่นล่าสุดอย่าง
งานบางกอก อินเตอร์เนชั่นแนล มอเตอร์โชว์ ครั้งที่ 42 ยืนยันพร้อมจัดแน่นอน ระหว่างวันที่ 24 มีนาคม-4 เมษายน
เอ็มจี เอชเอส ปลั๊กอินไฮบริด เปิดตัวในราคา 1,359,000 บาท2020 MG HS PHEV (เอ็มจี เอชเอส ปลั๊กอินไฮบริด
ความพยายามในการเดินหน้าตลาดรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าในหลายประเทศยังดำเนินการไปอย่างเข้มข้น หนึ่งในนั้นคือเจ้าพ่อรถยนต์ไฟฟ้าอย่าง MG
battlefield 5 mg 42-battlefield 5 mg 42-AG/M 42 BOOM Stick !!
battlefield 5 mg 42-Enlisted: "D-Day" Invasion | MG-42 BUZZSAW SHREDDING | Gameplay German Defense (No Commentary)
battlefield 5 mg 42-Smile for the Selfie! Airsoft Ground War MG42 Gameplay, Oxfordshire UK
battlefield 5 mg 42-battlefield 5 mg 42-Battlefield V - MG34 Gameplay - Montage (BFV MG34 Montage)
battlefield 5 mg 42-Battlefield V MG42 Shredder
battlefield 5 mg 42-Battlefield V|EPIC 8 KILLSTREAK|GOLD MG42
battlefield 5 mg 42-battlefield 5 mg 42-[H&G] MG42 Review BRING ION THE DAKKA
battlefield 5 mg 42-Battlefield 5 - New Weapons! MG42, Sturmgewehr 1-5, MP34 (Hamada/Twisted Steel Gameplay)
battlefield 5 mg 42-Battlefield V|GOLD MG42 KILLSTREAK
battlefield 5 mg 42-Battlefield V - FG42 Best Support Gun? (Live Commentary#2)
Battlefield 5 How Camping players gets many Kills - MG 42 .
BATTLEFIELD 5 - NEW SNIPER GAMEPLAY & ADDED/FIXED FEATURES (Krag-Jorgensen, MG-42 & MP-34): via @YouTube
You can tell @SMii7Y is Canadian from his lack of gun knowledge. And if he reads thisBattlefield tipsIron sights: 1.5 zoomRed dot: 1.25 zoomMg 42 is a thingThe helis need to be stopped COMPLETELY before exiting.Also try conquest before firestorm.
The Lewis Gun in Battlefield 5 is classed poorly. With its magazine size, accuracy, barely any recoil, not to mention it weighs more than the MG-42 irl, it should be an MMG and not an LMG. It's too busted.Alternatively, buff everything else to a comparable level, like the MG-42
M1922 MG 42 German Paratrooper Skins For M.95 | Squad Up With Battlefield 5 assignments? I can be if you know all grenades
reddit: bAtTlEfIeLd 5 iS dEaDMe: Haha, MG-42 go BBBRRRRRRRRRRRRRRTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTT
I played battlefield 5...I loved it because I got to play with my favorite gun the MG-42
Loadout MG 42 Hitler's Buzzsaw! | Battlefield 5 Weapon Review via @YouTube
M1922 MG 42 Hitler's Buzzsaw! | Battlefield 1 VS Battlefield 5 Stream Before The slower TTK impressions:STG 44 is my ISP
I like how Battlefield 5 removed the ability to stand and fire an MG 34 or MG 42 just because there wasn't a proper handhold. I really be feeling like games based on combat are slowly becoming more and more shitty on that note.
You don't want to meet a MG 42 on the battlefield. This was a fearsome and deadly weapon in the hands of a fearsome army of professionals. Copyright, 2014, Nigel Askey 1 1/07/2014 http://www.operationbarbarossa.net/blog/ http://www.operationbarbarossa.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/Equal-Inf-Sqds.pdf All Infantry Squads are not Created Equal The Effect of Squad Automatics on an Infantry Squad’s Overall Firepower It is still sometimes stated that the German army had better equipment (especially tanks and artillery) than the enemy armies it faced, particularly in the early years of WWII. In regards to most weapons (especially tanks and artillery) this statement is simply not true. However, in regard to light and medium machine guns it is true, and this situation remained essentially unchanged for the duration of the war. Ironically many German weapons are often touted as being potential war winners, or at least far ahead of anything fielded by the Western Allies or the USSR in WWII. These weapons include the famous (or infamous) King Tiger tanks, the V2 rocket, the type XXI U-boat and the Me 262 jet fighter-bomber. In the rush to marvel at these weapons, most historians have overlooked a weapon which inflicted far more casualties on the Wehrmacht’s enemies than all the so called ‘wonder weapons’ combined, and which took the Allies until the 1950s to produce a comparable weapon. This was the MG 34 machine gun, followed by the even more lethal MG 42 machine gun. The standard German machine gun in 1941 was the 7.92mm MG 34. The MG 34 was the world’s firstGeneral Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG), a term that is standard in today’s armies but was unknown in 1939. The MG 34 was the first true GPMG because it was used as the standard infantry squad automatic (on a bipod) as well as the platoon or company’s MMG-HMGs (on a tripod). It even had a respectable anti-aircraft (AA) capability due to its very high rate of fire (900 rounds per minute), accuracy and ammunition feed. The origins of the MG 34 go back to 1930 when the Swiss company of Solothurn produced a MG called the MG 30 which they offered to the German Army.1 The MG 30 was a very advanced design and was probably the first ‘straight line’ MG design. It incorporated a butt in prolongation with the barrel axis and an ingenious quick change barrel design, both features of the MG 34. However the German Army was not impressed with the weapon and asked Mauserwerke (Mauser) to improve on its design. Mauserwerke jettisoned the side feeding box magazine and designed a new belt feed mechanism which could also take the saddle drum magazine used on the MG 15. The bolt locking system, the recoil system, and the barrel changing system were also all redesigned. The resultant MG34 was immediately accepted by the German Army for two main reasons: it was technically the finest weapon in its class in the world, and more importantly it fit in with the German Army’s infantry squad tactics which had been continually developed during and after WWI.The most far reaching impact of the MG 34 was tactical rather than mechanical. To understand this very important fact, we need to digress slightly and examine in simple terms how infantry squads worked in combat during this period. The infantry squad was essentially the smallest self-contained manoeuvre unit on the battlefield. It was capable of independent action and had both the structure and morale to be sent into action unsupported. The typical infantry squad of 8-12 men and could be separated into four functional parts. These were: command section (the squad leader), communication section (radio if available, which they weren’t in the Red Army), heavy weapons section (LMGs, automatic rifles, heavy AT weapons) and assault section (rifles, SMGs, grenades, flamethrowers, light AT weapons). The assault section (also often called the rifle section) was usually the largest section in the squad, with the ‘command’ and ‘communication’ sections also part of this group when the situation required. In general terms the infantry squad operated as follows. In offensive situations the heavy weapons section was expected to cover and suppress the enemy’s firepower, enabling the assault section to close and neutralise the enemy position. In defence the heavy weapons section was expected to provide the bulk of the firepower needed to eliminate the enemy attack, with the assault section protecting the flanks of the main fulfil these requirements, the ideal squad MG had to be: light enough to be carried forward by one man to directly support an attack, able to be brought into action within less than a minute, easily concealed, operated by one or two men at most, have adequate firepower (rate of fire, ammunition feed and accuracy) to suppress and inflict damage on the enemy defences, and be able to maintain a sustained fire for a long period (i.e. have adequate barrel cooling and be reliable). Like many technical specifications, the squad MG was a trade-off between conflicting requirements. Traditionally in MG design, ‘adequate firepower’, ‘cooling’ and ‘sustained fire’ meant belt fed ammunition and some form of assisted cooling such as water. These in turn meant the weapon was very heavy (far too heavy to be carried forward), difficult to conceal and slow into action. In addition, the voracious appetite for ammunition of automatic weapons meant the squad MG required an ammunition system which other members of the squad could support; specifically they could carry some of the required ammunition forward in support of the MG team. The result was that every other army (except the German Army) opted for air cooled and magazine fed designs, which collectively became known as light machine guns (LMGs). It was felt that the LMG could still provide adequate firepower to ‘do the job’ and there was essentially no choice anyway. It was simply impractical to have anything but air cooled barrels and it was felt that having squad members festooned with ammunition belts was unworkable. Separate ammunition magazines (with 20-30 rounds each) could be carried by all squad members, and the resultant limitations on fire rate, coupled with a LMG designed to fire 400-600 rounds per minute, meant the cooling problem could be managed. The US army didn’t even opt for the LMG as the standard squad automatic in the interwar years. Instead they opted for the Browning automatic rifle (BAR) M1918A2. This was essentially a heavy automatic rifle with a bottom loading 20 round magazine (which is inconvenient to change in action) and an extremely violent action. At 10kg in weight, the BAR was as heavy as contemporary LMGs without the flexibility and firepower advantages of most current LMGs. Amazingly, the BAR remained the US army’s squad light automatic until after WWII.Unfortunately for the rest of the world, the LMG compromise did not satisfy the German Army’s tactical combat requirements in the interwar years. Ever since the development of ‘shock troop tactics’ by the German Army in WWI, the Germans (along with some other armies) had struggled to find a MG which could meet all the demands required of a modern squad MG.2 They decided to pursue the concept of the General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG); a weapon capable of meeting the demands of the squad LMG and also powerful enough to equip the heavy MG platoons and companies. Firstly, they ignored the idea that having squad members festooned with ammunition belts was unworkable. As it turned out this was true, and I am often amused to see modern day infantry squads with belt ammunition draped over their shoulders on newsreels and photos! Secondly, the problem of cooling was solved by using a perforated air cooled barrel and more importantly, an ingenious and very rapid barrel changing system. Barrel changing was simplified by hinging the gun body to the rear end of the barrel casing; unlatching allowed the gun body to be swung sideways and the barrel pulled straight out of its bearings. In action, a good crew could change the barrel in 5-10 seconds! Finally, the Germans kept the MG 34 light enough to be carried and brought into action by one man. With a bipod attached to the barrel (standard in LMGs) the MG 34 weighed 12.2 kg. This is only marginally heavier than the outstanding British Bren LMG at 10.1 kg, the Red Army’s DP 1928 LMG at 9.3 kg, and the US Army’s BAR at 10 kg.3If the MG 34 was required to fulfil the role of MMG (Medium MG) or even HMG (Heavy MG), it was fitted to a small tripod (weighing 6.75 kg) or more commonly a large tripod (weighing 23.6 kg). The large tripod incorporated a sprung cradle to reduce the recoil and vibration, and the facility for telescopic gun sights and remote firing capability on a fixed arc. On the large tripod, the MG 34 was effective out to 2 500-3 000 metres. Coupled with the much higher rate of fire, this meant that the MG 34 also outperformed most contemporary WWII HMGs. The only real weakness of the MG 34 was that it was too good! The quality of design and workmanship meant long and precise manufacturing processes, and the weapon was very expensive for a squad weapon. As WWII progressed MG 34 production could not match demand. This led directly to the even more formidable, cheaper and easier to manufacture MG 42. The MG42 is considered by many experts to be one of the finest MGs ever made and matched by few rivals even today. The post-war US M60 LMG and British L7A1 GPMG unashamedly copied the best features of the MG 42. When the German Bundeswehr was reconstituted in the 1950s they considered the MG 42 better than anything then on offer! The result was the MG 42 was placed back into production by Rheinmetall (in 7.62 NATO calibre) as the MG 1, and later the MG 3. Considering all the above it is not unreasonable to ask; was the German Army’s advantage in GPMGs significant in the overall scheme of a modern war like the Eastern Front during WWII? Applying the methodology detailed in Part II (The Structure of the 1941 Soviet and Axis Resource Database) to the various MGs from WWII enables us to gain an insight into this question. Table Ger Res Database 1 reveals that the MG 34 in LMG mode had an OCPC (Overall Combat Power Coefficient) value of 8.56, while in the HMG mode the OCPC was 11.96. The corresponding tables from the Soviet FILARM model reveal the DP 1928 (squad LMG) had an OCPC value of 5.37, while the comparatively heavy and cumbersome Maxim 1910 MMG had an OCPC value of 8.63. This means that on average German infantry squads had around 1.6 times more direct irepower than the best equipped Soviet rifle squads. It also means that a German infantry squad had similar firepower to an enemy MMG, and was able to rapidly move this firepower forward to immediately support any attack or defence. This is before we even consider factors such as: •Around half the rifle squads fielded by the Red Army in 1941 had no LMG at all (due to shortages of LMGs relative to the massive mobilisation programme). •German infantry squads were also better equipped in other areas, particularly in terms of numbers and types of available hand and rifle grenades. •German motorised infantry squads (Schuetzen) operating with panzer and motorised divisions had 2 MG 34 GPMGs per squad; giving these troops exceptional firepower. When one considers that there were tens of thousands of infantry and rifle squads fighting each other every day during Operation Barbarossa, the German advantage in GPMGs in every squad becomes very significant in terms of affecting the overall course of the war. It also goes some way to explain the difference in casualty rates sustained by the respective sides at the tactical level. There is little doubt that the MG 34 was the finest weapon of its generation. It remained unmatched by any equivalent Allied or Soviet weapon in WWII and was only superseded by the MG 42. The impact of the MG 34 GPMG on infantry combat in WWII, and the advantage it bestowed upon German infantry at the tactical level, is difficult to overstate. Interestingly, the superior firepower of the MG34 (and the later MG 42) is very carefully simulated in most tactical or tactical-operational level military simulations today. However for some mysterious reason this same superiority is ignored (or at least totally underestimated) in most current operational level simulations of WWII battles and campaigns. In many of these simulations, both side’s infantry squads are treated as generic units with similar combat attributes. This is a mistake and will severely diminish the simulation’s value.If there are two things the reader should take away from this discussion on GPMGs, it is that all infantry and rifle squads are not equal, and that the impact of having tens of thousands of superiorly armed squads is very significant in any military campaign. Motorised Infantry Squads (Schuetzen) (aka Panzergrenadiere) In the period 1939-41, the German schuetzen or motorised infantry squads were the forerunners of the more famously titled panzergrenadiers. It wasn’t until 1942 that the schuetzen regiments in the panzer divisions were renamed panzergrenadier regiments in recognition of their ‘elite’ status. During Operation Barbarossa they were still most commonly referred to as motorised infantry. The schuetzen or motorised infantry regiments formed the infantry support element of German panzer and motorised divisions, which in turn formed the spearhead of any panzer or motorised corps. As such, German motorised infantry squads were better trained and more heavily armed than normal infantry squads. If mounted in trucks, the motorised infantry squad had an additional MG34 LMG available for increased firepower. The trucks enabled the much heavier ammunition load required for two MG34s to be readily carried. If mounted in the Sd Kfz 251 armoured halftrack, the motorised infantry squad became a true ‘armoured infantry squad’. In this mode the entire 10 man squad was carried in the Sd Kfz 251 and usually possessed two MG 34 MGs (including one with heavy tripod mount), eight Kar 98K rifles and two MP 38/30 SMGs.5 One of the MG 34s could also be mounted on a special long range mount on the front of the Sd Kfz 251. In this configuration one of the squad’s MGs effectively became a mobile supporting HMG with an armoured shield, which supported the squad when it dismounted from the Sd Kfz 251 and went into action. The Sd Kfz 251 represented the world’s first true APC (armoured personnel carrier) and in 1940-41 the Sd Kfz 251-infantry combination represented the only modern armoured infantry force in the world. It wasn’t until the US started mass producing the M3 armoured halftrack, and giving them to the UK and USSR in large numbers, that the rest of the world caught. In order to simulate the German motorised and armoured infantry squads in the Barbarossa simulation, the four main components required are separated in the Barbarossa simulation’s resource database. Thus (in the TOE of panzer and motorised divisions) the complete motorised infantry squad will include a ‘Heavy Rifle Squad’, an additional ‘LMG’ and a ‘truck’. Similarly, the complete armoured infantry squad will include a ‘Heavy Rifle Squad’, an additional ‘LMG’ and a ‘Sd Kfz 251 APC’. In the latter case the Sd Kfz 251 is treated as an armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) with a MG34 as its main weapon. Combat Engineer Squads (Pioniere) The second German squad type that needs special mention here is the pionier or combat engineer squad (listed as an ‘Eng Sqd’ in the tables above). To a large extent this unit was even more dangerous than the motorised infantry squad. The more commonly used term for this type of unit in other armies is ‘sappers’ or ‘army-engineers’. However, in western armies and the Red Army in 1941, the terms sappers or army-engineers doesn’t adequately encompass the full idea behind the German pionier squad. This is because German pionierunits were relatively elite troops who were especially trained and equipped for close assault and close combat. They were trained and equipped for combat to a much higher degree than their British, US or Red Army counterparts. As such, pionier troops were extremely dangerous troops to face, especially where the defender was forced to defend fixed positions. It is likely that the German pionier units in WWII owe their combat oriented pedigree to the development of stosstrupptakik (shock troop tactics) by the German Army in WWI. The German stosstrupptakik essentially involved the use of heavily armed troops attacking in small groups, and using infiltration tactics and close assault to destroy the enemy position. In the case of WWII pionier troops, ‘heavily armed’ includes MG34 GPMGs, MP38/40 SMGs, lots of grenades and grenade bundles, flame throwers, satchel charges, hollow charge explosives and various types of mines (refer below). In addition, the pionier battalions were designed to fulfil the more traditional battlefield engineer roles more commonly associated with sappers or army engineer units. The first noticeable thing about the pionier squad is that it contained an MG34 GPMG and MG section. If the unit’s prime role was battlefield construction etc this would have been a complete waste of resources. However in the German pionier squad it was needed to provide covering fire while the squad moved forward in combat. A similar analysis of weapons such as flame throwers and anti-tank (AT) rifles reveals that German pioniers normally had three flamethrower sections and three AT sections per pioniercompany (nine flamethrower and nine AT sections per battalion).6 This means pionier squads had dedicated flamethrower teams (or sections) and AT rifles immediately on call if required. By way of comparison, the Red Army and all the German allied armies involved in Operation Barbarossa (the Finnish, Slovakian, Hungarian, Rumanian and Italian armies) had engineer squads without an integrated MG section. Similarly, contemporary western army’s sapper squads needed heavy MG support from additional units if they were going to be used as close assault troops. In similar fashion, support from flame throwers was provided by separate flame thrower squads (eg in the Red Army’s 5th April 1941 TOE Rifle Division). In 1941 the AT rifle used by pioniertroops was usually the Panzerbuchse 39 (covered in the nextsection). The flame throwers most commonly used were the Flammenwerfer 35 or Flammenwerfer 40. The Flammenwerfer 35 weighed 37 kg when filled and could project a flame 25 to 30 metres. Up to 35 bursts of flame (each of approximately 4-5 seconds) could be achieved with one filling. The lighter and easier to handle Flammenwerfer 40 (introduced in 1941) weighed 22 kg when filled. It could project a flame 20 to 25 metres and approximately 12 bursts of flame could be achieved with one filling.7With their training in infiltration tactics and close assault, and a formidable array of available weapons, the German pionier squads had an Overall Combat Power Coefficient (OCPC) comparable to, or higher than, any infantry type squad in the world in 1941. In fact, when the Germans were struggling to deal with the T-34 and KV tanks in 1941, the use of pioniersquads in close assault became one of the preferred methods to destroy them. For many German infantry divisions equipped with only light 37mm AT guns in 1941, pioniersquads and precious medium to heavy artillery were the only really effective means of dealing with T34 and KV tanks. In order to simulate the additional flamethrowers, mines and assault charges available to pioniersquads in the German FILARM model, the WCPC (Weapon Combat Power Coefficient) value of Eng Sqds is increased by 40%. This is shown by the higher WCPC value for Eng Sqds in table Ger Res Database 1. The high WCPC value also results in a high Overall Combat Power Coefficient (OCPC) value; despite the fact that pioniersquads had a lower Tactical Responsiveness Factor (TRF) and a lower Concealment and Protection Factor (CPF) than comparable pure infantry squads.
It’s based on your interests. There’s good reasons why people hate it, and reasons why people keep playing the game. Personally, this game keeps me entertained for the most part, but there is still exceptions that are infuriating. The Gamestyle Unsurprisingly, the game changes on how the style is played and where the momentum goes in-game. For example, on a good game of Twisted Steel in Breakthrough(Operations in Battlefield 1); Just like in Battlefield 1, the entire team can assault one objective, then push on to the next, and to the next, until either they win, or the assault is ultimately halted by the defenders in that case. However, if you are more of a great team player, Battlefield V would suit you great. 2. Gunplay For the most part, the gunplay in the game is surprisingly satisfying for those just entering the game, new to Battlefield or not. Though, I have to say it’s utterly frustrating when the enemy team pulls up on your advancing teammates to objective with this horrifying piece of machinery: One of Battlefield’s Worst Creations Now I have to say, obviously the MG-42 would do maximum damage, but the TTK(Time to Kill) is incredibly small to the point where it appears the enemy has shot a couple bullets to take you out, when really it’s not. 3. Single player Alright, if you see this you have the all clear to skip this if you will, but please read if you wish to. The War Stories in Battlefield are all observantly pieces of the more bigger part of the war mostly in Europe or in Africa. In my own opinion, all of the stories had linear objectives and gameplay though the story that is with it is not so bad. But after waiting for a while, The Last Tiger came just today, and I loved how the story came out, but was though a little rushed with some linear gameplay like before. Anyways, Battlefield V is another game part of the Battlefield Franchise that has a certain play style that’s not really seen in the other games, with exceptions of course. For starting players at this time with the new Tides of War update coming out, it may be a bit harder as they are going against more experienced players that has all the good equipment, but nevertheless any new player should easily adapt and go with the flow in this game.
Viewer discretion is advised… Just imagine that you've travelled back in time to D-Day, June 6th 1944. You're now a First Lieutenant in the 1st Infantry Division. You and your platoon; squashed like sardines, packed aboard the tin can of a Higgins landing craft; en route to the Fox Green sector of Omaha Beach. The waves splash and crash against the craft, rocking your men firmly as they look up to the newborn, baby blue sky. You see the thunderous guns from the USS Arkansas flashing; the shells from its guns whistle overhead on its flight-path towards some target inland. H-Hour is set for 06:30 hrs, so you’ll have to endure that seasickness just a little longer and free your toes once or twice again. Looking around, you notice a young man praying over swaying rosary beads. You listen closely and try to decipher his words. “Our Father.. thy will be done. Our Father.. thy will be done.” As the waves rise higher now, the landing craft begins to flood. You command your men to bail the water and they scoop furiously with their helmets as makeshift buckets. Abruptly, the Coxswain erupts above the noise of the diesel engine, “ONE MINUTE!!!” You tell your men to put their helmets back on and keep their heads down. Thirty seconds... twenty seconds... ten seconds... the landing craft comes to a halt with a jolt and as the ramp goes down you say, “GOOD LUCK MEN!!!” BOOM… BOOM… BOOM!!! The reinforced concrete shelter shakes as the booming salvo of naval gunfire sends the fragments of debris from the ceiling down on-top of Corporal Heinrich Severloh; of the German 352nd Infantry Div. and his comrades. As the dust settles; with a puff of the cheeks, Severloh looks towards his commander, who reassuringly grins back at him. Outside, the sea is black with an awe-inspiring amount of Allied ships and landing craft that's heading their way. “Achtung… Schnell, Mann Deine Position!” The German commander bids the machine-gun team to man their positions. Severloh ensures that his secondary weapon; a rifle, has a round chambered, and is at arm's length from him. Taking control of the machine-gun he presses it firmly into his shoulder, sweeping it from left to right, with index-finger resting along the trigger-guard, he waits for the first wave of Americans to land on the beach. The bursts of machine-gun fire are making little red fountains in the blood-stained sea, in and around the wading GI's; desperately trying to get onto the beach and into cover. The stench of cordite is filling Severloh nostrils, the clatter of the machine-gun is bursting his ear-drums and along with a red mist being formed by the bullets striking their victims is making the scene in front of him look like that of some horror movie. And so it was, on that day, June 6th having joined the battle, it seems you've entered the perpetual fire beneath the earth, to be welcomed by Beelzebub himself. Some way; by some means, you've continued to stay part of the living world… that is… so far… all of a sudden the Beast spots you; he's looking directly into your eyes. The Beasts lips curl, forming a sneer; its wickedness is reaching out to you. The sea-soaked uniform clings to your skin, you've now made it out of the water and have taken cover; barely daring to breathe, behind one of the many tank obstacles. Shocked that most of your men have been wiped-out; you start looking for a way out of this nightmare. Scanning the beach, you see to your right, this grotesque, prostrate figure, only a few yards away, you're transfixed by the mutilated body. They'd had their legs blown off and all you can see is their white thigh bones; you dry-heave, your too-numb at this gruesome sight. Still feeling nauseous, out of the corner of your eye you notice the same young man that was praying on the landing craft; taking cover in some cavity made in the ground by the explosion of an artillery shell exploding next to an obstacle… he’s once again praying over his swaying rosary beads: “Our Father… thy will be done. Our Father… thy will be done!” This Beast of Omaha is inching towards you… getting closer… and closer… if you continue to remain where you are, then surely, you and the rest of the platoon will be slaughtered. You've got to think of something… and fast. “Our Father… thy will be done. Our Father… thy will be done!” After you lift your helmet to wipe your forehead; a quick prayer to the almighty; some shallow breaths, you say to those men of yours that remain: “OKAY!!! LISTEN UP… WE'VE GOT TO GET OFF THE BEACH… FOLLOW ME!!!” SUDDENLY!… you don't know why or how but you're now safe and sound. I've dramatized, but I want you to experience, ‘what was it like to… land on D-Day’. Festing Europa - Fortress Europe: “The first twenty-four hours of the invasion will be decisive… the fate of Germany depends on the outcome. For the Allies as well as Germany, it will be the longest day.” - Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, 22 April 1944. To repulse an attack on Nazi-occupied Europe, Adolf Hitler issued Führer Directive No. 40 in 1942 which calls for the ‘Atlantic Wall' to be built. This extended from Norway, along with Belgium and French coastline to the Spanish border. This wall, a series of fortifications of massive coastal guns, artillery batteries, mines, bombproof bunkers made of reinforced concrete, beach obstacles and several strongpoints called Widerstandsnester. On each of these strongpoints, a concrete shelter or gun emplacement was built. Along with a trench system; used as firing positions, that were connected to the shelter or gun emplacement. Defended on all sides with barbed wire, anti-tank ditches and minefields made it a formidable defence. Finally, each Widerstandsnester provided fire support to other adjoining Widerstandsnesters. In 1943 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, hand-picked by Hitler to become General Inspector of the Western Defences. Rommel then ‘oversaw’ the building or upgrades to the fortifications of Normandy, with more landmines, more machine-gun bunkers and yet more obstacles built. He also petitioned Hitler to bring the Panzer Division awaiting the invasion closer to the beaches; thus, he hoped to improve the odds for a German victory. The Longest Day: D-day - 6th June 1944: The most costly sector, (in terms of Allied lives) on D-Day was… Omaha. With the cost of 2,400 American casualties. The ‘Beast of Omaha' [Heinrich Severloh] was responsible for the majority of these casualties. Whilst the American troops were knee-deep in the water Severloh was ordered to open fire on the GI’s as they were unable to move quickly. This would inflict many casualties; with an ultimate aim of stopping the Americans getting a foothold on land. The MG-42 is a 7.92x57 mm Mauser general-purpose machine-gun, (GPMG) rate of fire: 1,200 rounds/min (variable with different bolts). Muzzle velocity: 2,428 ft/, with an effective range of 200-2,000 metres and it has a maximum range of 4,700 metres. This GPMG required a barrel charge after about 250 rounds of rapid firing and up to 400 rounds when pushed. Overall, after 9 hours of continuous fighting, Severloh fired around 13,500 rounds from his MG-42 alone. Then, in turn, he’d fired a further 500 from his rifle; as he needed to allow the barrel[s] of his MG-42 to cool down. As the sea turned red with blood… …“I saw how the water sprayed up where my machine-gun bursts landed, and when the small fountains came closer to the GI's, they threw themselves down. Very soon the first bodies were drifting in the waves of the rising tide. In a short time, all the Americans down there were dead." - Corporal Heinrich Severloh, of the German 352nd Infantry Div. A 50 mile stretch (80 km) of Normandy coast was divided into five sectors: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword: Utah: the beach stretches for 5 km and was further divided into three landing sections, from west to east: ‘Tare Green’, ‘Uncle Red’ and ‘Victor’. At 06:35 hrs 20,000 troops primarily from the US 4th Infantry Division (Div.) and 70th Tank Battalion had landed. Allied casualties: <300. German forces: 709th, 243rd and 91st Infantry Div. “We’ll start the war from right here.” - Brig. Gen. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., commander of the 4th Infantry Div. Upon finding that his force had landed in the wrong place. Omaha: the beach stretches for 5.9 km, 12 km from Utah beach. Divided into ten landing sections, from west to east: ‘Charlie’, ‘Dog Green’, ‘Dog White’, ‘Dog Red’, ‘Easy Green’, ‘Easy White’, ‘Easy Red’, ‘Fox Green’, ‘Fox White’ and ‘Fox Red’. The 1st and 29th US Infantry Div. are designated to attack here. The Allied casualties were roughly around 2,400. German forces from the 352nd Infantry Div. and 439th Ost-Battalion. “Two kinds of people are staying on this beach - the dead and those who are going to die.” - Col. George A. Taylor commanding the 16th Infantry Regiment,(Robert Mitchum in the film The Longest Day delivered this line). Gold: the beach stretches for 8 km which included the coastal town of La Rivière and Le Hamel and was 24 km away from Omaha Beach. Divided into four landing sections, from west to east: ‘How’, ‘Item’, ‘Jig’ and ‘King’. At 07:25 hrs troops from the British XXX Corps lands; 50th Infantry Div. which included No. 47 Commando. XXX Corps job was to secure a beachhead, establishing contact with the American forces to the west and to link up with the Canadian forces at Juno. Allied casualties: 1,000-1,100 (350 killed). German forces: 352nd Infantry Div. and 716th Static Div. “Gold Beach was a terrible sight. It was piled high with equipment and burning landing craft but as we got closer you could see a lot of dead bodies.“ - Jim Radford, youngest known Allied veteran of the D-Day landings, aged 15 galley boy Merchant Navy. Juno: the attack is scheduled for 07:35 hrs. Divided into three landing sections from, west to east: ‘Love', ‘Mike’ and ‘Nan’ is attacked by the Canadian 3rd Infantry Div. 2nd Armoured Brigade and the British No. 48 Commando. The attack is delayed by ten minutes, to 07:45 hrs in Nan sector and 07:55 hrs in Mike sector. After linking up with the British 3rd Div. on Sword and the British 50th Infantry Div. on Gold, the Canadian 3rd Infantry Div. objectives were to capture Carpiquet Airfield and reach the Caen-Bayeux railway line by nightfall (Caen was captured on the 9th July 1944). Allied casualties: 340 killed and 574 wounded. German units defending the beach were two German battalions of the 716th Infantry Div. with elements of the 21st Panzer Div. held in reserve. “I had to open the landing craft doors and get the troops out. Straight away there was heavy gunfire, the stench of burning flesh and body parts floating past. The sea was red. At one point the landing craft door was blocked by a dead body stuck in the hinges and we had to remove it.” - Matthew Toner, Royal Navy. Ferrying Canadian soldiers on Juno Beach in an LST landing craft - taking them into intense German fire. Sword: the beach stretches for 8 km. Divided into four landing sections, from west to east: ‘Oboe’, ‘Peter', ‘Queen' and ‘Roger' is attack by the British 3rd Div. with French and British commandos attached. The attack commenced at 07:25 hrs and was encountered by moderate fire. With the Germans suppressed, by 08:00 hrs the fighting progresses inland. At 13:00 hrs the commandos achieved most of their important objectives; with them linking-up with airborne troops at the bridges over the Orne waterway. Allied casualties after 29,000 British troops landed: 683. “I'm sorry we're a few minutes late.” - Lord Livart, arriving with his commandos to relieve the British airborne troops holding the Orne River bridges, 6th June. Pointe du Hoc: was of strategic importance with a battery of German 155 mm guns on top of a cliff; between Utah and Omaha beaches and could fire on those beaches. Under the command of Lieutenant Colonel James E. Rudder, the 2nd and 5th Ranger Battalions had the important mission of destroying these guns, by scaling 100-foot cliffs. Upon reaching the fortifications the Rangers found out that the gun battery had been removed. German forces were: 716th, 352nd Infantry Div. and the 914th Grenadier Regiment. “Well, is it or isn't it the invasion?”- Adolf Hitler. (You bet it was Adolf). Army Pvt. Arnold Gabriel was a machine gunner on Omaha Beach with the 29th Infantry Division, describes how chaotic the battlefield was on D-Day: "With the Air Force overheard, the Navy shelling [enemy positions], the enemy firing at you and we're firing at them, it was just chaos," he said. "Nobody landed where they were supposed to. I landed way over to the left flank and ended up with the 1st [Infantry] Division. It took me a day to get back and find the 29th Division”. In conclusion: I'll leave you with one more quote to describe: ‘what was it like to land on D-Day’: “They're murdering us here. Let's move inland and get murdered.” - Colonel Charles D. Canham, 116th Infantry Regiment commander, on Omaha Beach. Let us give a moments thought to all those nationalities that fought and sacrificed their lives on D-Day: - 6th June 1944… God bless their souls… Amen.
The MG-42 “Hey! Fantastic day to be fighting the war, huh?” “Yup! Great day to be killing krauts!” “AHH! GET TO COVER!” “Wh-what, what is that thing?” “I don’t know… But it sounds like a paper being ripped in half whilst unleashing bullets in all directions.” The MG-42 earned nicknames such as The Burp Gun, The Zipper, The Ripper, and its most notable name, Hitler’s Buzzsaw. When it first entered the battlefield in 1942, its blistering rate of fire (1,400–1,800 rounds per minute) put such a psychological trauma on allied troops, that some dove into fetal position and didn’t dare to see what was shooting. Nothing fired so fast at the time. The Junkers Ju-87 Stuka Dive Bomber “Hmm. Looks like the Cubs are playing this week…” “GASP!” “RRRRRRRRRRRRR” “GET TO COVER!” The Stuka was a dive bomber used by Nazis Germany in WWII. Soldiers got used to its siren. But in the beginning of the war, allied soldiers would hear the roaring air of this dragon and instantly hit the deck. The Stuka siren officially became one of the scariest sounds of war history. The sound alone scared young soldiers into submission and destroyed morale. Enjoyed this answer? Here’s some more! :) Luke Harrison's answer to If soldiers from 1418, 1818, 1918 and 2018 met, what would they say? Luke Harrison's answer to As a soldier, what makes you roll your eyes every time you hear it? Luke Harrison's answer to What is the most illegal item you had in a car while being pulled over? Luke Harrison's answer to How would Anakin react on Mustafar if Obi-Wan agreed with everything he said? Luke Harrison's answer to What do you think of Hitler's leadership in WW2? I have a discussion with a Swiss colleague who thinks Hitler is a genius. I think he was egotistical, declaring war on Russia and US. Also he was obsessed with weapons. Not a clear minded approach. Luke Harrison's answer to What are great examples of psychological warfare used during WWII? Luke Harrison's answer to What decree did Hitler do that banned the public from having guns in Germany? Luke Harrison's answer to How far would the US get if suddenly the US government decided to conquer the world like Nazi Germany? Luke Harrison's answer to You are one of six people forced to play Russian roulette with a six-shot revolver. The cylinder is spun once before you begin and the revolver is passed from the first person to the last until it fires. Which position would you prefer to be in? Luke Harrison's answer to What will the police do if I am caught speeding and I show him a note through the window saying I have the coronavirus (covid-19)? Luke Harrison's answer to Do barracks bunnies actually exist in the army? Luke Harrison's answer to What is the saddest comic strip you've seen? Luke Harrison's answer to What’s the best thing to do if you drive past a cop over 100mph and you have a headstart? Luke Harrison's answer to What was the most expensive ship sunk ever? Luke Harrison's answer to What makes you hate another driver instantly? Luke Harrison's answer to What is Anakin doing in Disneyland? Luke Harrison's answer to What is the most illegal item you had in a car while being pulled over? Luke Harrison's answer to As a soldier, what makes you roll your eyes every time you hear it? Luke Harrison's answer to What do you think of Hitler's leadership in WW2? I have a discussion with a Swiss colleague who thinks Hitler is a genius. I think he was egotistical, declaring war on Russia and US. Also he was obsessed with weapons. Not a clear minded approach. Luke Harrison's answer to 5 Jews enter a bar. What does the bartender say? Luke Harrison's answer to Why do people always ignore the war crimes the US, UK, France, etc. did in the past, and then only talk about the few years Germany screwed it up?
Based on what I know, I think for the MG-42: effectiveness and ammo consumption were 2 separate issues. Was the MG-42 effective? - Extremely, if operated by a skillful machine-gunner AND employed in the defense in concert with other MG-42s in a tactically intelligent manner. Was the MG-42 wasteful of ammunition? - Yes, it could be due to its high ROF. But with skillful control by a well-trained and experienced gunner, ammo consumption could be controlled to avoid wastage. I will explain both aspects of the weapon in the following section. (quite long so please bear with me) The MG 42 was unique in that it boasted an exceptionally high ROF: 1,200 - 1,500 RPM. The fact that it could only fire in automatic mode (semiautomatic was possible but it required extremely delicate control or by loading alternate links with cartridge. The second option required the gun’s charging handle to be pulled back after each round was fired.) meant that if used carelessly by an inexperienced or poorly trained gunner, it would consume a tremendous amount of ammunition in a short time span. The 1,800 rounds carried by a full squad could be burned through in little more than 10 or 15 minutes of intensive firing. In fact, this popular American military training video , although evidently disparaging of German weapons as inferior to American weapons, was right on one point that the MG-42 was wasteful of ammunition and essentially required additional soldiers in an MG squad to carry extra ammo. Even the most restrained MG-gunners found it difficult to completely avoid wasteful consumption of ammo and often found themselves often dangerously low on ammo, especially when facing some of the massed Soviet infantry assaults on the Eastern Front. One soldier recalled: Rather than simply attacking another section of the defensive rim, or retreating - as I believe any sane commander would do - the Russians continued to send countless troops to attack this one section of the line. They fired mortars into our rank, killing several paratroopers. German machine-gun crews were desperately screaming for ammunition as they continued mowing down groups of Russian infantrymen. They fired their MG 42s in one-second bursts, as they had been trained, but this was not enough to conserve their ammunition. The Russians were very numerous. Before discussing the effectiveness of the MG-42, I think a detailed discussion relating to the challenges of operating the MG-42 will help you appreciate what it took to become an MG-42 gunner. Challenges associated with the MG-42 gave rise to rigorous training to master the intricacies of the weapon. Rigorous training contributed to effective use of the weapon in combat. Being in charge of the MG-42 was a tremendous responsibility, both a curse and a blessing for the machine gunner. Weighing at 11.5 kg empty, carrying an MG-42 was a considerable strain on the machine gunner. Besides the MG, an MG team had to carry a Lafette tripod which weighed 20 kg without fixing the gun on it. There were other tools to be maintained; the ammunition cans (patronenkasten) each weighing 13kg, Gurtfuller 34 or Gurtfuller 41 belt-filling machines, 2-kg spare barrels plus the barrel container, gun optics, bolts, recoil springs. etc… The weapon’s high ROF, heavy recoil, excessive muzzle flash, etc… added more challenges to the use of the weapon. Apart from the physical strain of carrying an MG-42 and its accessories, heavy emphasis was placed on the weapon’s regular maintenance to ensure proper functioning. The last thing a German squad wanted to happen was to see their MG jammed at the critical moments which could be fatal for them. In fact, maintaining an MG-42 was such an essential task of an MG team, that the German Army issued the 12 Commandments of the machine gunners as follows: As a consequence of all of physical and technical challenges, an MG-42 gunner couldn’t be just anyone. Ideally, MG-42 gunners had to be those with superb visions, right-handed, strong and well-built. Not only that, he had to be highly competent and technically-minded, endowed with the physical and technical aptitude to operate the MG-42 effectively. Soldiers chosen to handle the Einheitsmaschinengewehr (unit MG) were subjected to a very comprehensive and rigorous training program divided into 2 phases. Phase 1 revolved around the use of MG-42 in their bipod-mounted LMG configuration and consisted of 21 separate lessons. The recruits would learn how the weapon worked, how to maintain it, change barrels, clear stoppages, reload, and take part in firing exercises. In the final lesson, the recruits would engage in tactical exercises involving the weapon. As a side note, the fast barrel-changing mechanism of the MG-42 was one of the genius features of the weapon. A well-trained crew could change a barrel in 4–7 seconds, resulting in only a brief drop in squad firepower in combat. Phase 2 consisted of 16 lessons in employing the MG-42 in HMG role on the Lafette tripod mount. The recruits would have to master how to set up the weapon on the Lafette, how to use the MG Z optical sight, and the tactics of sustained and indirect fire. In addition, they would learn how to fire the weapon when mounted on the Zwillingsockel twin mount or the Fliegerdrehstuze 36 vehicle pedestal mount. One particularly important aspect of the training program was how to fire the MG-42 properly in various positions and mounts. Apart from the standard firing positions, training featured firing in an assault position = firing from the hip which required great upper-body strength and delicate trigger control. An alternative firing position was firing over the shoulder of a willing comrade. This was often the last resort. Only for the exceptionally brave and in exceptional situations. Firing over the shoulder of another soldier like this subjected the man at the front to deafening noise, strong blast and dazzling muzzle flash. The MG-42’s high ROF produced excessive recoil in lengthy burst of fire on bipod mount. If not controlled tightly, the gun would wander off the target. The muzzle blast would kick up dust cloud that reduced visibility. The muzzle flash could be dazzling in low-light or night-time conditions. To effectively fire the MG-42, special emphasis was placed on making the correct grip on the weapon. The German LMG training manual stated The results of the fire will largely depend upon how the machine gun is being held by the machine-gunner. The bipod, elbows and shoulders are the support for the machine gun and they may equal the mount for a heavy machine gun if utilized correctly. Good results may be achieved by digging the points of the boots into the ground for added support... In a normal prone position, the machine-gunner’s body must lie directly behind the weapon. The bipod, shoulders and elbows must work together and support the machine gun equally. The weight of the body should press lightly against the bipod. The manual described the problems of incorrect grip. Held too loosely and the rounds would frequently strike the area between the MG position and the target. Too much forward pressure against the bipod, or the misalignment of the gunner’s body with the axis of the gun, and the muzzle would stray up and to the right or left. In addition to correct gripping, firing carefully controlled bursts of fire was crucial for optimal results. Interestingly, the specifics of firing effective controlled bursts can be found in a US army report in January 1944 which stated the following: It would appear, in any case, that a high degree of skill and training are required to obtain the best results from the MG-42… a. When Used As a Light Machine Gun Trials under battle conditions have shown that the best results are obtained from bursts of 5 to 7 rounds, as it is not possible to keep the gun on the target for a longer period. The destruction of the target is therefore accomplished with bursts of 5 to 7 rounds, the point of aim being continually checked. It is of course important that re-aiming should be carried out rapidly, so that the bursts follow one another in quick succession. Under battle conditions the firer can get off approximately 22 bursts in a minute, or approximately 154 rounds. Comparative trials under the same conditions with the MG-34 showed that the best results in this case were obtained with 15 bursts in the minute, each of 7 to 10 rounds, i.e. approximately 150 rounds. It will be seen from this that the ammunition expenditure of the MG-42 is a little higher than with the MG-34, but to balance this, the results on the target with the MG-42 are increased up to approximately 40%. (US Army 1944a) The results of the American testing are useful. One key takeaway is that the cyclical rate of an MG dictates the rate of fire in practice. In the American opinion, the fast-firing MG-42 required controlled bursts of 5–7 rounds to be most effective, while for the MG-34 with a lower ROF, the optimal was 7–10 rounds per burst. Another takeaway is that the report acknowledged that firing the MG-42 required extra skill and control not required in other MGs. Indeed, there were several first-hand accounts that attested to the challenges of firing the MG-42 even by experienced German soldiers. One such account is from the book The Forgotten Soldier by Guy Sajer. The setting was a battle around Belgorod in the summer of 1943. Sajer served as an MG-42 gunner. As the Germans were prepared to mount an attack, Sajer tried to control his nerve in a position only about 100-m from the advanced Soviet trench: Suddenly I began to shake uncontrollably [...] I tried shifting my weight, but nothing did any good. I managed to open the magazine [the top cover] and nervously slipped the first belt into the breech of the gun, which the veteran held open for me, and left partly open, to prevent the sound of its clicking shut. Hals had just opened fire. The veteran slammed our gun shut and fitted it into the hollow of his shoulder. ‘Fire!’ shouted the noncom. ‘Wipe them out!’ The Russians ran to take their places. The string of 7.7 [sic] cartridges slid through our hands with brutal rapidity, while the noise of the gun burst against our eardrums. I could see what was happening only with the greatest difficulty. The spandau was shuddering and jumping on its legs, and shaking the veteran, who kept trying to steady himself. Its percussive bark put a final touch on the vast din which had broken out. Through the vibrations and smoke, we were able to observe the horrible impact of our projectiles. You see, these men were veteran soldiers, and even they had to strain to keep the weapon on target. It would have been more difficult for an inexperienced gunner. After successful completion of the training program, the recruits qualified as MG-42 gunners. They would go into combat to apply their skills, gain combat experience and become invaluable members of their units whose success and survival depended on their skillful operation of the weapon. MG-42’s squad in combat The MG-34/42 was the core of German infantry organization, right down to the Gruppe (squad) level. The basic German wartime squad comprised 10 men, armed and equipped as follows: With its high ROF, the MG-42 could deliver a volume of firepower equivalent to 20 riflemen. Support fire was generated by a battalion’s heavy MG platoon which consisted of 4 tripod-mounted MG. Each of these MG was manned by 6 men: an MG leader, primary MG gunner, assistant MG gunner, and 3 ammunition men. The 3 ammunition men carried 1,800 rounds of ammunition and 2 spare barrels. The role of the German squad MG was simple - provide a powerful base of fire in either offensive or defensive situations. A key German squad battlefield formation during WW2 was the Reihe: In this formation, squad members fell into a fluid single-file formation with the squad leader at the front, the MG gunner in the 2nd position, the assistant gunner the 3rd position, and riflemen followed them behind. The assistant squad leader would be position at the end of the line. As soon as the squad came under hostile fire, or spotted an enemy position to be engaged, the MG gunner would immediately take up an optimal firing position and start unleashing heavy suppressive fire by firing short and accurate bursts. The assistant gunner would stay by his side to help load ammunition and change barrel. Meanwhile, the rest of the squad would fan out to the left and right of the MG, creating the Schützenkette (skirmish line). One critical factor was maintaining a reasonable distance between each man - about 5 paces. The distance mattered because the MG, once identified by the enemy, would receive the lion’s share of retaliatory fire. This problem could be mitigated by firing short disciplined bursts rather than long bursts and by moving to various positions of cover regularly which would partly hide the MG-gunner. A single German squad would create a defensive sector about 40-m of front. When used in an LMG mode, the 2-man MG-42 team would occupy a Schützenloch für leichte maschinengewehr (two-man light MG position). In ideal form, this position was a curved trench about 1.6 m long plus 2 shorter Panzerdeckungsloch (armor protection trenches) in which the occupants could squat down if their position was overrun by tanks. Multiple such positions would be dug in a well-constructed squad defense to give the MG team the option of shifting to more advantageous positions, or abandoning ones that would be overrun. Enough about squad tactic. Let’s talk about how the MG-42s and their operators performed in combat using reports from both the Allies and the German Army. The Germans proved themselves masters of using the MG-34/42 in urban defense. Several guns would be positioned around a town square or important street section, carefully sited to lure Allied troops into a kill zone from which escape was uncertain and difficult once the trap was sprung. Barricades of rubble, created by explosives to collapse buildings across streets would be covered by individual MGs, and the weapons would be positioned at various floor levels in buildings to give multi-directional and multi-dimensional angles of fire that further confounded Allied troops and increased Allies’ casualties. A convincing example of how the Germans used their MG-34/42 in urban defense could be found in a US Intelligence Bulletin dated July 1944. In particular, a 5th Army’s report meticulously described how the Germans defended 2 houses on the road to Carano, Italy with just 2 platoons. Let’s read the Germans’ skillful defense of one of the houses, referred to as house ‘A’, using MGs: In the case of house A, it was observed that all the machine guns (345) were emplaced in the house itself or in its outbuildings. Machine gun No. 1 was fired from a table in the ruins of what had been a room; the gun’s direction of fire was through a hole in the main wall and then through the archway of a cowshed. By emplacing the machine gun in this manner, the Germans concealed its muzzle flash from all directions except to the front, and even from that direction it was not conspicuous. The gunner was well protected from small-arms fire and grenades, and was not exposed when he moved to his alternate (1a) position. From position 1a, the gunner was able to cover an additional area to the front and also to protect the flank of the strong point against any attack from the road. Three Mauser rifles loaded with antitank grenades were found leaning against the wall to the left of the doorway. Machine gun No. 2 was in position inside the same room, and was sited so that it could be fired through a window facing the stream. It is interesting to note that when our forces secured the south side of the building and attempted to toss grenades through the window at machine gun No. 2, the German gunner ricocheted bullets off the wall (W) in an effort to forestall the grenade fire. Machine gun No. 3 was sited in a corner of an adjoining room, where the walls were still standing. This gun was so sited that its plane of fire was close to the ground; during the course of the action, the gun delivered continuous fire, angle high, toward the stream and, alternately, to the south. The walls afforded protection from the south and west. The siting of machine gun No. 4 shows how the enemy utilizes the characteristic Italian outdoor oven as a machine-gun emplacement. By siting his weapon in the part of the oven normally used for storing wood, the gunner protects himself against small-arms fire from the flanks and rear, and enjoys a certain amount of overhead protection against artillery fire. During the action, the No. 4 gun delivered grazing fire ankle high. (Hand grenades and rifle grenades wounded the two-man crew of this gun, and destroyed the gun itself.) (US Army 1944b) As you can see, the placement of the MGs demonstrated intelligence and skills on the part of the German defenders. Everything from the concealment of the muzzle flash to the height of the fire is considered. Most importantly, the guns together formed a mutually supporting tactical entity. The Germans also proved adept at using indirect fire tactic learned in their training. This was done in HMG mode on tripod using optical sights. It was a complicated task requiring highly technical understanding of the sight’s traverse and elevation settings and their relation to various range tables and ancillary range-calculating equipment. Training and practice made this easier to perform. German gunners were noted for their ability to use a group of tripod-mounted MGs to saturate a target area from distance. With about 13 MGs in its complement, a German infantry company could unleash well over 2,000 rounds every minute against enemy formations. The tactic was deadly. Allied troops in the attack were particularly vulnerable to this tactic. The first they would know of the enemy MGs would be the crack of rounds splitting the air, observed bullet impacts and soldiers dropping to the ground, dead or wounded. Numerous Allies’ reports from the advance across Normandy and France in 1944 attested to getting caught in German MG-crossfire, with entire battalions and even divisions unable to advance against withering fire while suffer heavy losses. One report noted that during an attack on a German position: the Germans had at least 2 platoons with 2 MGs each, with at least 3 in our sector. We keep going forward and we keep losing people. They just decimated us. Also, don’t forget how MG-42 claimed the lives of thousands of American soldiers on the beach of Omaha June 6th 1944. German paratroopers firing their MG-42 in the rubble of Monte Cassino. Well-entrenched, the German defenders inflicted heavy casualties on the attacking Allied troops. Apart from the massive firepower the MG-42 unleashed, it also had a devastating psychological effect on the enemies. Nicknamed Spandaus by the Allies, Allied troops were terrified by the sound of the weapon which resembled the sound of linoleum ripping or a buzzsaw. The MG-42’s coupled with its lethal effect on the target earned it a variety of epithets such a Hitlersäge (Hitler’s saw), Die Schnellespritze (the fast sprayer), knochensäge (Bone saw), Linoleum Ripper. An account of Canadian soldier in the 5th armored division attested to the psychological impact of the MG-42: From beyond the embankment came the steady rattle of small arms, mostly the enemy’s. It was easy to identify them. Brens could push out a maximum 540 rounds per minute, while the MG 34 delivered eight to nine hundred, [the MG] 42 could spit out twelve hundred. Someone somewhere on the battlefield came up with the term ‘rubber gun’ for the Jerry MGs - not an apt name, but nonetheless that’s what we came to know them [sic] until the more descriptive term ‘cheese cutter’ took over. By whatever name we called it, the Jerry machine-gun was a weapon to be feared. (Scislowski 1997: 123-24) So fearsome was the weapon that the US army produced a famous training film designed to allay American GIs’ fear should they face this weapon in combat, The training film compares German automatic weapons vis-a-vis American automatic weapons to demonstrate how accurate and efficient in ammo use American MG were compared to their German weapons: The most famous line in the video was: “Its bark is worse than its bite”. Apart from being mendacious and deliberately disparaging of German automatic weapons (the only truth was that the MG-42 could be wasteful of ammo only if used carelessly) designed to allay the fear of Allied soldiers facing the MG-42, the video conveniently omitted one important thing: how the German actually used their MG-42s in mutually supporting positions, an omission that would prove to be a nasty surprise to Allied soldiers in combat and caused them to incur heavy casualties. German MG teams were tactically intelligent units who knew how to employ the MG-42’s high ROF to good effect. This was testified by Lieutenant Sydney Jary of 4th Battalion, The Somerset Light Infantry, fighting in Normandy in 1944: The forward platoon had barely crossed the stream when concentrated Spandau fire came from the front and both flanks. There must have been about twelve machine guns firing at one time. This devastating firepower stopped the battalion dead in its tracks. There was no way forward or around it and no way to retire. Tom Renouf, serving with 5lst Highland Division in 1944- 45, witnessed the grim effects of ‘Spandau’ impacts at first hand: Meanwhile, our platoon secured some high ground further forward, where we came under heavy Spandau fire. A bullet hit our corporal, Sam Clarke from Elphinstone, near Ormiston, in the leg, severing an artery. He died shortly afterwards… This was my first experience of direct Spandau fire. All you heard was a short burst and then people were falling. The Allies’ methods of countering MG-42s could be extremely expensive. Many combat reports of the North-West Europe campaign spoke not only of the terror and casualties that the German MGs could inflict on Allied troops, but also the overwhelming firepower that tended to engulf those guns once they could be targeted. Increasingly, German infantry companies would stay in place long enough to hit advancing Allied troops hard with crossfire, but then retreat when the firepower directed at them became overwhelming. General Heinrich von Luttwitz, the commander of XLVII Panzer Corps, observed that: The incredibly heavy artillery and mortar fire of the enemy is something new, both for the seasoned veterans of the Eastern Front and the new arrivals from reinforcement units. The average rate of fire on the divisional sector is four thousand artillery rounds and five thousand mortar rounds per day. This is multiplied many times before an enemy attack, however small. For instance, on one occasion when the British made an attack on a sector of only 2 companies they expended 3,500 rounds in 2 hours. The Allies were waging war regardless of expense. Hopefully from the preceding presentation, you can appreciate just how deadly the MG-42s were when: used by well-trained and experienced soldiers deployed in mutually supporting tactic with interlocking fire All in all, the MG 42 and to a lesser extent the MG-34 were true force multipliers enabling a small number of soldiers to put down a massive volume of fire that couldn’t have been achieved by dozens of riflemen. Both MGs were capable of inflicting heavy casualties and of forcing large units to a standstill. Without weapons of this capability and flexibility, it was likely that Allied infantry in Europe would have been able to advance much faster and without much casualties. The MG-42 in particular was a masterpiece at both technical and tactical levels. With its proven fearsome capability to suppress enemy infantry and kill in mass in the hand of highly trained and experienced operators. the MG-42 was regarded with both fear and a grudging respect by all those who faced it, as exemplified by Polish resistance fighter Marian S. Mazgai: A unit from the Jedrus company pushed toward the end of the road that went in the direction of Momocicha, but when it reached the top of the elevation that divided it from the enemy, the German machine-gun fire, from a nearby windmill, forced it to hit the ground. I will never forget that heavy German machine-gun fire that almost cost me my life. When the Germans fired at our unit from the windmill as well as from its vicinity, we responded with our fire. I happened to fire a German-made machine gun MG 42 from a fine position. At the same time, I was doing everything possible to discover the German position from which the enemy was firing at us with the same kind of machine guns, MG 42s. According to my humble estimation, model MG 42 was the best machine gun used in World War II. (Mazgai 2008: 211) The MG-42 proved to be so versatile, effective and successful that it formed the basis for multiple derivatives that see service with many armed forces in the present day, including the German army which employs the MG-3. The MG-3 is manufactured under license by other countries and assigned different designations by the military the uses it. I will conclude this answer with a description of what it was like to be an MG-42 gunner. Being an MG-42 gunner was both a curse and blessing and was an onerous job. The gunner was entrusted with an extremely deadly weapons on which the success and survival of his unit literally depended. It was a tremendous responsibility. He had to maintain the weapon ceaselessly to ensure its proper functioning. The physical strains were severe. The relatively heavy weight of the gun, its tripod, its ammunition cans and other accessories an MG-team had to carry could easily weary the men, esp in long and intense combat: Exhausted German infantrymen taking a nap on the Eastern front. Grenades and MG and ammunition boxes could be seen on the round. MG-gunners faced considerable danger because the enemy would try to destroy the MG once it was spotted by returning MG-fire, snipers, mortars or heavy artillery strike. In the HMG role, the gunner was particularly vulnerable because using optical sights meant that the gunner had to position his eye above the line of the mount (shown below),the result being he ran the risk of being shot by snipers or counter MG fire. This danger could be mitigated by using the periscope attachment (shown below) which enabled the gunner to see the view in front of the gun while positioned safely behind cover. Like captured snipers, captured MG-gunners often faced summary execution, particularly so if they had inflicted heavy casualties prior to capture. The fate of many German machine gunners: a fallen MG-gunner in Holland. In the end, despite the skills, courage and resilience of the German soldiers and a wide range of technologically excellent weapons produced by Germany, including the MG-34/42, they were not enough to stop the Allies using sheer and crushing weight of firepower to overcome the Germans. Defeat of the Third Reich was inevitable. Reference(s) 1/ MG-34 and MG-42 machine guns - Chris McNab